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Bryology SEARCH W³MOST

An Annotated Checklist and Atlas of the Mosses of Thailand

Welcome | Abstract | Introduction | Acknowledgments
Systematic Arrangement of Genera | Recognized Species
Checklist | Literature Cited

Taxon Groups: A B C D E F G H I-J L M N O P R S T V-Z


Fissidens Hedw. (Fissidentaceae)
F. anomalus Mitt.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 49, A-E);
Habitat. Alt. 1250-2550 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67215, 67238, 67239, 67388, 67866, 67887a (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 4; Robbins 3584 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 164; Touw 8729, 9275, 9547, 9663, 10212 (all in L, MO), 9206, 9844, 9902, 10176 (all in L), Touw 1968: 223. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10503 (L, MO), 11101 (L), Touw 1968: 223.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Java, India, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
F. areolatus Griff. =
F. polypodioides fide Pursell et al. 1992: 52.
F. asplendioides Hedw.**
Illustrations. Crum & Anderson (1981, Fig. 32, D-H).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-1750 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8974, 9248 (both in MO, identified by Touw). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 82 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, India, Java, and Sumatra.
F. australiensis Jaeg.**
(as Fissidens papillosus, a specimen identified by Touw).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 62, A-E, as Fissidens papillosus); Stone (1994, Fig. 2, a-h).
Habitat. Alt. 1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11931 (MO). PHUKET. Trang: CLW 3544 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Japan, Java, Malay Archipelago, Philippines, and Taiwan.
F. biformis Mitt.**
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 85, A-D).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: LSaW 3283 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, and Sri Lanka.
F. ceylonensis Dozy & Molk.
(as Fissidens intromarginatulus, Eddy 1988: 83).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 76, A-C, as Fissidens intromarginatulus); Iwatsuki & Mohamed (1987, Fig. II, 1-22).
Habitat. Alt. 0-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: CLW 5142, LSmW 1697, 1822 (all in AAU, MO). NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8045 (MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Songkhla: Kerr 289 (BM), Dixon 1932: 5. PATTANI. Narathiwat: CLW 3953 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 105; LSaW 3062, 3065 (both in AAU. MO); Touw 9415 (MO); Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2366 (AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 105; LSmW 526, 620 (both in AAU, MO). PHUKET. Trang: CLW 3526, 3624 (both in AAU, MO); Satun: Kerr 267 (BM), Dixon 1932: 5. SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 105.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
F. choprai Norkett in Tixier, nom. inval.
[This is an invalid name because no latin description was given].
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n.(PC), Tixier 1971: 105.
F. crassinervis Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXVI, 1-26).
Habitat. Alt. 50-200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11187 (MO); Trang: Kerr 528 (BM), Dixon 1935: 3.
Range in Asia: Amboina, Banka, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Singapore, and Sumatra.
F. crassinervis var. laxus (Sull. & Lesq.) Eddy ==
F. laxus fide Pursell et al. 1992: 52.
F. crenulatus Mitt. var. crenulatus **
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 72, A-E).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2569, 3000 (both in AAU, MO); Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2263 (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSaW 3146 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Java, and Nepal.
F. crenulatus var. elmeri (Broth.) Iwats. & Suzuki **
[Eddy (1988: 79) did not accept this variety, but placed it under synonymy of Fissidens crenulatus).
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXIII, 1-30).
Habitat. Alt. 50-200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: LNS 32393 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2666 (AAU, MO). RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: LSaW 3222 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam.
F. excedens Broth.
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 340-1070 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8043 (MO, identified by Touw). PAYAP. Richards 5490 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 577; Touw 9490, 10307 (both in MO, identified by Touw).
Range in Asia: India.
F. filiformis Iwats.*
[Iwatsuki (1987) described this species as an endemic species from Thailand. However, Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) did not report it in the Indo-chinese moss checklist].
Illustrations. Iwatsuki (1987, Fig. 1, a-m).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: Kurokawa no. a (type, TNS), Kurokawa no. b (TNS), Iwatsuki 1987: 635.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
F. firmus Mitt.**
(as Fissidens giesenhagenii, identified by Touw).
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Mohamed (1987, Fig. IV, 1-14).
Habitat. Alt. 1250 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: Touw 11094 (MO).
Range in Asia: Malay Peninsula and Sri Lanka.
F. geminiflorus Dozy & Molk.**
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 64, A-E).
