GENERAL LITERATURE

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Articles or books by two or more authors are cited as follows. When there are two authors, citation is alphabetical after the second author's name. When there are three or more authors, references are cited in the body of the text as (e.g.) Chase et al. 2000a, 2000b, 2000c, and are listed following these sometimes alphabetically qualified dates of publication immediately after all the single- or two-authored articles by the first author.

Qi, X. [et al. 2018], Kuo, L,-Y., Guo, C., Li, H., Li, Z., Qi, J., Wang, L., Hu, Y., Xiang, J., Zhang, C., Guo, J., Huang, C.-H., & Ma, H. 2018. A well-resolved fern nuclear phylogeny reveals the evolution history of numerous transcription factor families. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 127: 961-977. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev

Qi, X. S. [et al. 2012], Chen, C., Comes, H. P., Sakagushi, S., Liu, Y.-H., Tanaka, N., Sakio, H. & Qiu, Y.-X. 2012. Molecular data and ecological niche modelling reveal a highly dynamic evolutionary history of the East Asian Tertiary relict Cercidiphyllum (Cercidiphyllaceae). New Phytol. 196: 617–630.

Qi, Z. [et al. 2012], Li, P., Zhao, Y., Cameron, K., & Fu, C. 2012. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Smilacaceae (Liliales), a cosmopolitan family of monocots. P. 197, in Botany 2012: The Next Generation. July 7-11 - Columbus, Ohio. Abstracts.

Qi, Z. [et al. 2013], Cameron, K. M., Li, P., Zhao, Y., Chen, S., Chen, G., & Fu, C. 2013. Phylogenetics, character evolution, and distribution patterns of the greenbriers, Smilacaceae (Liliales), a near cosmopolitan family of monocots. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 173: 535-548.

Qian, H. 2014. Contrasting relationships between clade age and temperature along latitudinal versus elevational gradients for woody angiosperms in forests of South America. J. Vegetat. Sci. 25: 1208–1215. doi: 10.1111/jvs.12175

Qian, H., & Ricklefs, R. E. 2004. Taxon richness and climate in angiosperms: Is there a globally consistent relationship that precludes region effects? American Naturalist 163: 773-779 [see Electronic Appendix for plant distributions].

Qian, H., & Ricklefs, R. E. 2016. Out of the tropical lowlands: Latitude versus elevantion. Trends Ecol. Evol.31: 738-741.

Qian, H., & Zhang, J. 2014. Using an updated time-calibrated family-level phylogeny of seed plants to test for non-random patterns of life forms across the phylogeny. J. Syst. Evol. 52: 423-430.

Qiao, X. [et al. 2019], Li, Q., Yin, H., Li, L., Wang, R., Zhang, S., & Paterson, A. H. 2019. Gene duplication and evolution in recurring polyploidization-diploidization cycles in plants. Genome Biol. 20:38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-019-1650-2

Qin, A.-L. [et al. 2013], Wang, M.-M., Cun, Y.-Z., Yang, F.-S., Wang, S.-S., Ran, J.-R., & Wang, X.-Q. 2013. Phylogeographic evidence for a link of species divergence in Ephedra in the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau and adjacent regions to the Miocene Asian aridification. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56243. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056243

Qin, H.-N. 1998. A taxonomic revision of the Lardizabalaceae. Cathaya 8-9: 1-214.

Qin, J. [et al. 2019], Li, J., Gao, Q., Wilson, J., & Zhang, A. 2019. Mitochondrial phylogeny and comparative mitogenomics of closely related pine moth pests (Lepidoptera: Dendrolimus). PeerJ 7:e7317. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7317

Qin, Q.-M. [et al. 2020]. Tong, Y.-H., Zheng, X.-R., Ni, J.-B., & Xia, N. H. 2021 [= 2020]. Sinosasa (Poaceae: Bambusoideae), a new genus from China. Taxon 70: 27-47.

Qiu, H., & Gilbert, M. G. 2003. Loranthaceae. Pp. 220-239, in Wu, Z., Raven, P. H., et al. (eds), Flora of China. 5. Ulmaceae through Basellaceae. Science Press, Beijing.

Qiu, J. 2016. Trouble in Tibet. Nature 529: 142-145.

Qiu, R.-L. [et al. 2012], Tang, Y.-T., Zeng, X.-W., Thangavel, P., Tang, L., Gan, Y.-Y., Ying, R.-R., & Wang, S.-Z. 2012. Mechanisms of Cd hyperaccumulation and detoxification in heavy metal hyperaccumulators: How plants cope with Cd. Prog. Bot. 73: 127-.

Qiu, Y. [et al. 2014], Filipenko, S. J., Darracq, A., & Adams, K. L. 2014. Expression of a transferred nuclear gene in a mitochondrial genome. Curr. Plant Biol. 1: 68-72.

Qiu, Y. L., & Estabrook, G. F. 2008. Inference of phylogenetic relationships among key angiosperm lineages using a compatabilty method on a molecular data set. J. Syst. Evol. 46: 130-141.

