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Bryology SEARCH W³MOST

An Annotated Checklist and Atlas of the Mosses of Thailand

Welcome | Abstract | Introduction | Acknowledgments
Systematic Arrangement of Genera | Recognized Species
Checklist | Literature Cited

Taxon Groups: A B C D E F G H I-J L M N O P R S T V-Z


Caduciella Enroth (Leptodontaceae)
C. mariei (Besch.) Enroth
(as Pinnatella microptera, Touw 1968: 233, Tixier 1971: 136).
Illustrations. Enroth (1991c, Fig. 1, a-e).
Habitat. Alt. 40-320 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Touw 11288 (L), Touw 1968: 233; Tixier s.n. (PC), Enroth 1991: 616. SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 136.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, and Vietnam.

Callicostella (C. Müll.) Mitt. (Hookeriaceae)
C. papillata (Mont.) Mitt.
Illustrations. Lin & Tan (1995, Fig. 22, a-f); Mohamed & Robinson (1991, Figs. 9-15).
Habitat. Alt. 100-1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8013, 8025, 8132 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 224. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 309 (BM), Dixon 1932: 32; Touw 11462, 11535, 11537 (all in L), Touw 1968: 224; Sorensen et al. 6737 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 178. PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11283 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 224. PRACHINBURI. Chon Buri: Smitinand 3260 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 184; Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 228a (AAU, MO). RACHABURI: Kanchanaburi: Tixier 3962 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 544. SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 171 (BM), Dixon 1932: 32. UDAWN. Loei: Tagawa & Kitagawa 1464 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247; Touw 10422 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 224.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. prabaktiana (C. Müll.) Bosch & Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Lin & Tan (1995, Fig. 22, g-j).
Habitat. Alt. 50-700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Touw 11322, 11328 (both in L, MO), Touw 1968: 225. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12352 (L), Touw 1968: 225. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 192 (BM), Dixon 1932: 32.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, and Vietnam.