Habitat. Alt. 600-650 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2070, 3022, 3063, 3071 (all in AAU, MO); Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2299, 2360 (both in AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12220 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Japan, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawezi, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
F. giesenhagenii Brorth. ex Fleisch. =
F. firmus fide Iwatsuki & Mohamed 1987: 349.
F. gymnogynus Besch.
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXXVI, 1-24).
Habitat. Alt. 1300-1500 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67227b (HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 4; LSaW 1896 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, and Korea.
F. hollianus Dozy & Molk.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 77, A-D); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XX, 1-34).
Habitat. Alt. 100-1400 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Smitinand 1296 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8022 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9019, 9421 (both in MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSaW 3420 (AAU, MO); Touw 12289 (MO). SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 105. UDAWN. Khon Kaen: Smitinand 1232 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Japan, Java, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. hollianus var. semperfalcatus (Dix.) Norkett in Reed & Robinson, nom. inval. err. cit. pro.=
F. semperfalcatus fide Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 349. F. intromarginatulus Bartr. =
F. ceylonensis fide Iwatsuki & Mohamed 1987: 345.
F. involutus Wils. ex Mitt.
[Gangulee (1969-80: 549) reported this species from Thailand without citing any Thai specimen. It is treated as a provinsional record].
F. javanicus Dozy & Milk.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 79, A-D); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXXIII, 1-16).
Habitat. Alt. 900-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Schmidt. s.n. (H), Brotherus 1901: 116. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 305 (BM), Dixon 1932: 6. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10838 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. kinabaluense Iwats.**
(as Fissidens speluncae, identified by Touw).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 73, A-D).
Habitat. Alt. 750-950 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11549 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Malaysia, and New Guinea.
F. laxitextus Broth. ex Gangulee **
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 250).
Habitat. Alt. 2250 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 10214 (MO).
Range in Asia: India and Nepal.
F. laxus Sull. & Lesq. var. laxus
(as Fissidens mittenii var. mittenii, Brotherus 1901: 116, Touw 1968: 224, Tixier 1971: 106; as Fissidens crassinervis var. laxus, Eddy 1988: 70).
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Mohamed (1987, Fig. V, 1-9); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXV, 1-29).
Habitat. Alt. 200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Schmidt s.n. (H), Brotherus 1901: 116. PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11187 (L), Touw 1968: 224. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSaW 3165 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. laxus var. javensis (Fleisch.) Tan & Mohamed
(as Fissidens mittenii var. javensis, Touw 1968: 224, Tixier 1971: 106).
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 700-1200 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8309 (L), Touw 1968: 224. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12079 (L), Touw 1968: 224.
Range in Asia: Java, Singapore, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
F. microcladus Thwait.
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XIX, 1-29).
Habitat. Alt. 300-1600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8353 (L), Touw 1968: 223. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9187 (L), Touw 1968: 223; LSaW 3013 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Touw 11128 (L), Touw 1968: 223.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. mittenii Par. var. mittenii = F. laxus fide Iwatsuki & Suzuki 1978: 396.
F. mittenii var. javensis Fleisch. ==
F. laxus var. javensis fide Mohamed & Tan 1988: 27.
F. nobilis Griff.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 78, A-C); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pls. XLIV, 1-23; XLV, 1-23).
Habitat. Alt. 100-2000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11996 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67308, 67453, 67479, 67500, 67509 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 4; Chiang Mai: Robbins 3575 (BKF, PC),Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165; LSaW 2610, 3067 (both in AAU, MO); Touw 8386, 9512, 9604 (all in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 106; LSmW 1064 (MO); Phitsanulok: Hansen et al. 11619 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 169. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4393, LSmW 122 (both in AAU, MO); Touw 12222 (MO). RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9384, 9385 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 169. SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 188 (BM); Surat Thani: Kerr 220 (BM), both reported by Dixon 1932: 7. UDAWN. Loei: Kerr 95 (BM), Dixon 1932: 7; Touw 10432 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. oblongifolius Hook. f. & Wils.**
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1989, Fig. VIII, 1-26).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: CLW 5055 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China and Indonesia.
F. obtuso-apiculatus Dix.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 300-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Kerr 137 (type, BM), Dixon 1932: 6; Larsen 8568, 8569 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 169.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
F. papillosus Sande Lac. = F. australiensis fide Stone 1994: 173.
F. papillulosus Broth.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 100-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Lem Dan, Schmidt s.n. (type, H), Brotherus 1901: 117. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3554 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165. SURAT. Chumphon (Ko Tao): Kerr 333 (BM), Dixon 1929: 19.
