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Bryology SEARCH W³MOST

An Annotated Checklist and Atlas of the Mosses of Thailand

Welcome | Abstract | Introduction | Acknowledgments
Systematic Arrangement of Genera | Recognized Species
Checklist | Literature Cited

Taxon Groups: A B C D E F G H I-J L M N O P R S T V-Z


Ectropotheciella Fleisch. (Hypnaceae)
E. distichophylla (Hampe) Fleisch.
(as Taxithelium distichophyllum, Brotherus 1901: 123).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 27, fig. 470); Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 266, as Hypnum distichophyllum).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Schimdt s.n. (H), Brotherus 1901: 123. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1081 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Philippines, and Taiwan.

Ectropothecium Mitt. (Hypnaceae)
E. buitenzorgii (Bel.) Mitt.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 27, fig. 462); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1026).
Habitat. Alt. 50-150 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET: Ranong: Tixier 3947 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 545. SURAT. Phangnga: LNS 30893a (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
E. chamissonis (Hornsch.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 297, as Hypnum chamissonis).
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 457 (BM), Dixon 1935: 29.
Range in Asia: Borneo and Malaysia.
E. compressifolium (Mitt.) Broth.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1034).
Habitat. Alt. 30-2550 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Ogawa 67844, Yoda 67653, 67690, 67769 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 38. RACHABURI. Prachuap Khiri Khan: Marcan 2685 (BM), Dixon 1935: 29.
Range in Asia: India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sikkim.
E. cygnicollum (Mitt.) Jaeg. **
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1030).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2464, 2614, 3068 (all in AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: India and Sikkim.
E. cyperoides (Hook.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig.1036).
Habitat. Alt. 600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Smitinand 1028 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 68.
Range in Asia: India and Myanmar.
E. dealbatum (Hornsch. & Reinw.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 27, fig. 466); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1029).
Habitat. Alt. 100-450 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 312 (BM), Dixon 1932: 49. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 1964 (AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phistanulok: LSmW 738 (AAU, MO). SURAT. Surat Thani: Smitinand 2893 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 191.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, and Taiwan.
E. diversifolium Dix.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 218 (type, BM), Dixon 1932: 48.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
E. dixonii Fleisch. & Dix. in Dix.
Illustrations. Dixon (1916, Pl. 27, fig. 15).
Habitat. Alt. 500-1700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 303 (BM), Dixon 1932: 47. PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 409 (BM), Dixon 1935: 29.
Range in Asia: Borneo and Malaysia.
E. hyalinum (Reinw. & Hornsch.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 305, as Hypnum hyalinum).
Habitat. Alt. 1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 510b (BM), Dixon 1935: 29.
Range in Asia: Java.
E. ichnotocladum (C. Müll.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 27, fig. 458);
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 155.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Java, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
E. incubans (Reinw. & Hornsch.) Jaeg. var. scaberula (Fleisch.) Dix.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Fig. 225).
Habitat. Alt. 10 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 155.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, and Sri Lanka.
E. intorquatum (Dozy & Molk.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 301, as Hypnum intorquatum).
Habitat. Alt. 1700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Phloenchit 613 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 68.
Range in Asia: Java, Malay Peninsula, and Taiwan.
E. micro-verrucosum Dix.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PATTANI. Pattani: Kerr 271 (paratype, BM), Dixon 1932: 48.
Range in Asia: Borneo and Sumatra.
E. monumentorum (Duby) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 27, fig. 467); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1028).
Habitat. Alt. 400-1700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Phloenchit 656 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 68. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67229b, 67236, 67260, 67359 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 39; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 156. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSaW 3385 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
E. moritzii Jaeg.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 299, as Hypnum moritzii).
Habitat. Alt. 600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 449 (BM). PATTANI. Pattani: Kerr 274 (BM), Dixon 1932: 47.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Java, Malaysia, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
E. perscabrum P. Tx.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1033).
Habitat. Alt. 600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 156.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh and Vietnam.
E. rostellatum (Mitt.) Jaeg.**
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1035).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1065 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Satun: CLW 3914 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: India and Nepal.
E. siamense Dix.*
Illustrations. Dixon (1924, Pl. 3, fig. 16).
Habitat. Alt. 600-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 260, 306 (both in BM), Dixon 1932: 47; Smitinand 1028 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 191. PHUKET. Phangnga: Haniff & Nur 3919 (type, BM), Dixon 1924: 240.
Range in Asia: Sumatra.
E. sikkimense (Ren. & Card.) Ren. & Card. = Hypnum darjeelingense fide Ando 1971: 41
E. sparsipilum (Bosch & Sande Lac.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 300, as Hypnum sparsipilum).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 511a (BM): Ranong: Kerr 414 (BM), both reported by Dixon 1935: 28.
Range in Asia: Java and Malay Peninsula.
E. vesicularioides Dix.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 479 (type, BM), Dixon 1935: 30.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
E. zollingeri (C. Müll.) Jaeg.
(as Glossadelphus zollingeri, Tixier 1971: 155; as Plagiothecium kelungense, Noguchi 1972a: 182).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 26, fig. 455, as Glossadelphus zollingeri); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 987, as Glossadelphus zollingeri); Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 514).
Habitat. Alt. 50-200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Sorensen et al. 6778 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182. PHUKET. Satun: Kerr 251 (BM), Dixon 1932: 49.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Endotrichella rigida Dix.* = Endotrichellopsis laevifolia fide During 1977: 75.

