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Bryology SEARCH W³MOST

An Annotated Checklist and Atlas of the Mosses of Thailand

Welcome | Abstract | Introduction | Acknowledgments
Systematic Arrangement of Genera | Recognized Species
Checklist | Literature Cited

Taxon Groups: A B C D E F G H I-J L M N O P R S T V-Z


Schistomitrium Dozy & Molk. (Leucobryaceae)
S. apiculatum (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk.
(as Leucobryum siamicum, Renauld & Cardot 1902-03: 42).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 179, A-F).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. Renauld & Cardot (1902-03) indicated that the type was deposited in Renauld's herbarium, but did not give any specific locality of the type.
Range in Asia: Philippines.

Schlotheimia Brid. (Orthotrichaceae)
S. grevilleana Mitt.
[Dixon (1935: 9) indicated that he had seen collections from Thailand, but did not cite any specific specimen].
Illustrations. Eddy (1996, Fig. 388, A-J); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 579).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2195 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Philippines, and Sri Lanka.

Schoenobryum Dozy & Molk. (Cryphaceae)
S. concavifolium (Griff.) Gangulee
(as Acrocryphaea concavifolia, Touw 1968: 221, Tixier 1971: 126).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 586).
Habitat. Alt. 550-1685 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8186 (L), Touw 1968: 221. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8700, 10319 (both in L), Touw 1968: 221; Tixier s.n.(PC), Tixier 1971: 126; LSaW 2719 (AAU, MO); Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2358 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

Schwetschkeopsis Broth. (Fabroniaceae)
S. elongata (Dix. & P. Varde) Buck & Crum **
Illustrations. Buck & Crum (1978, Figs. 37-40).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4898 (MO).
Range in Asia: Himalayas and India.

Scopelophila (Mitt.) Lindb. (Pottiaceae)
S. ligulata (Spruce) Spruce **
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 308, A-E); Norris & Koponen (1989, Fig. 17, f-j); Zander (1993, Pl. 47, figs. 1-7).
Habitat. Alt. 1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4831 (MO).
Range in Asia:Mainland China, India, Japan, Indonesia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and Taiwan.

Sematophyllum Mitt. (Sematophyllaceae)
S. caespitosum (Hedw.) Mitt.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 957).
Habitat. Alt. 220-700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Smitinand 3195 (BKF, PC, US), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 189, Reed & Robinson 1967: 68. PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 149; LSmW 763 (AAU, MO). RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 149.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. humile (Mitt.) Broth.**
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 960).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1042 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
S. latifolium Broth.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 1675 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Husseus s.n. (type, H), Brotherus 1911: 362.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
S. microcladiellum Fleisch.
(as Sematophyllum microcladon, Dixon 1932: 41, Dixon 1935: 20, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 189).
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 242, as Hypnum microcladon).
Habitat. Alt. 10-1600 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Smitinand 162 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 189; Smitinand 160 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 68. PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 382, 407 (both in BM), Dixon 1935: 20. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 216 (BM), Dixon 1932: 41.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, and Singapore.
S. microcladon (Dozy & Molk.) Broth., hom. illeg. =
S. microcladiellum fide Fleischer 1904-22: 1226.
S. parvulum (Broth.) Dix.*
(as Rhaphidostegium parvulum, Brotherus 1901: 124; as Rhaphidorrhynchium parvulum, Brotherus 1924-25: 426, Tixier 1971: 150).
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Lem Dan, Schmidt s.n. (type of Rhaphidostegium parvulum, H), Brotherus 1901: 124; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 150.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
S. phoeniceum (C. Müll.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 958).
Habitat. Alt. 40-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 149; LSmW 1709, 1716, 1720, 1723, 1727, 1867 (all in AAU, MO); Trat: LSmW 1819 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 150; Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2266 (AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 150. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4402 (AAU, MO). SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 150. UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4668 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Mainland China, India, Kampuchea, and Vietnam.
S. saproxylophilum (C. Müll.) Fleisch.
(as Acroporium decipiens, Dixon 1935: 21, Tixier 1971: 151).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 24, fig. 418).
Habitat. Alt. 50-900 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Smitinand 1321 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 189; CLW 4978, 5054, 5059; LNS 32394; LSmW 1813, 1815 (all in AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 416 (BM); Phuket: Kerr 425 (BM); Ranong: Kerr 404f (BM), all reported by Dixon 1935: 20-21.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Java, Malay Peninsula, and Philippines.
S. striatifolium Dix.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 608-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: Kerr 99 (type, BM); Edano 79670, 79671 (both in BM), Dixon 1932: 41.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
S. subconnivens (Broth.) Dix. *
(as Rhaphidostegium subconnivens, Brotherus 1901: 124).
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Klong Munsé, Schmidt s.n. (type of Rhaphidostegium subconnivens, H), Brotherus 1901: 124.
Range in Asia: Myanmar.
S. subhumile (C. Müll.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Fleischer (1904-22, Fig. 205); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 959); Seki (1968, Fig. 15).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 150.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. subrevolutum Broth.* ==
Rhaphidostichum subrevolutum fide Brotherus 1924-25: 435.
S. tristiculum (Mitt.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 24, fig. 416).
Habitat. Alt. 700-900 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8007 (MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12372 (L), Touw 1968: 239. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10854 (L), Touw 1968: 239.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Semibarbula orientalis (Web.) Wijk & Marg. = Barbula indica fide Saito 1975: 488.