Calymperes Sw. in F. Web. (Calymperaceae)
C. acuminatum Broth.* = C. erosum fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 102.
C. aeruginosumHampe ex Sande Lac.**
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 232, A-G); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 10-11).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Trat: CLW 3728a (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, and Philippines.
C. afzelii Schwaegr.
(as Calymperes donnellii, Tixier 1970b: 543, Tixier 1971: 116; as Calymperes javanicum, Dixon 1929: 19).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 239, A-J); Reese et al. (1986, Fig. 20).
Habitat. Alt. 10-700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: LSmW 1721 (AAU, MO); Trat: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 116; CLW 5138, LSmW 1808, 1823 (all in AAU, MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: CLW 3464 (AAU, MO); Touw 11406 (MO). PATTANI. Narathiwat: CLW 3950 (AAU, MO); Pattani: CLW 4003 (AAU, MO); Yala: CLW 4176 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai:Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 116; LSaW 2659 (AAU, MO); Touw 9418 (MO). PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 116; LSmW 621 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Trang: CLW 3748 (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 405 (MO); Prachin Buri: LSmW 1157 (AU, MO); Touw 12287 (MO). RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 4002 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 543; LSmW 1398, 1407 (both in AAU, MO); Prachuap Khiri Khan: LSmW 1578, 1584 (both in AAU, MO). RACHASIMA: Nakhon Ratchasima: LSaW 3154 (MO). SURAT. Chumphon (Ko Tao): Kerr 336 (BM), Dixon 1929: 19; Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 116.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. beccarii Hampe =
C. lonchophyllum ssp. beccarii fide Menzel & Schultze-Motel 1990: 488.
C. boulayi Besch.
(as Calymperes delessertii, Dixon 1929: 19, Tixier 1971: 116).
[Reese & Mohamed (1985: 107) accepted this species as a synonym of Calymperes dozyanum, while Ellis (1988) and Menzel & Schultze-Motel (1990) considered Calymperes boulayi as a distinct species and placed C. delessertii under its synonymy].
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 245, A-F; 246, A-G).
Habitat. Alt. 5-300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: LSmW 1791 (MO). SURAT. Chumphon (Ko Tao): Kerr 327, 331 (both in BM), Dixon 1929: 19.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaya Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
C. brachycaulon Broth.* = C. palisotii fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 104.
C. couguiense Besch.
(as Calymperes setosum, Tixier 1971: 117).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 235, A-L); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 12-13).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 117.
Range in Asia: Malaysia and Vietnam.
C. delessertii Besch. = C. boulayi fide Ellis 1988: 127.
C. donnellii Aust. = C. afzelii fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 103.
C. dozyanum Mitt.
(as Calymperes hyophilaceum, Dixon 1935: 6, Tixier 1970b: 543, 1971: 117).
[Menzel & Schultze-Motel (1990: 489) considered this species a synonym of Calymperes palisotii ssp. moluccense].
Illustrations. Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 35-36).
Habitat. Alt. 10-370 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11357 (MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 1292 (MO); Ranong: Kerr 384 (BM), Dixon 1935: 6. RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 3980 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 543; Prachuap Khiri Khan: Kerr 593 (BM), Dixon 1935: 6. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10363 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Malaya, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
C. erosum C. Müll.
(as Calymperes acuminatum and C. hampei, Brotherus 1901: 118-121, Tixier 1971: 116-117).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 240, A-k); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 27-28).
Habitat. Alt. 80-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: near Lem Dan, on stones, Schmidt s.n. (type of Calymperes acuminatum, H); on rocks near the sea, Schmidt s.n. (H), Brotherus 1901: 121. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8199, 8268 (both in MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2617 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11131, 11162 (both in MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
C. fasciculatum Dozy & Molk.
(as Calymperes johannis-winkleri var. hasegawae, Iwatsuki 1977: 357).
[Iwatsuki (1977) reported this species from Thailand, but did not cite any Thai specimen].
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs, 230, A-H; 231, A-D); Reese et al. (1986, Fig. 26).
Habitat. Alt. 1200-1530 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11901 (MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12133 (MO). UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10497 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. flaviusculum Broth. ex Besch. = C. palisotii fide Reese et al. 1986: 168.
C. gracilescens Broth.* = C. palisotii fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 104.
C. graeffeanum C. Müll.
(as Calymperes nicobarense, Dixon 1929: 19, Dixon 1932: 15).
[Reese & Mohamed (1985: 106) reduced this species to a synonym of Calymperes dozyanum, while Ellis (1988) and Menzel & Schultze-Motel (1990) considered it a distinct species].
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 247, A-L).
Habitat. Alt. 5-300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: LSmW 1731 (AAU, MO); Trat: CLW 5049 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Kerr 243 (BM), Dixon 1932: 15. SURAT. Chumphon (Ko Tao): Kerr 350 (BM), Dixon 1929: 19.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
C. hampei Dozy & Molk. = C. erosum fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 102.
C. hyophilaceum C. Müll. = C. dozyanum fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 107.
C. javanicum Fleisch. = C. afzelii fide Eddy 1990: 114.
C. johannis-winkleri var. hasegawae (Tak. & Iwats.) Iwats. =
C. fasciculatum fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 105.
C. lonchophyllum Schwaegr.
(as Calymperes nietneri, Touw 1968: 218, Tixier 1971: 117).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 226, A-J); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 4-7).
Habitat. Alt. 0-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: CLW 4981, LSmW 1811 (both in AAU, MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11544, 11924 (both in MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2183 (AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1059 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11165, 11176 (both in L, MO), Touw 1968: 218; Trang: CLW 3534 (MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12233 (L, MO), 12322 (L), Touw 1968: 218; Prachin Buri: LSmW 1158 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.
C. lonchophyllum ssp. beccarii (Hampe) Menzel
(as Calymperes beccarii, Dixon 1935: 7).
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 499 (BM), Dixon 1935: 7; Phuket: Kerr 257d (BM), Dixon 1932: 15.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Kampuchea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam.
C. moluccense Schwaegr. = C. palisotii ssp. moluccense fide Menzel & Schultze-Motel 1990: 489.
[Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) accepted C. moluccense as a distinct species, while Reese & Mohamed (1985) considered it a synonym of C. palisotii].
C. motleyi Mitt.
(as Calymperes subtenerum, Brotherus 1901: 119).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 248, A-G); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 33-34).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: LSmW 1718 (AAU, MO); Trat: Lem Ngob, Schmidt s.n. (type of Calymperes subtenerum, H), Brotherus 1901: 119.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Java, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.
C. nicobarense Hampe = C. graeffeanum fide Ellis 1988: 132.
[Reese & Mohamed (1985) reduced Calymperes nicobarense to a synonym of C. dozyanum].
C. nietneri C. Müll. = C. lonchophyllum fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 100.
C. nymanii (Fleisch.) Reese = C. schmidtii fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 102.
C. palisotii Schwaegr. ssp. palisotii
(as Calymperes brachycaulon, Brotherus 1901: 120, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170, Tixier 1971: 116, Tixier 1973: 82; as Calymperses flaviusculum, Tixier 1971: 117; as Calymperes gracilescens, Brotherus 1901: 120, Tixier 1970b: 543, Tixier 1971: 117).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 242, A-L); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 39-40).
Habitat. Alt. 5-650 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Koh Kahdat, on trees, Schmidt s.n. (type of Calymperes brachycaulon, H); Lem Dan, Schmidt s.n. (type of Calymperes gracilescens, H), Brotherus 1901: 120; Smitinand 1318 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 117. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8335a (L), Ellis 1987: 685. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11491, 11525 (both in MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11211, 11331 (both in MO). RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 3945, 3953, 4007, 4009, 4020, 4023 (all in PC), Tixier 1970b: 543.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Kampuchea, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
C. palsiotii ssp. moluccense (Schwaegr.) Menzel
(as Calymperes moluccense, Ellis 1987: 682; as Calymperes subbrachycaulon, Dixon 1935: 6, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170, Tixier 1971: 117).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 244, A-L, as Calymperes moluccense).
Habitat. Alt. 50-100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Smitinand 2188 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170; Kerr 234, 285, 350 (all in BM), Ellis 1987: 682. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11491 (L), Ellis 1987: 682. PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11211, 11311 (both in L), Ellis 1987: 682. SURAT. Chumphon: LSmW 1492 (AAU, MO); Surat Thani: Kerr 465 (type of Calymperes subbrachycaulon, BM), Dixon 1935: 7; Smitinand 2821 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 170.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
C. robustiusculum Broth.* =
Chameleion peguense fide Ellis & Eddy in Eddy 1990: 250.
C. schmidtii Broth.*
(as Calymperes nymanii, Reese 1984: 17; as Syrrhopodon nymanii, Touw 1968: 220, Tixier 1971: 114; as Calymperes subintegrum, Brotherus 1901: 119, Dixon 1929: 19, Tixier 1973: 82).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 236, A-F); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 14-16).
Habitat. Alt. 5 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Klong Majum, on trees, Schmidt s.n. (type, H); Lem Dan, on rocks and trees, Schmidt s.n. (type of Calymperes subintegrum, H), Brotherus 1901: 119. PHUKET. Satun (Terutao Is.): Hansen & Smitinand 12499 (C, L), Touw 1968: 220. SURAT. Chumphon (Ko Tao): Kerr 206 (BM), Dixon 1929: 19.
Range in Asia: Bangka, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, and New Guinea.
C. semiliberum Mitt. ==
Syrrhopodon semiliber fide Reese, Koponen & Norris 1986: 176.
C. serratum Braun ex C. Müll.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Figs. 228, A-F; 229, A-H); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 1-3).
Habitat. Alt. 40-1250 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12322 (L), Touw 1968: 218. RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 4010 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 543. SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 117. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 11043 (L, MO), 11105 (L), Touw 1968: 218.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. setosum C. Müll. = C. couguiense fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 101.
C. subbrachycaulon Dix.* =
C. palisotii ssp. moluccense fide Menzel & Schultze-Motel 1990: 490.
C. subintegrum Broth.* = C. schmidtii fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 102.
[Tixier (1971: 117) considered Calymperes subintegrum a synonym of C. flaviusculum].
C. subserratum Fleisch.
[Eddy (1990: 99) treated both this species and Calymperes clemensiae as synonyms of C. serratum. Reese et al. (1986: 158) considered Calymperes subserratum a distinct species and placed C. clemensiae under its synonymy].
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Fig. 109, as Calymperes clemensiae).
Habitat. Alt. 15-200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11194 (MO); Satun (Terutao Is.): Hansen & Smitinand 12513 p.p. (L), Touw 1968: 218.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malaysia, and Philippines.
C. subtenerum Broth.* = C. motleyi fide Reese & Mohamed 1985: 106.
C. tahitense (Sull.) Mitt.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 238, A-H); Reese et al. (1986, Fig. 21).
Habitat. Alt. 200-620 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11431 (MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11311 (L), Touw 1968: 219.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Laos, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. tenerum C. Müll.
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 249, A-H); Reese et al. (1986, Figs. 31-32).
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Thaithong s.n. (Chulalongkorn Univ., Bangkok), Thaithong 1984: 86. RACHABURI. Prachuap Khiri Khan: LSmW 1579 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, and Vietnam.