Endotrichellopsis During (Pterobryaceae)
E. laevifolia (Thwait. & Mitt.) During
(as Endotrichella rigida, Dixon 1932: 26).
Illustrations. During (1977, Figs. 1a, 4b, 20).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Rock 1501 (type of Endotrichella rigida, BM, US), Dixon 1932: 26; Touw 8521 (L), 8535 (BM, FH, L, MO); 9655 (L), During 1977: 76; LSaW 2457a (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Entodon C. Müll. (Entodontaceae)
E. macropodus(Hedw.) C. Müll.
(as Entodon plicatus, Dixon 1932: 38, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 187, Noguchi 1973: 249).
Illustrations. Enroth (1991a, Fig. 2, a-e, as Entodon plicatus): Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 907); Hu (1983, Figs. 1-10); Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 447).
Habitat. Alt. 350-1500 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Kerr 36 (BM), Dixon 1932: 38; Smitinand 4202 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 187; Kitagawa 3996, 4023, 12332, Tagawa & Kitagawa 2522, 2529, 2780 (all in NICH); Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 12364 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249; LSaW 2514, 3014 (both in AAU, MO). RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9417b (C), Noguchi 1972a: 181. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: CLW 4506 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Tagawa & Kitagawa 975 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
E. plicatus C. Müll. = E. macropodus fide Townsend 1991: 603.
E. schensianus C. Müll.
Illustrations. Hu (1983, Figs. 270-280).
Habitat. Alt. 600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 146.
Range in Asia: Mainland China and Vietnam.

Entodontopsis Broth. (Plagiotheciaceae)
E. anceps (Bosch & Sande Lac.) Buck & Ireland
(as Stereophyllum anceps, Dixon 1935: 27, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 187, Touw 1968: 234, Tixier 1971: 146, Noguchi 1972a: 182, Tixier 1973: 117).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 23, fig. 396); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 924), all as Stereophyllum anceps.
Habitat. Alt. 100-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) MAHARAT. Lampang: Suvarnasorn 41 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 187. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8047 (L, MO), 8175 (L), Touw 1968: 234. PATTANI. Yala: CLW 4137 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 146; Touw 8862, 9014, 9407, 10322 (all in L), 8976, 9169, 9419 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 234; LSaW 2212, 2712 (both in AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Kerr 591 (BM), Dixon 1935: 27. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSaW 3287 (MO). RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9180 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182; LSmW 1409 (AAU, MO). RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: CLW 4504 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Khon Kaen: Kerr 459 (BM), Dixon 1935: 27; Loei: Touw 10369 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 234; CLW 4590 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
E. leucostega (Brid.) Buck & Ireland **
Illustrations. Ireland & Buck (1994, Fig. 9, A-J).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2337, 2407 (both in AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: India and Nepal.
E. tavoyense (Hook. f.) Buch & Ireland
(as Stereophyllum tavoyense, Dixon 1932: 38, Touw 1968: 234, Tixier 1971: 146, Tixier 1973: 117).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 922, as Stereophyllum tavoyense).
Habitat. Alt. 300-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8037 (L), Touw 1968: 234. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Kerr 14 (BM), Dixon 1932: 38; Touw 8907 (L), Touw 1968: 234; LSaW 2503 (AAU, MO); Mae Hong Son: LSaW 2265 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Mainland China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal.
E. wightii (Mitt.) Buch & Ireland **
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 925, as Stereophyllum wightii).
Habitat. Alt. 450 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: LSmW 741 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