Solmsiella biseriata (Aust.) Steere == Erpodium biseriatum fide Crum 1972: 209.

Sphagnum L. (Sphagnaceae)
S. beccarii Hampe = S. perichaetiale fide Eddy 1977: 380.
S. cuspidatulum C. Müll.
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 18 A-J); Eddy (1988, Fig. 9, A-J); Gangulee (1969, Fig. 17).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-2850 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hosseus 349a (H), Brotherus 1911: 363; Kerr 29 (BM), Dixon 1932: 4; Garrett 322 (BM), Eddy 1977: 422; Yoda 67923, 67924, 67940 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 3; Robbins 3642, 3643, 3644, Smitinand & Alsterlund 6678, 6679, 6686 (all in L, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 163; Touw 9792 (L), 9793 (L), 9794 (L, MO), Eddy 1977: 422. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: TDBS 11525, 11554 (CO, L), Eddy 1977: 422. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4261 (AAU, MO). RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Smitinand & Sleumer 8325, 8326, 8328 (L), LSmW 71 (L), Eddy 1977: 422. UDAWN.Touw 10687 (L, MO), Eddy 1977: 422.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sabah, and Sumatra.
S. cuspidatum Ehrh. ssp. cuspidatum
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 15, A-J); Eddy (1988, Fig. 7, A-J); Gangulee (1969, Fig. 15).
Habitat. Alt. 50-2850 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 250 (BM), Dixon 1932: 4. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Smitinand & Alsterlund 6678 p.p., 6686 p.p. (both in PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 163. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: TDBS 69 (C), Eddy 1977: 412. RACHASIMA. Chaiyaphum: Kerr 585 (BM), Dixon 1935: 2; Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 104; TDBS 11680 (C), Eddy 1977: 412. UDAWN. Loei: TDBS 6439, 6445, 6449, 6451, 6458, 7470 (all in C), Hansen 1961: 104; CLW 4821 (AAU, MO), Touw 11093 (L), 11091 (L, MO), Eddy 1977: 412.
Range in Asia: Bangka, Borneo, Mainland China, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Myanmar, Malaysia, New Guinea, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. cuspidatum ssp. subrecurvum (Warnst.) Eddy var. subrecurvum
(as S. subrecurvum, Dixon 1932: 4, Tixier 1971: 104).
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 16, A-K); Eddy (1988, Fig. 8, A-K).
Habitat. Alt. 50-1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 107 (BM), Dixon 1932: 4. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Smitinand 11545 (L), Eddy 1977: 415. UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4822 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, and Sumatra.
S. densirameum Dix.* = S. luzonense fide Hansen 1961: 105.
S. erythrocalyx Hampe in C. Müll. = S. perichaetiale fide Eddy 1977: 380.
S. gedeanum Dozy & Molk. = S. junghuhnianum fide Hansen 1961: 102.
S. junghuhnianum Dozy & Molk.
(as Sphagnum gedeanum, Dixon 1932: 4; as Sphagnum junghuhnianum var. gedeanum, Warnstorf 1911: 116).
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 20, A-L); Eddy (1988, Fig. 2, A-H); Gangulee (1969, Fig. 9).
Habitat. Alt. 1150-1400 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Kerr 141 (BM), Dixon 1932: 4. UDAWN. Loei: TDBS 6434, 6453, 6454, 6455, 6457 (all in C), Hansen 1961: 104; Sorensen et al. 6457 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 62; Touw 10863, 10970 (both in BM, L), 11066, 10970, 11067, 11068 (all in BM, L, MO), Eddy 1977:429.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. junghuhnianum var. gedeanum (Dozy & Molk.) Warnst. =
S. junghuhnianum fide Hansen 1961: 102.
S. khasianum Mitt. = S. subsecundum fide Eddy 1977: 392.
S. luzonense Warnst.
(as Sphagnum densirameum, Dixon 1932: 5).
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 8, A-H); Eddy (1988, Fig. 4, A-H).
Habitat. Alt. 1000-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1031 (MO). UDAWN. Loei: Kerr 81 (type of Sphagnum densirameum, BM), Dixon 1932: 5; Kerr 577 (BM), Dixon 1935: 1; TDBS 2372, 2375, 6405, 6408, 6410, 6411, 6429, 6430, 6431, 6443, 6447, 6448, 6452, 7348 (all in C), Hansen 1961: 106, Eddy 1977: 398; CLW 4817a (AAU, MO); Touw 10857, 10991, 10856 (all in MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Philippines, and Vietnam.