Qiu, Y.-L., & Palmer, J. D. 2004. Many independent origins of trans splicing of a mitochondrial group II intron. J. Molec. Evol. 59: 80-89.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 1995], Chase, M. W., & Parks, C. R. 1995. A chloroplast DNA phylogenetic study of the eastern Asia - east North America disjunct section Rhytidospermum of Magnolia (Magnoliaceae). American J. Bot. 82: 1582-1588.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 1998a], Chase, M. W., Hoot, S. B., Conti, E., Crane, P. R., Sytsma, K. J., & Parks, C. R. 1998a. Phylogenetics of the Hamamelidae and their allies: Parsimony analyses of nucleotide sequences of the plastid gene rbcL. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 159: 891-905.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 1998b], Cho, Y., Cox, J. C., & Palmer, J. D. 1998b. The gain of three mitochondrial introns identifies liverworts as the earliest land plants. Nature 394: 671-674.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 1999], Lee, J., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Zanis, M. J., Zimmer, E. A., Chen, Z., Savolainen, V., & Chase, M. W. 1999. The earliest angiosperms: Evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genes. Nature 402: 404-407.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2000], Lee, J., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Zanis, M. J., Zimmer, E. A., Chen, Z., Savolainen, V., & Chase, M. W. 2000. Phylogeny of basal angiosperms: Analyses of five genes from three genomes. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 161(6: suppl. [Current Perspectives on Basal Angiosperms]): S3-S27.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2001], Lee, J., Whitlock, B. A., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., & Dombrovska, O. 2001. Was the ANITA rooting of the angiosperm phylogeny affected by long-branch attraction? Molec. Biol. Evol. 18: 1745-1753.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2005], Dombrovska, O., Lee, J., Li, L., Whitlock, B. A., Bernasconi-Quadroni, F., Rest, J. S., Davis, C. C., Borsch, T., Hilu, K. W., Renner, S. S., Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P. S., Zanis, M. J., Cannone, J. J., Gutell, R. R., Powell, M., Savolainen, V., Chatrou, L. W., & Chase, M. W. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 166: 815-842.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2006a], Li, L., Wang, B., Chen, Z., Knoop, V., Groth-Malonek, M., Dombrovska, O., Lee, J., Kent, L., Rest, J. S., Estabrook, G. F., Hendry, T. A., Taylor, D. W., Testa, C. M., Ambros, M., Crandall-Stotler, B., Duff, R. J., Stech, M., Frey, W., Quandt, D., & Davis, C. C. 2006a. The deepest divergences in land plants inferred from phylogenomic evidence. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 103: 15511-15516.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2006b], Li, L., Hendry, T, Li, R., Taylor, D. W., Issa, M. J., Ronen, A. J., Vekaria, M. L., & White, A. M. 2006b. Reconstructing the basal angiosperm phylogeny: Evaluating information content of mitochondrial genes. Taxon 55: 837-856.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2007], Li, L., Wang, B., Chen, Z., Dombrovska, O., Lee, J., Kent, L., Li, R., Jobson, R. J., Hendry, T. A., Taylor, D. W., Testa, C. M., & Ambros, M. 2007. A nonflowering land plant phylogeny inferred from nucleotide sequences of seven chloroplast, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 168: 691-708.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2010], Li, L., Wang, B., Xue, J.-Y., Hendry, T. A., Li, R.-Q., Brown, J. W., Liu, Y., Hudson, G. T., & Chen, Z.-D. 2010. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from sequences of four mitochondrial genes. J. Syst. Evol. 48: 391-425.

Qiu, Y.-L. [et al. 2012], Taylor, A. B., & McManus, H. A. 2012. Evolution of the life cycle in land plants. J. Syst. Evol. 50: 171-194.

Qiu, Z.-J. [et al. 2015], Lu, Y.-X., Li, C.-Q., Smith, J. F., & Wang, Y.-Z. 2015. Origin and evolution of Petrocosmea (Gesneriaceae) inferred from both DNA sequence and novel findings in morpholoogy with a test of morphology-based hypotheses. BMC Plant Biol. 15:167. doi: 10.1186/s12870-015-0540-3

Qu, X.-J. [et al. 2017], Wu, C.-S., Chaw, S.-M., & Yi, T.-S. 2017. Insights into the existence of isomeric plastomes in Cupressoideae (Cupressaceae). Genome Biol. Evol. 9: 1110–1119. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evx071

Qu, X.-J. [et al. 2019], Fan, S.-J., Wicke, S., & Yi, T.-S. 2019. Plastome reduction in the only parasitic gymnosperm Parasitaxus is due to losses of photosynthesis but not housekeeping genes and apparently involves the secondary gain of a large Inverted Repeat. Genome Biol. Evol. 11: 2789-2796.

Quandt, D., & Stech, M. 2003. Molecular systematics of bryophytes in context of land plant phylogeny. Pp. 267-295, in Sharma, A. K., & Sharma, A. (eds), Plant Genome: Biodiversity and Evolution. Volume 1, part A. Phanerogams. Scientific Publications, Enfield, NH.

