www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  
 
Research
W³TROPICOS
QUICK SEARCH

MO PROJECTS:
Africa
Asia/Pacific
Mesoamerica
North America
South America
Floras
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin
  America

MO RESEARCH:
Wm. L. Brown Center
Bryology
GIS
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
Library
MBG Press
Publications
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
MO DATABASES:
W³MOST
Image Index
Rare Books
Angiosperm
  Phylogeny

Res Botanica
All Databases
INFORMATION:
The Unseen Garden
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Herbarium
Jobs & Fellowships
Symposium
Research Links
Site Map
Search

Projects

Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador

Main | Introduction | Geography | Geology | Paleoclimates | Climates
Vegetation | History of Collecting | Format of the Catalogue
Results | Acknowledgements | Search the Catalogue

Literature Cited (H-M)

Haffer, J. 1969. Speciation in Amazonian forest birds. Science 165: 131–137.

Hagen , V. W. von. 1945. South America called them—Explorations of the Great Naturalists La Condamine, Humboldt, Darwin, and Spruce. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Hágsater, E. 1992. New combinations in Epidendrum. Orquídea 12: 296. Asociación Mexicana de Orquideología, A. C., México, D. F.

Hágsater, E. 1993. The genus Epidendrum. Part 1. A century of new species in Epidendrum. Icones Orchidacearum Fascicle 2: pl. 101–200. Asociación Mexicana de Orquideología, A. C., Herbarium AMO, México, D. F.

Hahn, W. J. 1993. A synopsis of the Panamanian species of Ilex (Aquifoliaceae). Novon 3: 34–45.

Halfdan-Nielsen, B. 1996. Five new species of Geranium (Geraniaceae) from Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 16: 267–275.

Hall, F. 1834. Excursions in the neighbourhood of Quito, and towards the summit of Chimborazo, in 1831. Journal of Botany, being a second series of the Botanical Miscellany 1: 327–354.

Hall, F. 1835. Excursions in the neighbourhood of Quito, and towards the summit of Chimborazo, in 1830 [1831]. Companion to the Botanical Magazine 1: 26–29, 52–65.

Hall, M. 1977. El Volcanismo en el Ecuador. Biblioteca Ecuador, Quito.

Hamann, O. 1974a. Contributions to the flora and vegetation of the Galápagos Islands—I. New floristic records from the Archipelago. Botaniska Notiser 127: 245–251.

Hamann, O. 1974b. Contributions to the flora and vegetation of the Galápagos Islands—II. A new subspecies of Lycopodium from the Archipelago. Botaniska Notiser 127: 252–255.

Hamann, O. 1974c. Contribution to the flora and vegetation of the Galápagos Islands—III. Five new floristic records. Botaniska Notiser 127: 309–316.

Hamann, O. 1979. Taxonomic and floristic notes from the Galápagos Islands. Botaniska Notiser 132: 435–440.

Hamann, O. & S. Wium-Andersen. 1986.Scalesiagordilloi sp. nov. (Asteraceae) from the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 6: 35–38.

Hamer, F. & L. A. Garay. 1995(1997).Bulbophyllum section Bulbophyllaria in the Neotropics. Boletín Informativo. Instituto de Botánica, Universidad de Guadalajara 3: 5–26, figs. 1–25.

Hammel, B. E. 1986. Elevation in Pleiostachya (Marantaceae). Phytologia 60: 16.

Hammel, B. E. 1989. New combinations and taxonomies in Clusiaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 76: 927–929.

Hammel, B. E. 1997. Three new species of Celastraceae from Costa Rica, one disjunct from Mexico. Novon 7: 147–155.

Hammel, B. E. & G. J. Wilder. 1989.Dianthoveus: A new genus of Cyclanthaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 76: 112–123.

Hammen, T. van der. 1974. The Pleistocene changes of vegetation in tropical South America. Journal of Biogeography 1: 3–26.

Hammen, T. van der. 1982. Paleoecology of tropical South America. 60–66. In: G. T. Prance (ed.), Biological Diversification in the Tropics. Columbia University Press, New York.

Hansen, B. 1980. Balanophoraceae. Flora Neotropica 23: 1–80. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Hansen, B. 1983. 33. Balanophoraceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 19: 1–16. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Hansen, B. F. 1985. A monographic revision of Forsteronia (Apocynaceae). 1–382. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Hardin, J. W. 1957. A Revision of the American Hippocastanaceae—II. Systematic Treatment. Brittonia 9: 173–195.

Harley, R. M. 1983. A new combination in Scutellaria (Labiatae) from South America. Kew Bulletin 38: 138.

Harling, G. 1950. Contributions to the knowledge of the family Cyclanthaceae in Ecuador. Acta Horti Bergiani 15: 185–206.

Harling, G. 1958. Monograph of the Cyclanthaceae. Acta Horti Bergiani 18: 1–428.

Harling, G. 1973. 216. Cyclanthaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 1: 1–48. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Harling, G. 1979. The vegetation types of Ecuador—a brief survey. 165–174. In: K. Larsen & L. B. Holm-Nielsen (eds.), Tropical Botany. Academic Press, London.

Harling, G. 1986. Flora of Ecuador—Its present status. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 15: 9–10.

Harling, G. 1991. 190(10). Compositae: Mutisieae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 42: 1–106. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Harling, G. 1995. The genus Jungia L. fil. (Compositae—Mutisieae). Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum et Litterarum Gothoburgensis. Botanica 4: 1–133.

Harling, G. & L. Andersson. 1986–1998. Flora of Ecuador vols. 25–60. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Göteborg & Section for Botany, Riksmuseeum, Stockholm.

Harling, G. & B. Sparre. 1973–1986. Flora of Ecuador vols. 1–24. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Göteborg & Section for Botany, Riksmuseeum, Stockholm.

Hart, J. A. 1983. Systematic and evolutionary studies in the genus Lepechinia (Lamiaceae). 1–305. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge.

Hart, J. A. 1984. A new species of Lepechinia Willd. (Lamiaceae). Botanical Museum Leaflets 30: 85–87.

Hauke, R. L. 1963. A taxonomic monograph of the genus Equisetum subgenus Hippochaete. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 8: 1–123, tables 1–9, maps 1–3, t. 1–22.

Hauke, R. L. 1995. 2. Equisetaceae. 1: 4–5. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Hauman, L. 1925. Notes sur le genre Boussingaultia H.B.K. Anales Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires 33: 347–359.

Hawkes, A. D. 1956. Notas nomenclatoriais em Epidendrum. Orchídea 18: 168–179.

Hawkes, J. G. 1990. The Potato—Evolution, Biodiversity & Genetic Resources. 1–259. Belhaven Press; Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Hay, A., J. Bogner, P. C. Boyce, W. L. A. Hetterscheid, N. Jacobsen & J. Murata. 1995. A checklist of the Araceae of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific region. Blumea Suppl. 8: 1–161.

Haynes, R. R. & L. B. Holm-Nielsen. 1992. The Limnocharitaceae. Flora Neotropica 56: 1–34. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York

Haynes, R. R. & L. B. Holm-Nielsen. 1994. The Alismataceae. Flora Neotropica 64: 1–112. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York

Hedberg. O. 1992. Afroalpine vegetation compared to páramo—Convergent adaptations and divergent differentiation. 15–29. In: H. Balslev & J. L. Luteyn (eds.). Páramo: An Andean Ecosystem under Human Influence. Academic Press, London.

Heiser, C. B. 1945. A revision of the genus Schkuhria. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 32: 265–278.

Heiser, C. B. 1963. Estudio biosistemático de Solanum (Morella), en el Ecuador. Ciencia y Naturaleza 6: 50–58.

Hekking, W. H. A. 1979. Studies on neotropical Violaceae tribe Rinoreae—I. New taxa and synonymy in Gloeospermum and Rinorea. Phytologia 43: 461–490.

Hekking, W. H. A. 1984. Studies on neotropical Violaceae: The genus Fusispermum. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Series C: Biological and Medical Sciences 87: 121–130.

Hekking, W. H. A. 1988. Violaceae, Part I.Rinorea and Rinoreocarpus. Flora Neotropica 46: i–ii, 1–207. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Henderson , A. 1990. Arecaceae— Part I. Introduction and the Iriarteinae. Flora Neotropica 53: 1–100. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Henderson , A. 1995. The Palms of the Amazon. 1–362. Oxford University Press, New York.

Henderson, A. & G. Galeano. 1996.Euterpe, Prestoea, and Neonicholsonia. Flora Neotropica 72: 1–90. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Henderson, A., G. Galeano & R. Bernal. 1995. Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. 1–352. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hennipman, E. 1977. A monograph of the fern genus Bolbitis (Lomariopsidaceae). Leiden Botanical Series 2: i–xiii, 1–331.

Hennipman, E. & R. C. Moran. 1995. 1. Bolbitis Schott. 1: 247–250. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Henrich, J. E. & P. Goldblatt. 1987a. A review of the New World species of Orthrosanthus Sweet (Iridaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 74: 577–582.

Henrich, J. E. & P. Goldblatt. 1987b. Mesoamerican Sisyrinchium (Iridaceae): New species and records, and notes on typification. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 74: 903–910.

Henrich, J. E. & P. Goldblatt. 1994. 253. Iridaceae. 6: 71–80. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Herbert, W. 1837. Amaryllidaceae. 1–428. James Ridgway & Sons, London.

Hernández, H. M. 1989. Systematics of Zapoteca (Leguminosae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 76: 781–862.

Herrera-MacBryde, O. & D. A. Neill. 1997. Yasuní National Park and Waorani Ethnic Reserve, Ecuador. 344–348. In: WWF and IUCN. Centers of Plant Diversity—A Guide and Strategy for their Conservation. Volume 3: The Americas. IUCN, Cambridge.

Hickey, R. J. 1985. Revisionary studies of neotropical Isoetes. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, The University of Connecticut, Storrs.

Hickey, R. J. 1994. Family 28. Isoetaceae. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 34: 88–97. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Hickey, R. J. 1995. 5. Isoëtaceae. 1: 42–43. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Hickey, R. J. & A. R. Smith. 1995. Isoëtaceae. 2: 189–190. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Hidalgo , F. 1998. Los Antiguos Paisajes Forestales del Ecuador—Una Reconstrucción de sus Primitivos Ecosistemas. Abya-Yala, Quito.

Hiepko, P. 1995. Two new taxa of Agonandra (Opiliaceae) from South America. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 117: 495–498.

Hieronymus, G. 1894. Plantae Lehmannianae in Columbia et Ecuador collectae additis quibusdam ab aliis collectoribus ex iisdem regionibus allatis determinatae et descriptae. Compositae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 19: 43–75.

Hieronymus, G. 1895a. Plantae Lehmannianae in Guatemala, Costarica, Columbia et Ecuador collectae, add itis quibusdam ab aliis collectoribus ex iisdem regionibus necnon e Venezuela et Peruvia allatis, quas determinavit et descripsit adjuvantibus aliis auctoribus. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20(3, Beibl. 49): 1–72.

Hieronymus, G. 1895b. Plantae Stuebelianae novae—quas descripsit adjuvantibus aliis auctoribus. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 21: 306–368.

Hieronymus, G. 1900a. Aloysius Sodiro, S.J.: Plantae Ecuadorenses—II. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 29: 1–85.

Hieronymus, G. 1900b. Plantae Lehmannianae praesertim in Columbia et Ecuador collectae, additis quibusdam ab aliis collectoribus ex iisdem regionibus allatis determinatae et descriptae—Compositae II. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 558–659.

Hieronymus, G. 1905. Plantae peruvianae a claro Constantino de Jelski collectae. Compositae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 36: 458–513.

Higgins, W. E. 1997. A reconsideration of the genus Prosthechea (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 82: 370–383.

Hinds, R. B. 1843. The Regions of Vegetation; being an analysis of the distribution of vegetable forms over the surface of the globe in connexion with climate and physical agents. 2: 323–460. In: E. Belcher (ed.), Narrative of a Voyage Round the World, performed in Her Majesty’s Ship Sulphur, during the years 1836–1842. H. Colburn, London.

Hitchcock, A. S. 1927a. The grasses of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 24: 291–556.

Hitchcock, A. S. 1927b. The validity of the grass genus Digitaria. Rhodora 29: 114–116.

Hitchcock, A. S. 1951. Manual of the Grasses of the United States (ed. 2, revised by A. Chase). 1–1051. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.

Hjorth, U. 1991. Slægten Poa i Ecuador. 1–26, 1–21, Maps A–L, pl. 1–12. Unpublished MS thesis, Aarhus University, Århus.

Hoehne, F. C. 1952. As Orchidäceas referidas e desenhadas para a "Flora Flum." de Frei José Mariano da Conceição Vellozo e sua atual nomenclatura. Arquivos de Botânica de Estado de São Paulo 2: 141–146.

Hofstede, R. 1997. El impacto ambiental de plantaciones de Pinus en la Sierra del Ecuador. Proyecto ECOPAR, Quito.

Holdridge, L. R. 1967. Life Zone Ecology. Tropical Science Center, San José.

Holdridge, L. R., L. V. Teesdale, J. E. Meyer, E. L. Little, Jr., E. F. Horn & J. Marrero. 1947. The Forests of Western and Central Ecuador. USDA Forest Service, Washington, D.C.

Holm, R. W. 1950. The American species of Sarcostemma R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 37: 477–560.

Holmes, W. C. & S. McDaniel. 1982. Flora of Peru: Family Compositae: Part III. Genus Mikania—Tribe Eupatorieae. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 9: 1–56. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Holmgren, N. H. & U. Molau. 1984. 177. Scrophulariaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 21: 1–189. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Holmgren, P. K., N. H. Holmgren & L. C. Barnett. 1990. Index Herbariorum. New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Holm-Nielsen, L. B. 1986a. The Aarhus University Ecuador project (AAU-Ecuador project) 1984–86. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 15: 59–73.

