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Bryology SEARCH W³MOST

A Checklist of the Mosses of Chile

Welcome | Abstract | Introduction | Acknowledgments
Systematic Arrangement of Genera | Recognized Species
Checklist | Literature Cited

Each accepted taxon in the following pages will be linked to the nomenclatural database, associated authority files, and specimen lists.

Taxon Groups: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Z


Papillaria (C. Müll.) C. Müll. (METEORIACEAE Kindb.)
P. filipendula (Hook.f. & Wils.) Jaeg. =
Papillaria flexicaulis fide Noguchi 1976.
P. flexicaulis (Wils.) Jaeg. W3Most
Robinson 1975 (as Papillaria filipendula, Reimers 1926; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Bartram 1957).
Dist. IX. Cautin (Crosby 11962, Mahu 11441); X. Valdivia; Juan Fernandez Is.

Pararhacocarpus Frahm (HEDWIGIACEAE Schimp.)
P. patagonicus (Broth.) Frahm W3Most
(as Rhacocarpus patagonicus, Dusén 1905a, Matteri 1985b).
Dist. X. Valdivia; XI. Aisen (Crosby 16342); XII. Desolacion Is., Str. of Magellan.

Pentastichella C. Müll. (ORTHOTRICHACEAE Arnott)
P. aurea Dus., nom. nud., Dusén 1903b.
P. pentasticha (Mont.) C. Müll. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Thériot 1918(as Macromitrium poeppigii, Mitten 1869; as Stenomitrium pentastichum, Cardot 1908; Herzog 1922; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Reimers 1926; Seki 1974; Deguchi 1991b; as Zygodon pentastichus Mitten 1869; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Bartram 1952; Herzog 1954; Bartram 1957; Herzog 1960; Robinson 1975; Matteri 1985b; as Zygodon uncinatus, Mitten 1869).
Dist. V. Valparaiso (Looser 6310); VII. Talca (Landrum 6341); VIII. Arauco (Crosby 13051); IX. Cautin (Crosby 11802, Mahu 11583), Malleco (Crosby 13069, Mahu 6309); X. Chiloe, Llanquihue (Mahu & Tapia 24343), Osorno (Mahu 7751, 22805), Valdivia (Crosby 11507, Mahu 8585); XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. pentasticha var. strictifolia Thér. W3Most
Thériot 1924.
Dist. IX. Cautin.
P. jaffueli Thér. = Zygodon porteri fide Thériot 1926.

Philibertiella Card. (DITRICHACEAE Limpr., nom. cons.)
P. ditrichoidea Card. W3Most
Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Matteri 1985b.
Dist. X. Chiloe, Valdivia; XII. Magallanes.
P. nitens Herz. W3Most
Herzog 1960; Matteri 1985b.
Dist. X. Osorno; XII. Magallanes.

Philonotis Brid. (BARTRAMIACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. acicularis (C. Müll.) Kindb. W3Most
Matteri 1985a (as Philonotis luteola, Bartram 1946; as Philonotis bartramii, Matteri 1973a).
Dist. METRO. Santiago (Mahu 11752); V. Aconcagua (Mahu 10224); VI. Colchagua (Mahu 9692); XII. Magallanes, Tierra del Fuego.
P. bartramii Matteri = Philonotis acicularis fide Matteri 1985a.
P. brevifolia Herzog = Philonotis krausei fide Seki 1974.
P. cygnea (Sull.) Griffin & Buck == Bartramidula cygnea
P. exigua (Sull.) Broth. =
Philonotis scabrifolia fide Van der Wijk et al. 1967.
P. fontanoides (Gill. & Grev.) Jaeg. W3Most
(as Bartramia fontanoides, Mitten 1869).
Dist. Without exact locality.
P. glabrata Broth. in Skottsb. W3Most
Brotherus 1924b; Bartram 1957; Robinson 1975.
Dist. Juan Fernandez Is.
*P. glaucescens (Hornsch.) Broth. W3Most
Dist. VII. Curico (Mahu 6343).
P. gourdonii Card. W3Most
Deguchi 1991a.
Dist. IV. Choapa (Compte 20231); VII. Curico (Elgueta 12911); IX. Cautin; X. Osorno.
P. krauseana Broth. in Skotts. == Philonotis krausei
P. krauseana var. longinervis Broth.
Brotherus 1924b.
Dist. Juan Fernandez Is.
P. krausei (C. Müll.) Broth. W3Most
Thériot 1934b, 1935; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Herzog 1954; Bartram 1957; Matteri 1968; Seki 1974; Robinson 1975; Deguchi 1991a (as Philonotis krauseana, Brotherus 1924b; as Philonotis brevifolia, Herzog 1954).
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Mahu 13109, 13114), Cordillera (Mahu 20988, Mahu & Mahu 20347), Santiago (Mahu 22997, Marticorena 10383); V. Petorca (Mahu 13873, Mahu & Mahu 13319), San Antonio (Mahu 12722, 21789), Valparaiso (Mahu 4805, 13634); VI. Cachapoal (Mahu 23959); VII. Linares (Mahu & Muehlhauser 20803); VIII. Bio-Bio (Mahu & Mahu 11047), Concepcion (Barros 8723, 8758); IX. Cautin, Malleco (Mahu 6025, 7691); X. Chiloe, Llanquihue (Barros 8756, Mahu 4828), Osorno (Mahu 7752, 21338), Valdivia (Mahu 12303, 12326); XI. Aisen; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. krausei fo. latifolia Thér.
Thériot 1924.
Dist. V. Valparaiso.
P. luteola Bartr. = Philonotis acicularis fide Matteri 1985a.
P. nigroflava C. Müll. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Matteri 1985a (as Philonotis parallela, Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Matteri 1968; Seki 1974).
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Barros 8747, Mahu 13131), Santiago (Mahu 12399, 20723), Talagante (Mahu 10228); V. Petorca (Moreno 13852); VI. Colchagua (Cassasa 20136, Mahu 9882); VII. Curico (Mahu 9341); IX. Cautin (Barends 10305); X. Llanquihue; XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes.
P. parallela Dus. = Philonotis nigroflava fide Matteri 1985a.
P. scabrifolia (Hook.f. & Wils.) Braithw. W3Most
Cardot 1908; Herzog 1922, 1954; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Roivainen 1934; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Bartram 1952, 1957; Matteri 1968; Seki 1974; Robinson 1975; Matteri 1985a, 1985b; Deguchi 1991a (as Bartramidula exigua, Dusén 1903b; as Philonotis exigua, Brotherus 1904).
Dist. VIII. Bio-Bio, Nuble (Elgueta 12451, Mahu 11240); IX. Cautin (Mahu & Mahu 10741), Malleco; X. Chiloe (Mahu 12439), Osorno (Mahu 21213), Valdivia (Torres 21997); XI. Aisen; XII. Cape Horn, Magallanes, Str. of Darwin; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. trichophylla Herzog, Herzog 1954, illegitimate, later homonym.
P. vagans (Hook.f. & Wils.) Mitt. var. vagans W3Most
Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Thériot 1924; Roivainen 1934; Bartram 1952, 1957; Seki 1974; Robinson 1975; Matteri 1985a, 1985b; Deguchi 1991a (as Bartramia vagans, Mitten 1869; as Rhizogonium reticulatum, Mitten 1869).
Dist. METRO. Maipo; VIII. Nuble; IX. Cautin (Mahu & Mahu 10682), Malleco; X. Osorno; XI. Aisen, Coihaique; XII. Hermite Is., Hoste Is., Magallanes, Str. of Magellan; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. vagans var. evanidinervis Broth. W3Most
Brotherus 1924b.
Dist. Juan Fernandez Is.