Quandt, D. [et al. 2004], Müller, K., Stech, M., Frahm, J.-P., Frey, W., Hilu, K. W., & Borsch, T. 2004. Molecular evolution of the chloroplast trnL-F region in land plants. Pp. 15-37, in Goffinet, B., Hollowell, V., & Magill, R. (eds), Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes. Missouri Botanical Garden, St Louis, MO.

Quattrocchio, M. E. 2017. New fossil record of Lactoridaceae in the Paleogene of southern Patagonia (South America). Revista Mus. Argentino Cienc. Nat. N.S. 19: 71-84.

Quedensley, T. S. [et al. 2018], Gruenstaeudl, M., & Jansen, R. K. 2018. Phylogenetic relationships of the Mexican tussilaginoid genera (Asteraceae: Senecioneae). J. Bot. Research Inst. Texas 12: 481-498.

Queenborough, S. A. [et al. 2013], Metz, M. A., Valencia, R., & Wright, S. J. 2013. Demographic consequences of chromatic leaf defence in tropical tree communities: Do red young leaves increase growth and survival. Ann. Bot. 112: 677-684.

Quental, T. B., & Marshall, C. R. 2010. Diversity dynamics: Molecular phylogenies need the fossil record. Trends Ecol. Evol. 25: 434-441.

Quested, H. M. [et al. 2003], Cornelissen, J. H. C., Press, M. C., Callaghan, T. V., Aerts, R., Trosien, F., Riemann, P., Gwynn-Jones, D., Kondratchuk, A., & Jonasson, S. E. 2003. Decomposition of sub-Arctic plants with differing nitrogen economies: A functional role for hemiparasites. Ecology 84: 3209-3221.

Queva, C. 1894. Recherches sur l'anatomie de l'appareil végétatif des Taccacées et des Dioscorées. Mém. Soc. Sci. Agric. Lille, sér 4, 20: 1-457, pl. 1-18.

Quezada, I. M., & Gianoli, E. 2011. Crassulacean acid metabolism photosynthesis in Bromeliaceae: An evolutionary key innovation. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 104: 480-486.

Quezada, I. M. [et al. 2018], Gianoli, E., & Saldaña, A. 2018. Crassulacean acid metabolism and distribution range in Chilean Bromeliaceae: Influences of climate and phylogeny. J. Biogeog. 45: 1541-1549.

Quibell, C. H. 1941. Floral anatomy and morphology of Anemopsis californica. Bot. Gaz. 102: 749-758.

Quijano-Abril, M. A. [et al. 2006], Callejas-Posada, R., & Miranda-Esquivel, D. R. 2006. Areas of endemism and distribution patterns for Neotropical Piper species (Piperaceae). J. Biogeog. 33: 1266-1278.

Quilichini, T. D. [et al. 2015], Grienenberger, E., & Douglas, C. j. 2015. The biosynthesis, composition and assembly of the outer pollen wall: A tough case to crack. Phytochem. 113: 170-182.

Quinn, C. J. 1986. Embryogeny in Phyllocladus. New Zealand J. Bot. 24: 575-579.

Quinn, C. J. [et al. 2002], Price, R. A., & Gadek, P. A. 2002. Familial concepts and relationships in the conifers based on rbcL and matK sequence comparisons. Kew Bull. 57: 513-531.

Quinn, C. J. [et al. 2003], Crayn, D. M., Heslewood, M. M., Brown, E. A., & Gadek, P. A. 2003. A molecular estimate of the phylogeny of Styphelieae (Ericaceae). Australian Syst. Bot. 16: 581-594.

Quinn, C. J. [et al. 2005], Brown, E. A., Heslewood, M. M., & Crayn, D. M. 2005. Generic concepts in Styphelieae (Ericaceae): The Cyathodes group. Australian Syst. Bot. 18: 439-454.

Quinn, C. J. [et al. 2015], Crowden, R. K., Brown, E. A., Southam, M. J., Thornhill, A. H., & Crayn, D. M. 2015. A reappraisal of the generic concepts of Epacris, Rupicola and Budawangia (Ericaceae, Epacridoideae, Epacrideae) based on phylogenetic analysis of morphological and molecular data. Australian Syst. Bot. 28: 63-77.

Quint, M., & Claßen-Bockhoff, R. 2006a. Phylogeny of Bruniaceae based on matK and ITS sequence data. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 167: 135-146.

Quint, M., & Claßen-Bockhoff, R. 2006b. Floral ontogeny, petal diversity and nectary uniformity in Bruniaceae. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 152: 459-477.

Quint, M., & Claßen-Bockhoff, R. 2008. Ancient or recent? Insights into the temporal evolution of the Bruniaceae. Organisms Diversity Environ. 8: 293-304.

Quintero, E. [et al. 2016], Genzoni, E., Mann, N., Nuttman, C., & Anderson, B. 2017 [= 2016]. Sunbird surprise: A test of the predictive power of the syndrome concept. Flora 232: 22-29.