Holm-Nielsen, L. B. & R. R. Haynes. 1986b. 191–197. Alismataceae–Najadaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 26: 1–83. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Holm-Nielsen, L. B., P. M. Jørgensen & J. E. Lawesson. 1988. 126. Passifloraceae In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 31: 1–130. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Holub, J. 1985. Transfers of Lycopodium species to Huperzia with a note on generic classification in Huperiziaceae. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 20: 67–80.

Hooghiemstra, H. & A. M. Cleef. 1995. Pleistocene climatic change and environmental and generic dynamics in the north Andean montane forest and páramo. 35–49. In: S. P. Churchill, H. Balslev, E. Forero & J. L. Luteyn (eds.), Biodiversity and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Forests. The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Hooker, J. D. 1847. An enumeration of the plants of the Galápagos Archipelago with descriptions of those which are new. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 20: 163–233.

Hooker, W. J. 1850.Dipteracanthus spectabilis. Handsome-flowered Dipteracanthus. 76: t. 4494. In: W. Curtis, Botanical Magazine.

Hopkins, H. C. F. 1986.Parkia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Flora Neotropica 43: 1–124. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Horn, C. N. 1987. 205. Pontederiaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 29: 1–20. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Hou, D. 1955. A revision of the genus Celastrus. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 42: 215–302.

Howard, R. A. 1942a. Studies of the Icacinaceae—II. Humirianthera, Leretia, Mappia, and Nothapodytes, valid genera of the Icacineae. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 23: 55–78, pl. I–IV.

Howard, R. A. 1942b. Studies of the Icacinaceae—IV. Considerations of the New World genera. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 142: 3–60.

Howard, R. A. 1942c. Studies of the Icacinaceae—V. A revision of the genus Citronella D. Don. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 142: 60–89.

Howard, R. A. 1989. Euphorbiaceae. (Dycotyledoneae—Part 2). 5: 1–604. In: R. A. Howard, Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Leeward and Windward Islands. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University, Cambridge.

Howard, R. A. 1992a. A revision of Casimirella, including Humirianthera (Icacinaceae). Brittonia 44: 166–172.

Howard, R. A. 1992b. Collected notes on Coccoloba L. (Polygonaceae). Brittonia 44: 356–367.

Huber, O. 1995. Vegetation. 97–160. In: P. Berry, B. K. Holst & K. Yatskievych (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Vol. 1: Introduction. Timber Press, Portland, & Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

Huber, O. & C. Alarcón. 1988. Mapa de Vegetación de Venezuela. Ministerio de Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables. The Nature Conservancy, Caracas.

Huft, M. J. 1994. 249. Hypoxidaceae. 6: 51–53. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Huft, M. J. & H. van der Werff. 1985. Observations on Chamaesyce (Euphorbiaceae) in the Galápagos Islands. Madroño 32: 143–147.

Humboldt., F. W. H. A. von. 1807. Essai sur la géographie des plantes—accompagné d'un tableau physique des régions équinoxiales, fondé sur des mesures exécutées, depuis le dixième degré de latitude boréale jusqu'au dixième degré de latitude australe, pendant les années 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802 et 1803. Levrault et Schoell, Paris.

Humboldt., F. W. H. A. von., A. J. A. Bonpland & K. S. Kunth. 1815–1825. Nova genera et species plantarum—quas in peregrinatione ad plagam aequinoctialem orbis novi collegerunt descripserunt. Librariae Græco–Latino–Germanico, Paris.

Hunt, D. 1992. CITES Cactaceae Checklist. 1–190. Whitstable Litho Ltd., Kent.

Hunt, D. R. 1994. 257. Commelinaceae. 6: 157–173. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Hunziker, A. T. 1960. Estudios sobre Solanaceae—II. Sinopsis taxonómica del género Dunalia H.B.K. Boletín de Academia de Ciencias, Bellas Letras y Nobles Artes. Córdoba, Spain 41: 211–244.

Hunziker, A. T. 1969. Estudios sobre Solanaceae—V. Contribución al conocimiento de Capsicum y géneros afines (Witheringia, Acnistus, Athenaea, etc.). Primera parte. Kurtziana 5: 101–179.

Hunziker, A. T. 1977. Estudios sobre Solanaceae—VIII. Novedades varias sobre tribus, géneros, secciones y especies de Sud America. Kurtziana 10: 7–50.

Hunziker, A. T. 1982. Estudios sobre Solanaceae—XVII. Revisión sinoptica de Acnistus. Kurtziana 15: 81–102.

Hunziker, A. T. 1987. Studies on Solanaceae—XXI. A preliminary synopsis of Cuatresia. Opera Botanica 92: 73–82.

Hunziker, A. T. 1995. Una nueva combinación en Larnax (Solanaceae). Darwiniana 33: 371.

Hunziker, A. T. 1997. Estudios sobre Solanaceae—XLIII. Revisión de las especies de Markea. Kurtziana 25: 67–113.

Hunziker, A. & A. E. Cocucci. 1959. El género Trianthema (Aizoaceae) en la República Argentina. Boletín de Academia de Ciencias, Bellas Letras y Nobles Artes. Córdoba, Spain 41: 17–28, 3 figs.

Hunziker, A. T. & N. Dottori. 1978.Sparrea, nuevo género de Ulmaceae. Kurtziana 11: 25–40.

Hunziker, A. T. & R. Subils. 1991. Estudios sobre Solanaceae—XXXII. Sinopsis taxonómica de Juanulloa. Kurtziana 21: 209–235.

Hurley, H. H. 1967. A taxonomic revision of the genus Spigelia (Loganiaceae). 1–201. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Ibáñez M., M. V. 1993. La Expedición Malaspina 1789–1794. Tomo IV. Trabajos Cientificos y correspondencia de Tadeo Haenke. Ministerio de Defensa, Museo Naval & Lunwerg, Barcelona.

Iltis, H. H. 1972.Capparis hypoleuca Presl: A synonym of Solanum schlechtendalianum Walp. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 59: 474.

Iltis, H. H. 1978. Studies in the Capparidaceae—XIV. Capparis ecuadorica, a new species. Selbyana 2: 303–307.

Infantes V., J. G. 1962. Revisión del género Cantua (Polemoniaceae). Lilloa 31: 75–107.

Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: A synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 35: 1–918 [in 2 parts].

Jameson, G. [W.]. 1865. Synopsis Plantarum Æquatoriensium, exhibens plantas praecipue in regione temperata et frigida crescentes, secundum systematam naturalem descriptas. Tomus I–II. Universitate Quitensi, Quito.

Janczewski, E. de. 1907. Monographie des Groseilliers Ribes L. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève 35: 199–517.

Jansen, R. K. 1981. Systematics of Spilanthes (Compositae: Heliantheae). Systematic Botany 6: 231–257.

Jansen, R. K. 1985. The systematics of Acmella (Asteraceae—Heliantheae). Systematic Botany Monographs 8: 1–115.

Jansen-Jacobs, M. J. 1988. Verbenaceae. 4: 3–86. In: A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (ed.), Flora of the Guianas. Series A, Phanerogams. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein.

Jaramillo, J. 1988. Notes on Ecuadorian Vallea (Elaeocarpaceae) with description of a new species. Nordic Journal of Botany 8: 19–23.

Jeffrey, C. 1978. Further notes on Cucurbitaceae—IV. Some NewWorld taxa. Kew Bulletin 33: 347–380.

Jeffrey, C. 1992. The tribe Senecioneae (Compositae) in the Mascarene Islands with an annotated world check-list of the genera of the tribe. Notes on Compositae—VI. Kew Bulletin 47: 49–109.

Jenny, R. 1983.Gongora napoensis, eine neue Art aus Ecuador. Die Orchidee 34: 197–199.

Jenny, R. 1985. Die Gongorinae, 6. Gongora. Teil IX—Drei neue Gongora-Arten, Gongoragracilis, rufescens, und pardina. Die Orchidee 36: 113–118.

Jenny, R. 1986. Einige Notizen zur Gattung Sievekingia Die Gattung Soterosanthus und zwei neue Arten: Sievekingia herrenhuasana und herklotziana. Die Orchidee 37: 73–80.

Jenny, R. 1989. Zwei neue Arten aus der Chondrorhyncha—Venwandtschaft, Chaubardiella pacuarensis und Chondrorhyncha andreettae. Die Orchidee 40: 91–94.

Jenny, R. 1992a. Die Gongorinae, 6. Gongora. Teil XX. Neue Erkenntnisse (Teil 1). 43: 268–272. In: F. R. R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin & Hamburg.

Jenny, R. 1992b. Eine monographie der gattung Sievekingia Rchb. f. A monograph of the genus Sievekingia Rchb. f. Schlechteriana 3: 123–133.

Jenny, R. 1993. Eine monographie der gattung Sievekingia Rchb. f. A monograph of the genus Sievekingia Rchb. f. Schlechteriana 4: 30–43.

Jensen, S. R. 1994. A re-examination of Sanango racemosum. 3. Chemotaxonomy. Taxon 43: 619–623.

Jeppesen, S. 1981a. 187. Campanulaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 14: 1–7. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Jeppesen, S. 1981b. 188. Lobeliaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 14: 9–170. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Jeppesen, S. 1981c. 189A. Sphenocleaceae, & In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 14: 171–174. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Jeppesen, S. 1981d. 189B. Goodeniaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 14: 175–178. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Jiménez, A. J. 1928. Diario de la Expedición al Pacífico—Llevada á cabo por una comisión de Naturalistas Españoles durante los años 1862–1865. Real Sociedad Geográfica, Madrid.

Johnson, D. M. 1986a. Revision of the neotropical genus Callaeum (Malpighiaceae). Systematic Botany 11: 335–353.

Johnson, D. M. 1986b. Systematics of the New World species of Marsilea (Marsileaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 11: 1–87.

Johnson, D. M. 1995. 31. Marsileaceae. 1: 393–394. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Johnson, D. M. & N. A. Murray. 1995. Synopsis of the tribe Bocageeae (Annonaceae), with revisions of Cardiopetalum, Froesiodendron, Trigynaea, Bocagea, and Hornschuchia. Brittonia 47: 248–319.

Johnson, R. R. 1969. Monograph of the plant genus Porophyllum (Compositae: Helenieae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 48: 225–267.

Johnston , I. M. 1923. Studies in the Boraginaceae—IV. A synopsis and redefinition of Plagiobothrys. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 68: 57–80.

Johnston , I. M. 1924. New or otherwise noteworthy plants. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 70: 69–87.

Johnston , I. M. 1928a. Studies in the Boraginaceae—VII. The South American species of Heliotropium. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 81: 3–73.

Johnston , I. M. 1928b. Some undescribed American spermatophytes. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 81: 85–98.

Johnston , I. M. 1935. Studies in the Boraginaceae—XI. (1) The species of Tournefortia and Esserschmidtia in the Old World. (2) Notes on Brand's treatment of Cryptantha. (3) New or otherwise noteworthy species. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 16: 145–205.

Johnston , I. M. 1936. A study of the Nolanaceae. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 112: 1–87.

Johnston , I. M. 1938. Notes on some Astragalus species of Ecuador and Peru. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 19: 88–96.

Johnston , I. M. 1952. Studies in the Boraginaceae—XXIII. A survey of the genus Lithospermum. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 33: 299–366.

Johnston, J. M. 1938. The species of Sisyrinchium in Uruguay, Paraguay and Brazil. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 19: 376–401.

Johnston, M. C. 1962. Revision of Condalia including Microrhamnus (Rhamnaceae). Brittonia 14: 332–368.

Johnston, M. C. 1971. Revision of Colubrina (Rhamnaceae). Brittonia 23: 2–53.

Johnston, M. C. 1974. Revision of Scutia (Rhamnaceae). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 101: 64–72.

Johnston, M. C. 1984. Proposal to revise ICBN. (3,4) New combinations in Rhamnaceae made necessary by the "Demoulin" rule with two proposals to stabilize nomenclature. Taxon 33: 124–125.

Johnston, M. C. & L. A. Johnston. 1978.Rhamnus. Flora Neotropica 20: 1–98. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Jones, S. B. 1980. Flora of Peru: Family Compositae: Part I—Tribe Vernoniae. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 5: 22–73. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Jørgensen, P. M. & J. M. MacDougal. 1997. Three new species of Passiflora (Passifloraceae) from Ecuador and notes on Passiflora viridescens. Novon 7: 379–386.

J ørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador—a checklist. AAU Reports 34: 1–443.

J ørgensen, P. M., C. Ulloa Ulloa, H. Borgtoft Pedersen & J. L. Luteyn, 1992. The Quito Herbarium (QCA)—100,000 important collections from Ecuador. Taxon 41: 51–56.

J ørgensen, P. M., C. Ulloa Ulloa, J. E. Madsen & R. Valencia. 1995. A floristic analysis of the high Andes of Ecuador. 221–238. In: S. P. Churchill, H. Balslev, E. Forero & J. L. Luteyn (eds.), Biodiversity and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Forests. The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Josse, C. & H. Balslev. 1994. Composition and structure of a dry, semideciduous forest in western Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 14: 425–434.

Judd, W. S. 1995. 14. Agarista D. Don ex G. Don. Flora Neotropica 66: 295–344. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York

Judziewicz, E. J. 1991a. A new Pharus (Poaceae) endemic to Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 11: 89–91.

Judziewicz, E. J. 1991b. Family 187. Poaceae (Gramineae). 1–727. In: A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (ed.), Flora of the Guianas. Series A, Phanerogams. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein.