S. ovatum Hampe
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 7 A-H); Eddy (1969, Fig. 20).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Put 3264a (BM), Dixon 1935: 2. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10615, Smitinand 11535 (both in L), TDBS 1030, 1031, 11521, 11529, 11545 (all in C, L), Eddy 1977: 396.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, and Nepal.
S. palustre L. ssp. palustre
[Eddy (1977: 375) did not consider this species occurring in tropical Asia].
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969, Fig. 1).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: TDBS 2306, 2371, 6401, 6434, 6460, 7341, 7349, 7437, 7475 (all in C), Hansen 1961: 95; Larsen & Hansen 6460, Smitinand 1158, Sorensen et al. 2371 (all in BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 63; Touw 11092, 10885, 10859 (all in MO).
Range in Asia: Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, and Taiwan.
S. palustre ssp. pseudo-cymbifolium (C. Müll.) Eddy
(as Sphagnum pseudo-cymbifolium, Dixon 1932: 4; as Sphagnum siamense, Dixon 1932: 3, Dixon 1935: 1). [Andrews (1951: 86) considered Sphagnum pseudo-cymbifolium a synonym of S. palustre.This treatment is followed by Hansen (1961: 94). Eddy (1977: 377), however, accepted it as ssp. pseudocymbifolium].
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 1, A-H); Gangulee (1969, Fig. 2).
Habitat. Alt. 1200 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 428 (BM), Dixon 1932:4. UDAWN. Loei: Kerr 80 (type of Sphagnum siamense, BM), Dixon 1932:3; Kerr 568 (BM), Dixon 1935: 1; Smitinand 1158, Touw 10855, 10859, 11092 (all in L), Eddy 1977: 376.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Mainland China, India, Nepal, Sikkim, and Taiwan.
S. perichaetiale Hampe
(as Sphagnum beccarii, Gangulee 1969-80: 13, Tixier 1979b: 21; as Sphagnum erythrocalyx, Hansen 1961: 96).
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 3, A-H, Fig. 4, A-F); Eddy (1988, Fig. 1, A-F); Gangulee (1969, Fig. 3).
Habitat. Alt. 1000-1350 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4341, LSmW 70 (both in MO). UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4818 (AAU, MO); TDBS 2288, 2376b, 6403, 6406, 6440, 6441, 7400, 7478, 7480 (all in C), Hansen 1961: 99; Touw 11006, 11089 (both in L, MO), Eddy 1977: 384.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sarawak, Sikkim, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. personatum Hansen*, hom. illeg., auct non Roivairnen 1937 =
S. robinsonii fide Eddy 1977: 400.
S. pseudo-cymbifolium C. Müll. =
S. palustre ssp. pseudo-cymbifolium fide Eddy 1977: 376.
S. robinsonii Warnst.
(as Sphagnum personatum, Hansen 1961: 99; as Sphagnum thailandense, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 164).
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 10, A-J); Eddy (1988, Fig. 5, A-J).
Habitat. Alt. 1200 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) UDAWN. Loei: TDBS 2376a, 6404a, 6442, 6450 (all in C, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 164, Eddy 1977: 402.
Range in Asia: Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam.
S. siamense Dix.* = S. palustre ssp. pseudo-cymbifolium fide Eddy 1977: 376.
S. subrecurvum Warnst. = S. cuspidatum var. subrecurvum fide Eddy 1988: 14.
S. subsecundum Nees in Sturm.
(as Sphagnum khasianum, Tixier 1971: 104, Reed & Robinson 1967: 62).
Illustrations. Eddy (1977, Fig. 6, A-J); Eddy (1988, Fig. 3, A-H); Gangulee (1969, Fig. 18).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-1400 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 104; LSmW 1030, 1036 (both in MO). UDAWN. Loei: TDBS 6435 (C, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 16, Eddy 1977: 394; Sorensen et al. 6452 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 62; Touw 10615 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, New Guinea, Siberia, and Vietnam.
S. thailandense (Hansen) P. Tx. = S. robinsonii fide Eddy 1977: 400.