Quintinar, A. [et al. 2007], Castroviejo, S., & Catalán, P. 2007. Phylogeny of the tribe Aveneae (Pooideae, Poaceae) inferred from plastid trnT-F and nucear ITS sequences. American J. Bot. 94: 1554-1569.

Quintinar, A. [et al. 2010], Catalán, P., & Castroviejo, S. 2010. A review of the systematics and phylogenetics of the Koeleriinae (Poaceae: Poeae). Pp. 539-556, in Seberg, O., Petersen, G., Barfod, A. S., & Davis, J. I. (eds), Diversity, Phylogeny, and Evolution in the Monocotyledons. Aarhus University Press, Århus.

Quirk, J. [et al. 2012], Beerling, D. J., Banwart, S. A., Kakonyi, G., Romero-Gonzalez, M. E., Leake, J. R. 2012. Evolution of trees and mycorrhizal fungi intensifies silicate mineral weathering. Biol. Lett. 8: 1006-1011. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0503

Quirk, J. [et al. 2014], Andrews, M. Y., Leake, J. R., Banwart, S. A., & Beerling, D. J. 2014 Ectomycorrhizal fungi and past high CO2 atmospheres enhance mineral weathering through increased below-ground carbon-energy fluxes. Biol. Lett. 10: 20140375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0375

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Quiroga, M. P. [et al. 2016], Mathiasen, P., Iglesias, A., Mill, R. R., & Premoli, A. C. 2016. Molecular and fossil evidence disentangle the biogeographical history of Podocarpus, a key genus in plant geography. J. Biogeog. 43: 372-383.

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Raab, T. K. [et al. 1999], Lipson, D. A., & Monson, R. K. 1999. Soil amino acid utilization among species of Cyperaceae: Plant and soil processes. Ecology 80: 2408-2419.

Rabaey, D. [et al. 2006], Lens, F., Smets, E., & Jansen, S. 2006. The micromorphology of pit membranes in tracheary elements of Ericales: New records of tori or pseudo-tori? Ann. Bot. 98: 943-951.

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Rabosky, D. L. 2010b. Primary controls on species richness in higher taxa. Syst Biol. 59: 634-645.

Rabosky, D. L. 2010c. Extinction rates should not be estimated from molecular phylogenies. Evolution 64: 1816-1824.

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Ronse de Craene, L.-P., & Wei, L. 2019. Floral development and anatomy of Macarthuria australis (Macarthuriaceae): Key to understanding the unusual initiation sequence of Caryophyllales. Australian Syst. Bot. 32: 49-60.

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Sima, Y. K., & Lu, S.-G. 2012. A new system for the family Magnoliaceae. Pp. 55-71, in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Family Magnoliaceae. Huazhong University Science and Technology Publication.

Simão, D. G. [et al. 2006], Scatena, V. L., & Bouman, F. 2006. Developmental anatomy and morphology of the ovule and seed of Heliconia (Heliconiaceae, Zingiberales). Plant Biol. 8: 143-154.

Simão, D. G. [et al. 2007], Scatena, V. L., & Bouman, F. 2007. Anther development, microsporogenesis and microgametogenesis in Heliconia (Heliconiaceae, Zingiberales). Flora 202: 148-160.

Simard, S. W., & Durall, D. M. 2004. Mycorrhizal networks: A review of their extent, function, and importance. Canadian J. Bot. 82: 1140-1165.

Simard, S. W. [et al. 1997], Perry, D. A., Jones, M. D., Myrold, D. D., Durall, D. M., & Molina, R. 1999. Net transfer of carbon between ectomycorrhizal tree species in the field. Nature 388: 579-582.

Simard, S. W. [et al. 2012], Beiler, K. J., Bingham, M. A., Deslippe, J. R., Philip, L. J., & Teste, F. P. 2012. Mycorrhizal networks: Mechanisms, ecology, and modeling. Fungal Biol. Reviews 26: 39-60.

Simeone, M. C. [et al. 2013], Piredda, R., Papini, A., Vessella, F., & Schirone, B. 2013. Application of plastid and nuclear markers to DNA barcoding of Euro-Mediterranean oaks (Quercus, Fagaceae): Problems, prospects and phylogenetic implications. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 172: 478-499.

Simeone, M. C. [et al. 2016], Grimm, G. W., Papini, A., Vessella, F., Cardoni, S., Tordoni, E., Piredda, R., Franc, A., & Denk, T. 2016. Plastome data reveal multiple geographic origins of Quercus group Ilex. PeerJ 4:e1897. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1897

Simeone, M. C. [et al. 2018], Cardoni, S., Piredda, R., Imperatori, F., Avishai, M., Grimm, G. W., & Denk, T. 2018. Comparative systematics and phyogeography of Quercus section Cerris in western Eurasia: Inferences from plastid and nuclear DNA variation. PeerJ 6:e5793. doi: 10.7717/peerj.5793

Simillion, C. [et al. 2002], Vandepoele, K., van Montagu, M. C. E., Zabeau, M., & van de Peer. Y. 2002. The hidden duplication past of Arabidopsis thaliana. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 99: 13627-13632.