Calymperopsis langbianensis P. Tx. ==
Syrrhopodon langbianensis fide Reese 1993: 252.
C. semiliber (Mitt.) Fleisch. ==
Syrrhopodon semiliber fide Reese, Koponen & Norris 1986: 176.
[Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) placed this species under the genus Calymperes].
C. tjibodensis (Fleisch.) Fleisch. ==
Syrrhopodon tjibodensis fide Reese 1987: 208.
C. wiemansii (Fleisch.) Fleisch. =
Syrrhopodon parasiticus fide Reese, Koponen & Norris 1986: 176.

Calyptothecium Mitt. (Pterobryaceae)
C. auriculatum (Dix.) Nog.
(as Pterobryopsis auriculata, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 178).
Illustrations. Noguchi (1980, Fig. 3, a-d); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 611, as Pterobryopsis auriculata).
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Kwae Noi Basin Exped. 658 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 178.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sikkim.
C. burmense Bartr.
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 1400-1600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8983, 9033, 9208 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 236.
Range in Asia: Myanmar.
C. crispulum (Bosch & Sande Lac.) Broth. =
C. urvilleanum fide Hyvönen 1989c: 3.
C. hookeri (Mitt.) Broth.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 676).
Habitat. Alt. 1500-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67561, 67577 (both in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 18; Robbins 3592 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 182; Touw 9166, 9250, 9856 (all in L), 9550, 9619, 9740, 10217 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 236; Sorensen et al. 6747 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 174; Tagawa & Kitagawa 4314 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 242. UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4899 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Mainland China, India, Japan, Nepal, Myanmar, Sikkim, and Taiwan.
C. luzonense (Williams) Broth. = Neckera crenulata fide Noguchi 1965: 154.
C. nematosum (C.Müll.) Fleisch. = C. wightii fide Noguchi 1987: 505.
[Gangulee (1969-80: 1265) treated this species as Pterobryopsis nematosa].
C. philippinense Broth. in Warb.
[There is no primary source reporting this species from Thailand. Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) reported it from the country by citing the references of Touw (1968) and Tixier (1971). The latter two authors did not report this species from Thailand, but only reported Calyptothecium crispulum, C. urvilleanum, and other species of the genus. Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) treated Calyptothecium urvilleanum as a synonym of C. philippinense, which could be considered an indirect source to support their report of the species from the country. Hyvönen (1989c) recognized Calyptothecium urvilleanum as a distinct species and placed C. crispulum under its synonymy. He reduced Calyptothecium philippinense to the synonymy of C. recurvulum. In contrast, Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) accepted C. crispulum and C. philippinense as two distinct species. In this checklist Hyvönen's (1989c) treatment is followed, and consequently, Calyptothecium philippinense does not occur in Thailand].
C. pinnatum Nog.
Illustrations. Noguchi (1934, Fig. 3).
Habitat. Alt. 2000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tagawa & Kitagawa 3006 p.p. (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 242.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, and Taiwan.
C. urvilleanum (C. Müll.) Broth.
(as Calyptothecium crispulum, Touw 1968: 236, Tixier 1971: 129).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 675); Hyvönen (1989c, Fig. 1, a, b, d).
Habitat. Alt. 600-1400 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11459, 11992 (both in L, MO), Touw 1968: 236. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9013 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 236; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 129. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10434, 10710, 10823 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 236.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. wightii (Mitt.) Fleisch.
(as Calyptothecium nematosum, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181, Reed & Robinson 1967: 66; as Pterobryopsis nematosa, Dixon 1932: 27, Dixon 1935: 13, Tixier 1971: 128, Gangulee 1969-80: 1265).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 677); Noguchi (1986a, Fig. 5, h-j).
Habitat. Alt. 50-800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Smitinand 1452 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181, Reed & Robinson 1967: 66; Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 129. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8085, 8145 (both in L), 8107, 8156, 8211, 8245 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 236. NAKHON SI THAMMARAT.Nakhon Si Thammarat: Smitinand 1291 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 181, Reed & Robinson 1967: 66; Touw 12029 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 236. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9426 (L), Touw 1968: 236; LSaW 2721 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Krabi: Touw 11296 (L), Touw 1968: 236; Satun: CLW 3872 (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12184, 12286, 12387, 12406 (all in L, MO), Touw 1968: 236; Hansen et al. 11665 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 174; LSmW 134 (AAU, MO); Prachin Buri: Kerr 122a (BM), Dixon 1932: 27. RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Kerr 144 (BM), Dixon 1932: 27; Rat Buri: Larsen 9454a (C), Noguchi 1972a: 174. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 129. SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 170 (BM), Dixon 1932: 27; Kerr 367 (BM), Dixon 1935: 13.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Mainland China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