Range in Asia: Myanmar.
F. polypodioides Hedw.
(as Fissidens areolatus, Dixon 1935: 3, Touw 1968: 223; Noguchi 1972a: 169).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 51, A-E, as Fissidens areolatus); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pls. XXXVIII, 16-30; XXXIX, 1-18, as Fissidens areolatus).
Habitat. Alt. 1000-1500 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11668 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3660 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 164. PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 511d (BM), Dixon 1935: 3. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4313, LSaW 3415 (both in AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Sorensen et al. 6419 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 169; Touw 10487, 10567, 10926, 11030 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 223; CLW 4781 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. robinsonii Broth. ==
F. zippelianus var. robinsonii fide Iwatsui & Suzuki 1989: 289.
F. sedgwickii Broth. & Dix. in Dix.**
Illustrations. Dixon (1910, Pl. 507, fig. 1).
Habitat. Alt. 1200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10788 (MO, identified by Touw).
Range in Asia: India.
F. semperfalcatus Dix.*
[Eddy (1988: 79) considered this species a synonym of Fissidens crenulatus].
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 120-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PRACHINBURI. Chon Buri: Sangkhachand 258 (BKF, PC) Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165; Bunnak 258 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967:63. RACHASIMA. Chaiyaphum: Kerr 584 (type, BM), Dixon 1935: 2.
Range in Asia: Myanmar.
F. siamensis Broth.*
[Iwatsuki & Mohamed (1987: 359) reduced this species to a synonym of Fissidens ceylonensis. Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) considered it a distinct species].
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Klong Munsé, Schmidt s.n. (type, H), Brotherus 1901: 117.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
F. speluncae Broth. = F. kinabaluense fide Eddy 1988: 81.
F. subangustus Fleisch.**
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXXII, 1-36).
Habitat. Alt. 1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 10270 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Java, and Sumatra.
F. subspathulatus Dix.**
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 67, A-D).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 1976 (MO).
Range in Asia: Northern Indo-china and Papua New Guinea.
F. sylvaticus Griff. var. sylvaticus =
F. zippelianus fide Pursell et al. 1992: 53.
[According to Pursell et al. (1992: 53), the type of Fissidens sylvaticus is identical to that of F. taxifolius, but the specimens reported from Thailand under Fissidens sylvaticus are F. zippelianus].
F. sylvaticus var. fontanus (Fleisch.) Giesy & Richards. fo. minor * =
F. zippelianus var. fontanus fide Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 351.
F. taxifolius Hedw.**
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XLII, 1-32).
Habitat. Alt. 500 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: LSmW 862 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, and Sumatra.
F. thwaitesii Par.
[Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) reported this species from Thailand citing a reference of Tixier & Smitinand (1966: 165) where the authors misspelled Fissidens papillulosus Broth. as Fissidens cf. papillosus Broth. This can be verified from their citation of Brotherus' paper (1901). There are no other references that can be verified to show that whether anyone has reported either Fissidens thwaitesii or F. papillosus Thwait. & Mitt. auct non. Sande Lac., hom. illeg. from Thailand].
F. virens Thwait. & Mitt.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 71, A-E).
Habitat. Alt. 300-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8040 p.p., 8255 p.p. (both in L), Touw 1968: 224. PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: LSmW 615 (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12275, 12395, 12415 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 224.
Range in Asia: Borneo, India, Java, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
F. wichurae Broth. & Fleisch.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 74, A-E); Iwatsuki & Mohamed (1987, Fig. III, 1-20).
Habitat. Alt. 750-950 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11549 (L), Touw 1968: 224. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2065, 2565 (both in AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Java, New Guinea, and Vietnam.
F. xiphoidies Fleisch. = F. zollingeri fide Iwatsuki 1991: 84.
[Eddy (1988: 90) considered Fissidens xiphoidies a synonym of F. biformis].
F. zippelianus Dozy & Molk. var. zippelianus
(as Fissidens sylvaticus, Brotherus 1901: 116, Dixion 1932: 5, Giesy & Richards 1959: 557, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165, Touw 1968: 224, Tixier 1970b: 542, Tixier 1971: 106, Noguchi 1972a: 171).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 65, A-E); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XXXI, 1-35).