Physcomitrium (Brid.) Fuernr. (FUNARIACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. badium Broth. W3Most
Herzog 1954.
Dist. X. Llanquihue.
P. lorentzii C. Müll. W3Most
Thériot 1934b (as Physcomitrium mahui, Robinson 1970).
Dist. METRO. Santiago; V. Aconcagua.
P. mahui Robinson = Physcomitrium lorentzii fide Fife 1982.
P. roseae Williams W3Most
Williams 1915.
Dist. V. Valparaiso.

Pilopogon Brid. (DICRANACEAE Schimp.)
P. leptodus (Mont.) Broth. =
Campylopus clavatus fide Sainsbury 1955.
P. schilleri Herz. & Thér. W3Most
Matteri 1985b.
Dist. X. Llanquihue, Osorno; XII. Magallanes.

Pilotrichella cumingii (C. Müll.) Lor. =
Weymouthia mollis fide Mitten 1869.
P. krausei Lor. =
Weymouthia billardieri fide Cardot 1908 == Weymouthia cochlearifolia

Pinnatella callicostelloides (Broth. ex Thér.) Broth. ==
Chileobryon callicostelloides fide Enroth 1992.
P. macrosticta Broth. in Skottsb. =
Chileobryon callicostelloides fide Enroth 1992.

Plagiomnium T. Kop. (MNIACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. ellipticum (Brid.) T. Kop. W3Most
Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b (as Mnium lepto-limbatum, Dusén 1903b; as Plagiomnium rugicum, Koponen 1968).
Dist. X. Valdivia; XI. Coihaique; XII. Magallanes, Tierra del Fuego.
P. rostratum (Schrad.) T. Kop. W3Most
(as Mnium rostratum Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908).
Dist. Patagonia australis.
P. rugicum (Laur.) Kop. =
Plagiomnium ellipticum fide Koponen 1974.

Plagiothecium Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G. (PLAGIOTHECIACEAE (Broth.) Fleisch.
P. conostegium Herz. W3Most
Buck & Ireland 1989.
Dist. XII. Magallanes, Hermite Is., Cape Horn.
P. denticulatum (Hedw.) Schimp. in B.S.G. var. denticulatum W3Most
Cardot 1908; Roivainen 1934.
Dist. VIII. Nuble; XII. Hermite Is., Hoste Is.
P. denticulatum var. obtusifolium (Sm.) Moore W3Most
(as Plagiothecium donnianum, Mitten 1869).
Dist. XII. Hermite Is.
P. donnianum (Sm.) Mitt. =
Plagiothecium denticulatum var. obtusifolium fide Van der Wijk et al. 1967.
P. lucidulum (Hook.f. & Wils.) Mitt. =
Plagiothecium lucidum fide Buck & Ireland 1989.
P. lucidum (Hood.f. & Wils.) Par. W3Most
Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Matteri 1985b (as Plagiothecium lucidulum, Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b).
Dist. XII. Hermite Is., Magallanes, Tierra del Fuego.
P. magellanicum (C. Müll.) Dus. nom. illeg.
P. orthocarpum Mitt. W3Most
Mitten 1869.
Dist. VIII. Concepcion.
P. ovalifolium Card. W3Most
Cardot 1908; Seki 1974; Buck & Ireland 1989; Deguchi 1991b.
Dist. IX. Malleco; XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes.