Calyptrochaeta Desv. (Hookeriaceae)
C. remotifolia (C. Müll.) Iwats., Tan & Touw
(as Eriopus remotifolius, Touw 1968: 225, Tixier 1971: 137).
Illustrations. Mohamed & Robinson (1991, Figs. 16-22); Tan & Robinson (1990, Figs. 5, 6).
Habitat. Alt. 1000-1740 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11612, 11840 (both in L, MO), Touw 1968: 225.
Range in Asia: Borneo, India, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, and Vietnam.

Campylodontium flavescens (Hook. f.) Bosch & Sande Lac. ==
Mesonodon flavescens fide Buck 1980: 117.
C. taxiphylloides Horikawa & Ando *, nom. nud. ==
Hondaella caperata fide Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 357.
[Tixier (1971: 146) placed this nomen nudum under synonymy of Hondaella caperata (Mitt.) Ando, which is still an invalid name because no basinonym was given. The binomial was only recently published by Ando, Tan & Iwatsuki in Tan & Iwatsuki (1993: 357) with Stereodon caperatus Mitt. as the basinonym].

Campylopodium (C. Müll.) Besch. (Dicranaceae)
C. euphorocladum (C. Müll.) Besch. = C. medium fide Giese & Frahm 1985b: 126.
C. medium (Duby) Giese & Frahm
(as Campylopodium euphorocladum, Touw 1968: 221, Noguchi 1973: 236).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 107, A-F); Giese & Frahm (1985b, Figs. 1-22).
Habitat. Alt. 1100-1685 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 8721, 8846, 10356 (all in L), Touw 1968: 221; Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 2799 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 236. UDAWN. Loei: Tagawa & Kitagawa 760 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 236.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Indonesia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Campylopus Brid. (Dicranaceae)
C. blumii (Dozy & Molk.) Bosch & Sande Lac. =
C. umbellatus fide Frahm 1976: 907.
[Brotherus (1911) treated this species under the genus Pilopogon. Dixon (1932) reduced it to a synonym of Campylopus richardii. Tan & Iwatsuki (1993), however, considered C. blumii a distinct species].
C. comosus (Hornsch. & Reinw.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 109, A-G); Frahm et al. (1985, Fig. 43-48).
Habitat. Alt. 500-2100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Kerr4b p.p. (BM), Dixon 1932: 9; Touw 8378, 8705 (both in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Hansen et al. 11511b, 11512, 11515 (all in C); Phitsanulok: Hansen et al. 11486 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 171. RACHASIMA: Nakhon Ratchasima: LSaW 3227 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Sorensen et al. 6417 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 171; Touw 10592 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Indonesia, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. ericoides (Grief.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 110, A-D); Frahm (1984, Fig. a-f).
Habitat. Alt. 700-1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Richards 5474 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 577; LSaW 2172, 2903 (both in AAU, MO). PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: LSmW 915 (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4390, LSmW 288 (both in AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4650, 4671 (both in AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. gracilis (Mitt.) Jaeg.
Illustrations. Frahm (1984, Fig. 7, a-g).
Habitat. Alt. 1434-2550 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chieng Mai: Kerr 2 (BM), Dixon 1932: 8; Richards 5508 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 577; Yoda 67927, 67947 (both in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 5; Robbins 3594 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 166; Suvarnasara 60 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 63.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.
C. laetus (Mitt.) Jaeg. = C. savannarum fide Frahm 1984: 179.
C. micholitzii C. Müll. ex Fleisch. **
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 111, A-H).
Habitat. Alt. 1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: CLW 4674, 4830 (both in AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Java, Philippines, and Sulawesi.
C. richardii auct. nonBrid. = C. umbellatus fide Frahm 1976: 907.
C. savannarum (C. Müll.) Mitt.
(as Campylopus laetus, Noguchi 1972a: 172; as Campylopus siamensis, Dixon 1932: 8, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 166, Tixier 1971: 108).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 115, A-E); Frahm (1984, Fig. 11, a-f).
Habitat. Alt. 600-1400 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Kerr 437 (BM), Dixon 1932: 8. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hansen et al. 11452 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 172. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1035 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Satun: Kerr 247 (BM), Dixon 1932: 8. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 72 (AAU, MO). UDAWN. Loei: Kao Krading, Kerr 85 (type of Campylopus siamensis, BM); Pu Tong, Kerr 94 (BM), Dixon 1932: 8; Smitinand 1156 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 167; Touw 10566, 10616, 10939 (all in MO).
Range in Asia: India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, and Sri Lanka.
C. schmidii (C. Müll.) Jaeg. ssp. schmidii **
[Frahm (1987: 14) reported this species from Thailand, but no Thai specimen was cited. Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) did not report it from Indo-china].
Illustrations. Frahm & Mohamed (1987, Figs. 55-61).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1034 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.
C. schmidii ssp. hemitrichius (C. Müll.) Frahm **
Illustrations. Frahm & Mohamed (1987, Figs. 28-33).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: LSmW 1794 (AAU, MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 2511 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Malaysia, and Philippines.
C. serratus Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 114, A-D); Frahm & Mohamed (1987, Figs. 68-73).
Habitat. Alt. 5-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 390 (BM), Dixon 1935: 4. RACHASIMA. Chaiyaphum: Kerr 586 (BM), Dixon 1935: 4. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 212 (BM), Dixon 1932: 9.
Range in Asia: Bangka, Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Kampuchea, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Vietnam.
C. siamensis Dix.* = C. savannarum fide Frahm 1987: 71.
C. umbellatus (W. Arn.) Bartr.
(as Pilopogon blumii, Brotherus 1911: 362; as Campylopus blumii, Dixon 1932: 10, Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 339; as Campylopus richardii auct. non Brid., Reed & Robinson 1967: 63; Tixier 1971: 108).
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 122, A-G); Frahm (1976, Fig. a-f); Frahm et al. (1985, Fig. 77-83).
Habitat. Alt. 1300-1740 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11814 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hosseus s.n. (H), Brotherus 1911: 362. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 108. UDAWN. Loei: Smitinand 1156 (BKF, US), Reed & Robinson 1967: 63.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. zollingerianus (C. Müll.) Bosch & Lac. **
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 118, A-E).
Habitat. Alt. 700-1200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8253, 8305 (both in MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: LSaW 1906, 2525 (both in AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12350 (MO). UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10878 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, and Sulawesi.