Judziewicz, E. J. 1994. 22. Pharus P. Browne. 6: 218–220. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Judziewicz, E. J. & L. G. Clark. 1993. The South American species of Arthrostylidium (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Bambuseae). Systematic Botany 18: 80–99.

Judziewicz, E. J. & T. R. Soderstrom. 1989. Morphological, anatomical, and taxonomic studies in Anomochloa and Streptochaeta (Poaceae: Bambusoideae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 68: 1–52.

Kaastra, R. C. & A. H. Gentry. 1978. A new Erythrochiton (Rutaceae) from Ecuador. Selbyana 2: 287–288.

Kaastra, R. C. 1982. Pilocarpinae (Rutaceae). Flora Neotropica 33: 1–198. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Kalliola, R. & S. A. Renvoize. 1994. One or more species of Gynerium? (Poaceae). Kew Bulletin 49: 305–320.

Kallunki, J. A. 1992. A revision of Erythrochiton sensu lato (Cuspariinae, Rutaceae). Brittonia 44: 107–139.

Kallunki, J. A. & J. R. Pirani. 1998. Synopsis of Angostura Roem. & Schult. and Conchocarpus J. C. Mikan (Rutaceae). Kew Bulletin 53: 257–334.

Kardolus, J. P. 1998. A biosystematic analysis of Solanum acaule. 1–110. Ph.D. thesis, University of Wageningen, Den Haag.

Karsten, G. K. W. H. 1858.Metteniusa edulis. 1: 79–80. In: H. Karsten, Florae Columbiae terraumque adjacentium specimina selecta in peregrinatione duodecim annorum observata delineavit et descripsit. Ferdinandi Duemmleri Successores, Berlin.

Kearns , D. M. 1998a. 1. Calophyllum L. 4: 250–251. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Kearns , D. M. 1998b. 3. Chrysochlamys Poepp. 4: 258–259. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Kearns , D. M. 1998c. 6. Garcinia L. 4: 295–299. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Kearns , D. M. 1998d. 10. Marila Sw. 4: 303–306. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Kearns , D. M. 1998e. 14. Symphonia L.f. 4: 311–312. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Keel, S. H. K. 1993. A new species and a new combinations in Salpichroa (Solanaceae). Novon 3: 46–48.

Keil, D. J. 1975. Flora of Panama, Part IX. Family 184. Compositae. VI. Tageteae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 1220–1241.

Keil, D. J. 1978. Revision of Pectis sect. Pectidium (Compositae: Tageteae). Rhodora 80: 135–146.

Keil, D. J. 1984. New species of Pectis (Asteraceae) from the West Indies, Mexico, and South America. Brittonia 36: 74–80.

Keil, D. J. & T. F. Stuessy. 1981. Systematics of Isocarpha (Compositae: Eupatorieae). Systematic Botany 6: 258–287.

Keller, G., C. E. Zencker & S. M. Stone. 1989. Late Neogene history of the Pacific-Caribbean gateway. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 2: 73–108.

Kennedy, H. 1976. New species of Calathea from Panama and Costa Rica. Botaniska Notiser 129: 349–357.

Kennedy, H. 1977. A new Calathea (Marantaceae) from Ecuador. Selbyana 2: 46–48.

Kennedy, H. 1978. Systematics and pollination of the "closed-flowered" species of Calathea (Marantaceae). University of California Publications in Botany 71: 1–90, 1–20 pl.

Kennedy, H. 1984a. A new strikingly patterned Calathea (Marantaceae) from Ecuador. Brittonia 36: 206–209.

Kennedy, H. 1984b.Calathea ecuadoriana and C. contrafenestra—New Ecuadorian species in Calathea series Comosae (Marantaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 15–19.

Kennedy, H. 1985. New Ecuadorian species in Calathea series Nudiscapae (Marantaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 1141–1149.

Kennedy, H. 1986a. Additional Ecuadorian species in Calathea series Comosae (Marantaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 6: 143–150.

Kennedy, H. 1986b. New useful and colorfully-bracted species of Calathea (Marantaceae) from Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 6: 457–461.

Kennedy, H. 1986c. Two new striped-leaved species of Calathea (Marantaceae) from Ecuador. Canadian Journal of Botany 64: 1321–1326.

Kennedy, H. 1995.Calathea ornata and relatives, an ornate confusion. Acta Horticulturae 413: 169–175.

Kennedy, H., L. Anderson & M. Hagberg. 1988. 224. Marantaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 32: 11–188. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Kennedy, H. & D. H. Nicholson. 1975. New combinations and notes on Central American Marantaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 501–503.

Kennedy, K. 1992. A systematic study of the genus Phila Lour. (Verbenaceae: Verbenoideae, Lantanae). 1–241. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Texas at Austin, Austin.

Kennerley, J. B. & R. J. Bromley. 1971. Geology and geomorphology of the Llanganati Mountains, Ecuador. Instituto Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales, Contribuciones 73: 1–16.

Kessler, M. 1992. The vegetation of south-west Ecuador. 79–100. In: B. J. Best (ed.), The Threatened Forests of South-West Ecuador. Biosphere Publications, Leeds, U.K.

Killeen , T. J. 1990. The grasses of Chiquitania, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 77: 125–201.

Killeen , T. J., E. García & S. G. Beck. 1993. Guía de Árboles de Bolivia. 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia; Missouri Botanical Garden, La Paz; St. Louis.

Killip, E. P. 1925. Notes on Peruvian Urticaceae of the Marshall Field exploration. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 15: 48–56.

Killip, E. P. 1927. New species of Cordia and Tournefortia from northwestern South America. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 17: 327–335.

Killip, E. P. 1932. Five new species of Bomarea from Peru. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 22: 62.

Killip, E. P. 1936a. 1. Bomarea Mirb. In: J. F. Macbride, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/3): 633–662.

Killip, E. P. 1936b. New species of Pilea from the Andes. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 26: 367–394.

Killip, E. P. 1937. Caprifoliaceae, In: J. F. Macbride, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(6/2): 281–287.

Killip, E. P. 1939. The Andean species of Pilea. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 26: 475–530.

Killip, E. P. & A. C. Smith. 1930. The South American species of Viburnum. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 37: 245–258.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1969. Studies in the Compositae—Eupatorieae—IX. A review of the genus Eupatorium section Hebeclinum in Colombia. Sida, Contributions to Botany 3: 321–326.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1970a. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Compositae)—XVIII. New combinations in Fleischmannia. Phytologia 19: 201–207.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1970b. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Compositae)—XXIX. The genus Chromolaena. Phytologia 20: 196–209.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1971. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—XXXVII. The genus Hebeclinium. Phytologia 21: 298–301.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1974a. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXXVII. Additions to the American and Pacific Adenostemmatinae: Adenostemma, Gymnocoronis, and Sciadocephala. Phytologia 29: 1–20.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1974b. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXXXII. The genus Phalacraea. Phytologia 29: 251–256.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1974c. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXXXI. A new genus Guevaria. Phytologia 29: 257–261.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1974d. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXVIII. New species of Ageratum, Fleischmannia, and Hebeclinum from northern South America. Phytologia 27: 387–401.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1975a. Flora of Panama, Part IX. Family 184. Compositae—II. Eupatorieae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 888–1004.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1975b. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXXXIV. A new species of Sciadocephala from Panama. Phytologia 29: 343–346.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1975c. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXLI. A new genus Asplundianthus. Phytologia 30: 221–222.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1975d. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CLVI. Various new combinations. Phytologia 32: 283–285.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1976a. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CLIX. Additions to the genus Ayapana. Phytologia 34: 57–66.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1976b. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CLX. A new species of Sciadocephala from Ecuador. Phytologia 34: 375.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1978. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CLXXX. Three new critonoid species from tropical America. Phytologia 39: 136–142.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1980. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CXC. A new genus Santosia. Phytologia 45: 463–465.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1981a. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CCVIII. Additions to Badilloa and Barlettina from Ecuador. Phytologia 49: 7–9.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1981b. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CCVII. Additional new combinations. Phytologia 49: 3–6.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1982. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CCXV. Additions to Austroeupatorium and Cronquistiantus. Phytologia 51: 179–186.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1984. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CCXIX. A new species of Cronquistianthus. Phytologia 56: 252–255.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1986. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CCXXII. New combinations and new species from tropical America. Phytologia 60: 80–85.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1987. The genera of the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 22: i–ix, 1–581.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1988. Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae)—CCXXIII. New combinations and new species of Central and South America. Phytologia 65: 62–70.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1994. New species of Adenostemma, Ayapana, and Brickelliastrum from Mexico, Panama, and Ecuador and a new combination in Grosvenoria (Eupatorieae: Asteraceae). Phytologia 76: 14–18.

King, R. M. & H. Robinson. 1995. Additions to the genus Crossothamnus from Colombia and Ecuador (Alomiinae: Eupatorieae: Asteraceae). Phytologia 78: 381–383.

Kirkbride, Jr., J. H. 1997. Manipulus Rubiacearum—VI. Brittonia 49: 354–379.

Kirkman, L. K. 1981. Taxonomic revision of Centratherum and Phyllocephalum (Compositae: Vernonieae). Rhodora 83: 1–24.

Klitgaard, B. B. 1991. Ecuadorian Brownea and Browneopsis (Leguminosae—Caesalpinioideae): Taxonomy, palynology, and morphology. Nordic Journal of Botany 11: 433–449.

Knapp, S. 1986. A revision of Solanum section Geminata (G. Don) Walpers. 1–616. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca.

Knapp, S. 1989. A revision of the Solanumnitidum group (section Holophylla pro parte): Solanaceae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Botany 19: 63–102.

Knapp, S. 1991. A revision of the Solanum sessile species group (section Geminata pro parte: Solanaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 105: 179–210.

Knapp, S. 1992. Five new species of Solanum section Geminata (Solanaceae) from Peru and Ecuador. Novon 2: 341–350.

Knapp, S. 1995. New taxa and combinations in the tribe Juanulloeae (Solanaceae). Novon 5: 281–283.

Knapp, S. 1996. New Andean species of Solanum section Geminata (Solanaceae). Novon 6: 28–32.

Knapp, S. 1998. New species and notes on the natural history of Markea (Solanaceae) from Colombia and Ecuador. Novon 8: 152–161.

Knapp, S. & J. Mallet. 1998. A new species of Passiflora (Passifloraceae) from Ecuador with notes on the natural history of its herbivore, Heliconius (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiiti). Novon 8: 162–166.

Knapp, S. & T. Helgason. 1997. A revision of Solanum section Pteroidea: Solanaceae. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (Botany) 27: 31–73.

Knapp, S., V. Persson & S. Blakmore. 1997. A phylogenetic conspectus of the tribe Juanulloeae (Solanaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84: 67–89.

Knuth, R. 1913. Drei neue Arten von Oxalis aus Sud-America. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 12: 36–37.

Knuth, R. 1919. Oxalidaceae americanae novae. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 7: 289–318.

Knuth, R. 1924. Dioscoreaceae. IV 43(Heft 87): 1–387. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Knuth, R. 1930. Oxalidaceae. IV. 130(Heft 95): 1–481. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Knuth, R. 1935. Oxalidaceae novae—II. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 38: 194–199.

Knuth, R. 1937. Oxalidaceae In: F. L. E. Diels, Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Vegetation und Flora von Ecuador. Bibliotheca Botanica 29(116): 99–100.

Knuth, R. 1941. Oxalidaceae. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 15: 372.

Kobuski, C. E. 1941. Studies in the Theaceae—VIII. A synopsis of the genus Freziera. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 22: 457–496.

Kobuski, C. E. 1942. Studies in the Theaceae—XII. Notes on the South American species of Ternstroemia. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 23: 298–343.

Kobuski, C. E. 1948. Studies in the Theaceae—XVII. A review of the genus Bonnetia. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 29: 393–413.

Kobuski, C. E. 1951a. Studies in the Theaceae—XXII. Some new species of Theaceae in South America. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 32: 152–154.

Kobuski, C. E. 1951b. Studies in the Theaceae—XXIII. The genus Pelliciera. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 32: 256–262.

Königer, W. 1991.Cyrtochilium geniculatum—eine neue Art aus Ecuador. Die Orchidee 42: 134–138.

Königer, W. 1993a. Neue Arten der Gattung Masdevallia aus Ecuador (Teil 1). Masdevallia belua, Masdevallia mataxa, Masdevallia pozoi. Die Orchidee 44: 142–144.

Königer, W. 1993b. Neue Arten der Gattung Masdevallia aus Ecuador (Teil 2). Masdevallia mataxaMasdevallia pozoi. Die Orchidee 44: 178–182.

Königer, W. 1994. New species of the genera Cyrtochilum, Masdevallia, Odontoglossum, Oncidium, and Sigmatostalix. Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 2: 29–57.

Königer, W. 1995a. New species of the genera Cyrtochilum, Masdevallia, Oncidium, and Sigmatostalix. Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 3: 58–89.

Königer, W. 1995b. New species of the genera Cyrtochilum, Masdevallia, Oncidium, Promenaea, and Sigmatostalix. Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 4: 90–121.

Königer, W. 1996a. New species of the genera Masdevallia, Neodryas, Oncidium, Scelochilus, and SigmatostalixDasyglossum (Addenda & Corrigenda). Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 5: 122–153.

Königer, W. 1996b. 2. New species of the genera Portillia, Odontoglossum, Oncidium, Sigmatostalix, Trichocentrum, and Trigonochilum. Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 6: 154–185.

Königer, W. 1997. 2. New species of the genera Cischweinfia, Masdevallia, Neokoehleria, Odontoglossum, and Scelochilus. Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 7: 191–216.

Königer, W. & H. Schildhauer. 1994.Dasyglossum and Trigonochilum—Two new genera in subtribus Oncidiinae. Arcula, Botanische Abhandlungen 1: 1–28.