Platyneurum (Brid.) Broth. (DICRANACEAE Schimp.)
P. laticostatum (Card.) Broth. W3Most
Roivainen 1937; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Bartram 1952; Herzog 1954; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991a (as Dicranum cirrhifolium, Dusén 1903b; as Dicranum laticostatum, Dusén 1905b; Cardot 1900, 1901, 1908).
Dist. VIII. Bio-Bio; IX. Cautin (Crosby 11853, Mahu 23394), Malleco (Mahu 6051, 23304); X. Llanquihue, Osorno (Crosby 12090, Solomon 4579), Valdivia (Crosby 11741, 11764); XI. Aisen, Coihaique; XII. Magallanes (Mahu 12922), Str. of Magellan, Tierra del Fuego; Cerro-Tesoro-Massiv.

Pleuridium Brid. (DITRICHACEAE Limpr., nom. cons.)
P. costesii Thér. W3Most
Thériot 1921.
Dist. V. Valparaiso.
P. macrothecium Dus. W3Most
Dusén 1905b; Thériot 1921.
Dist. VIII. Concepcion; IX. Malleco.
P. robinsonii (Mont.) Mitt. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Dusén 1905b; Thériot 1921; Brotherus 1924b; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Bartram 1952; Herzog 1954; Robinson 1975.
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco, Cordillera (Mahu 22200), Melipilla (Mahu 23583), Talagante (Mahu 22403); V. Petorca (Mahu & Mahu 13261), San Antonio (Mahu 11413, 23445), Valparaiso (Mahu 5079, 10703); VI. Cachapoal (Mahu 10560, Vila 24000); VIII. Concepcion; Juan Fernandez Is.

Pleurorthotrichum Broth. (ORTHOTRICHACEAE Arnott)
P. chilense Broth. W3Most
Brotherus 1905, 1924a; Herzog 1954.
Dist. IV. Choapa (Mahu 12193, 23591), Limari (Mahu 10119, Villagran 11802); V. Aconcagua (Mahu 4838), Petorca (Moreno 23416).

Pogonatum P. Beauv. (POLYTRICHACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. alpinum (Hedw.) Roehl. == Polytrichastrum alpinum
P. cirratum (Swartz.) Brid. ssp. fuscatum (Mitt.) Hyvnen W3Most
Hyvnen 1989 (as Pogonatum spurio-cirratum, Thériot 1926).
Dist. X. Chiloe.
P. liliputanum Thér. =
Oligotrichum canaliculatum fide Robinson 1975.
P. oligodus (Kunze ex C. Müll.) Mitt. ==
Pogonatum perichaetiale ssp. oligodus fide Hyvnen 1989.
P. perichaetiale (Mont.) Jaeg. ssp. oligodus (Kunze ex C. Müll.) Hyvnen W3Most
Hyvnen 1989 (as Pogonatum oligodus, Mitten 1869; Thériot 1915, 1917; Bartram 1952).
Dist. METRO. Santiago (Mahu 13626); V. San Antonio (Mahu 20384), Valparaiso (Mahu 13735, 13751); X. Valdivia (Mahu 10512).
P. spurio-cirratum Broth. =
Pogonatum cirratum ssp. fuscatum fide Hyvnen 1989.

Pohlia Hedw. (BRYACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. chilensis (Mont.) Shaw W3Most
Shaw 1987 (as Webera costesii, Thériot 1917, 1924; as Mielichhoferia chilensis, Mitten 1869; as Pohlia pluriseta, Robinson 1964).
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Mahu 20520), Santiago (Mahu 10649), Talagante (Mahu 5104, 12251); V. Los Andes (Mahu 7526), Valparaiso; Prope S. Jago.
P. cruda (Hedw.) Lindb. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Herzog 1922; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b; Ochi 1990; Deguchi 1991a (as Webera cruda, Cardot 1900, 1901, 1908; Dusén 1903b; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Roivainen 1934; Herzog 1954).
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Mahu 21116, 23128), Santiago (Mahu 10532); VIII. Bio-Bio; Nuble; X. Llanquihue, Osorno; XI. Aisen; XII. Str. of Magellan; Cerro-Tesoro-Massiv.
P. humilis (Mont.) Broth. W3Most
(as Orthodontium humile, Mitten 1869).
Dist. Chile australia.
P. inflexa (C. Müll.) Wijk & Marg. W3Most
Matteri 1985b.
Dist. XII. Magallanes.
P. lonchochaete (Dus.) Broth. W3Most
(as Webera lonchochaete Dus., Dusén 1903b).
Dist. X. Llanquihue.
P. looseri (Thér.) S. He, comb. nov. W3Most
[Basionym Webera looseri Thér., Rev. Bryol. Lichenol. 7: 174 (1935)].
Dist. METRO. Santiago.
P. magnifica (Herz.) S. He, comb. nov. W3Most
[Basionym Webera magnifica Herz., Rev. Bryol. Lichenol. 23: 76 (1954); as Pohlia magnifica (Herz.) Wilk & Marg. ex Matteri (Matteri 1985b), invalid, basionym not cited].
Dist. XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes.
P. nutans (Hedw.) Lindb. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b; Ochi 1990; Deguchi 1991a (as Webera nutans, Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Thériot 1924; Herzog 1954; as Webera sphagnadelphus, Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Mahu 20499, 20513), Cordillera (Mahu 22629), Maipo; X. Valdivia (Mahu 23903, Mahu & Mahu 12045); XI. Aisen; XII. Cape Horn, Hermite Is., Str. of Magellan.
P. pluriseta Herz. = Pohlia chilensis fide Shaw 1987.
P. wahlenbergii (Web. & Mohr.) Andrews var. wahlenbergii W3Most
Seki 1974; Ochi 1990; Deguchi 1991a (as Webera albicans, Dusén 1903b; Thériot 1925; as Mniobryum albicans, Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Reimers 1926; Roivainen 1934; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Herzog 1954).
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Moreno 20400), Cordillera (Contresas 20637), Santiago (Mahu 8621, 12688); V. Petorca (Mahu 12807, Mahu & Mahu 13241), San Antonio (Mahu 12725, 13509), Valparaiso (Mahu 5041, 13747); VI. Colchagua; VII. Curico (Mahu 9339); VIII. Bio-Bio (Mahu 5991, 8575), Nuble (Jimenez 8505, Mahu 11236); IX. Cautin (Mahu & Mahu 10760, 10876); X. Chiloe, Llanquihue, Osorno (Mahu 21366, 21502), Valdivia (Mahu 23913, Mahu & Mahu 24073); XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes.
P. wahlenbergii var. glacialis (Brid.) E.F. Warburg W3Most
(as Mniobryum alticaule, Herzog 1954; as Webera alticaulis, Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; as Mniobryum amplirete, Herzog 1922).
Dist. XI. Aisen; XII. Str. of Magellan.