Splachnobryum C. Müll. (Splachnobryaceae)
S. giganteum Broth.
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 350-400 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 10305 (L), Touw 1968: 240.
Range in Asia: Mainland China.
S. oorschotii (Sande Lac.) C. Müll.
Illustrations. Eddy (1996, Fig. 327, A-E).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Larsen 9164 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 172.
Range in Asia: Java and Singapore.

Stereophyllum anceps (Bosch & Sande Lac.) Broth. ==
Entodontopsis anceps fide Buck & Ireland 1985: 103.
S. tavoyense (Hook. f.) Jaeg. ==
Entodontopsis tavoyense fide Buck & Ireland 1985: 105.

Symblepharis Mont. (Dicranaceae)
S. reinwardtii (Dozy & Molk.) Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 158, A-G); Norris & Koponen (1990, Fig. 2, a-f).
Habitat. Alt. 2440 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3635 (BKF, PC), Tixier Smitinand 1966: 167.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, and Taiwan.
S. vaginata (Hook.) Wijk & Marg.
Illustrations. Gao Chien et al. (1994, Pl. 91, figs. 6-12).
Habitat. Alt. 2500-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9766 (L, MO); Robbins 3635 (L), Touw 1968: 222.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Mainland China, India, Nepal, and Sikkim.

Symphyodon Mont. (Symphyodontaceae)
S. asper (Mitt.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 766); He (1992, Pl. 56, figs. 122-136).
Habitat. Alt. 1750-2300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9255 (BKF), 10000 (BKF, BM, MO), 10048 (BKF), 10221, 10244 (both in BKF, BM, MO), 10143 (BKF, BM, FH, MO, NY); He 1992: 167.
Range in Asia: India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sikkim.
S. complanatus auct non. Dix. = Symphyodon pygmaeus
[All collections cited by Touw (1968: 240) under this species are Symphyodon pygmaeus. Horikawa & Ando's (1964) report of this species from Thailand is questionable. Symphyodon complanatus does not occur in Thailand].
Distribution in Thailand. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: alt. 1300-1500 m, Yoda 67266, 67374 (both in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 26.
S. echinatus (Mitt.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 761); He (1992, Pl. 55, figs. 106-121).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-2600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3636 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 178; Tagawa & Kitagawa 2928 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247; Touw 10108 (BKF), 10145, 10220 (all in BKF, BM), He 1992: 165. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12055 (L), Touw 1968: 240.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Nepal, Sikkim, and Sri Lanka.
S. erinaceus (Mitt.) Jaeg.
(as Symphyodon umasaoi, Horikawa & Ando 1964: 26, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 178, Tixier 1971: 140).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 765); He (1992, Pl. 47, figs. 1-12); Horikawa & Ando (1964, Fig. 6, as Symphyodon umesaoi); Noguchi (1972a, Fig. 3, a-h).
Habitat. Alt. 1700-2430 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Umesao 67626 (type of Symphyodon umasaoi, HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 26; Robbins 3607, 3631 (both in PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 178; Hansen et al. 11426, 11430a (both in C), Noguchi 1972a: 178; Touw 9930 (MO), 10002, 10139, 10250 (all in BKF, BM, FH, MO, BM), 10151, 10211 (both in BKF, BM, MICH, MO), Touw 1968: 241, He 1992: 152.
Range in Asia: India, Myanmar, Sikkim, and Vietnam.
S. erraticus (Mitt.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 759); He (1992, Pl. 58, figs. 150-162).
Habitat. Alt.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 10141 (BKF), He 1992: 171.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, India, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, and Sri Lanka.