Kopp, L. E. 1966. A taxonomic revision of the genus Persea in the Western Hemisphere (Perseae—Lauraceae). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 14: 1–120.

Korning, J., K. Thomsen & B. Øllgaard. 1991. Composition and structure of a species rich Amazonian rain forest obtained by two diferent sample methods. Nordic Journal of Botany 11: 103–110.

Korning, J. & H. Balslev. 1994. Growth and mortality of trees in Amazonian tropical rain forest in Ecuador. Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 77–86.

Kostermans, A. J. G. H. 1961. The New World species of Cinnamomum Trew. (Lauraceae). Reinwardtia 6: 17–24.

Kostermans, A. J. G. H. 1993.Mutisiopersea, a new genus in Lauraceae. Rheedea 3: 132–135.

Koyama, T. 1970. The American species of the genus Hypolytrum (Cyperaceae). Darwiniana 16: 49–92.

Kramer, K. U. 1957. A revision of the genus Lindsaea in the New World with notes on allied genera. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 6: 97–290.

Kramer, K. U. 1991. Two remarkable new Lindsaeas from South America. Botanica Helvetica 101: 227–233.

Kramer, K. U. 1995. 5. Lindsaea Dryand. 2: 54–67. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Kränzlin, F. 1899. Orchidaceae Lehmannianae in Guatemala, Costarica, Colombia et Ecuador collectae, quas determinavit et descripsit. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 26: 437–502.

Kränzlin, F. 1905. Orchidaceae—Weberbauerianae in republica Peruviana lectae. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 12: 177–192.

Kränzlin, F. 1908. Amaryllidaceae andinae. In: I. Urban (ed.), Plantae novae andinae imprimis Weberbauerianae. III. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 40: 227–239.

Kränzlin, F. 1919. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Gattung Telipogon H.B.K. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 33: 9–38.

Kränzlin, F. 1921. Masdevalliae novae. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 17: 411–438.

Kränzlin, F. 1922. Orchidaceae—Monandrae. Tribus Oncidiinae—Odontoglosseae. Pars II., IV. 50 (Heft 50): 1–344. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kränzlin, F. 1923. Orchidaceae—Monandrae—Pseudomonopodiales. IV. 50 (Heft 50): 1–66. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kränzlin, F. 1925. XIV.—New species of Masdevallia and allied genera. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information Kew 3: 97–117.

Krapovickas, A. 1996. Sinopsis del género Gaya (Malvaceae). Bonplandia ( Corrientes) 9: 57–87.

Krapovickas, A. & C. L. Cristóbal. 1997. La tipificación de Malva spicata L. (Malvaceae). Bonplandia ( Corrientes) 9: 257–258.

Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory. 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae). Bonplandia ( Corrientes) 8: 1–186.

Krause, K. 1906. Borraginaceae andinae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 37: 627–636.

Kress, W. J. 1989. New taxa and notes on Heliconia (Heliconiaceae). Selbyana 11: 49–53.

Kress, W. J. 1991. New taxa of Heliconia (Heliconiaceae) from Ecuador. Brittonia 43: 253–260.

Kress, J. W., J. Betancur, C. S. Reosel & B. E. Echeverry C. 1993. Lista preliminar de las Heliconias de Colombia y cinco especies nuevas. Caldasia 17: 183–197.

Kruijt, R. C. 1996. A taxonomic monograph of Sapium Jacq., Anomostachys (Baill.) Hurus., Duvigneaudia J. Léonard and Sclerocroton Hochst. (Euphorbiaceae tribe Hippomaneae). Bibliotheca Botanica 146: 1–109.

Krukoff, B. A. 1972. American species of Strychnos. Lloydia 35: 193–271.

Krukoff, B. A. 1979. Notes on the species of Erythrina—XII. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 66: 422–455.

Krukoff, B. A. 1979. Supplementary notes on American Menispermaceae—XIV. Neotropical Triclisieae and Anomospermeae. Phytologia 41: 239–255.

Krukoff, B. A. 1982. Supplementary notes on American Menispermaceae—XVII. Neotropical Triclisieae and Anomospermeae. Phytologia 50: 80–111.

Krukoff, B. A. & R. C. Barneby. 1970. Supplementary notes on American Menispermaceae—VI. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 20: 1–70.

Krukoff, B. A. & R. C. Barneby. 1972. Supplementary notes on American Menispermaceae—IX. Phytologia 25: 32–48.

Krukoff, B. A. & R. C. Barneby. 1974a. Supplementary notes on American Menispermaceae—X. Lloydia 37: 23–29.

Krukoff, B. A. & R. C. Barneby. 1974b. Conspectus of species of the genus Erythrina. Lloydia 37: 332–459.

Krukoff, B. A. & H. N. Moldenke. 1938. Studies of American Menispermaceae, with special reference to species used in preparation of arrow-poisons. Brittonia 3: 1–74.

Krukoff, B. A. & A. C. Smith. 1937. Rotenone-yielding plants of South America. American Journal of Botany 24: 573–587.

Krukoff, B. A. & A. C. Smith. 1939. Notes on the botanical components of curare—II. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 66: 305–314.

Kubitzki, K. 1970. Die Gattung Tetracera (Dilleniaceae). Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 8: 1–98.

Kubitzki, K. 1971.Doliocarpus, Davilla und verwandte Gattungen (Dilleniaceae). Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 9: 1–105.

Kubitzki, K. 1995.Asterophorum and Tahitia congeneric with Christiana (Tiliaceae). Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 116: 537–542.

Kubitzki, K. & S. Renner. 1982. Lauraceae— I. (Aniba and Aiouea). Flora Neotropica 31: 1–125. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Kuijt, J. 1986a. 32A. Eremolepidaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 24: 1–9. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Kuijt, J. 1986b. 32B. Viscaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 24: 11–112. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Kuijt, J. 1986c. 32C. Loranthaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 24: 113–194. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Kuijt, J. 1988. Monograph of the Eremolepidaceae. Systematic Botany Monographs 18: 1–60.

Kuijt, J. 1994. Typification of the names of New World mistletoe taxa (Loranthaceae and Viscaceae) described by Martius and Eichler. Taxon 43: 187–199.

Kuijt, J. & E. A. Kellogg. 1996. Miscellaneous mistletoe notes, 20–36. Novon 6: 33–53.

Kükenthal, G. 1909. Cyperaceae—Caricoideae. VI. 20(Heft 38): 1–824. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kükenthal, G. 1935. Cyperaceae—Scirpoideae—Cypereae. IV. 20(Heft 101): 1–160. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kükenthal, G. 1936a. Cyperaceae—Scirpoideae—Cypereae. IV. 20 (Heft 101, 2): 161–320. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kükenthal, G. 1936b. Cyperaceae—Scirpoideae—Cypereae. IV. 20 (Heft 101, 3): 321–480. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kükenthal, G. 1936c. Cyperaceae—Scirpoideae—Cypereae. IV. 20 (Heft 101, 4): 481–671. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Kükenthal, G. 1949. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Rhynchosporideae—XVIII. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 74: 375–509.

Kükenthal, G. 1951. Vorarbeiten zu einer Mongraphie der Rhynchosporideae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 75: 273–314.

Kükenthal, G. 1952. Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Rhynchosporideae—19. Pleurostachys Brongn. Fortzetzung. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 75: 451–497.

Kunth, C. S. 1822. Synopsis Plantarum. 1: 1–491. F. G. Levrault, Paris.

Kunth, K. S. 1825.Styloceras Ad. de Jussieu. 7: 172–173. In: Humboldt, F. W. H. A., A. J. A. Bonpland & K. S. Kunth, Nova Genera et Species Plantarum. Typographia D'Hautel, Paris.

Kunth, K. S. 1850. Amaryllideae. 5: 467–850. In: C. S. Kunth, Enumeratio plantarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Sumtibus J. G. Cottae, Stutgardiae.

Kvist, L. P. 1990. Revision of Heppiella (Gesneriaceae). Systematic Botany 15: 720–735.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1988. The genus Cremosperma (Gesneriaceae) in Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 8: 259–269.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1989. Revision of Reldia (Gesneriaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 8: 601–611.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1992a. Novae Gesneriaceae Neotropicarum—IV. Alloplectus purpureus and Columnea nematoloba—New Gesneriaceae from northwestern South America. Brittonia 44: 475–480.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1992b. Revision of Kohleria (Gesneriaceae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 79: 1–83.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1993. The genus Columnea (Gesneriaceae) in Ecuador. Allertonia 6: 327–400.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1994. New studies in the Gesneriaceae: The genus Columnea in Ecuador. The Gloxinian 44: 16–24.

Kvist, L. P. & L. E. Skog. 1996. Revision of Pearcea (Gesneriaceae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 84: 1–47.

Kvitvik, T. A. 1997.Ficus lacunata (Moraceae), a new species from pluvial montane forest of northwest Ecuador. Brittonia 49: 270–273.

Lægaard, S. 1987. The genus Aciachne (Poaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 7: 667–672.

Lægaard, S. 1992. Influence of fire in the grass páramo vegetation of Ecuador. 151–170. In: H. Balslev & J. Luteyn (eds.), Páramo—An Andean Ecosystem under Human Influence. Academic Press, London.

Lægaard, S. 1997. 214(1). Gramineae (part 1). In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 57: 1– 53. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Lægaard, S. 1998. New species and names in Ecuadorian grasses (Poaceae). Novon 8: 23–30.

Lægaard, S. & I. Sánchez V. 1990. Three new species of Muhlenbergia and Uniola (Poaceae) from northern Peru. Nordic Journal of Botany 10: 437–441.

Lagerheim, N. G. 1891. Zur biologie der Iochroma macrocalyx Benth. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 9: 348–351.

Lagerheim, N. G. 1892. Zur Kenntniss der Tovariaceen. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 10: 163–169.

Lagerheim, N. G. 1893a. Eine neue, goldgelbe Brugmansia [B. aurea Lagerh.]. Gartenflora 42: 33–35.

Lagerheim, N. G. 1893b. Die “Siemprevivas” von Quito (Cotyledon quitensis Baker). Gartenflora 42: 68–71.

Lagerheim, N. G. 1894. Ueber die andinen Alchemilla-Arten. (Vorläufige Mittheilung). Ofversigt af Forhandlingar: Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademien 51: 15–18.

Lagerheim, N. G. 1895. Monographie der ecuadorianishen Arten der Gattung Brugmansia. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20: 655–668.

Lamarck , J. B. P. A. de M. de. 1783–1823. Encyclopédie méthodique. Panckoucke, Paris.

Lammers, T. G. 1998. Review of the neotropical endemics Burmeistera, Centropogon, and Siphocampylus (Campanulaceae: Lobelioideae), with description of 18 new species and a new section. Brittonia 50: 233–262.

Landolt, E. 1980. Description of six new species of Lemnaceae. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institutes Rübel in Zürich 70: 22–29.

Landolt, E. 1986. The family Lemnaceae—A monographic study. Veröffentlichungen der Geobotanischen Institutes der ETH, Stiftung Rübel, Zürich 71: 1–566.

Landolt, E. 1994. Taxonomy and ecology of the section Wolffia of the genus Wolffia (Lemnaceae). Berichte des Geobotanishen Institutes der Eidgenössische Technishe Hochschule Stiftung Rübel 60: 137–151.

Landrum, L. R. 1986.Campomanesia, Pimenta, Blepharocalyx, Legrandia, Acca, Myrrhinium, and Luma (Myrtaceae). Flora Neotropica 45: 1–178. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Landrum, L. R. 1988. Systematics of Myrteola (Myrtaceae). Systematic Botany 13: 120–132.

Landrum, L. R. 1991. Nomenclatural changes in Myrteola and Myrceugenia (Myrtaceae). Brittonia 43: 199–200.

Lanjouw, J. 1931. The Euphorbiaceae of Surinam. 1–195. N. V. Drukkerij en Uitgeverij, J. N. de Bussy, Amsterdam.

Laubenfels, D. J. de. 1985. A taxonomic revision of the genus Podocarpus. Blumea 30: 251–278.

Laubenfels, D. J. de. 1991. Las Podocarpáceas del Perú. Boletín de Lima 73: 57–60.

Launert, E. 1966. A taxonomic review of the genus Microchloa R. Br. (Gramineae, Chloridoideae, Chloridineae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 47: 291–301.

Lavin, M. & M. Sousa S. 1996. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the Tribe Robineae (Leguminosae). Systematic Botany Monographs 45: 1–165.

Lavin, M. 1988. Systematics of Coursetia (Leguminosae—Papilionoideae). Systematic Botany Monographs 21: 1–167.

Lawesson, J. E. & H. Adsersen. 1987. Notes on the endemic genus Darwinothamnus (Asteraceae, Astereae) from the Galápagos Islands. Opera Botanica 92: 7–15.

Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. 1987. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galápagos Islands. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 16: 1–74.

Lawesson, J. E., O. Hamann, G. Rogers, G. Reck & H. Ochoa. 1990. Botanical research and management in Galápagos: Proceeding of the workshop on botanical research and management in Galápagos held 11–18 April 1987 at the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 32: 1–301.

Lay, K. K. 1950. The American species of Triumfetta L. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 37: 315–395.

Lee, Y. T. & J. H. Langenheim. 1975. Systematics of the genus Hymenaea L. (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae, Detarieae). University of California Publications in Botany 69: 1–109.