Simmons, M. P. 2004. Celastraceae, pp. 29-64, and Parnassiaceae, 291-296, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. VI. Flowering Plants: Dicotyledons. Celastrales, Oxalidales, Rosales, Cornales, Ericales. Springer, Berlin.

Simmons, M. P. 2017 [= 2016]. Mutually exclusive phylogenomic inferences at the root of the angiosperms: Amborella is supported as sister and Observed Variability is biased. Cladistics 33: 488-512.

Simmons, M. P., & Gatesy, J. 2015. Coalescence vs. concatenation: Sophisticated analyses vs. first principles applied to rooting the angiosperms. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 91: 98-122.

Simmons, M. P., & Hedin, J. P. 1999. Relationships and morphological character change among genera of Celastraceae sensu lato (including Hippocrateaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 86: 723-757.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2000], Savolainen,V., Clevinger, C. C., Archer, R. H., & Davis, J. I. 2000. Phylogeny of the Celastraceae inferred from morphology and nuclear and plastid loci. American J. Bot. 87(6, suppl.): 156.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2001a], Clevinger, C. C., Savolainen, V., Archer, R. H., Mathews, S., & Doyle, J. J. 2001a. Phylogeny of the Celastraceae inferred from phytochrome B gene sequence and morphology. American J. Bot. 88: 313-325.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2001b], Savolainen, V., Clevinger, C. C., Archer, R. H., & Davis, J. I. 2001b. Phylogeny of the Celastraceae inferred from 26S nuclear ribosomal DNA, phytochrome B, rbcl, atpB, and morphology. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 19: 353-366.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2008], Cappa, J. J., Archer, R. H., Ford, A. J., Eichstedt, D., & Clevinger, C. C. 2008. Phylogeny of the Celastreae (Celastraceae) and the relationships of Catha edulis (qat) inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 48: 745-757.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2009a], Coughenour, J. M., Lombardi, J. A., & Cappa, J. J. 2009a. Phylogeny of Celastraceae subfamily Salacioideae and tribe Lophopetaleae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes. P. 158, in Botany and Mycology 2009. Snowbird, Utah July 25-29. Abstract Book.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2009b], Coughenour, J. M., Lombardi, J. A., Yakobsen, K., & Archer, R. H. 2009b. Phylogeny of Celastraceae subfamily Hippocrateoideae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes. P. 164, in Botany and Mycology 2009. Snowbird, Utah July 25-29. Abstract Book.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2012a], McKenna, M. J., Bacon, C. D., Yakobsen, K., Cappa, J. J., Archer, R. H., & Ford, A. J. 2012a. Phylogeny of Celastraceae tribe Euonymeae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 62: 9-20.

Simmons, M. P. [et al. 2012], Bacon, C. D., Cappa, J. J., & McKenna, M. J. 2012b. Phylogeny of Celastraceae subfamilies Cassinoideae and Tripterygioideae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid loci. Syst. Bot. 37: 456-467.

Simmons, S. L. 2002. A Molecular Phylogenetic Investigation of the Staphyleaceae (DC.) Lindl.: With Implications for its Taxonomy and Biogeography. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Texas at Austin.

Simmons, S. L. 2006. Staphyleaceae. Pp. 440-445, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume IX. Flowering Plants: Eudicots: Berberidopsidales, Buxales, Crossosomatales.... Springer, Berlin.

Simmons, S. L., & Panero, J. L. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Staphyleaceae (DC.) Lindl. American J. Bot. 87(6, suppl.): 157.

Simo-Droissart, M. [et al. 2018], Plunkett, G. M., Droissart, V., Edwards, M. B., Farminhão, J. N. M., Jecmenica, V., D'haijère, T., Lowry, P. P. II, Sonké, B., Micheneau, C., Carlsward, B. S., Azandi, L., Verlynde, S., Hardy, O. J., Martos, F., Bytebier, B., Fischer, E., & Stévart, T. 2018. New phylogenetic insights toward developing a natural generic classification of African angraecoid orchids (Vandeae, Orchidaceae). Molec. Phyl. Evol. 126: 241-249.

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2004], Endress, M., van der Niet, T., Kinoshita, L. S., & Conti, E. 2004. Tribal and intergeneric relationships of Mesechiteae (Apocynaceae, Apocynoideae): Evidence from three non-coding plastid DNA regions and morphology. American J. Bot. 91: 1409-1418.

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2006a], Endress, M., Quast, M. P., & Conti, E. 2006a. Molecular phylogenetics and character evolution of Tabernaemontaneae, a pantropical tribe of Apocynaceae. P. 256, in Botany 2006 - Looking to the Future - Conserving the Past. [Abstracts: Botanical Society of America, etc.]

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2006b], Endress, M., van der Niet, T., Kinoshita, L. S., & Conti, E. 2006b. Is Mandevillia (Apocynaceae, Mesechiteae) monophyletic? Evidence from five plastid DNA loci and morphology. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93: 565-591.

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2007a], Livshultz, T., Conti, E., & Endress, M. E. 2007. Phylogeny and systematics of the Rauvolfioideae (Apocynaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94: 268-297.