Ceratodon Brid. (Ditrichaceae)
C. purpureus (Hedw.) Brid.
Illustrations. Eddy (1988, Fig. 95, A-E).
Habitat. Alt. 1500-2250 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67431 (HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 5; Touw 10096 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

Chaetomitriopsis Fleisch. (Hookeriaceae)
C. glaucocarpa (Schwaegr.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 20, fig. 348); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 752).
Habitat. Alt. 450-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8140, 8164, 8357 (all in L), Touw 1968: 225. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9501 (L, MO), Touw 1968: 225. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: LSmW 1081b (MO). PRACHINBURI. Chon Buri: Smitinand 3342 (BKF, PC, US), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 184; Reed & Robinson 1967: 67. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 139. UDAWN. Loei: Smitinand 1087 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 184; Smitinand 1097 (BKF, US), Reed Robinson 1967: 67.
Range in Asia: Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Chaetomitrium Dozy & Molk. (Hookeriaceae)
C. confertum Thwait. & Mitt.
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHASIMA. Nakhom Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 138.
Range in Asia: Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
C. cucullatum Dix.
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 521c (BM), Dixon 1935: 17.
Range in Asia: Borneo.
C. elongatum (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1846, Tab. 38).
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 459 (BM), Dixon 1935: 16.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, and Philippines.
C. leptopoma (Schwaegr.) Bosch & Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1846, Tab. 36, as Holoblepharum leptopoma).
Habitat. Alt. 400 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Trang: Kerr 532 (BM), Dixon 1935: 17.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, and Philippines.
C. nematosum Broth.
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 10-50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 181 (BM), Dixon 1932: 32; Kerr 385 (BM), Dixon 1935: 16. SURAT. Chumphon: Kerr 362 (BM), Dixon 1935: 16.
Range in Asia: Malay Peninsula.
C. nervosum Dix.*
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 509 (type, BM), Dixon 1935: 17.
Range in Asia: Endemic to Thailand.
C. orthorrhynchum (Dozy & Molk.) Bosch & Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 20, fig. 341); Dozy & Molkenboer (1846, Tab. 37, as Holoblepharum orthorrhynchum].
Habitat. Alt. 50 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 410 (BM), Dixon 1935: 17.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, and Sumatra.
C. papillifolium Bosch & Sande Lac. in Dozy & Molk.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 20, fig. 342); Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 171); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 750).
Habitat. Alt. 25 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 138. PHUKET. Satun: CLW 3878 (AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Prachin Buri: Kerr 551a (BM), Dixon 1935: 16. RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 4011 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 544. SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 138.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. philippinense (Mont.) Bosch & Sande Lac.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 20, fig. 344); Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 166).
Habitat. Alt. 50-600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Kerr 538 (BM), Dixon 1935: 16. PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 478 (BM), Dixon 1935: 16. RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Tixier 4018 (PC), Tixier 1970b: 545. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Kerr 72 (BM), Dixon 1932: 33. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 464 (BM), Dixon 1935: 16.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Indonesia, Java, and Vietnam.
C. torquescens Bosch & Sande Lac. in Dozy & Molk.
Illustrations. Dozy & Molkenboer (1855-70, Tab. 169).
Habitat. Alt. 50-900 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr s.n. (BM), Dixon 1935: 16. PRACHINBURI. Prachin Buri: Kerr 122b (BM), Dixon 1932: 32.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Indonesia, Java, and New Guinea.
C. warburgii Broth.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 20, fig. 346).
Habitat. Alt. 40-700 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANATBURI. Chanthaburi: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 138. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 138. SURAT. Surat Thani: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 138.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Laos, Philippines, and Vietnam.

Chameleion Ellis & Eddy in Eddy (Calymperaceae)
C. peguense (Besch.) Ellis & Eddy in Eddy
(as Calymperes robustiusculum, Brotherus 1901: 118, Tixier 1973: 82; as Syrrhopodon robustiusculum, Reese & Tan 1985: 73; as Heliconema peguense, Eddy 1990: 131).
Illustrations. Eddy (1990, Fig. 250, A-J, as Heliconema peguense).
Habitat. Alt. 200 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Trat: Lem Dan, on base of trees and rocks, Schmidt s.n. (type of Calymperes robustiusculum, H), Brotherus 1901: 118; LSmW 1795 (AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phuket: Touw 11144 (MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSaW 3391 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Kampuchea, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Vietnam.

Chionoloma latifolium Dix.* =
Pseudosymblepharis angustata fide Norris & Koponen 1987: 94.
[The genus Chionoloma was reduced to a synonym of Pseudosymblepharis by Eddy (1990) and followed by Zander (1993). However, Menzel (1992) and Tan & Iwatsuki (1993) continued to accept Chionoloma and listed two species under it from Thailand. Eddy (1990) reduced Chionoloma latifolium to a synonym of Pseudosymblepharis subduriuscula, but the latter species was treated as a synonym of P. angustata by Norris & Koponen (1989)].