Leenhouts, P. W. 1983. Notes on the extra-Australian species of Dodonaea (Sapindaceae). Blumea 28: 271–289.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. 1969. Notes on American Loganiaceae—IV. Revision of Desfontainia Ruiz et Pav. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 18: 669–679.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. 1984. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae—XIII. Notes on Nerium L. and Tabernaemontana L. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool 87: 57–60.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. 1991. One. The Old World species. 1–210. In: A. J. M. Leeuwenberg, A revision of Tabernaemontana. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. 1994. Two. The New World species and Stemmadenia. 1–450. In: A. J. M. Leeuwenberg, A revision of Tabernaemontana. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Leiva G., S., V. Quipuscoa S. & N. W. Sawyer. 1998. Nuevas especies andinas de Larnax (Solanaceae) de Ecuador y Perú. Arnaldoa 5: 83–92.

Lellinger, D. B. 1972. A revision of the fern genus Niphidium. American Fern Journal 62: 101–120.

Lellinger, D. B. 1978. Río Palenque fern notes. Selbyana 2: 283–285.

Lellinger, D. B. 1989. The ferns and fern-allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Chocó (Part 1: Psilotaceae through Dicksoniaceae). Pteridologia 2A: 1–364.

Lellinger, D. B. 1995a. 11. Pterozonium Fée. 2: 280–286. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Lellinger, D. B. 1995b. 13. Plagiogyriaceae. 1: 84–85. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Lellinger, D. B. 1995c. 17. Mildella Trevis. 1: 134. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Lemke, D. E. & R. B. Miller. 1988. Systematic position of Muntingia calabura—The rest of the story. Supplement to American Journal of Botany 75(6, 2): 189.

León, B. 1993a. Catálogo anotado de la fanerógamas acuáticas del Perú. 11–128. In: F. Kahn, B. León & K. R. Young (eds.), Las plantas vasculares en las aguas continentales del Perú. Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos, Lima.

León, B. 1993b. VII. Campyloneurum. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 32: 158–173. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

León, B. 1995a. 1. Campyloneurum C. Presl. 1: 333–338. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

León, B. 1995b. A new species of Campyloneurum (Polypodiaceae) from northwestern Ecuador. Novon 5: 42–44.

León, B. & R. C. Moran. 1996.Cyathea concordia (Cyatheaceae), a new pinnate-pinnatifid tree fern from the Peruvian/Ecuadorian border. Brittonia 48: 511–513.

Leonard, E. C. 1926. Notes on the genus Sanchezia. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 16: 484–492.

Leonard, E. C. 1931. The genus Mendoncia in Peru. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 21: 144–152.

Leonard, E. C. 1934. The American species of Elytraria. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 24: 443–447.

Leonard, E. C. 1951. The Acanthaceae of Colombia— I. Subfamilies Nelsonioideae, Mendoncioideae, Thunbergioideae, Acanthoideae. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 31: 1–117.

Leonard, E. C. 1953. The Acanthaceae of Colombia—II. Subfamily Acanthoideae, continued. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 31: 119–322.

Leonard, E. C. 1958. The Acanthaceae of Colombia—III. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 31: 323–781.

Leonard, E. C. 1961. Acanthaceae Americanae novae vel criticae—II. Seven new species from Colombia and some additional notes. Wrightia 2: 142–157.

Leonard, E. C. & L. B. Smith. 1964.Sanchezia and related American Acanthaceae. Rhodora 66: 313–343.

Lessing, C. F. 1831. De synanthereis dissertatio quarta. Linnaea 6: 624–721.

Lewis, W. H. & R. L. Oliver. 1965. Realignment of Calystegia and Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 52: 217–222.

Lidén, M. 1995. 69. Papaveraceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 52: 1–23. University of Götenborg ; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Liede, S. & U. Meve. 1997. Some clarifications, new species, and new combinations in American Cynanchinae (Asclepiadaceae). Novon 7: 38–45.

Lievens, A. W. 1992. Taxonomic treatment of Indigofera L. (Fabaceae—Faboideae) in the New World. 1–376. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.

Lindau, G. 1895a. Acanthaceae. In: G. Hieronymus, Plantae Stuebelianae novae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 21: 377–378.

Lindau, G. 1895b. Acanthaceae. IV. 266 (Heft 3b): 274–354. In: A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Engelmann, Leipzig.

Lindau, G. 1904. Acanthaceae Americanae—III [prim.]. Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier, sér. 2, 4: 313–328.

Linden , J. 1875. Mon ex-collecteur Wallis. L’Illustration Horticole 22: 11–12.

Lindley, J. 1851. Sale of Orchids. Gardener's Chronicle & Agricultural Gazette 1: 391–392.

Lindley, J. 1858.Stelis Sw. 8: 1–19. In: J. Lindley, Folia Orchidacea. An enumeration of the known species of Orchids. J. Lindley, London.

Little, Jr., E. L. 1948. New species of trees from western Ecuador. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 38: 87–105.

Little, Jr., E. L. 1969a. New tree species from Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Phytologia 18: 195–208.

Little, Jr., E. L. 1969b. New tree species from Esmeraldas, Ecuador (Continued). Phytologia 18: 404–418.

Little, Jr., E. L. 1969c. New tree species from Esmeraldas, Ecuador (Continued). Phytologia 18: 457–472.

Little, Jr., E. L. & R. G. Dixon. 1969. Árboles comunes de la Provincia de Esmeraldas. i–xii, 1–536. FAO, Rome.

Loesener, T. 1901. Monographia Aquifoliacearum, Pars I. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum 78: 1–598.

Loesener, T. 1905. Celastraceae et Hippocrateaceae andinae novae. Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 11: 161–164.

Loesener, T. 1904. Aquifoliaceae. Aloysius Sodiro, S.J.; Plantae Ecuadorenses—III. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 34(Beibl. 78): 13.

Loizeau, P.-A. 1994. Les Aquifoliaceae péruviennes (Eléments pour une révision des Aquifoliaceae néotropicales). Boissera 48: 1–306.

Løjtnant, B. 1977. Notes on the genus Epidendrum (Orchidaceae) in Ecuador. Botaniska Notiser 130: 321–328.

Løjtnant, B. 1978.Rodriguezia pulchra, eine neue Orchidee aus Ecuador. Die Orchidee 29: 9–12.

Løjtnant, B. & U. Molau. 1982. Analysis of a virgin páramo plant community on Volcán Sumaco, Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 2: 567–574.

Lombardi, J. A. 1996a. Eight new species of Cissus (Vitaceae) from South America. Brittonia 48: 195–208.

Lombardi, J. A. 1996b. Four new species of Cissus L. (Vitaceae) from Ecuador, Bolivia, and French Guyana. Candollea 51: 365–371.

Lombardi, J. A. 1997. Two new species of Cissus (Vitaceae) from Central and South America. Novon 7: 182–185.

Lombardi, J. A. 1998. Two notable new species of Cissus (Vitaceae) from South America. Brittonia 50: 19–22.

López-Palacios, S. 1977. Verbenaceae. Flora de Venezuela 1: 1–655.

Lorea-Hernández, F. 1995. 10. Pleopeltis Humb. et Bonpl. ex Willd. 1: 346–349. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Lott, E. J. & A. García-Mendoza. 1994a. 4. Cordyline Comm. ex R. Br. 6: 37. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Lott, E. J. & A. García-Mendoza. 1994b. 5. Dracaena L. 6: 38. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Lourteig, A. 1952. Mayacaceae. Notulae Systematicae. Herbier du Museum de Paris 14: 234–248.

Lourteig, A. 1956. Ranunculáceas de Sudamerica Tropical. Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle 16: 19–88, 16: 125–228.

Lourteig, A. 1980. Flora of Panama, Part IV. 84. Oxalidaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 67: 823–850.

Lourteig, A. 1983. Oxalidáceas. 1(OXAL): 1–174. In: R. Reitz (ed.), Flora Ilustrada Catarinense. Itajaí, Brasil.

Lourteig, A. 1984. Oxalidáceae extra-austroamericanae—V. Averrhoa L. Phytologia 56: 381–412.

Lourteig, A. 1988. Oxalidáceae. 5: 1–29. In: M. N. Correa (ed.), Flora Patagónica. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Buenos Aires.

Lourteig, A. 1989. 135. Lythraceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 37: 1–47. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Lourteig, A. 1994.Oxalis L. Subgénero Thamnoxys (Endl.) Reiche emend. Lourteig. Bradea 7: 1–199.

Lourteig, A. & J. Cuatrecasas. 1985. Nomenclatura plantarum Americanum—III. Compositae. Phytologia 58: 475–478.

Lozano C., G. 1994.Dugandiodendron y Talauma (Magnoliaceae) en el Neotrópico. 1–147. Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Santafé de Bogotá.

Lozano C., G. & N. B. de Lozano. 1994. Una nueva especie de Metteniusa Karsten (Metteniusaceae) de Colombia. Novon 4: 266–270.

Luckow, M. 1993. Monograph of Desmanthus (Leguminosae—Mimosoideae). Systematic Botany Monographs 38: 1–166.

Luer, C. A. 1975a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). Pleurothallis of Ecuador. Selbyana 1: 56–100.

Luer, C. A. 1975b. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). Pleurothallis of Ecuador—II. Selbyana 1: 172–195.

Luer, C. A. 1975c. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). New discoveries in Acostaea. Selbyana 1: 213–217.

Luer, C. A. 1975d. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). Physothallis. Selbyana 1: 218–219.

Luer, C. A. 1975e. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). Pleurothallis of Ecuador—III. Selbyana 1: 220–303.

Luer, C. A. 1976a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). Pleurothallis of Ecuador—IV. Selbyana 1: 410–425.

Luer, C. A. 1976b. Miscellaneous new species in Barbosella, Lepanthes, Masdevallia, Platystele, and Scaphosepalum. Selbyana 3: 10–37.

Luer, C. A. 1976c. Miscellaneous species of Pleurothallis. Selbyana 3: 38–201.

Luer, C. A. 1977. Icones Pleurothallidinarum. Miscellaneous species in the Pleurothallidinae. Addenda et corrigenda. Selbyana 3: 203–412.

Luer, C. A. 1978a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum. Andreettaea, a new genus in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 2: 183–184.

Luer, C. A. 1978b. Additions to the genus Dresslerella (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 2: 185–189.

Luer, C. A. 1978c.Dracula, a new genus in the Pleurothallidinae. Selbyana 2: 190–198.

Luer, C. A. 1978d.Restrepiopsis, a new genus in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 2: 199–204.

Luer, C. A. 1978e. New combinations in Triaristella (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 2: 205–206.

Luer, C. A. 1978f.Dryadella, a new genus in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 2: 207–209.

Luer, C. A. 1978g. Icones Pleurothallidinarum (Orchidaceae). Miscellaneous new species and combinations in the Pleurothallidinae. Selbyana 2: 367–390.

Luer, C. A. 1978h. Icones Pleurothallidinarum. Addenda et corrigenda. Selbyana 2: 391.

Luer, C. A. 1978i. Miscellaneous species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae) from Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Phytologia 39: 185–235.

Luer, C. A. 1979a. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae. Selbyana 5: 145–196.

Luer, C. A. 1979b. Miscellaneous new species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae) from Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Phytologia 42: 455–469.

Luer, C. A. 1979c. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 44: 164–171.

Luer, C. A. 1980a. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 46: 345–386.

Luer, C. A. 1980b.Trisetella, a new name in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 47: 57–58.

Luer, C. A. 1981a.Epidendrum troxalis, a new species from Ecuador (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 5: 385.

Luer, C. A. 1981b. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 5: 389–396.

Luer, C. A. 1981c. Miscellaneous new species and combinations in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 49: 197–240.

Luer, C. A. 1982a. A reevaluation of the genus Myoxanthus (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7: 34–54.

Luer, C. A. 1982b.Ophidion and Zootrophion, two new genera in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7: 79–87.

Luer, C. A. 1982c. Miscellaneous new species and combinations in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7: 100–128.

Luer, C. A. 1983a. New species of Lepanthes (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 54: 325–378.

Luer, C. A. 1983b. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 54: 379–390.

Luer, C. A. 1983c.Trichosalpinx, a new genus in the Pleurothallidinae. Phytologia 54: 393–398.

Luer, C. A. 1984a. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 55: 175–203.

Luer, C. A. 1984b. Two new species of Zootrophion from Ecuador. American Orchid Society Bulletin 53: 1293–1297.

Luer, C. A. 1984c.Lepanthes hoeijeri Luer, sp. nov. Orchideer [Vedbæk.] 5: 178–179.

Luer, C. A. 1985. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Phytologia 57: 59–64.

Luer, C. A. 1986a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—I: Systematics of the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 15: 1–81.

Luer, C. A. 1986b. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—II. Systematics of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 16: 1–63.

Luer, C. A. 1986c. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—III. Systematics of Pleurothallis (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 20: 1–109.

Luer, C. A. 1986d. New species in Brachionidium, Masdevallia, and Trisetella (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 1: 169–193.

Luer, C. A. 1987a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—IV. Systematics of Acostaea, Condylago, and Porroglossum (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 24: 1–91.

Luer, C. A. 1987b. New Lepanthes species from Ecuador—3. Lindleyana 2: 29–45.

Luer, C. A. 1987c. New Lepanthes species from Ecuador—4. Lindleyana 2: 95–111.

Luer, C. A. 1987d. New Lepanthes species from Ecuador—5. Lindleyana 2: 125–155.

Luer, C. A. 1987e. Lepanthes lucifer—A newly discovered relative of Lepanthes felis. American Orchid Society Bulletin 56: 1016–1018.

Luer, C. A. 1988a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—V. Systematics of Dresslerella and Scaphosepalum. Addenda to Porroglossum. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 26: 1–111.

Luer, C. A. 1988b. New species and subspecific taxa in Masdevallia. Lindleyana 3: 17–70.

Luer, C. A. 1988c. A revision of some sections of Pleurothallis. Lindleyana 3: 133–149.