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2007b], Scatolin do Rio, M. C., de Moraes Castro, M., & Kinoshita, L. S. 2007b. Gynostegium morphology of Mesechiteae Miers (Apocynaceae, Apocynoideae) as it pertains to the classification of the tribe. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 168: 999-1012.

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2010], Endress, M., & Conti, E. 2010. Systematics and character evolution of Tabernaemontaneae (Apocynaceae, Rauvolfioideae) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Taxon 59: 772-790. [See also Erratum in Taxon 60: 615. 2011.]

Simões, A. O. [et al. 2016], Kinoshita, L. S., Koch, I., Silva, M. J., & Endress, M. E. 2016. Systematics and character evolution of Vinceae (Apocynaceae). Taxon 65: 99-122.

Simões, A. R., & Staples, G. 2017. Dissolution of Convolvulaceae tribe Merremieae and a new classification of the constituent genera. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 183: 561-586.

Simões, A. R. [et al. 2015], Culham, A., & Carine, M. 2015. Resolving the unresolved tribe: A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Merremieae (Convolvulaceae). Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 179: 374-387.

Simões, A. R. G. [et al. 2019], Furness, C. A., & da Luz, C. F. P. 2019. The systematic value of pollen morphology in Operculina (Convolvulaceae). Grana 58: 1-13.

Simon, A. [et al. 2006], Glöckner, G., Felder, M., Melkonian, M., & Becker, B. 2006. EST analysis of the scaly green flagellate Mesostigma viride (Streptophyta): Implications for the evolution of green plants (Viridiplantae). BMC Plant Biol. 6(1):2. doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-6-2

Simon, B. K. 2007. GrassWorld - interactive key and identification system of world grasses. Kew Bull. 62: 475-484.

Simon, B. K. 2007 [= 2008]. Grass phylogeny and classification: Conflict of morphology and molecules. Pp. 259-266, in Columbus, J. T., Friar, E. A., Porter, J. M., Prince, L. M., & Simpson, M. G. (eds), Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution. Poales. Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Garden, Claremont, Ca. [Aliso 23: 259-266.]

Simon, M. F. 2008. Systematics and Evolution of Mimosa L. (Leguminosae) and the Assembly of a Neotropical Plant Diversity Hotspot. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Oxford.

Simon, M. F., & Pennington, T. 2012. Evidence for adaptation to fire regimes in the tropical savannas of the Brazilian Cerrado. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 173: 711-723.

Simon, M. F. [et al. 2011], Grether, R., de Queiroz, L. P., Skema, C., Pennington, R. T., & Hughes, C. E. 2011. Recent assembly of the Cerrado, a neotropical biodiversity hotspot, by in situ evolution of adaptations to fire. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 106: 20359-20364.

Simon, M. F. [et al. 2011], Grether, R., de Queiroz, L. P., Särkinen, T. E., Dutra, V. F., & Hughes, C. E. 2011. The evolutionary history of Mimosa (Leguminosae): Toward a phylogeny of the sensitive plants. American J. Bot. 98: 1201-1221.

Simon, M. F. [et al. 2015], Pastore, J. F. B., Souza, A. F., Borges, L. M., Scalon, V. R., Ribeiro, P. G., Santos-Silva, J., Souza, V. C., & Queiroz, L. P. 2016 [= 2015]. Molecular phylogeny of Stryphnodendron (Mimosoideae, Leguminosae) and generic delimitations in the Piptadenia group. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 1777: 44-59.

Simon, R. [et al. 2011], Holderied, M. W., Koch, C. U., & von Helversen, O. 2011. Floral acoustics: Conspicuous echoes of a disc-shaped leaf attract bat pollinators. Science 333: 631-633.

Simon, R. [et al. 2019/2020], Matt, F., Santillan, V., Tschapka, M., Tuttle, M., & Halfwerk, W. 2019. An ultrasound absorbing inflorescence zone enhances echo-acoustic contrast of bat-pollinated cactus flowers. bioRχiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2019.12.28.890046 =

Simonin, K. A., & Roddy, A. B. 2018. Genome downsizing, physiological novelty, and the global dominance of flowering plants. PLoS Biol. 16(1):e2003706. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2003706

Simonsen, A. K., & Stinchcombe, J. R. 2014. Herbivory eliminates fitness costs of mutualism exploiters. New Phytol. 202: 651-661.

Simonsen, A. K. [et al. 2017], Dinnage, R., Barrett, L. G., Prober, S. M., & Thrall, P. H. 2017. Symbiosis limits establishment of legumes outside their native range at a global scale. Nature Communic. 8:14790. http//dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14790

Simonsen, T. J. 2006. Fritillary phylogeny, classification, and larval host plants: Reconstructed mainly on the basis of male and female genitalic morphology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Argynnini). Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 89: 627-673.

Simonsen, T. J. 2008. Phylogeny of the cactus-feeding phycitines and their relatives (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) based on adult morphology: Evaluation of adult character-systems in phycitine systematic and evidence for a single origin of Cactaceae-feeding larvae. Insect Syst. Evol. 39: 303-325.