Polytrichadelphus (C. Müll.) Mitt. (POLYTRICHACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. dendroides (Brid. ex Hedw.) Mitt. ==
Dendroligotrichum dendroides fide Brotherus 1905.
P. horridus Mitt. =
Polytrichadelphus magellanicus fide Robinson 1975.
P. magellanicus (Hedw.) Mitt. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Herzog 1922; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Reimers 1926; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Bartram 1957; Seki 1974; Robinson 1975; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b; Schiavone 1993 (as Polytrichadelphus horridus, Mitten 1869; Cardot 1908; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Herzog 1954; as Polytrichadelphus robustus, Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. IX. Cautin (Landrum 5122, Mahu & Mahu 10771); X. Llanquihue, Osorno, Valdivia (Crosby 12780, Mahu 2820); XI. Aisen; XII. Hermite Is., Hoste Is., Magallanes, Str. of Magellan, Tierra del Fuego; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. minimus Card. Psilopilum minimum fide G. L. Smith 1969 ==
Notologitrichum minimum fide G. L. Smith 1971.
P. robustus (Lindb.) Broth. =
Polytrichadelphus magellanicus fide Schiavone 1993.
P. squamosa (Hook.f & Wils.) Mitt. ==
Dendroligotrichum squamosa fide Cardot 1908.
P. stricticaulis Dus., nom. nud., Dusén 1903b.
P. umbrosus Mitt. W3Most
Mitten 1869.
Dist. San Gavan.

Polytrichastrum G. L. Smith (POLYTRICHACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. alpinum (Hedw.) Smith W3Most
(as Pogonatum alpinum, Cardot 1908; as Polytrichum alpinum, Thériot 1935; Matteri 1985b; Polytrichum alpinum var. integrifolium, Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. X. Osorno, Valdivia; XII. Magallanes, Tierra del Fuego.
P. formosum (Hedw.) G. L. Smith W3Most
(as Polytrichum formosum, Matteri 1985b).
Dist. XII. Magallanes.
P. longisetum (Sw. ex Brid.) Smith W3Most
Deguchi 1991b (as Polytrichum gracile, Herzog & Schwabe 1939; as Polytrichum longisetum, Matteri 1985b).
Dist. X. Chiloe, Llanquihue, Osorno, Valdivia (Mahu 23475, Mahu & Mahu 23122); XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes.