Luer, C. A. 1989a. New species and subspecific taxa in Masdevallia—Part II. Lindleyana 3: 195–211.

Luer, C. A. 1989b. New species and subspecific taxa in Masdevallia—Part III. Lindleyana 4: 105–126.

Luer, C. A. 1989c. Two new Pleurothallids from the Cordillera del Condor. American Orchid Society Bulletin 58: 133–138.

Luer, C. A. 1989d. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—VI. Systematics of Pleurothallis (subgenus Ancipitia) (subgenus Scopula) and Trisetella. Addendum to Porroglossum (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 31: 1–125.

Luer, C. A. 1990. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—VII. Systematics of Platystele (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 38: 1–135.

Luer, C. A. 1991a. New species of Masdevallia—Part IV. Lindleyana 6: 84–93.

Luer, C. A. 1991b. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—VIII. Systematics of Lepanthopsis, Octomeria subgenus Pleurothallopsis, Restrepiella, Restrepiopsis, Salpistele, and Teagueia. Addenda to Platystele, Porroglossum, and Scaphosepalum. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 39: 1–161.

Luer, C. A. 1992a. Three new species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae) from South America. Novon 2: 6–11.

Luer, C. A. 1992b. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—IX. Systematics of Myoxanthus. Addenda to Platystele, Pleurothallis subgenus Scopula, and Scaphosepalum (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 44: 1–128.

Luer, C. A. 1993a. New species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae)—Part V. Lindleyana 8: 39–61.

Luer, C. A. 1993b. New series and species of Lepanthes (Orchidaceae) from Ecuador. Novon 3: 442–454.

Luer, C. A. 1993c. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—X. Systematics of Dracula (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 46: 1–244.

Luer, C. A. 1994a. New species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae)—Part VI. Lindleyana 9: 103–114.

Luer, C. A. 1994b. New species of Masdevallia and a new combination (Orchidaceae)—Part VII. Lindleyana 9: 243–253.

Luer, C. A. 1994c. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XI. Systematics of Lepanthes subgenus Brachycladium and Pleurothallis subgenera Aenigma, Elongatia, Kraenzlinella . Addenda to Dracula, Lepanthopsis, Myoxanthus, Platystele, Porroglossum, and Trisetella. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 52: 1–137.

Luer, C. A. 1994d. Nuevas especies del género Lepanthes en Colombia—decenas 8, 9 y 10. Orquideología; Revista de la Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideología 19: 76–122.

Luer, C. A. 1995a. New species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae)—Part VII. Lindleyana 10: 115–126.

Luer, C. A. 1995b. New species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae)—Part VIII. Lindleyana 10: 232–237.

Luer, C. A. 1995c. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XII. Systematics of Brachionidium. Addenda to Dresslerella, Platystele, and Porroglossum (Orchidaceae). A re-evaluation of the Pleurothallid subgenera Satyria and Silenia (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 57: 1–146.

Luer, C. A. 1996a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XIV. Systematics of Draconanthes (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 61(1): 1–6.

Luer, C. A. 1996b. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XIV. Systematics of Lepanthes subgenus Marsipanthes. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 61(2): 1–12.

Luer, C. A. 1996c. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XIV. The genus Lepanthes subgenus Lepanthes in Ecuador (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 61(3): 1–255.

Luer, C. A. 1996d. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XIV. Addenda to Brachionidium, Lepanthes subgen. Brachycladium, Platystele, Pleurothallis subgen. Aenigma and subgen. Ancipitia. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 61(4): 1–8.

Luer, C. A. 1996e. New species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 9: 1–10.

Luer, C. A. 1996f. New species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae) from Costa Rica. Lindleyana 11: 54–113.

Luer, C. A. 1996g. New species of Pleurothallis (Orchidaceae) from Ecuador. Lindleyana 11: 141–197.

Luer, C. A. 1996h. Nuevas especies de Restrepia. Orquideología; Revista de la Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideología 20: 117–182.

Luer, C. A. 1997a. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XV. Systematics of Trichosalpinx. Addenda to Dracula, Masdevallia, Myoxanthus, and Scaphosepalum. Corrigenda to Lepanthes of Ecuador (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 64: 1–136.

Luer, C. A. 1997b. New species of Masdevallia (Orchidaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 11: 55–64.

Luer, C. A. 1998. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XVI. Systematics of Pleurothallis subgenera Crocodeilanthe, Rhynchopera, Talpinaria. Addenda to Lepanthes of Ecuador, Masdevallia, Platystele, Pleurothallis, Restrepia, and Scaphosepalum (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 65: 1–122, figs. 1–72.

Luer, C. A. & G. Carnevali. 1993. Two new species of Pleurothallis from the Amazonian lowlands. Novon 3: 158–162.

Luer, C. A. & R. Escobar R. 1982. New species and combinations in Dracula and Masdevallia (Orchidaceae) from Colombia and Venezuela. Selbyana 7: 64–78.

Luer, C. A. & R. Escobar R. 1984. New Lepanthes species from Colombia—9. American Orchid Society Bulletin 53: 820–827.

Luer, C. A. & R. Escobar R. 1991. Species of the genus Lepanthes from Colombia. Series 4 and 5. Orquideología; Revista de la Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideología 18: 21–97.

Luer, C. A. & R. Escobar R. 1996. Icones Pleurothallidinarum—XIII. Systematics of Restrepia (Orchidaceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 59: 1–168.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1984. New Lepanthes species from Ecuador. American Orchid Society Bulletin 53: 1156–1163.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1985. New Lepanthes species from Ecuador—2. American Orchid Society Bulletin 54: 160–167.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1986a. Vier neue Arten der Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae) aus Ecuador: Brachionidium elegans, Dracula marsupialis, Masdevallia hystrix, Trichosalpinx farrago. Die Orchidee 37: 139–143.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1986b. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes asoma, erepsis, odobenella, pecunialis. Die Orchidee 37: 213–222.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1987a. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes xenos, mephistopheles, ejecta, deformis. Die Orchidee 38: 32–40.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1987b. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes binaria, callisto, caloura, condorensis. Die Orchidee 38: 283–292.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1988a. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes oxypetala und gargoyla. Die Orchidee 39: 57–61.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1988b. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes hymenoptera und decurva. Die Orchidee 39: 101–105.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1990a. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes reventador aus profusa. Die Orchidee 41: 8–12.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1990b. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes llanganatensis, carinata (Teil 2). Die Orchidee 41: 161–165.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1991. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes clandestina, floresii, metaxy, jimburae (Teil 6). Die Orchidee 42: 181–190.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1992a. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes chorista, esmeralda (Teil 7). Die Orchidee 43: 13–18.

Luer, C. A. & A. C. Hirtz. 1992b. Neue Arten der Gattung Lepanthes aus Ecuador: Lepanthes gemmula, speciosa (Teil 8). Die Orchidee 43: 66–70.

Lundell, C. L. 1979. Neotropical Myrsinaceae—II. Wrightia 6: 60–100.

Lundell, C. L. 1981. Neotropical Myrsinaceae—V. Wrightia 7: 23–25.

Lundell, C. L. 1985. Neotropical species of the genus Perrottetia (Celastraceae). Phytologia 57: 231–238.

Luteyn, J. L. 1983. Ericaceae—Part I. Cavendishia. Flora Neotropica 35: 1–290. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Luteyn, J. L. 1984. Revision of Semiramisia (Ericaceae: Vaccinieae). Systematic Botany 9: 359–367.

Luteyn, J. L. 1986. New species of Ceratostema (Ericaceae: Vaccinieae) from the northern Andes. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 67: 485–492.

Luteyn, J. L. 1987. New species and notes on neotropical Ericaceae. Opera Botanica 92: 109–130.

Luteyn, J. L. 1990. 151. Plumbaginaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 39: 37–46. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Luteyn, J. L. 1992a.Plutarchia ecuadorensis (Ericaceae—Vaccinieae). A new species and a new generic record for Ecuador. Brittonia 44: 240–243.

Luteyn, J. L. 1992b. New and interesting Ericaceae (Vaccinieae) from Ecuador. Brittonia 44: 344–349.

Luteyn, J. L. 1995a. 17. Pernettya Gaudichaud. Flora Neotropica 66: 365–382. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Luteyn, J. L. 1995b. 18. Gaultheria Linnaeus. Flora Neotropica 66: 384–487. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Luteyn, J. L. 1996. 147. Ericaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 54: 1–404. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Luther, H. E. 1980. Report from Selby: Aechmea moorei. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 30: 176–178.

Luther, H. E. 1981a. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—I. Selbyana 5: 310–314.

Luther, H. E. 1981b. Pitcairnia fusca, a new species from western Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 31: 64–65.

Luther, H. E. 1982a. Tillandsia venusta—The correct name for a showy, cultivated Tillandsia. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 32: 22–24, 31.

Luther, H. E. 1982b. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—II. Selbyana 7: 90–93.

Luther, H. E. 1983. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—III. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 33: 23–25, 37.

Luther, H. E. 1984a. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—IV. Selbyana 7: 348–353.

Luther, H. E. 1984b. A hybrid Pitcairnia from western Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 34: 272–274.

Luther, H. E. 1986. A new species of Guzmania (Bromeliaceae) from western Ecuador. Selbyana 9: 187–188.

Luther, H. E. 1987. New taxa of Bromeliaceae—V. Selbyana 10: 56–59.

Luther, H. E. 1988. A new Guzmania from northwestern Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 38: 104–106.

Luther, H. E. 1989a. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—VI. Selbyana 11: 54–57.

Luther, H. E. 1989b. A provisional checklist of the Bromeliaceae of Ecuador. Phytologia 67: 312–330.

Luther, H. E. 1990. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—VII. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 40: 206–209, 250–253.

Luther, H. E. 1991a. Two new Pitcairnias of exceptional horticultural merit. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 41: 99–101.

Luther, H. E. 1991b. A new Guzmania from western Amazonia. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 41: 6–7.

Luther, H. E. 1991c. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—VIII. Selbyana 12: 68–90.

Luther, H. E. 1992a. Three new species of Bromeliaceae from Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 12: 219–221.

Luther, H. E. 1992b. A giant new Guzmania from Amazonian Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 42: 168–169.

Luther, H. E. 1993a. An unusual night-flowering Guzmania from southeastern Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 43: 195–197.

Luther, H. E. 1993b. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—IX. Phytologia 74: 449–458.

Luther, H. E. 1994a. A new species and two new combinations of Ecuadorian Bromeliaceae (Tillandsioideae). Nordic Journal of Botany 14: 327–329.

Luther, H. E. 1994b. A new miniature Guzmania from northwestern Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 44: 30–31.

Luther, H. E. 1995a. A new Vriesea from Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 45: 52–54, 56.

Luther, H. E. 1995b. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—X. Selbyana 16: 235–238.

Luther, H. E. 1996. Another new Guzmania from northwestern Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 46: 81–82.

Luther, H. E. 1997. Miscellaneous new taxa of Bromeliaceae—XI. Selbyana 18: 95–102.

Luther, H. E. & R. O. Determann. 1993. A new Guzmania from northwestern Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 43: 152–153.

Luther, H. E. & R. O. Determann. 1995. An unusual new Guzmania from northwestern Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 45: 118–122.

Luther, H. E. & E. Sieff. 1994. De Rebus Bromeliacearum— I. Selbyana 15: 9–93.

Luther, H. E. & E. Sieff. 1997. De Rebus Bromeliacearum—II. Selbyana 18: 103–140.

Luther, H. E. & M. Whitten. 1992. A new Pitcairnia from western Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 42: 245–247.

Maas , P. J. M. 1972. Costoideae (Zingiberaceae). Flora Neotropica 8: 1–140. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas , P. J. M. 1976. 222. Zingiberaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 6: 1–50. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Maas , P. J. M. 1977.Renealmia (Zingiberaceae—Zingiberoideae), Costoideae (Additions) (Zingiberaceae). Flora Neotropica 18: 1–218. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas , P. J. M. 1983. Systematic studies in neotropical Gentianaceae—the Lisianthus complex: Introduction and conclusion. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 32: 371–374.

Maas , P. J. M. & H. Maas. 1987a. Ecuadorian saprophytes, a preliminary review. Opera Botanica 92: 131–145.

Maas , P. J. M. & H. Maas. 1987b. Notes on New World Zingiberaceae—III. Some new species in Renealmia. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 44: 237–248.

Maas , P. J. M. & H. Maas 1988. 223. Cannaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 32: 1–9. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Maas , P. J. M. & H. Maas-van de Kamer. 1993. Haemodoraceae. Flora Neotropica 61: 1–44. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M., H. Maas-van de Kamer, J. van Benthem, H. C. M. Snelders & T. Bübsamen. 1986. Burmanniaceae. Flora Neotropica 42: 1–189. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas , P. J. M., E. A. Mennega & L. Y. Th. Westra. 1994. Studies in Annonaceae—XXI. Index to species and infraspecific taxa of neotropical Annonaceae. Candollea 49: 389–481.

Maas , P. J. M. & P. Ruyters. 1986.Voyria and Voyriella (Saprophytic Gentianaceae). Flora Neotropica 41: 1–93. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M., E. C. H. van Heusden, J. Koek-Noorman, A. K. van Setten & L. Y. Th. Westra. 1988. Studies in Annonaceae—IX. New species from the Neotropics and miscellaneous notes. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Series C: Biological and Medical Sciences 91: 243–282.

Maas , P. J. M. & L. Y. Th. Westra. 1984. Studies in the Annonaceae—II. A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A. St. Hil. Part I. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 105: 73–134.

Maas , P. J. M. & L. Y. Th. Westra. 1985. Studies in the Annonaceae—II. A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A. St. Hil. Part II. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 105: 145–204.