Simonsen, T. J. [et al. 2011], Zakharov, E. V., Djernaes, M., Cotton, A. M., Vane-Wright, R. I., & Sperling, F. A. H. 2011. Phylogenetics and divergence times of Papilioninae (Lepidoptera) with special reference to the enigmatic genera Teinopalpus and Meandrusa. Cladistics 27: 113-137.

Simpson, B. B. 1982. Krameria (Krameriaceae) flowers: Orientation and elaiophore morphology. Taxon 31: 517-528.

Simpson, B. B. 1989. Flora Neotropica. Monograph 49. Krameriaceae. New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Simpson, B. B. 2006. Krameriaceae. Pp. 208-212, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Volume IX. Flowering Plants: Eudicots: Berberidopsidales, Buxales, Crossosomatales.... Springer, Berlin.

Simpson, B. B. 2009. Economic importance of Compositae. pp. 45-58, in Funk, V. A., Susanna, A., Stuessy, T. F. & Bayer, R. J. (eds), Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. I.A.P.T.

Simpson, B. B. [et al. 1977], Neff, J. L., & Seigler, D. L. 1977. Krameria, free fatty acids and oil-collecting bees. Nature 267: 150-151.

Simpson, B. B. [et al. 1983], Neff, J. L., & Seigler, D. L. 1983. Floral biology and floral rewards of Lysimachia (Primulaceae). American Midl. Naturalist 110: 249-256.

Simpson, B. B. [et al. 1990], Neff, J. L., & Dieringer, G. 1990. The production of floral oils by Monttea (Scrophulariaceae) and the function of tarsal pads in Centris bees. Plant Syst. Evol. 173: 209-222.

Simpson, B. B. [et al. 2003], Larkin, L. L., & Weeks, A. 2003. Progress towards resolving the relationships of the Caesalpinia group (Caesalpinieae: Caesalpinioideae: Leguminosae). Pp. 123-148, in Klitgaard, B. B. & Bruneau, A. (eds), Advances in Legume Systematics. Part 10. Higher Level Systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Simpson, B. B. [et al. 2004], Weeks, A., Helfgott, D. M., & Larkin, L. L. 2004. Species relationships in Krameria (Krameriaceae) based on ITS sequences and morphology: Implications for character utility and biogeography. Syst. Bot. 29: 97-108.

Simpson, D. A. 1995. Relationships within Cyperales. Pp. 497-509, in Rudall, P. J., Cribb, P. J., Cutler, D. F., & Humphries, C. J. (eds), Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Simpson, D. A. [et al. 2003], Furness, C. A., Hodkinson, T. R., Muasya, A. M., & Chase, M. W. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Cyperaceae subfamily Mapanioideae inferred from pollen and plastid DNA sequence data. American J. Bot. 90: 1071-1086.

Simpson, D. A. [et al. 2008], Muasya, A. M., Alves, M. V., Bruhl, J. J., Dhooge, S., Chase, M. W., Furness, C. A., Ghamkhar, K., Goetghebeur, P., Hodkinson, T. R., Marchant, A. D., Reznicek, A. A., Nieuwborg, R., Roalson, E. H., Smets, E., Starr, J. R., Thomas, W. W., Wilson, K. L., & Zhang, X. 2007 [= 2008]. Phylogeny of Cyperaceae based on DNA sequence data - a new rbcL analysis. Pp. 72-83, in Columbus, J. T., Friar, E. A., Porter, J. M., Prince, L. M., & Simpson, M. G. (eds), Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution. Poales. Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Garden, Claremont, Ca. [Aliso 23: 72-83.]

Simpson, G. G. 1949. Tempo and Mode in Evolution. Columbia University Press, New York.

Simpson, G. G. 1953. The Major Features of Evolution. Columbia University Press, New York.

Simpson, J. A., & Weiner, E. S. C. (eds.). 1989. Oxford English Dictionary. Ed. 2. Additions 1993-7 (J. Simpson & E. S. C. Weiner, eds); Michael Proffitt); Ed. 3 (in progress) Mar. 2000- (J. A. Simpson ed.), OED Online. Oxford University Press. http://dictionary.oed.com

Simpson, K. J. [et al. 2016], Ripley, B. S., Christin, P., Belcher, C. M., Lehmann, C. E. R., Thomas, G. H., & Osborne, C. P. 2016. Determinants of flammability in savanna grass species. J. Ecol. 104: 138-148>

Simpson, K. J. [et al. 2020], Jardine, E. C., Archibald, S., Forrestel, E. J., Lehmann, C. E. R., Thomas, G. H., & Osborne, C. P. 2021 [= 2020]. Resprouting grasses are associated with less frequent fire than seeders. New Phytol. 230: 832-844.

Simpson, M. G. 1988. Embryological development of Lachnanthes caroliniana (Haemodoraceae). American J. Bot. 75: 1394-1408.

Simpson, M. G. 1987. Pollen utrastructure of the Pontederiaceae; Evidence for exine homology with the Haemodoraceae. Grana 26: 113-126.