Habitat. Alt. 50-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 453 (BM), Dixon 1932: 5; LSmW 1862 (AAU, MO); Trat: Schmidt s.n. (H), Brotherus 1901: 116; CLW 5141 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Richards 5505 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 577; Robbins 3563 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 165; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 106; Touw 8406, 9461, 9483, 10295, (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 224; LSaW 2463, 2978 (both in AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1070 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phangnga: LNS 31188 (AAU, MO); Ranong: Tixier 3973, 3992 (both in PC), Tixier 1970b: 542; Satun: (Terutao Is.): Touw s.n. (L), Touw 1968: 224; Trang: Kerr 290 (BM), Dixon 1932: 5. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12210, 12219 (both in MO). RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Larsen 8474, 8596, 8687 (all in C), Noguchi 1972a: 171. UDAWN. Loei: Touw s.n. (L), Touw 1968: 224.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. zippelianus var. fontanus Fleisch.
[as Fissidens sylvaticus var. fontanus fo. minor, Giesy & Richards 1959: 577].
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 150 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Richards 5450 (type of Fissidens sylvaticus var. fontanus fo. minor, BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 577.
Range in Asia: Vietnam.
F. zippelianus var. robinsonii (Broth.) Iwats. & Suzuki**
(as Fissidens robinsonii, Iwatsuki & Mohamed 1987: 354, Eddy 1988: 66).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 57, A-D, as Fissidens robinsonii); Iwatsuki & Mohamed (1987, Fig. VI, 1-14, as Fissidens robinsonii).
Habitat. Alt. 800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8867 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Malay Peninsula, and Philippines.
F. zollingeri Mont.
(as Fissidens xiphoidies, Touw 1968: 224, Tixier 1971: 107).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 86, A-D); Iwatsuki & Suzuki (1982, Pl. XIII, 1-27).
Habitat. Alt. 300-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8040 p.p., 8255 p.p., 8345 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 224. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3556 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 166. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 130 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Nepal, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Floribundaria Fleisch. (Meteoriaceae)
F. floribunda (Dozy & Molk.) Fleisch.
(as Floribundaria floribunda var. minor, Dixon 1932: 27).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 631); Noguchi (1976, Fig. 15, a-j); Norris & Koponen (1985, Fig. 11, h-j); Streimann (1991b, Figs. 71-82).
Habitat. Alt. 150-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) MAHARAT. Lamphun: Tagawa & Kitagawa 12111 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 243. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8201 (MO, NICH), Noguchi 1976: 273; Touw 8246, 8318, 8330 (all in MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11351 (MO, NICH), Noguchi 1976: 273; Touw 11380 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hosseus s.n. (H), Brotherus 1911: 362; Yoda 67244, 67330, 67636, 67713 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 15; Robbins 3670 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181; Hansen et al. 11420e, 11422a (both in C), Noguchi 1972a: 176; Tagawa & Kitagawa 2699, 2903, 4088, 4095, 4283, 4405 (all in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 243; Touw 8931, 9745 (both in MO, NICH), Noguchi 1976: 273; Touw 8941, 8984, 9141, 9180, 9204, 10029 (all in MO). RACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12190 (MO, NICH), Noguchi 1976: 273; LSaW 3276 (AAU, MO); LSmW 124a (MO). RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9375 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 176. RACHASIMA. Nakohn Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (C), Tixier 1971: 131. SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 163 (BM), Dixon 1932: 27. UDAWN. Loei: Tagawa & Kitagawa 1856 (KYO, NICH), Noguchi 1973: 243.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. floribunda var. minor C. Müll. = F. floribunda fide Noguchi 1976: 271.
F. intermedia Thér.
(as Floribundaria thuidioides, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181, Tixier 1971: 131).
[Noguchi (1976: 277) treated Floribundaria intermedia as a synonym of F. thuidioides, while Menzel (1992: 186) treated them otherwise in recognizing F. intermedia].
Illustrations. Noguchi (1976, Fig. 17, k-q, as Floribundaria thuidioides).
Habitat. Alt. 400-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Kwae Noi Basin Exped. 1002c (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam.
F. pseudo-floribunda Fleisch.
Illustrations. Noguchi (1976, Fig. 17, a-j); Norris & Koponen (1985, Fig. 13, a-d); Streimann (1991b, Figs. 83-95).