S. gollanioides Nog.*
Illustrations. Noguchi (1972a, Fig. 4, a-h).
Habitat. Alt. 1700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hansen et al. 11428 (type, HIRO), Noguchi 1972a: 180.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
S. oblongifolius (Ren. & Card.) Broth.
[The taxonomic status of this species is uncertain. It was excluded from the genus Symphyodon by He & Snider (1992: 286) because its type has not been located. Numerous specimens under this name did not belong to Symphyodon].
Distribution in Thailand. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: alt. 1600-2150 m, Touw 9380 , 8539, 8578 (all in L), Touw 1968: 241.
S. perrottetii Mont.
Illustrations. He (1992, Pl. 57, figs. 137-149); Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 334A).
Habitat. Alt. 1250-1740 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Smitinand 3215 (FH, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11671 (BKF, BM, MO), 11701, 11792 (both in BKF, BM), 11874 (BKF, BM, FH, MICH, MO, NY), Touw 1968: 241, He 1992: 169.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. pygmaeus (Broth.) He & Snider
(as Symphyodon complanatus auct non. Dixon, Touw 1968: 240, Tixier 1971: 139; as Symphyodon sutepensis, Tixier 1971-72: 154).
Illustrations. He (1992, Pl. 51, figs. 48-65); Tixier (1971-72, Pl. 5, 1-8, as Symphyodon sutepensis).
Habitat. Alt. 750-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8216 (L), Touw 1968: 240. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8936, 8972, 9018, 9057, 9163 (all in BKF, BM, MO), 9182, 8532, 8806 (all in MO), 9899 (L), Touw 1968: 240; Tixier 841 (type of Symphyodon sutepensis, BKF, PC), Tixier 1971-72: 154. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10384 (BKF, BM), 10395 (BKF), Touw 1968: 240.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, and Nepal.
S. scaber (P. Tx.) He & Snider *
(as Symphyodon sutepensis var. scaber, Tixier 1971-72: 156).
Illustrations. He (1992, Pl. 52, figs. 66-80).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-2000 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8532 (BKF, BM, MO), 9899 (BKF, BM, BM), 9984 (BM, MO), He 1992: 161. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12055 (BKF, BM, MICH, MO, NY), He 1992: 161. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier 416 (type of Symphyodon sutepensis var. scaber, PC), 121, 317, 1291 (all in PC), Tixier 1971-72: 156.
Range in Asia: Myanmar.
S. scabrisetus Dix.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 763); He (1992, Pl. 53, figs. 81-91).
Habitat. Alt. 1300-2550 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Ogawa 67613, 67849, Yoda 67324, 67418, 67458 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 26. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1081 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: India.
S. sutepensis P. Tx.* = S. pygmaeus fide He & Snider 1992: 283.
S. sutepensis var. scaber P. Tx.* == S. scaber fide He & Snider 1992: 285.
S. umasaoi Horik. & Ando *= S. erinaceus fide Ando 1969: 187.

Symphysodon Dozy & Molk. (Pterobryaceae)
S. neckeroides Dozy & Molk.
(as Symphysodon subneckeroides, Noguchi 1985: 91; as Pterobryopsis cuspidata, Dixon 1932: 27, Dixon 1935: 13, Tixier 1971: 128).
Illustrations. Hyvönen (1989c, Fig. 3, b, d, e, g).
Habitat. Alt. 10-600 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 164 (type of Pterobryopsis cuspidata, BM), Dixon 1932: 27. PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 379 (BM), Dixon 1935: 13.
Range in Asia: Papua New Guinea and Philippines.
S. siamensis P. Tx.*
Illustrations. Tixier (1971-72, Pl. 4, 1-5).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier 1100 (type, PC), Tixier 1971-72: 152.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
S. splendens (Reinw. & Hornsch.) Broth. ==
Symphysodontella splendens fide Touw 1992: 350.
S. subneckeroides Broth. =
S. neckeroides fide Hyvönen 1989c: 10.