Polytrichum (L.) Hedw. (POLYTRICHACEAE Schwaegr.)
P. alpinum Hedw. == Polytrichastrum alpinum fide Smith 1971.
P. alpinum var. integrifolium Card. & Broth. =
Polytrichastrum alpinum fide Schiavone 1993.
P. elongatum P. Beauv. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908.
Dist. XII. Str. of Magellan.
P. gracile Dicks. =
Polytrichum longisetum fide Beever et al.1992 == Polytrichastrum longisetum fide Smith 1971.
P. juniperiforme Schimp. ex Mitt. == Polytrichum juniperinum
P. juniperinum Hedw. var. juniperinum W3Most
Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Reimers 1926; Roivainen 1934; Thériot 1935; Bartram 1952; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b (as Polytrichum juniperiforme, Mitten 1869; Polytrichum juniperinum var. alpinum, Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. METRO. Cordillera (Mahu 22606), Maipo (Mahu 22111), Santiago (Mahu 20721, 23587); V. San Antonio (Mahu 13492); VI. Colchagua (Mahu & Cassasa 20138); VII. Curico (Mahu 9356), Talca (Mancilla 10510); VIII. Bio-Bio, Nuble; IX. Cautin (Crosby 11960, Mahu 23787), Malleco (Mahu 6091); X. Chiloe (Crosby 12630, 12674), Llanquihue, Osorno, Valdivia (Crosby 12953, Mahu 12276); XI. Aisen, Coihaique; XII. Magallanes, Str. of Magellan; Hermite Is.
P. juniperinum var. affine (Funck) Brid. W3Most
Matteri 1985b (as Polytrichum strictum var. alpestre, Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. XII. Str. of Magellan.
P. juniperinum var. alpinum Schimp. =
Polytrichum juniperinum fide Schiavone 1993.
P. juniperinum var. australe Walth., hom. illeg., Herzog & Schwabe 1939 (as Polytrichum spegazzinii, Dusén 1903b).
P. patagonicum C. Müll. = Polytrichum piliferum fide Walther 1940.
P. piliferum Schreb. ex Hedw. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Cardot 1900, 1901, 1908; Dusén 1903b; Reimers 1926; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Bartram 1952; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b (as Polytrichum patagonicum, Dusén 1903b; as Polytrichum subpiliferum, Cardot 1900, 1901, 1908; as Polytrichum trachynotum, Dusén 1903b).
Dist. VIII. Bio-Bio; IX. Cautin (Crosby 11972, Mahu 10802), Malleco (Mahu 6104); X. Llanquihue, Osorno (Crosby 12099), Valdivia; XI. Aisen, Coihaique; XII. Magallanes, Str. of Magellan.
P. spegazzinii C. Müll. =
Polytrichum juniperinum var. australe fide Walther 1940.
P. strictum Menz. ex Brid. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908.
Dist. XII. Hoste Is., Str. of Darwin, Str. of Magellan.
P. strictum var. alpestre Rab. =
Polytrichum juniperinum var. affine fide Schiavone 1993.
P. subpiliferum Card. = Polytrichum piliferum fide Brotherus 1905.
P. trachynotum C. Müll. = Polytrichum piliferum fide Walther 1940.

Porothamnium Fleisch. (NECKERACEAE Schimp.)
P. arbusculans (C. Müll.) Flesich. W3Most
Herzog 1922, 1954, 1960; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Seki 1974; Robinson 1975; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b (as Hypnodendron naumanni, Cardot 1908; as Porothamnium arbusculans var. complanatum, Cardot & Brotherus 1923; as Porothamnium arbusculans fo. complanata, Reimers 1926; Porothamnium arbusculans fo. typica, Reimers 1926; as Thamnium arbusculans, Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; as Thamnium decumbens, Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908).
Dist. IV. Choapa (Moreno 13843); V. Petorca (Mahu 13572); VIII. Concepcion (Pantoya 11230); IX. Malleco (Mahu 6072); X. Chiloe (Mahu 7556, Moreno 20624), Guaitecas Is., Llanquihue, Osorno (Mahu 21154, 22705), Valdivia (Crosby 12031, Mahu 8568); XI. Aisen (Anliot 6303); XII. Str. of Magellan; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. arbusculans var. complanatum (C. Müll.) Card. =
Porothamnium arbusculans
P. arbusculans fo. complanata (Dus.) Reim. =
Porothamnium arbusculans
P. arbusculans fo. typica Reim. = Porothamnium arbusculans
P. fasciculatum (Sw. ex Hedw.) Fleisch. ==
Porotrichum fasciculatum
P. leucocaulon (C. Müll.) Fleisch. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Herzog 1922; Roivainen 1934; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Bartram 1952 (as Thamnium leucocaulon, Cardot 1908).
Dist. VIII. Nuble; IX. Cautin; X. Llanquihue, Osorno, Valdivia; XII. Str. of Magellan (Dusén s.n.).
P. panduraefolium (C. Müll.) Fleisch. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Thériot 1918; Herzog 1922, 1954, 1960; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Deguchi 1991b (as Porothamnium panduraefolium fo. elongata, Reimers 1926; as Porothamnium panduraefolium fo. typica, Reimers 1926; as Thamnium panduraefolium, Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. VIII. Nuble (Mahu 23067); IX. Cautin (Mahu 10734, 11320), Malleco (Mahu 6312); X. Chiloe (Moreno 20581, 23527), Llanquihue, Osorno (Mahu 21218, 22695), Valdivia (Mahu 2854, 23467); XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes.
P. panduraefolium fo. elongata Reim. =
Porothamnium panduraefolium
P. panduraefolium fo. typica Reim. =
Porothamnium panduraefolium
P. valdiviae (C. Müll.) Fleisch. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Thériot 1918; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Roivainen 1934; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog 1954, 1960; Robinson 1975; Deguchi 1991b (as Porotrichum valdiviae, Bartram 1952; as Porothamnium valdiviae fo. typuca, Reimers 1926; as Porothamnium valdiviae fo. elongata, Reimers 1926; as Thamnium valdiviae, Cardot 1908).
Dist. IV. Choapa (Moreno 13572); VIII. Bio-Bio (Mahu & Mahu 11043); IX. Cautin (Mahu 11167, Miller 20783), Malleco (Pincheira 2124, 7820); X. Chiloe (Moreno 23774), Llanquihue (Mahu 22595), Osorno (Mahu 21248, 23846), Valdivia (Mahu 2825, Mahu & Mahu 12049); XI. Aisen, Coihaique; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. valdiviae fo. typuca Reim. = Porothamnium valdiviae
P. valdiviae fo. elongata Reim. = Porothamnium valdiviae

Porotrichodendron Fleisch. (LEMBOPHYLLACEAE Broth.)
P. porteri (Card. & Thér.) Broth. W3Most
(as Porotrichum porteri, Thériot 1917).
Dist. VII. Linares.