Simpson, M. G. 1990. Phylogeny and classification of the Haemodoraceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 722-784.

Simpson, M. G. 1993. Septal nectary anatomy and phylogeny of the Haemodoraceae. Syst. Bot. 18: 593-613.

Simpson, M. G. 1998a. Reversal in ovary position from inferior to superior in the Haemodoraceae: Evidence from floral ontogeny. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 159: 466-479.

Simpson, M. G. 1998b. Haemodoraceae. Pp. 212-222, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. IV. Flowering Plants: Monocotyledons. Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae). Springer, Berlin.

Simpson, M. G. 2006. Plant Systematics. Ed. 1. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Simpson, M. G. 2010. Plant Systematics. Ed. 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Simpson, M. G., & Burton, D. H. 2006. Systematic floral anatomy of Pontederiaceae. Pp. 499-519 in Columbus, J. T., Friar, E. A., Porter, J. M., Prince, L. M., & Simpson, M. G. (eds), Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution. Excluding Poales. Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Garden, Claremont, Ca. [Aliso 22: 499-519.]

Simpson, M. G., & Hasenstab, K. E. 2009. Cryptantha of southern California. Crossosoma 35: 1-59.

Simpson, M. G., & Rudall, P. J. 1998. Tecophilaeaceae. Pp. 429-436, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. III. Flowering Plants: Monocotyledons. Lilianae (except Orchidaceae). Springer, Berlin.

Simpson, M. G. [et al. 2006], Aerne, L., Fay, M. F., & Hopper, S. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the Haemodoraceae using morphological and molecular data and implications for classification and character evolution. P. 257, in Botany 2006 - Looking to the Future - Conserving the Past. [Abstracts: Botanical Society of America, etc.]

Simpson, M. G. [et al. 2017a], Johnson, L. A., Villaverde, T., & Guilliams, C. M. 2017a. American amphitropical disjuncts: Perspectives from vascular plant analyses and prospects for future research. American J. Bot. 104: 1600-1650.

Simpson, M. G. [et al. 2017b], Guilliams, C. M., Hasenstab-Lehman, K. E., Mabry, M. E., & Ripma, L. 2017b. Phylogeny of the popcorn flowers: Use of genome skimming to evaluate monophyly and interrelationshps in subtribe Amsinkiinae (Boraginaceae). Taxon 66: 1406-1420.

Simpson, N. 2010. Botanical symbols: A new symbol set for new images. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 162: 117-129. [Corrigendum to App. 2: Ibid. 162: 631-633.]

Simpson, W. R. [et al. 2015], Faville, M. J., Moraga, R. A., Williams, W. M., McManus, M. T., & Johnson, R. D. 2014. Epichloë fungal endophytes and the formation of synthetic symbioses in Hordeeae (=Triticeae) grasses. J. Syst. Evol. 52: 794-806.

Sims, H. J. 2010. Paleolatitudinal gradients in seed size during the Cretaceous-Tertiary radiation of angiosperms. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 171: 216-220.

Sims, H. J. 2012. The evolutionary diversification of seed size: Using the past to understand the present. Evolution 66: 1636-1649.

Sims, H. J. 2013. Morphological rates of angiosperm seed size evolution. Evolution 67: 1338-1346.

Sims, H. J., & McConway, K. J. 2003. Non-stochastic variation of species-level diversification rates within angiosperms. Evoution 57: 460-479.

Sims, H. J. [et al. 1998], Herendeen, P. S., & Crane, P. R. 1998. New genus of fossil Fagaceae from the Santonian (Late Cretaceous) of central Georgia, U.S.A.. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 159: 391-404.

Sims, H. J. [et al. 1999], Herendeen, P. S., Lupia, R., Christopher, R. A., & Crane, P. R. 1999. Fossil flowers with Normapolles pollen from the Upper Cretaceous of southeastern North America. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 106: 131-151.

Sinclair, W. T. [et al. 2002], Mill, R. R., Garner, M. F., Woltz, P., Jaffré, T., Preston, J., Hollingsworth, M. L., Ponge, A., & Möller, M. 2002. Evolutionary relationships of the New Caledonian heterotrophic conifer, Parasitaxus usta (Podocarpaceae), inferred from chloroplast trnL-F intron/spacer and nuclear rDNA ITS2 sequences. Plant Syst. Evol. 233: 79-104.

Sindhu, A. [et al. 2008], Chintamanani, S., Brandt, A. S., Zanis, M., Scofield, S. R., & Johal, G. S. 2008. A guardian of grasses: Specific origin and conservation of a unique disease-resistance gene in the grass lineage. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 105: 1762-1767.

Singer, M. S. [et al. 2009], Mace, K. C., & Bernays, E. A. 2009. Self-medication as adaptive plasticity: Increased ingestion of plant toxins by parasitized caterpillars. PLoS ONE 4(3):e4796. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004796

Singer, R. 2011. Pollination through sexual mimicry in Neotropical Orchidaceae: Do they follow the same patterns of temperate and paleotropical taxa? P. 200, in XVIII International Botanical Congress 2011, Melbourne. [Abstracts.]

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