Habitat. Alt. 200-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8134 (L), Noguchi 1976: 275. PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11313 (L, MO), Noguchi 1976: 275. RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Kwae Noi Basin Exped. 1002 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181; Rat Buri: Larsen 9446 (C), Noguchi 1976: 275.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. sparsa (Mitt.) Fleisch. var. sparsa
(as Papillaria lanosa, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179, Tixier 1971: 130).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 640); Noguchi (1976, Fig. 21, a-g); Norris & Koponen (1985, Fig. 13, e-i).
Habitat. Alt. 1500-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hosseus s.n. (H), Brotherus 1911: 362; Kerr 19 (BM), Dixon 1932: 28; Robbins 3678 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179; Touw 8464, 9261 10063, (all in MO, NICH), Noguchi 1976: 285; Touw 8514, 8734, 9590, 9718, 9744 (all in MO); Tagawa & Kitagawa 2687, 4340 (both in NICH); Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 12211 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 243.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Mainland China, India, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, and Taiwan.
F. sparsa var. pilifera (Nog.) Nog.
(as Papillaria formosana var. pilfera, Horikawa & Ando 1964: 17).
Illustrations. Noguchi (1965, Fig. 3).
Habitat. Alt. 1000-1800 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Ogawa 68047 (HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 17; Smitinand 4230 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 66; Sorensen et al. 6748 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 176. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Kitagawa 12616 p.p. (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 243.
Range in Asia: India and Myanmar.
F. thuidioides Fleisch. = F. intermedia fide Menzel 1992a: 186.
F. walkeri (Ren. & Card.) Broth.**
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 634); Noguchi (1976, Fig. 16, a-l); Streimann (1991b, Figs. 96-105).
Habitat. Alt. 850 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2055, 2056a (both in MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 287 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, and Philippines.

Foreauella Dix. & P. Varde (Sematophyllaceae)
F. indica Dix. & P. Varde = F. orthothecia fide Gangulee 1969-80: 1886.
F. orthothecia (Schwaegr.) Dix. & P. Varde
(as Foreauella indica, Dixon 1932: 46, Dixon 1935: 19).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 28, 486); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 961).
Habitat. Alt. 200-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Sorensen et al. 6735 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182. MAHARAT. Lamphun: Smith 483, 484b (both in BM), Dixon 1932: 46. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw s.n. (L), Touw 1968: 225. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3568, 3652, 3655, 3657 (all in PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 190; Touw 8412, 8429, 8586, 8876, 8909 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 225; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 159; Sorensen et al. 6731 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182; LSaW 1908, 1965, 2069, 2522, 2703, 2886 (all in AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n.(PC), Tixier 1971: 159; Phitsanulok: LSmW 538 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Kerr 565 (BM), Dixon 1935: 19; Smitinand 1067 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 190; Smitinand 1067 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 69; Touw 10389 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, and Philippines.

Funaria Hedw. (Funariaceae)
F. calvescens Schwaegr.
(as Funaria hygrometrica var. calvescens, Reed & Robinson 1967: 65).
[Eddy (1996), Enroth (1991a) and Ochi (1968), all placed this species under synonymy of Funaria hygrometrica].
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 9, fig. 148).
Habitat. Alt. 600-1675 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hosseus s.n. (H), Brotherus 1911: 362. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Smitinand 505 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 65. UDAWN. Loei: Smitinand 1997 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, and Java.
F. dozyana (C. Müll.) Broth. == Entosthodon dozyanus
F. hygrometrica Hedw.
Illustrations. Eddy (1996, Fig. 402, A-J); Enroth (1991b, Fig. 1, a-e); Ochi (1968, Fig. 12).
Habitat. Alt. 350-1700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Suvarnakoses 586 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Richards 5492 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 578; Yoda 67399, 67412, 67563 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964:8; Suvarnakoses 917 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 120; Sorensen et al. 6546, Hansen et al. 11454 (both in C), Noguchi 1972a: 172; Kitagawa 4011, Tagawa & Kitagawa 2292, 2375, 2778 (all in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 236; Maxwell B-78, B-79, Touw 10264 (all in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Smitinand 505 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172. UDAWN. Loei: Kitagawa 980 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 236.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Pakistan, Siberia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
F. hygrometrica var. calvescens (Schwaegr.) Mont. == F. calvescens
F. luzonensis Broth. = Entosthodon buseanus fide Ochi 1968: 19.
F. physcomitriodes Mont. == Entosthodon physcomitrioides

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