Entosthodon Schwaegr. (Funariaceae)
E. buseanus Dozy & Molk.
(as Funaria luzonensis, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172, Tixier 1971: 120).
Illustrations. Eddy (1996, Fig. 403, A-H); Enroth (1991b, Fig. 2, a-f); Ochi (1968, Fig. 9).
Habitat. Alt. 1755 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Robbins 3596 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Java, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.
E. dozyanus C. Müll.
(as Funaria dozyana, Dixon 1932: 23, Giesy & Richards 1959: 578, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172).
Illustrations. Fleischer (1904-1922, Fig. 88).
Habitat. Alt. 1500-2300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Kerr 17 (BM), Dixon 1932: 23; Richards 5473 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 578, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 172.
Range in Asia: Java, and Myanmar.
E. physcomitrioides (Mont.) Mitt.
Illustrations. Ochi (1968, Figs. 7, 8).
Habitat. Alt. 1600-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tagawa & Kitagawa 2759 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 236; Touw 10259 (MO).
Range in Asia: India, Java, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Ephemeropsis Goeb. (Ephemeropsaceae)
E. tjibodensis Goeb.
Illustrations. Fleischer (1904-22, Fig. 164).
Habitat. Alt. 50-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 435 (BM), Dixon 1932: 32. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Phatthalung: Kerr 540 (BM), Dixon 1935: 14. PATTANI. Pattani: Kerr 136b, 276 (both in BM); Yala: Kerr 58 (BM); Dixon 1932: 32. PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 410c (BM); Trang: Kerr 530 (BM), both reported by Dixon 1935: 14. SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 374 (BM), Dixon 1935: 14; Surat Thani: Kerr 185 (BM), Dixon 1932: 32.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, and Vietnam.

Eriopus remotifolius C. Müll. == Calyptrochaeta remotifolia fide Touw 1978: 150.

Erpodium (Brid.) Brid. (Erpodiaceae)
E. biseriatum (Austin) Austin
(as Solmsiella bisertata, Touw 1968: 223, Iwatsuki & Sharp 1967: 163, Tixier 1971: 123).
Illustrations. Iwatsuki & Sharp (1967, Fig. 7, as Solmsiella bisertata).
Habitat. Alt. 300-750 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8352 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 223. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8866 (L), Touw 1968: 223. UDAWN. Loei: Tagawa & Kitagawa T1141 (NICH), Iwatsuki & Sharp 1967: 163.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Java, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.
E. mangiferae C. Müll.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 553).
Habitat. Alt. 300-500 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: Touw 11127 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 223.
Range in Asia: India.

Erythrodontium Hampe (Entodontaceae)
E. julaceum (Hook. f.) Par.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 23, fig. 388); Enroth (1991a, Fig. 4, a-f); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 910).
Habitat. Alt. 40-1685 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Larsen 8668b (C), Noguchi 1972a: 181; Touw 8036 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tuyama s.n. (NICH), Noguchi 1960: 78; Robbins 3547, 3562 (both in PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 186; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 145; Kitagawa 12126 (NICH); LSaW 1966, 2182, 2186, 2700, 2754, 2886b (all in MO); Touw 9474, 9476 (both in MO); Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 3509 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249. PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Hansen et al. 11477 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182; LSmW 859 (AAU, MO). RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9450c (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 219 (BM), Dixon 1932: 38; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 145. UDAWN. Loei: Smitinand 1998 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 186; Hansen et al. 11634, 11641 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 182; Tagawa & Kitagawa 1147 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Eurhynchium Schimp. in B.S.G. (Brachytheciaceae)
E. asperisetum (C. Müll.) Bartr.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 22, fig. 382); Takaki (1956, Fig. 38).
Habitat. Alt. 2550 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67886a (HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 30.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Java, Philippines, Sumatra, and Taiwan.
E. vagans (Jaeg.) Bartr. == Rhynchostegium vagans

Exodictyon blumii (Nees ex Hampe) Fleisch. = Exostratum blumii fide Ellis 1985: 25.

Exostratum Ellis (Leucophanaceae)
E. blumii (Nees ex Hampe) Ellis
(as Exodictyon blumii, Touw 1968: 227, Tixier 1970b: 543, Tixier 1971: 113).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 189, A-G); Enroth (1990b, Fig. 27, a-f).
Habitat. Alt. 700-1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11545, 11611, 11971 (all in MO). PHUKET. Trang: CLW 3617a (MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12240, 12290 (both in MO). RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 3868, 3946 (both in PC), Tixier 1970b: 543.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Malaya Peninsula, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

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