Chionostomum C. Müll. (Sematophyllaceae)
C. angustifolium Dix. = Aptychella tenuiramea fide Tixier 1977: 424.
C. latifolium Thér. & Henry. in Dix. = C. rostratum fide Tixier 1977: 429.
C. rostratum (Mitt.) C. Müll.
(as Chionostomum latifolium, Dixon 1935: 19).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 24, fig. 412); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 935); Tixier (1977, Fig. 13).
Habitat. Alt. 725-1685 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8274 (L), Touw 1968: 239. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Put 3264e (BM), Dixon 1935: 19; Touw 8709, 8996 (both in L, MO), 8524, 8529, 8935, 9051, 9754 (all in L), Touw 1968: 239; LSaW 2197a, 2881 (both in AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: Touw 12153 (L), Touw 1968: 239. RACHASIMA. Chaiyaphum: Kerr 589 (BM), Dixon 1935: 20; Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier 429, 922, 1237 (all in PC), Tixier 1971: 149. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10480, 10564 (both in L, MO), Touw 1968: 239.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Chrysocladium Fleisch. (Meteoriaceae)
C. flammeum (Mitt.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 666); Noguchi (1976, Figs. 13, a-p; 14, a-j).
Habitat. Alt. 2530-2600 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9817 (L), Touw 1968: 229; Yoda 67878 (HIRO), Noguchi 1976: 268.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Laos, Nepal, Sikkim, and Vietnam.

Claopodium (Lesq. & James) Ren. & Card. (Leskeaceae)
C. assurgens (Sull. & Lesq.) Card.
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 798); Noguchi (1964, Figs. 38-42); Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 371); Watanabe (1972, Pl. 35, figs. 1-20).
Habitat. Alt. 400-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8015, 8122 (both in MO). NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11989 (MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67245, 67284, 67319, 67321, 67339, 67367 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 28; Robbins 3557, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 184; Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 3594, 3747 (both in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249. PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Kitagawa 12638, 12788, Tagawa & Kitagawn 2071 (all in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249; LSmW 761, 909, 1076 (all in AAU, MO). PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: CLW 4392, 4459, LSaW 3153, 3218, 3284, LSmW 286, (all in AAU, MO), Touw 12280 (MO). UDAWN. Loei: Kerr 570 (BM), Dixon 1935: 18; Smitinand 1068 (BKF, PC), Smitinand 1099 (BKF, PC, US), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 184; Reed & Robinson 1967: 67; Tagawa & Kitagawa 964 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249; CLW 4649 (AAU, MO); Touw 10412, 10469, 10735, 10799, 10828, 11053 (all in MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Korea, Laos, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. nervosum (Harv.) Fleisch. = C. prionophyllum fide Watanabe 1972: 215.
C. prionophyllum (C. Müll.) Broth.
(as Claopodium nervosum, Dixon 1935: 18, Horikawa & Ando 1964: 28, Tixier 1971: 142, Noguchi 1972a: 180, Noguchi 1973: 249); Norris & Koponen (1985, Fig. 10, a-d).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 799); Noguchi (1964, Figs. 23-30, as Claopodium nervosum); Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 370B); Watanabe !972, Pl. 32, figs. 1-15).
Habitat. Alt. 100-2000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) MAHARAT. Lamphun: Tagawa & Kitagawa 12021, 12106 (both in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249. NAKHOM SAWAN. Tak: Tagawa 12931 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 249; Touw 8154, 8323 (both in MO). PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67268, 67523, 67542 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 28; LSaW 2936 (AAU, MO); Touw 8394, 8457, 9211, 9232 (all in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: LSmW 601, 607, 906 (all in AAU, MO). PHUKET. Phangnga: Kerr 488 (BM), Dixon 1935: 18. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 142 (AAU, MO). RACHABURI. Kanchanaburi: Larsen 9415, 9417 (C), Noguchi 1972a: 180. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10381 (MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Taiwan.

Clastobryella cuculligera (Dozy & Molk.) Fleisch. ==
Clastobryum cuculligerum fide Tixier 1977: 449.
C. ruficaulis (Thwait. & Mitt.) Fleisch. == Trichosteleum ruficaule fide Tan 1991: 101.

Clastobryophilum Fleisch. (Sematophyllaceae)
C. bogoricum (Bosch & Sande Lac.) Fleisch.
(as Acroporium bogoricum, Dixon 1935: 21).
Illustrations. Tixier (1977, Fig. 1).
Habitat. Alt. 400 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 524 (BM), Dixon 1935: 21.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Java, Kampuchea, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, and Sumatra.

Clastobryum Dozy & Molk. (Sematophyllaceae)
C. brevifolium Dix.* = Gammiella ceylonensis fide Tan & Buck 1989: 318.
[Clastobryum brevifolium was first accepted as a synonym of C. merrillii by Tixier (1971: 147). Tixier (1977: 442) transferred it to Gammiella merrillii].
C. capillaceum (Griff.) Broth.== Gammiella capillacea fide Tixier 1977: 439.
C. caudatum Fleisch.
Illustrations. Tixier (1977, Fig. 22).
Habitat. Altitude unknown.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 451c (BM), Dixon 1932: 38.
Range in Asia: Java, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam.
C. cuculligerum (Dozy & Molk.) P. Tx.
(as Clastobryella cuculligera, Dixon 1935: 20, Tixier 1971: 147).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 23, fig. 399, as Clastobryella cuculligera); Tixier (1977, Fig. 21).
Habitat. Alt. 900-1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHUKET. Ranong: Kerr 404b (BM), Dixon 1935: 20. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 147; Tixier 326, 427, 446, 493, 505, 508, 512, 925, 1225 (all in PC), Tixier 1977: 449.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Java, Kampuchea, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. indicum (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk.
Illustrations. Seki (1968, Fig. 7); Tan & Iwatsuki (1992, Figs. 1-10); Tixier (1977, Figs. 19, 20).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 147; Tixier 908 (PC), Tixier 1977: 447.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, Japan, Java, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. leptocladum (Ren. & Card.) Broth. ex. P. Tx., nom. inval. descr. gall.
[Tixier (1971: 147) reported this species from Thailand. However, the name was invalidly published by Tixier (1969: 28) because no latin description was given. The binomial was based on an unpublished herbarium name, Clastobryum leptocladum (Ren. & Card.) Broth. with Pylaisia leptoclada Ren. & Card. as the basionym. Later, Tixier (1977: 439) reduced it to a synonym of Gammiella capillacea].
C. merrillii Broth., Tixier 1971: 147. =
Gammiella ceylonensis fide Tan & Buck 1989: 318.
C. spiculiferum (Dix.) Tan & Iwats.
(as Tristichella spiculifera, Touw 1968: 240, Tixier 1971: 155).
Illustrations. Unknown.
Habitat. Alt. 1530-1740 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11766 (L, MO), 11880 (L), Touw 1968: 240.
Range in Asia: Java and Sumatra.