Maas , P. J. M. & L. Y. Th. Westra. 1989. Studies in Annonaceae—XI. Monograph of Rollinia: Preliminary notes. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Series C: Biological and Medical Sciences 92: 297–324.

Maas , P. J. M., L. Y. Th. Westra & Collaborators. 1992.Rollinia. Flora Neotropica 57: 1–188. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Macbride, J. F. 1931. Spermatophytes, mostly Peruvian—III. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 11: 1–36.

Macbride, J. F. 1936a. Amaryllidaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/3): 631–690.

Macbride, J. F. 1936b. Araceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/3): 428–486.

Macbride, J. F. 1936c. Cyperaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/1): 261–320.

Macbride, J. F. 1936d. Gramineae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/1): 96–261.

Macbride, J. F. 1936e. Iridaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/3): 707–717.

Macbride, J. F. 1936f. Liliaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/3): 617–630.

Macbride, J. F. 1936g. Marantaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(1/3): 741–767.

Macbride, J. F. 1937a. Batidaceae (Bataceae), Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(2/2): 546.

Macbride, J. F. 1937b. Caryophyllaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(2/2): 578–638.

Macbride, J. F. 1937c. Chenopodiaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(2/2): 469–478.

Macbride, J. F. 1937d. Proteaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(2/2): 367–375.

Macbride, J. F. 1938. Lauraceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(2/3): 819–931.

Macbride, J. F. 1941. Combretaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(4/1): 221–229.

Macbride, J. F. 1949. Linaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3/2): 621–632.

Macbride, J. F. 1950. Polygalaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3/3): 891–950.

Macbride, J. F. 1951. Euphorbiaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3A/1): 3–200.

Macbride, J. F. 1956a. Sapindaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3A/2): 291–391.

Macbride, J. F. 1956b. Sterculiaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3A/2): 622–667.

Macbride, J. F. 1956c. Tiliaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(3A/2): 413–442.

Macbride, J. F. 1959. Apocynaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(5/1): 363–455.

Macbride, J. F. 1960. Boraginaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(5/2): 539–609.

Macbride, J. F. 1961. Bignoniaceae, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(5C/1): 3–101.

MacDonald, I. A. W., L. Ortiz, J. E. Lawesson & J. B. Novak. 1988. The invasion of the Highlands in Galápagos by the red quinine tree, Cinchona succirubra. Environmental Conservation 15: 215–220.

MacDougal, J. M. 1994. Revision of Passiflora subgenus Decaloba section Pseudodysosmia (Passifloraceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 41: 1–146.

Madison, M. T. 1977. New aroids from western Ecuador. Selbyana 2: 21–25.

Madison, M. T. 1978a. The species of Anthurium with palmately divided leaves. Selbyana 2: 239–281.

Madison, M. T. 1978b. A new Anthurium from western Ecuador (Araceae). Selbyana 2: 286.

Madison, M. T. 1978c. A new Anthurium from eastern Ecuador. Selbyana 5: 94.

Madison, M. T. 1981. Notes on Caladium (Araceae) and its allies. Selbyana 5: 342–377.

Madsen, E. B. 1990. The genus Acacia Mill. in Ecuador. Unpublished MS thesis, University of Aarhus, Århus.

Madsen, J. E. 1989. 45. Cactaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 35: 1–79. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Madsen, J. E. & B. Øllgaard, 1994. Floristic composition, structure, and dynamics of an upper montane rain forest in southern Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 14: 403–423.

Maguire, B. 1962.Epidryos. A substitute name in the Rapateaceae. Taxon 11: 57.

Maguire, B. 1964. Rosaceae. In: J. A. Steyermark, Notes on Ecuador plants. Phytologia 9: 345–346.

Maguire, B. et al. 1967. The botany of the Guayana highland—Part VII. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 17: 1–439.

Maguire, B. et al. 1969. The botany of the Guyana highland—Part VIII. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 18: 1–290.

Maguire, B. & J. J. Wurdack. 1958. The botany of the Guayana highland—Part III. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 10: 1–156.

Malme, G. O. A. 1932. Asclepiadaceae austroamericanae praecipue andinae. Arkiv för Botanik utgivet av K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien 25A: 1–25, t. 1–3.

Mansfeld, R. 1937. Gesneriaceae austroamericanae novae vel rariores—III. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 38: 145–150.

Manzanares, J. M. 1998.Vriesea tillii, a new species from Ecuador. Journal of the Bromeliad Society 48: 169–171.

Marais, W. & J. Reilly. 1978. Chlorophytum and its related genera (Liliaceae). Kew Bulletin 32: 653–663.

Markgraf, F. 1930. Monographie der Gattung Gnetum. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg, ser. 3, 10: 407–511.

Markgraf, F. 1935. Die Gliederung der asiatischen Tabernaemontanoideen. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 12: 540–552.

Markgraf, F. 1941. Die Gattung Lacmellea H. Karsten. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 15: 615–629.

Markgraf, F. 1965. New discoveries of Gnetum in tropical America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 52: 379–386.

Marques, M. do C. M. 1980. Revisão das especies do gênero Bredemeyera Willd. (Polygalaceae) do Brasil. Rodriguésia 32: 269–321.

Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. 1985. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157.

Martínez, M. D. 1981. The neotropical species of the genus Corchorus, Tiliaceae. 1–155. Unpublished MS thesis, University of Kentucky, Lexington.

Martínez, S. 1993. Sinopsis del género Azorella (Apiaceae, Hydrocotyloideae). Darwiniana 32: 171–184.

Martínez-Laborde, J. B. 1985. Sinopsis preliminar del género Rorippa (Cruciferae) en la Argentina. Parodiana 3: 269–305.

Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance. 1967. Some Umbelliferae of the Andean paramos of South America. Brittonia 19: 212–226.

Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance. 1976. 145. Umbelliferae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 5: 1–71. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Mathias, M. E. & W. L. Theobald. 1981. A revision of the genus Hyperbaena (Menispermaceae). Brittonia 33: 81–104.

Matthei, O. 1986. El género Bromus L. (Poaceae) en Chile. Gayana, Botánica 43: 47–110.

Maury, P. 1888. Les Cypéracées de L'Ecuador et de la Nouvelle-Grenade de la collection de M. E. André. Journal de Botanique (Morot) 2: 389–396, 418–425.

Maxon, W. 1938. Fern Miscellany—IV. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 51: 33–40.

Maxon, W. R. 1945. New tropical American ferns—XV. American Fern Journal 35: 21–25.

Maxwell, R. H. 1969. The genus Dioclea (Fabaceae) in the New World. 1–430. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Southern Illinois University of Carbondale, Carbonale.

McClintock, E. 1957. A monograph of the genus Hydrangea. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 4, 29: 147–256.

McClintock, E. & C. Epling. 1946. A revision of Teucrium in the New World, with observations on its variation, geographical distribution and history. Brittonia 5: 491–510.

McClure, F. A. 1973. Genera of bamboos native to the New World (Gramineae: Bambusoideae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 9: 1–148.

McCune, B. & M. J. Mefford, 1997. PC-ORD. Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data, Version 3.0. MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach.

McDade, L. A. 1988. Recognition of Aphelandra glabrata (Acanthaceae) from western South America, with notes on phylogenetic relationships. Systematic Botany 13: 235–239.

McPherson, G. 1981. Studies in Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae)—I. The Arborescens Group. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 68: 527–545.

McVaugh, R. 1949. Studies in South American Lobelioideae (Campanulaceae) with special reference to Colombian species. Brittonia 6: 450–493.

McVaugh, R. 1956. Tropical American Myrtaceae: Notes on generic concepts and descriptions of previously unrecognized species. Fieldiana, Botany 29: 145–228.

McVaugh, R. 1958a. Myrtaceae. In: B. Maguire & collaborators, The botany of the Guayana Highland—Part III. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 10: 61–91.

McVaugh, R. 1958b. Myrtaceae. In: J. F. Macbride, Flora of Peru. Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 13(4/2): 569–818.

McVaugh, R. 1963. Tropical American Myrtaceae—II. Notes on generic concepts and descriptions of previously unrecognized species. Fieldiana, Botany 29: 393–532.

McVaugh, R. 1969. Myrtaceae. In: B. Maguire & collaborators, The botany of the Guayana Highland—Part VIII. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 18: 55–286.

McVaugh, R. 1970. Introduction to Bentham’s Plantae Hartwegianae. 1–101. In: G. Bentham’s Plantae Hartwegianae, Historiae Naturalis Classica, LXXX. J. Cramer, Lehre.

McVaugh, R. 1983. Gramineae. 14: 1–436. In: R. McVaugh, Flora Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Meerow, A. W. 1990. 202. Amaryllidaceae. In: G. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 41: 1–53. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Göteborg; Stockholm; Quito.

Meijer, W. 1978. Mollia (Tiliaceae). In: B. Maguire & collaborators, The botany of the Guayana Highland—Part X. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 29: 68–82.

Mena V., P. 1990. A revision of the genus Arcytophyllum (Rubiaceae: Hedyotideae). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 60: 1–26.

Mena, P., C. Ulloa Ulloa & O. Herrera-MacBryde. 1997. Páramos and Andean forests of Sangay National Park, Ecuador. 458–464. In: WWF and IUCN. Centers of Plant Diversity—A Guide and Strategy for their Conservation. Vol. 3: The Americas. IUCN, Cambridge.

Mennega, A. M. W. 1992. New combinations and nomenclatural notes on the genera Salacia and Tontelea (Celastraceae, sensu lato) in the Neotropics—V. Novon 2: 232–234.

Mereles, F. 1989. Mayacaceae. 1–11. In: G. Bocquet & M. R. Crosby (eds.), Flora del Paraguay. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève; Missouri Botanical Garden, Geneva; St. Louis.

Mesa , A. 1981. Nolanaceae. Flora Neotropica 26: 1–197. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Mettenius, G. 1864. Prodromus Florae Novo-Granatensis. Filices. Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique, sér. 5, 2: 193–271.

Mez, C. 1902. Myrsinaceae. IV. 236(Heft 9): 1–437. In: H. G. A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.

Mez, C. 1905. Additamenta monographica 1904. Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier, sér. 2, 5: 233–244.

Mez, C. 1920. Additamenta monographica 1919—III. Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 16: 410–425.

Mickel, J. T. 1985. The proliferous species of Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae) and their relatives. Brittonia 37: 261–278.

Mickel, J. T. 1991a. XXV. Elaphoglossum. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 27: 110–166. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Mickel, J. T. 1991b. XXVI. Peltapteris. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 27: 167–170. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Mickel, J. T. 1993. Six new species of Elaphoglossum (Elaphoglossaceae). Brittonia 45: 213–218.

Mickel, J. T. 1995a. 2. Elaphoglossum Schott ex J. Sm., nom. cons. 1: 250–283. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Mickel, J. T. 1995b. 4. Peltapteris Link. 1: 285. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Mickel, J. T. 1995c. 8. Elaphoglossum Schott ex J. Sm. 2: 89–105. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Mickel, J. T. & J. M. Beitel. 1988. Pteridophyte Flora of Oaxaca, Mexico. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 46: 1–568. Mildbraed, J. 1926. Plantae Tessmannianae Peruvianae—III. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 9: 964–997

Mildner, R. A. & C. M. Rogers. 1978. Revision of the native South American species of Linum (Linaceae). Phytologia 39: 343–390.

Miller, J. S. 1988. A revised treatment of Boraginaceae for Panama. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: 456–521.

Miller, R. R. 1968. For Science and National Glory—The Spanish Scientific Expedition to America, 1862–1866. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Mione, T. 1992. The systematics and evolution of Jaltomata (Solanaceae). 1–161. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Connecticut, Storrs.

Mione, T., G. J. Anderson & M. Nee. 1993.Jaltomata—I. Circumscription, description, and new combinations for five South American species (Solaneae, Solanaceae). Brittonia 45: 138–145.

Mirbel, C. F. B. 1804. Genre dix-neuvième. Les Bomares; Bomarea Mirb. 9: 71–72. In: C. F. B. Mirbel, Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des plantes. F. Dufart, Paris.

Mitchell, J. D. 1993.Tapirira obtusa comb. nov. (Anacardiaceae). Novon 3: 66.

Mitchell, J. D. & S. A. Mori. 1987. The cashew and its relatives (Anacardium: Anacardiaceae). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 42: 1–76.

Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1958. A revision of the genus Stylosanthes. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 44: 299–354.

Molau, U. 1983a. 127. Bixaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 20: 1–7. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Molau, U. 1983b. 128. Cochlospermaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 20: 10–15. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Molau, U. 1983c. 130. Elatinaceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 20: 17–23. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Molau, U. 1986. The Gothenburg University Neotropical program 1984–86. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 15: 74–79.

Molau, U. 1988. Scrophulariaceae. Part I. Calceolarieae. Flora Neotropica 47: 1–326. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Molau, U. 1990. The genus Bartsia (Scrophulariaceae—Rhinanthoideae). Opera Botanica 102: 1–99.

Moldenke, H. N. 1934a. A monograph of the genus Aegiphila. Brittonia 1: 245–477.

Moldenke, H. N. 1934b. Some new and neglected species and varieties of the Verbenaceae. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 37: 209–239.

Moldenke, H. N. 1937. Additional notes on the genus Aegiphila—III. Phytologia 1: 248–272.

Moldenke, H. N. 1940a. Additional notes on the Menispermaceae— I. Lilloa 5: 231–255.

Moldenke, H. N. 1940b. Additional verbenaceous novelties. Phytologia 1: 433–448.

Moldenke, H. N. 1941. Novelties in the Eriocaulaceae and Verbenaceae. Phytologia 2: 6–32.