Porotrichum (Brid.) Hampe (NECKERACEAE Schimp.)
P. callicostelloides Broth. ex Thér. ==
Chileobryon callicostelloides fide Enroth 1992.
P. callicostelloides var. distichum Thér. =
Chileobryon callicostelloides fide Enroth 1992.
P. chilense Thér. W3Most
Thériot 1924.
Dist. V. Valparaiso; VIII. Nuble (Queirolo 9303a); X. Chiloe (Mahu & Moreno 20672), Osorno (Mahu 22752), Valdivia (Elgueta 11201, Mahu 23880).
P. fasciculatum (Hedw.) Mitt. W3Most
(as Porothamnium fasciculatum, Brotherus 1924b).
Dist. X. Valdivia (Mahu & Mahu 11948); Juan Fernandez Is.
*P. korthalsianum (Dozy & Molk.) Mitt. W3Most
Dist. V. Petorca (Mahu & Moreno 13574); VIII. Bio-Bio (Mahu 5983, 12428); IX. Cautin (Mahu 11477, 11504); X. Valdivia (Mahu 13923).
*P. lancifrons (Hampe) Mitt. W3Most
Dist. IX. Cautin (Mahu & Elgueta 24031); X. Valdivia (Mahu & Mahu 11945); XI. Aisen (Mahu 23484).
P. porteri Card. & Thér. =
Porotrichodendron porteri fide Brotherus 1925.
P. valdiviae (C. Müll.) Mitt. == Porothamnium valdiviae

Pottia (Reichenb.) Fuernr. (POTTIACEAE Schimp., nom. cons.)
P. antarctica (Aongstr.) C. Müll. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Dusén 1906a (as Pottia magellanica, Cardot 1908).
Dist. XII. Hermite Is., Str. of Magellan.
P. flavipes Mont., Bartram 1943 W3Most
(as Tortula flaviseta, Mitten 1869).
Dist. III. Copiapo.
P. heimii (Hedw.) Hampe == Hennediella heimii fide Zander 1993.
P. heimii var. magellanica Schimp. in Herzog ==
Hennediella heimii var. magellanica fide Zander 1993.
P. heimii var. thaxteri Card. & Thér. ==
Hennediella heimii var. thaxteri fide Zander 1993.
P. magellanica Schimp. ex Par., nom. illeg. incl. spec. prior. ==
Pottia antarctica fide Van der Wijk et al. 1967.
P. megapoda C. Müll. =
Pottia heimii var. magellanica fide Warnstorf 1916 == Hennediella heimii var. magellanica fide Zander 1993.
P. spegazzinii C. Müll. ==
Hennediella heimii var. spegazzini fide Zander 1993.

Pseudocrossidium Williams (POTTIACEAE Schimp., nom. cons.)
P. apiculatum Williams W3Most
Thériot 1923.
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Mahu 25572), Cordillera (Mahu 22201), Santiago (Mahu 6391); III. Copiapo; IV. Choapa (Mahu 22970, 23824), Elqui (Mahu 20846, 23753), Limari (Mahu 21958); VI. Cardenal Caro (Mahu 13424).
P. chilense Williams W3Most
Williams 1915.
Dist. METRO. Chacabuco (Mahu 8638), Santiago (Mahu 11757); V. Valparaiso; VI. Cardenal Caro (Mahu 13409).
P. crinitum (Schultz) Zand.   W3Most
(as Barbula arenicola, Dusén 1906a; as Barbula depressa, Thériot 1918, 1921; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; as Barbula depressa var. denticulata, Thériot 1918; as Barbula flagellaris var. denticulata, Dusén 1906a; Cardot 1908; as Barbula flagellaris var. gracilis, Dusén 1906a; as Tortula pilifera, Hezog 1960; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b; as Tortula pilifer var. denticulata, Matteri 1985b; as Barbula pilifera, Thériot 1928; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Bartram 1952; Herzog 1954; Deguchi 1991b; as Tortula purpureo-velutina, Herzog 1954; as Tortula subglacialis, Thériot 1917, 1921).
Dist. METRO. Cordillera, Santiago (Mahu 5103, 10953), Talagante (Mahu 20125); IV. Elqui (Mahu 20843), Limari (Mahu 21934, Mahu & Tapia 23565); V. Aconcagua, Petorca (Mahu 13597), San Antonio (Mahu 11891), Valparaiso; VI. Colchagua (Mahu 9879, 9880); VII. Linares; VIII. Bio-Bio; IX. Cautin (Mahu 11610), Malleco; X. Llanquihue, Osorno, Valdivia; XI. Aisen, Coihaique; XII. Magallanes.
P. leucocalyx (Mont.) Thér. W3Most
Thériot 1923; Brotherus 1924a (as Tortula leucocalyx, Mitten 1869; as Barbula pachyneura, Dusén 1906a; Thériot 1917).
Dist. METRO. Santiago (Mahu 6372); IV. Limari; V. Petorca (Mahu & Mahu 13326), Quillota, Valparaiso (Mahu 13759).
P. mendozense (Mitt.) Zand. W3Most
(as Tortula mendozensis, Mitten 1869).
Dist. Without exact locality.
P. replicatum (Tayl.) Zand. W3Most
Deguchi 1991b (as Barbula replicata, Bartram 1943, 1952).
Dist. METRO. Cordillera (Mahu 22196), Santiago (Mahu 12627, 20124); II. Antofagasta; IV. Elqui (Mahu 23751, 23752).