Cleistostoma ambiguum (Hook.f.) Brid., nom. illeg. ==
Bryowijkia ambigua fide Noguchi 1973: 241.

Cryptopapillaria Menzel (Meteoriaceae)
C. chrysoclada (C. Müll.) Menzel
(as Papillaria auriculata, Horikawa & Ando 1964: 16, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179; as Papillaria auriculata var. gracilis, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179; as Papillaria chrosoclada, Noguchi 1973: 244, Noguchi 1976: 250; as Papillaria fuscesens var. pilicuspis, Touw 1968: 230, Tixier 1971: 130).
Illustrations. Noguchi (1976, Fig. 8, a-j, as Papillaria chrysoclada).
Habitat. Alt. 500-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8157, 8241 (both in L), Touw 1968: 229. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67409, 67421, 67565, 67972, 67988, 68002, 68019 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 16; Singhasthit 127 (PC), Smitinand 230 (BKF, PC); Robbins 3582 (BKF, PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179; Touw 8463, 8553, 8554, 8605, 8671, 8735, 8813a, 8891, 8924, 8934, 8944, 9021, 9041, 9123, 9267, 9544, 9617, 9633, 9714, 9742, 9866, 10074, 10251 (all in L), Touw 1968: 230; Tagawa & Kitagawa 4309 p.p. (KYO, NICH), Noguchi 1973: 244; Chiang Rai: Yoda s.n. (NICH), Kitagawa 12181 (NICH), Noguchi 1976: 252; LSaW 1901a, 1902, 2911 (all in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Kitagawa 12533 p.p. (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 244; Warncke 1028 (NY), Noguchi 1976: 582. RACHASIMA. Chaiyaphum: Kerr 588 (BM), Noguchi 1976: 252. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10576, 10581, 10613, 10720, 10739, 10935, 10944 (all in L), Touw 1968: 230; CLW 4675 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. feae (C. Müll.) Menzel
(as Papillaria feae, Noguchi 1973: 244, Noguchi 1976: 250).
Illustrations. Noguchi (1976, Fig. 7, a-f, as Papillaria feae).
Habitat. Alt. 800-2100 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) MAHARAT. Lamphun: Tagawa & Kitagawa 12092 (NICH), Noguchi 1976:250. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Tagawa & Kitagawa 4350 p.p. (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 244; Touw 8735, 9267 (both in NICH); Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 12227, 12452 (both in NICH), Noguchi 1976: 250. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Kitagawa 12616 (NICH), Noguchi 1976: 250. RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9451 (NICH), Noguchi 1976: 250. UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10935, 10944 (NICH), Noguchi 1976: 250.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
C. fuscescens (Hook. f.) Menzel
(as Papillaria fuscescens, Brotherus 1911: 362, Dixon 1932: 27, Giesy & Richards 1959: 580, Noguchi 1960: 77, Horikawa & Ando 1964: 17, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179, Touw 1968: 229, Tixier 1971: 130, Noguchi 1972a: 176, Noguchi 1976: 247).
Illustrations. Noguchi (1976, Fig. 6, a-k); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 623); Norris & Koponen (1985, Fig. 10, e-h), all as Papillaria fuscescens.
Habitat. Alt. 300-2550 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 451b (BM), Dixon 1932: 27. MAHARAT: Lamphun: Smith 488, 513 (both in BM, US), Dixon 1932: 27. NAKHON SAWAN. Tak: Touw 8129 (L), Touw 1968: 229. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Hosseus s.n. (H), Brotherus 1911: 362; Kerr 40 (BM), Dixon 1932: 27; Richards 5495 (BO), Giesy & Richards 1959: 588; Tuyama s.n. (NICH), Noguchi 1960: 77; Ogawa 67604, 67623, 67843, Yoda 67267, 67274, 67394, 67439, 67459, 67478, 67646, 67708, 6779 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 17; Robbins 3615, 3675 (both in PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 179; Touw 8670 (L), Touw 1968: 229; Hansen et al. 11420c, 11421b, 11422d (all in C), Noguchi 1972a: 176; Rock 236a (US), Noguchi 1976: 247. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 130. RACHABURI. Rat Buri: Larsen 9451, 9453 (both in PC), Noguchi 1972a: 176. RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 130.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Borneo, Celebes, Mainland China, India, Java, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Vietnam.