Moldenke, H. N. 1947. Notes on new and noteworthy plants— I. Phytologia 2: 213–242.
Moldenke, H. N. 1959. Materials toward a monograph of the genus Citharexylum—VII. Phytologia 7: 49–73.

Moldenke, H. N. 1965. Materials toward a monograph of the genus Lippia. I. Phytologia 12: 6–71.

Moldenke, H. N. 1976. Notes on new and noteworthy plants—XCI. Phytologia 34: 245–246.

Moldenke, H. N. 1977. Notes on new and noteworthy plants—XCIX. Phytologia 36: 49–53.

Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the World as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy. Phytologia Memoirs 2: 1–629.

Moldenke, H. N. 1982a. Notes on new and noteworthy plants—CLIV. Phytologia 50: 214–215.

Moldenke, H. N. 1982b. Notes on new and noteworthy plants—CLV. Phytologia 50: 308–310.

Moldenke, H. N. 1982c. Notes on new and noteworthy plants—CLVI. Phytologia 50: 468–469.

Moldenke, H. N. 1984. Notes on new and noteworthy plants—CLXXVII. Phytologia 56: 144.

Molina R., A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19: 1–118.

Monachino, J. V. 1947. A new species of Daphnopsis from Ecuador. Phytologia 2: 212–213.

Moore , D. M. 1983. Flora of Tierra del Fuego. 1–396. A. Nelson; Missouri Botanical Garden, Oswestry; St. Louis.

Moore, H. E., Jr. 1982. A new species of Wettinia (Palmae) from Ecuador. Principes 26: 42–43.

Moraes, M. & A. Henderson. 1990. The genus Parajubaea (Palmae). Brittonia 42: 92–99.

Morales, J. F. 1997. A synopsis of the genus Allomarkgrafia (Apocynaceae). Brittonia 49: 337–345.

Morales, J. F. 1997[1998]. A synopsis of the genus Macropharynx (Apocynaceae). Rhodora 99: 252–262.

Moran, R. C. 1986. The neotropical fern genus Olfersia. American Fern Journal 76: 161–178.

Moran, R. C. 1987. Monograph of the neotropical fern genus Polybotrya (Dryopteridaceae). Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey 34: 1–138.

Moran, R. C. 1991a. Monograph of the neotropical fern genus Stigmatopteris. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 78: 857–914.

Moran, R. C. 1991b. XI. Stigmatopteris. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 27: 42–46. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Moran, R. C. 1991c. XIV. Olfersia. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 27: 55–57. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Moran, R. C. 1991d. XV. Polybotrya. Fieldiana: Botany, New Series 27: 57–65. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Moran, R. C. 1991e. Eight new species of tree ferns (Cyathea, Cyatheaceae) from the American tropics and three new combinations. Novon 1: 88–104.

Moran, R. C. 1992. Five new species of ferns from the American tropics. Novon 2: 132–138.

Moran, R. C. 1995a. Five new species and two new combinations of ferns (Polypodiopsida) from Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 15: 49–58.

Moran, R. C. 1995b. 1. Acrostichum L. 1: 105–106. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995c. 1. Arachniodes Blume. 1: 210–211. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995d. 1. Ctenitis (C. Chr.) C. Chr. 1: 196–200. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995e. 2. Athyrium Roth. 1: 227–228. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995f. 2. Cyclopeltis J. Sm. 1: 200–201. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995g. 2. Dicranoglossum J. Sm. 1: 338. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995h. 3. Dictyoxiphium Hook. 1: 201. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995i. 3. Didymochlaena Desv. 1: 212. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995j. 3. Lomariopsis Fée. 1: 283–284. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995k. 3. Lygodium Sw., nom. cons. 1: 56–57. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995l. 4. Dryopteris Adans., nom. cons. 1: 212–214. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995m. 4. Lastreopsis Ching. 1: 201–202. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995n. 4. Microgramma C. Presl. 1: 339–340. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995o. 5. Anogramma Link. 1: 118–119. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995p. 5. Hemidictyum C. Presl. 1: 246. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995q. 5. Maxonia C. Chr. 1: 214. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995r. 6. Olfersia Raddi. 1: 214. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995s. 6. Tectaria Cav. 1: 204–209. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995t. 7. Niphidium J. Sm. 1: 341. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995u. 8. Pecluma M.G. Price. 1: 341–345. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995v. 8. Polybotrya Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 1: 216–218. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995x. 9. Ceratopteris Brongn. 1: 121. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995y. 9. Phlebodium (R. Br.) J. Sm. 1: 345–346. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995z. 10. Gleicheniaceae. 1: 58–62. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995aa. 10. Stigmatopteris C. Chr. 1: 225–227. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ab. 11. Polypodium L. 1: 349–365. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ac. 12. Doryopteris Sm., nom. cons. 1: 129–130. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ad. 13. Eriosorus Fée. 1: 130–131. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ae. 13. Solanopteris Copel. 1: 365–366. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995af. 15. Jamesonia Hook. & Grev. 1: 133. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ag. 18. Neurocallis Fée. 1: 134–135. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ah. 19. Vittariaceae. 1: 145–150. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ai. 20. Dennstaedtiaceae. 1: 157–160. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995aj. 21. Pityrogramma Link. 1: 137–140. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995ak. 22. Pteris L. 1: 140–144. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995al. 23. Pterozonium Fée. 1: 145. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995am. 28. Blechnaceae. 1: 325–333. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. 1995an. 32. Salviniaceae. 1: 395–397. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & B. Øllgaard. 1995. Six new species of ferns (Polypodiopsida) from Ecuador. Nordic Journal of Botany 15: 177–185.

Moran, R. C. & J. T. Mickel. 1995. 2. Anemia Sw., nom. cons. 1: 53–56. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995a. 4. Grammitis Sw. 1: 375–376. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995b. 5. Lellingeria A.R. Sm. & R.C. Moran. 1: 376–380. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995c. 6. Melpomene A.R. Sm. & R.C. Moran. 1: 380–382. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995d. 7. Triplophyllum Holttum. 1: 209–210. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995e. 9. Zygophlebia L.E. Bishop. 1: 392–393. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995f. 15. Olfersia Raddi. 2: 116–117. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995g. 16. Polybotrya Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 2: 117–118. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Moran, R. C. & A. R. Smith. 1995h. 19. Stigmatopteris C. Chr. 2: 122–123. In: J. A. Steyermark, P. E. Berry & B. K. Holst (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Timber Press; Missouri Botanical Garden, Portland; St. Louis.

Moran, R. C., B. Zimmer & A. C. Jermy. 1995. 3. Adiantum L. 1: 106–117. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Mora-Osejo, L. 1984. Haloragaceae. 3: 1–178. In: P. Pinto & P. M. Ruiz (eds.), Flora de Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Santafé de Bogotá.

Mora-Osejo, L. E. 1978. Nuevas especies de Gunnera L. del Neotropico—II. Mutisia 45: 1–11.

Moreno , N. P. 1993. Taxonomic revision of Clematis L. subgenus Clematis. 1–246. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Morgan, D. R. 1993. A molecular systematic study and taxonomic revision of Psilactis (Asteraceae: Astereae). Systematic Botany 18: 290–308.

Mori, S. A. 1977.Gustavia dodsonii (Lecythidaceae), a new species from Río Palenque, Ecuador. Selbyana 2: 37–38.

Mori, S. A. & G. T. Prance. 1990. Lecythidaceae—Part II. The zygomorphic-flowered New World genera (Couroupita, Corythophora, Bertholletia, Couratari, Eschweilera, & Lecythis). Flora Neotropica 21: 1–376. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Morillo, G. 1978a. El género Marsdenia en Venezuela, Colombia y Ecuador. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 13: 23–74.

Morillo, G. 1978b. Asclepiadaceae. 243–250. In: Steyermark, J. A. & O. Huber (eds.), Flora del Avila. Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, Caracas.

Morillo, G. 1984. Nuevas especies, nuevos nombres y nuevas combinaciones en Matelea Aubl. Ernstia 24: 35–40.

Morillo, G. 1985. Especies y combinaciones nuevas en Matelea Aublet. Ernstia 29: 1–9.

Morillo, G. 1986 [1987]. Notas sobre Asclepiadaceae neotropicales. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 43: 235–244.

Morillo, G. 1987. Notas sobre Asclepiadaceae neotropicales. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 43: 235–244.

Morillo, G. 1988. Especies, combinaciones y sinónimos nuevos en Fischeria DC., Gonolobus Mich. y Matelea Aubl. Comentarios sobre una especie interesante de Gomolobus Mich. y sus afines. Ernstia 50: 12–31.

Morillo, G. 1990a. Revisión sinoptica de Stenomeria Turcz. (Asclepiadaceae). Acta Botanica Venezuelica 16: 79–91.

Morillo, G. 1990b. Veinte Asclepiadaceae sudamericanas nuevas para la ciencia y una nueva combinación. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 47: 349–359.

Morillo, G. 1992a. Quince Asclepiadaceas andinas nuevas de los géneros Cynanchum y Matelea. Ernstia 2: 3–16.

Morillo, G. 1992b. Especies nuevas y nuevas combinaciones en Cynanchum y Matelea (Asclepiadaceae) andinas. Ernstia 2: 59–72.

Morillo, G. 1993. Asclepiadaceae andinas nuevas o interesantes. Acta Botánica Venezuelica 16: 55–71.

Morillo, G. 1994a. Fontellaea, gen. nov., y otras novedades o aportaciones en Asclepiadaceae andinas. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 52 : 33–41.

Morillo, G. 1994b. Seis Asclepiadaceae sudamericanas nuevas para la ciencia. Ernstia 4: 3–10.

Morillo, G. 1994c. Two new species and a new name in Andean Asclepiadaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 14: 283–286.

Morillo, G. 1995. Nuevas especies en las Asclepiadaceae andinas. Pittieria 23: 35–53.

Morillo, G. 1997. Revisión preliminar de Metalepis Griseb. (Asclepiadaceae). Pittieria 26: 65–99.

Morley, T. 1976. Memecyleae (Melastomataceae). Flora Neotropica 15: 1–296. Organization for Flora Neotropica by The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Morley, T. 1998. A new and an emended species of Mouriri (Melastomataceae). Novon 8: 41–44.

Morrone, O., A. S. Vega & F. Zuloaga. 1996. Revisión de las especies del género Paspalum L. (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae), grupo Dissecta (s. str.). Candollea 51: 103–138.

Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga. 1992. Revisión de las especies sudamericanas nativas e introducidas de los géneros Brachiaria y Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Darwiniana 31: 43–109.

Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga. 1993. Sinopsis del género Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) para México y America Central. Darwiniana 32: 59–75.

Morrone, O. & F. O. Zuloaga. 1993. Sinopsis del género Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) para México y America Central. Darwiniana 32: 59–75.

Morton, C. V. 1967. The genus Grammitis in Ecuador. Contributions from the U. S. National Herbarium 38: 85–123.

Morton, C. V. 1971. Some types and range extensions in Hybanthus (Violaceae). Phytologia 21: 56–62.

Müller, C., G. K. Müller & P. Gutte. 1981. Neufunde für die peruanische Flora: Gramineae, Cyperaceae. Willdenowia 11: 333–341.

Müller, J. 1866. Euphorbiaceae. 15(2): 189–1261. In: A. P. de Candolle (ed.), Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis. Victoris Masson, Paris.

Müller, J. 1873. Euphorbiaceae [I]. 11(2A): 1–292, t. 1–42. In: C. F. P. von Martius (ed.), Flora Brasiliensis. F. Fleischer, Munchen and Leipzig.

Müller, J. 1874. Euphorbiaceae [II]. 11(2B): 293–726, t. 43–104. In: C. F. P. von Martius (ed.), Flora Brasiliensis. F. Fleischer, Munchen and Leipzig.

Mullin, J. M. 1994. 9. Allium L. 6: 31–32. In: G. Davidse, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (eds.), Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Missouri Botanical Garden; The Natural History Museum, México, D. F.; St. Louis; London.

Munro, W. 1868. A monograph of the Bambusaceae, including descriptions of all the species. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 1–157.

Muñoz G., F. 1993. La Expedición Malaspina 1789–1794. Tomo III. Diarios y trabajos botánicos de Luis Née. Ministerio de Defensa, Museo Naval & Lunwerg, Barcelona.

Munz, P. A. 1974a. A flora of southern California. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Munz, P. A. 1974b. 141. Onagraceae. In: G. Harling & B. Sparre (eds.), Flora of Ecuador 3: 1–46. University of Götenborg; Riksmuseum, Göteborg; Stockholm.

Murakami, N. & R. C. Moran. 1993. Monograph of the neotropical species of Asplenium sect. Hymenasplenium (Aspleniaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80: 1–38.

Murillo, L. M. 1951. El Amor y la sabiduría de Francisco José de Caldas. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 8: 149–153.

Murillo, L. M. 1960. Francisco José Caldas (Exégesis de su obra). Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 10: vii–xv.

Murillo, M. T. 1966. Pteridophyta. Catálogo ilustrado de las plantas de Cundinamarca 2: 1–153.

Murillo, M. T. 1968.Blechnum subgénero Blechnum en Sur América, con especial referencia a las especies de Colombia. Nova Hedwigia 16: 329–366, t. 110–147.

Murphy, H. 1986. A revision of the genus Fischeria (Asclepiadaceae). Systematic Botany 11: 229–241.

Murray, N. A. 1993. Revision of Cymbopetalum and Porcelia (Annonaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 40: 1–121.

Murrell, Z. E. 1996. A new section of Cornus in South and Central America. Systematic Botany 21: 273–288.

Muschler, R. 1914. Compositae Peruv. et Boliv.—II. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 50(2–3, Beibl. 111): 76–108.

 

<< Back | Top >>

 
 
© 1995-2014 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
(314) 577-5100

E-mail
Technical Support