Pseudodistichium Card. (DITRICHACEAE Limpr., nom. cons.)
P. atlanticum Dix. = Ditrichum conicum fide Robinson 1972.
P. austrogeorgicum Card. ==
Ditrichum austrogeorgicum fide Seppelt 1982.
P. austrogeorgicum var. longifolium Broth.
Roivainen 1937.
Dist. XII. Tierra del Fuego.
P. fuegianum Roiv. = Ditrichum brotherusii fide Seppelt 1982.
P. taitaoense Froehl. = Ditrichum conicum fide Robinson 1972.

Pseudoleskea Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G. (LESKEACEAE Schimp.)
P. filum (C. Müll.) Paris == Hygroamblystegium filum
P. fuegiana (Besch.) Broth. in Card. ==
Hygroamblystegium fuegianum
P. fuegiana var. gracilis Card. & Broth. ==
Hygroamblystegium fuegianum var. gracilis fide Bartram 1946.
P. lurida Card. == Hygroamblystegium luridum
P. chilensis (Lor.) Ochyra W3Most
Deguchi 1991b (as Amblystegium chilensis, Lorentz 1866; as Hygroamblystegium chilensis, Reimers 1926; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Herzog 1954; Seki 1974; as Sciaromium gracile, Dusén 1903b).
Dist. METRO. Cordillera (Mahu 12464, 20086), Melipilla (Mahu 13940), Santiago (Mahu 10574, 23227), Talagante (Mahu 10227); II. Antofagasta (Belmonte 20475); IV. Choapa (Mahu & Moreno 13847, Moreno 13818), Elqui (Moreno 12892); V. Petorca (Mahu 10329, Mahu & Mahu 13358), Quillota (Mahu 23813), San Antonio (Mahu 13945), Valparaiso (Mahu 5402, 7518); VI. Colchagua (Mahu 22415), San Vicente; VII. Curico (Elgueta 12910); VIII. Bio-Bio; X. Llanquihue, Osorno (Mahu 21503, 22858), Valdivia (Elgueta 11207); XI. Aisen.

Psilopilum angulatum Card. & Broth. ==
Notoligotrichum angulatum fide G. L. Smith 1971, Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Matteri 1985b.
P. antarcticum C. Müll. =
Notoligotrichum trichodon fide G. L. Smith 1971.
P. antarcticum var. densifolium Card. & Broth. =
Notoligotrichum trichodon fide Schiavone 1993.
P. compressum (Hook.f. & Wils.) Mitt. ==
Atrichopsis compressa fide G. L. Smith 1969.
P. cuspidatum Dus. =
Psilopilum tapes fide Cardot 1908 == Notoligotrichum tapes fide G. L. Smith 1971.
P. magellanicum Dus. =
Psilopilum antarcticum fide Cardot 1908 = Notoligotrichum trichodon fide G. L. Smith 1971.
P. minimum (Card.) G. L. Smith ==
Notoligotrichum minimum fide G. L. Smith 1971.
P. tapes (C. Müll.) Par. var. apiculatum Card. ==
Notoligotrichum tapes var. apiculatum fide G. L. Smith 1971.
P. trichodon (Hook.f. & Wils.) Mitt. ==
Notoligotrichum trichodon fide G. L. Smith 1971.

Pterygoneurum Jur., nom. cons. (POTTIACEAE Schimp., nom. cons.)
P. subsessilis (Brid.) Jur. W3Most
(as Tortula subsessilis, Mitten 1869).
Dist. Without exact locality.

Pterygophyllum anomalum (Schwaegr.) Mitt. ==
Achrophyllum anomalum fide Robinson 1975.
P. anomalum var. pallidum Card. & Broth. ==
Achrophyllum anomalum var. pallidum fide by this study.
P. crassirete Matteri =
Achrophyllum anomalum fide Robinson 1975 == Achrophyllum crassirete fide Matteri 1979.
P. denticulatum (Hook.f. & Wils.) Mitt. =
Achrophyllum dentatum fide Thériot 1917.
P. haesselianum Matteri ==
Achrophyllum haesselianum fide Matteri 1979.
P. lamellatum Dus., nom. nud., Dusén 1903b.
P. magellanicum Besch. var. magellanicum ==
Achrophyllum magellanicum var. magellanicum fide Matteri 1979.
P. magellanicum var. oligodontum Matteri ==
Achrophyllum magellanicum var. oligodontum fide Matteri 1979.
P. obscurum (Mont.) Mitt., illegitimate, later homonym =
Achrophyllum anomalum fide Robinson 1975.
P. obscurum fo. thermalis Herz. =
Achrophyllum anomalum fide by this study.

Ptychomitrium Fuernr., nom. cons. (PTYCHOMITRIACEAE Schimp.)
P. chimborazense (Spr.) var. obtusifolium (Thér.) Broth. W3Most
Brotherus 1925 (as Brachysteleum chimborazense var. obtusifolium, Thériot 1923).
Dist. METRO. Santiago; V. Aconcagua.
P. cumingii Duby =
Ptychomitrium fernandesianum fide Greene 1986.
P. deltori (Thér.) Broth. W3Most
Thériot 1921 (as Brachysteleum deltori, Thériot 1921).
Dist. VIII. Concepcion; IX. Malleco (Mahu 9186).
P. fernandesianum (Mitt.) Jaeg. var. fernandesianum W3Most
Brotherus 1924b; Robinson 1975 (as Brachysteleum fernandesianum, Thériot 1921; as Glyphomitrium fernandesianum, Mitten 1869; as Ptychomitrium cumingii, Thériot 1935).
Dist. X. Osorno, Valdivia; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. fernandesianum var. majus Broth. W3Most
Brotherus 1924b.
Dist. Juan Fernandez Is.
P. ligulatum (Mitt.) Jaeg. W3Most
(as Glyphomitrium ligulatum, Mitten 1869; Cardot 1908).
Dist. XII. Hermite Is.
P. subcylindricum Thér. W3Most
Thériot 1937.
Dist. Easter I. (Rano-Kao).