Symphysodontella Fleisch. (Pterobryaceae)
S. attenuatula Fleisch.
Illustrations. Hyvönen (1989c, Fig. 8, a-e); Magill (1980, Fig. 8).
Habitat. Alt. 300-350 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11229 (BM, L, MO), Touw 1968: 237.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaya Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, and Philippines.
S. siamensis Dix.*
Illustrations. Magill (1980, Fig. 11).
Habitat. Alt. 800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 521a (type, BM), Dixon 1935: 13.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
S. splendens (Reinw. & Hornsch.) Touw & Magill
(as Symphysodon splendens, Touw 1968: 237).
Illustrations. Hyvönen (1989c, Fig. 5, c-e, h, as Symphysodon splendens); Magill (1980, Fig. 9, as Symphysodontella obtusa).
Habitat. Alt. 750-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11541 (L), 11610, 11930 (both in L, MO), Touw 1968: 237.
Range in Asia: Java and New Guinea.

Syrrhopodon Schwaegr. (Calymperaceae)
S. albidus Thwait. & Mitt. == S. prolifer var. albidus fide Orbán & Reese 1990: 444.
[Reese, Koponen & Norris (1986) considered Syrrhopodon albidus a synonym of S. prolifer].
S. albo-vaginatus Schwaegr.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 207, A-L); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 18-23).
Habitat. Alt. 40-200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: CLW 5145 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11177 (MO). SURAT. Surat Thani: Smitinand 2823 (BKF, PC, US), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170, Reed & Robinson 1967: 64; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 113; Tixier 684 (PC), Tixier 1978: 1001.
Range in Asia: Borneo, India, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. armatus Mitt.
(as Syrrhopodon fimbriatulus, Mohamed & Reese 1985: 244; as Syrrhopodon larminatii, Touw 1968: 219, Tixier 1971: 114, Tixier 1973: 81, Tixier 1978: 984).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 213, A-F, as Syrrhopodon fimbriatulus); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 74-79, as Syrrhopodon fimbriatulus).
Habitat. Alt. 0-850 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI: Trat: CLW 4985 (AAU, MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11509 (L),Touw 1968: 219; Touw 11550 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSmW 2074 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11139 (MO), Touw 1968: 219. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: LSaW 3321 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 114; Touw 10363a (L); Touw 10401 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 219.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. confertus Sande Lac.
(as Syrrhopodon subconfertus, Brotherus 1901: 117, Dixon 1932: 12, Dixon 1935: 5, Tixier 1971: 114).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 201, A-H); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 37-42).
Habitat. Alt. 50-1150 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 448a (BM), Dixon 1932: 12; Trat: Schmidt s.n. (type of Syrrhopodon subconfertus, H), Brotherus 1901: 117; Kerr 436 p.p.(BM), Dixon 1932: 12. PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11148 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 219; Ranong: Kerr 381 (BM), Dixon 1935: 5. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 11042 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 219.
Range in Asia: Borneo, India, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
S. croceus Mitt.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 203, A-F); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 80-86).
Habitat. Alt. 50-900 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 496 (BM), Dixon 1935: 6; Ranong: Tixier 3964 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 543; Tixier 3969 (PC), Tixier 1978: 1016.
Range in Asia: Borneo, India, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
S. cuspidatus Besch. in Broth., nom. nud. =
Mitthyridium flavum fide Reese et al. 1986: 50.
S. elimbatus Dix. = S. spiculosus fide Mohamed & Reese 1985: 241.
[Tixier (1978: 993) treated Syrrhopodon elimbatus as S. spiculosus ssp. elimbatus].
S. fasciculatus Hook. & Grev. == Mitthyridium fasciculatum fide Eddy 1990: 251.
S. fimbriatulus C. Müll. = S. armatus fide Reese & Stone 1995:12.
S. flammeonervis C. Müll.
(as Syrrhopodon flammeonervis var. robustus, Touw 1968: 219, Tixier 1971: 114; as Syrrhopodon flammeonervis var. annamensis, Tixier 1978: 976).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 206, A-D); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 33-36).
Habitat. Alt. 1250-1740 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11666, 11717, 11796 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 219.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Kampuchea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam.
S. flammeonervis C. Müll. var. robustus Dix. =
S. flammeonervis fide Mohamed & Reese 1985: 234.
[Tixier (1978: 976) treated this variety as Syrrhopodon flammeonervis var. annamensis].
