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Pollination Biology of Lapeirousia subgenus Lapeirousia (Iridaceae) in southern Africa; floral divergence and adaptation for long-tongued fly-pollination


Abstract | Materials and Methods | Results | Discussion | Literature

Table 2. Analyses of pollen loads carried by insects collected on Lapeirousia species. Prosoeca = Pr.; Tetraloniella = T.; Megistorhynchus = M.; Philoliche = Ph; Parafidelia = Pa; Anthophora = A.; Heliotis = H. Pollen types abbreviated as follows: Ac = Acacia; An = Anthericaceae; Co = Asteraceae; Gr = Grielum; He = Hermannia; La = Lapeirousia; Op = orchid pollinium; Pa = papilionoid legume (?Wiborgia); Pe = Pelargonium; Po = Polygala; Sc = Scrophulariaceae; Wa = mixed campanulales (?Wahlenbergia, Prismatocarpus); Ud = unidentified dicot; Um = unidentified monocot. Figures in parentheses after insect names indicate number of individuals. Figures in columns 3-16 are the numbers of insects bearing a particular pollen type.

Lapeirousia species Insect taxon (n) Pollen Loads
AcAnCoGrHeLaOp PaPePoScWaUdUm
Subgenus Lapeirousia
L. silenoides group
L. dolomitica Diptera
Pr. peringueyi (1)-- ---1------1-
L. jacquinii Diptera
Pr. sp. (2)-----2-- ---111
Pr. peringueyi (3) -----3- 2------
L. oreogena Diptera
Pr. sp. (5)--3--5-- ------
L. pyramidalis subsp. regalis Diptera
Pr. peringueyi (5) -----5--------
L. silenoides Diptera
Pr. peringueyi (9) -----9- -8----1
L. violacea Diptera
Pr. peringueyi (1) --1--2- -------
L. divaricata group
L. barklyi Hymenoptera
Pa. major (1) 1111---- ------
L. exilis Diptera
Bombyliid (2) -----2---- ----
Hymenoptera
Apis mellifera (5) -----5- -------
L. divaricata Lepidoptera
H. armigera (2) --2--1- --1----
Hymenoptera
A. diversipes (5) --4-15- 12--121
A. krugeri (2) --1-22- -1-----
A. schulzei (1) --1--11 -------
A. braunsii (1) ----11- -------
Amegilla grisella (1) ----11 --------
L. montana Diptera
Bombyliid (2) --1--2---- ----
Hymenoptera
A. krugeri (1) --1-11- -------
Lepidoptera
Cynthia cardui (1) --1--1- --1--1-
H. armigera (2) --1---- -------
L. plicataHymenoptera
Apis mellifera (6) -----6- -------
T. cf. karroica (4) -----4- -------
L. spinosa Hymenoptera
Hoplitis similis (1) --1--1 --------
L. fabricii group
L. anceps Diptera
M. longirostris (1) --1--1--1--11-
L. fabriciiDiptera
Ph. gulosa (4)-11--4- -21-­1-
M. longirostris (3) 112--3 1---1-2-
Subgenus Paniculata
L. azureaHymenoptera
A. diversipes (2) --2-121 -1--121
L. fastigiata Hymenoptera
A. diversipes (1) 1----1- -----1-
Hoplitis similis (1) --1--1 --1-----
L. neglectaHymenoptera
Xylocopa hottentotta (1)--1--1------1 -

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