Ptychomnion (Hook.f. & Wils.) Mitt. (PTYCHOMNIACEAE Fleisch.)
P. aciculare (Brid.) Mitt.
Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Bartram 1952 [According to Hattaway (1984), most of the Chilean collections under this name are Ptychomnion cygnisetum].
P. cygnisetum (C. Müll.) Kindb. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Thériot 1915; Herzog 1922, 1954, 1960; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924a; Reimers 1926; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Seki 1974; Robinson 1970, 1975; Hattaway 1984; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b.
Dist. IV. Limari (Mahu 10503, 21082); V. Aconcagua; VII. Linares; VIII. Arauco; IX. Cautin (Crosby 11822, Mahu 11170), Malleco (Crosby 12996, Pincheira 7837); X. Chiloe (Elgueta 12434, Moreno 20657), Guaitecas Is., Llanquihue (Mahu 21666, 22592), Osorno (Mahu 21337, 25576), Valdivia (Crosby 12791, Mahu 8562); XI. Aisen; XII. Hermite Is., Hoste Is., Magallanes, Str. Darwin, Str. of Magellan; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. densifolium (Brid.) Jaeg. W3Most
Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Roivainen 1934; Robinson 1970; Seki 1974; Matteri 1985b (as Ptychomnion densifolium var. gracile, Brotherus & Cardot 1923).
Dist. X. Chiloe, Osorno, Valdivia; XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes, Tierra del Fuego.
P. densifolium var. gracile Card. & Broth. =
Ptychomnion densifolium fide Hattaway 1984.
P. falcatulum Broth. in Skottsb. W3Most
Brotherus 1924b; Robinson 1975 (as Ptychomnion falcatulum var. gracilescens, Brotherus 1924b).
Dist. X. Valdivia; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. falcatulum var. gracilescens Broth. =
Ptychomnion falcatulum fide Hattaway 1984.
P. fruticetorum C. Müll.
[This species does not occur in Chile. It is known only from Brazil (Robinson 1970). However, Hattaway (1984) considered it to be a form of Ptychomnion cygnisetum and placed P. horridum and P. subaciculare in its synonyms].
P. horridum Card. & Broth.=
Ptychomnion subaciculare fide Robinson 1970.
P. ptychocarpon (Schwaegr.) Mitt. W3Most
Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Thériot 1918, 1935; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Reimers 1926; Roivainen 1934; Herzog 1922, 1954, 1960; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Bartram 1952, 1957; Seki 1974; Robinson 1970, 1975; Deguchi 1991b.
Dist. V. Valparaiso; VI. O'Higgins; IX. Cautin, Malleco (Mahu 6050); X. Chiloe (Elgueta 12441), Guaitecas Is., Llanquihue (Mahu 23081), Osorno (Crosby 12058, Mahu 21339), Valdivia (Crosby 12032, Mahu 2828); XI. Aisen (Mahu 6574), General Carrera; XII. Magallanes; Juan Fernandez Is.
P. subaciculare Besch. W3Most
Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Bartram 1957; Robinson 1970; Seki 1974; Deguchi 1991b (as Ptychomnion horridum, Cardot & Brotherus 1923).
Dist. IV. Coquimbo; IX. Cautin, X. Chiloe, Llanquihue, Osorno, Valdivia; XI. Aisen; XII. Magallanes, Wellington Is.; Juan Fernandez Is.

Pulvinella albicans Broth. & Herzog = Sauloma tenella fide Buck 1987.

Pyrrhobryum Mitt. (RHIZOGONIACEAE Broth.)
P. medium (Besch.) Manuel W3Most
(as Rhizogonium brevifolium, Thériot 1935).
Dist. X. Osorno, Valdivia.
P. mnioides (Hook.f) Manuel W3Most
(as Rhizogonium mnioides, Mitten 1869; Dusén 1903b; Cardot 1908; Thériot 1915, 1918, 1934b; Herzog 1922, 1954, 1960; Cardot & Brotherus 1923; Brotherus 1924b; Reimers 1926; Roivainen 1934; Herzog & Hosseus 1938; Herzog & Schwabe 1939; Bartram 1952; Seki 1974; Robinson 1975; Matteri 1985b; Deguchi 1991b; as Aulacomnium chilense, C. Müller 1843).
Dist. METRO. Santiago; V. Aconcagua; VII. Linares (Landrum 1513a), Talca (Torres 20861); VIII. Bio-Bio, Nuble (Mahu 23105, Queirolo 9313); IX. Cautin (Crosby 11908, Mahu 23142), Malleco (Mahu 6012, 23308); X. Chiloe (Crosby 12323, Mahu 10435), Guaitecas Is., Llanquihue (Mahu 10443, 21532), Osorno (Crosby 12288, Mahu 22259), Valdivia (Crosby 11687, Mahu 2838); XI. Aisen (Mahu 10437); XII. Hermite Is., Magallanes, Str. of Magellan; Juan Fernandez Is.

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