S. gardneri (Hook.) Schwaegr.
(as Syrrhopodon gardneri ssp. fastigiatus, Tixier 1978: 1006; as Syrrhopodon kerrii, Dixon 1932: 14, Giesy & Richards 1959: 577, Tixier 1971: 114; as Syrrhopodon strictus, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170, Tixier 1971: 115, Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 386).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 217, A-F); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 1-6).
Habitat. Alt. 700-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8303 (MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 297c (BM), Dixon 1932: 14. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Kerr 32 (type of Syrrhopodon kerrii, BM), Dixon 1932: 14; Richards 5477, 5480, 5498 (all in BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 577; Robbins 3598 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170; Tixier 1050, 815 (both in PC), Tixier 1971: 114; Touw 8413, 8646, 8668, 9756, 8802, 10283 (all in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier 1109 (PC), Tixier 1971: 114. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 86 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Smitinand 3109 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170; Touw 10437, 10449, 10871, 10984, 11008, 11017 (all in MO); Smitinand 6654 (BKF, PC), Tixier 1978: 1006.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. gardneri ssp. fastigiatus (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk. =
S. gardneri fide Mohamed & Reese 1985: 225.
S. involutus Schwaegr.
(as Syrrhopodon revolutus, Dixon 1935: 5, Tixier 1971: 114).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 198, A-G; 199, A-J); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 43-48).
Habitat. Alt. 25-700 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: LSmW 1736a (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Prachin Buri: Kerr 559 (BM), Dixon 1935: 5. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 114.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Philippines, Malaysia, New Guinea, Singapore, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. japonicus (Besch.) Broth.
(as Syrrhopodon treubii, Touw 1968: 220, Tixier 1971: 115).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 218, A-J; 219, A-F); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 7-10).
Habitat. Alt. 1100-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11711 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 220. UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4758 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. kerrii Dix.* = S. gardneri fide Tixier 1978: 1002.
S. langbianensis (P. Tixier) Reese
(as Calymperopsis langbianensis, Tixier 1967: 294, Touw 1968: 219).
Illustrations. Tixier (1967, Pl. 13, 1-11).
Hatitat. Alt. 1250-1450 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) AYUTHIA. Sara Buri: Tixier 364, 416, 464 (all in PC), Tixier 1967: 296. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11656, 11837 (both in L), Touw 1968: 219. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier 909, 918 (both in PC), Tixier 1967: 296. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10672, Touw 1968: 219.
Range in Asia: Kampuchea, Malaysia, and Vietnam.
S. larminatii Par. & Broth. = S. armatus fide Reese & Stone 1995: 12.
[Mohamed & Reese (1985: 244) treated Syrrhopodon larminatii as a synonym of S. fimbriatulus].
S. loreus (Sande Lac.) Reese **
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 225, A-H); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 101-106).
Habitat. Alt. 450 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: LSmW 762 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
S. muelleri (Dozy & Molk.) Bosch & Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 223, A-H); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 87-93).
Habitat. Alt. 200-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11590 (MO). PATTANI. Pattani: Kerr 273 (BM), Dixon 1932: 14. PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 500 (BM), Dixon 1935: 6.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
S. nymanii Fleisch. = Calymperes schmidtii fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 102.
[Tixier (1978) considered Syrrhopodon nymanii a synonym of S. gardneri ssp. fastigiatus, while Reese & Mohamed (1985) treated it as a variety of Calymperes schmidtii. Tan & Iwatsuki (1993), however, still accepted Syrrhopodon nymanii as a distinct species].
S. parasiticus (Brid.) Besch.
(as Calymperopsis wiemansii, Tixier 1967: 283, Touw 1968: 219).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 222, A-G); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 51-52).
Habitat. Alt. 650-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) AYUTHIA. Sara Buri: Tixier 1282 (PC), Tixier 1967: 283. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8233 (L), Touw 1968: 219. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier 763, 767, 770, 772, 773 (all in PC), Tixier 1967: 283.