Ctenidium (Schimp.) Mitt. (Hypnaceae)
C. lychnites (Mitt.) Broth.**
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 1047); Nishimura (1985, Fig. 17).
Habitat. Alt. 1150-1250 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) UDAWN. Loei: Touw 10474 (MO).
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.
C. malacobolum (C. Müll.) Broth.
Illustrations. Nishimura (1985, Figs. 19, 20).
Habitat. Alt. 700-1000 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) NAKHON SI THAMMARAT. Nakhon Si Thammarat: Touw 11915, 11916, 11986 (all in MO). PHUKET. Krabi: Kerr 507 (BM), Dixon 1935: 30.
Range in Asia: Borneo, Celebes, Ceram, Japan, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, and Taiwan.
C. serratifolium (Card.) Broth.
Illustrations. Nishimura (1985, Fig. 30).
Habitat. Alt. 1300 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 158.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, Japan, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Curvicladium Enroth (Neckeraceae)
C. kurzii (Kindb.) Enroth
(as Pinnatella kurziana, Tixier 1971: 135, Tixier 1973: 107; as Pinnatella kurzii, Wijk & Margadant 1962: 222; as Pinnatella siamensis, Noguchi 1986b: 262; as Thamnium siamense, Horikawa & Ando 1964: 23, Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 183; as Thamnobryum siamense, Noguchi 1975: 272, Gangulee 1969-80: 1451, Tan & Iwatsuki 1993: 374).
Illustrations. Enroth (1993, Fig. 1, a-k); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 720, as Thamnobryum siamense); Horikawa & Ando (1964, Fig. 4, as Thamnium siamense); Noguchi (1986b, Fig. 3, a-g, as Pinnatella siamensis).
Habitat. Alt. 500-2570 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Ogawa 67839 (type of Thamnium siamense, HIRO), 67848 (HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 23;, Robbins 3612 (PC), Tixier & Smitinand 1966: 183; Bensekom B181; Touw 9733 (both in MO). PHITSANULOK. Phitsanulok: Tixier s.n. (PC), Tixier 1971: 135.
Range in Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Mainland China, India, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, and Vietnam.

Cyathophorella (Broth.) Fleisch. (Hypopterygiaceae)
C. adianta (Griff.) Fleisch.
(as Cyathophorum adiantum, Dixon 1932: 33).
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 21, fig. 358); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 769).
Habitat. Alt. 1400-1800 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Smith s.n. (BM), Dixon 1932: 33; Touw 9028, 9198, 9545, 9939 (all in L, MO), 9017, 9660 (both in L), Touw 1968: 226.
Range in Asia: Bhutan, Borneo, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, and Sikkim.
C. burkillii (Dix.) Broth.
(as Cyathophorum burkillii, Dixon 1932: 34).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 771); Mohamed & Robinson (1991, Figs. 99-109).
Habitat. Alt. 1100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) RACHASIMA. Nakhon Ratchasima: Kerr 123 (BM), Dixon 1932: 34. SURAT. Surat Thani: Kerr 223 (BM), Dixon 1932: 34..
Range in Asia: Mainland China and India.
C. hookeriana (Griff.) Fleisch.
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 21, 360); Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 768); Mohamed & Robinson (1991, Figs. 110-121); Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 341).
Habitat. Alt. 2300-2450 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Touw 9704 (L), Touw 1968: 226.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Japan, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
C. intermedia (Mitt.) Broth.
(as Dendrocyathophorum intermedium, Herzog 1955: 65).
Illustrations. Gangulee (1969-80, Fig. 772).
Habitat. Alt. 1300-1650 m.
Distribution in Thailand.
(MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 3753 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Kitagawa 12631 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247.
Range in Asia: Mainland China, India, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, and Taiwan.
C. spinosa (C. Müll.) Fleisch.
(as Cyathophorum spinosum, Dixon 1932: 33)
Illustrations. Bartram (1939, Pl. 21, fig. 357); Mohamed & Robinson (1991, Figs. 122-130).
Habitat. Alt. 500-2100 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) CHANTHABURI. Chanthaburi: Kerr 435b (BM), Dixon 1932: 33. PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Kitagawa 3399, Tagawa & Kitagawa 2771, 3912, 4325 (all in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247; LSaW 2808, 2445 (both in AAU, MO); Chiang Rai: Kitagawa 12206, 12437 (both in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247. PHITSANULOK. Phetchabun: Kitagawa 12533 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247. PHUKET. Trang: Tagawa & Kitagawa 6910 (NICH), Noguchi 1973: 247. PRACHINBURI. Nakhon Nayok: LSmW 221 (AAU, MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Java, Kampuchea, New Guinea, and Philippines.
C. tonkinensis (Broth. & Par.) Broth.
Illustrations. Noguchi (1987-94, Fig. 340).
Habitat. Alt. 900-1500 m.
Distribution in Thailand. (MAP) PAYAP. Chiang Mai: Yoda 67221, 67254, 67291, 67334, 67352, 67390 (all in HIRO), Horikawa & Ando 1964: 28; Touw 8546 (MO). UDAWN. Loei: Tagawa & Kitagawa 972, 988, 1459 (all in NICH), Noguchi 1973: 248; Touw 10433, 10824 (both in MO).
Range in Asia: Borneo, Mainland China, Himalaya, Japan, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Cyathophorum adiantum (Griff.) Mitt. ==
Cyathophorella adianta fide Fleischer 1902: 249.
C. burkillii Dix. == Cyathophorella burkillii fide Brotherus 1924-25: 278.
C. spinosum C. Müll. == Cyathophorella spinosa fide Fleischer 1902: 249.

Cyrto-hypnum bonianum (Besch.) Buck & Crum == Thuidium bonianum
C. haplohymenium (Harv.) Buck & Crum == Thuidium haplohymenium
C. investe (Mitt.) Buck & Crum == Thuidium investe
C. kiassense (Williams) Buck & Crum == Thuidium kiassense
C. kuripanum (Dozy & Molk.) Buck & Crum == Thuidium kuripanum
C. rubiginosum (Besch.) Buck & Crum == Thuidium rubiginosum
C. tamariscellum (C. Müll.) Buck & Crum == Thuidium tamariscellum

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