Range in Asia: Java, Philippines, and Vietnam.
S. prolifer Schwaegr. var. albidus (Thwait. & Mitt.) Orbán & Reese
(as Syrrhopodon albidus, Mohamed & Reese 1985: 232).
[Mohamed & Reese (1985) reported Syrrhopodon albidus from Thailand in distribution range, but they did not cite any Thai specimen].
Illustrations: Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 24-29, as Syrrhopodon albidus).
Habitat: Alt. 1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11708 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. prolifer Schwaegr. var. tosaensis (Card.) Orbán & Reese
[Orbán & Reese (1990: 442) reported this variety from Thailand, but no Thai specimen was cited. It is treated as a provisional record. Syrrhopodon tosaensis Card. was synonymous with S. trachyphyllus by Mohamed & Reese (1985: 243)].
S. repens Harv. = Mitthyridium repens fide Robinson 1975: 434.
S. revolutus Dozy & Molk.= S. involutus fide Tixier 1978: 972.
S. robustiusculus (Broth.) Reese & Tan =
Chameleion peguense fide Ellis & Eddy in Eddy 1990: 250.
S. semiliber (Mitt.) Besch.
(as Calymperes semiliber, Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 337; as Calymperopsis semibliber, Tixier 1967: 292, Touw 1968: 219, Tixier 1971b: 543).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 220, A-J).
Habitat. Alt. 1150-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) AYUTHIA. Sara Buri: Tixier 314, 320, 375, 380, 381, 441, 462, 471, 485, 495, 496, 497, 499, 507, 926, 945, 1226 (all in PC), Tixier 1967: 292. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw s. n. (L), Touw 1968: 219. PHUKET. Ranong: Tixier 3897 (PC),Tixier 1970b: 543. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: LSaW 3219 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10472, 10755, 10971, 10973 (all in L), Touw 1968: 219.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Mainland China, India, Kampuchea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
S. spiculosus Hook. & Grev.
(as Syrrhopodon elimbatus,Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170, Tixier 1971: 114; as Syrrhopodon spiculosus ssp. elimbatus, Tixier 1978: 993).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 208, A-J; 209, A-F, as Syrrhopodon spiculosus ssp. elimbatus); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 56-61).
Habitat. Alt. 5-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Schmidt s.n. (H), Brotherus 1901: 118. PHUKET. Satun (Terutao Is.): Hansen & Smitinand 12458, 12459, 12467 (all in C, L), Touw 1968: 220. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 456 (BM), Dixon 1935: 5; Tixier 543 (PC), Tixier 1978: 996. UDAWN. Loei: Smitinand 1157 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. spiculosus ssp. elimbatus (Dix.) P. Tx. =
S. spiculosus fide Mohamed & Reese 1985: 241.
S. strictus Thwait. & Mitt. = S. gardneri fide Mohamed & Reese 1985: 225.
[Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) accepted Syrrhopodon strictus as a distinct species].
S. subconfertus Broth.* = S. confertus fide Tixier 1978: 967.
S. subelimbatus Dix. ex Dix.* = S. trachyphyllus fide Mohamed & Reese 1985: 243.
[Tixier (1978: 982) reduced Syrrhopodon subelimbatus to a synonym of S. larminatii, while Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) accepted it as a distinct species].
S. tjibodensis Fleisch.
[Tan & Iwatsuki (1993: 387) reported this species from Thailand by citing two separate references published by Tixier (1971) and Touw (1968). However, the information reporting this species from Thailand has not been found in these two papers].
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 221, A-J); Reese et al. (1985, Figs. 53-54).
Habitat. Alt. 1250-1450 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11656 (MO), Reese 1987: 208.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Java, Laos, Philippines, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
S. trachyphyllus Mont.
(as Syrrhopodon subelimbatus, Dixon 1929: 19, Dixon 1932: 12, Tixier 1971: 115).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 212, A-M; 213, A-E); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 66-73).
Habitat. Alt. 25-300 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: LSmW 1817 (MO). PRACHINBURI. Prachin Buri: Kerr 554 (BM), Dixon 1935: 5. SURAT. Chumphon (Ko Tao): Kerr 338 (type of Syrrhopodon subelimbatus, BM), Dixon 1929: 19.
Range in Asia: Bangka, Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
S. treubii Fleisch. = S. japonicus fide Iwatsuki 1968: 473.
[Tixier (1978: 1006) treated Syrrhopodon treubii as a synonym of S. gardnerii ssp. fastigiatus, while Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) still accepted it as a distinct species].
S. tristichus Nees ex Schwaegr.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 215, A-G; 216, A-E); Mohamed & Reese (1985, Figs. 11-17).
Habitat. Alt. 1250-1740 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11653 (L, MO), 11708a, 11756 (both in L), Touw 1968: 220.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Vietnam.

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