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Table 1. List of bird species observed or collected in the Rio Manupare Region

Taxa

Habitat

TINAMIFORMES, TINAMIDAE

 
 

Tinamus major

ft

 

Tinamus tao

fh

 

Crypturellus cinereus

ft,fh

 

Crypturellus parvirostris

cd,cf,cp

 

Crypturellus soui

fh,ft,fe

 

Crypturellus undulatus

 
 

Crypturellus undulatus

fh,ft

CICONIIFORMES, ARDEIDAE

 
 

Tigrisoma lineatum

ri,rm,sm

 

Nycticorax pileatus

rm

 

Ardeola ibis

rm,cf

 

Ardeola ibis

rm,cf

 

Butorides striatus

rm, ma

 

Egretta alba

rm, ma

 

Ardea cocoi

rm,sm

CICONIIFORMES, THRESKIORNITHIDAE

 

Mesembrinibis cayennensis

cf,rm,ma

ANSERIFORMES, ANATIDAE

 
 

Cairina moschata

rm,ma

FALCONIFORMES, CATHARTIDAE

 

Cathartes aura

u

 

Cathartes melambrotus

fh

 

Coragyps atratus

fh,ft,fd,cd,sg

 

Sarcoramphus papa

fh

FALCONIFORMES, ACCIPITRIDAE

 

Elanoides forficatus

fh,ft,fd

 

Ictinia plumbea

fh,fd,fe

 

Geranospiza caerulescens

ft

 

Leucopternis kuhli

fh

 

Buteo magnirostris

u

 

Spizaetus ornatus

fh

FALCONIFORMES, FALCONIDAE

 

Herpetotheres cachinnans

fe,cf,cp

 

Micrastur ruficollis

fh,fi

 

Falco rufigularis

fh.fe

GALLINIFORMES, CRACIDAE

 
 

Penelope jacquacu

fh,ft

 

Aburria pipile

fh

 

Crax (mitu) tuberosa

fh

GALLINIFORMES, PHASIANIDAE

 

Odontophorus stellatus

fh

GRUIFORMES, RALLIDAE

 
 

Aramides cajanea

ft,rm

GRUIFORMES, HELIORNITHIDAE

 

Heliornis fulica

rm,ma

GRUIFORMES, EURYPYGIDAE

 

Eurypyga helias

rm,sm

CHARADRIIFORMES, CHARADRIIDAE

 

Vanellus chilensis

cf,rm

CHARADRIIFORMES, SCOLOPACIDAE

 

Bartramia longicauda

fe,cd,cp

 

Tringa solitaria

cf,rm

 

Actitis macularia

rm

CHARADRIIFORMES, COLUMBIDAE

 

Columba cayennensis

fg,fe,cf,cp

 

Columba plumbea

fh

 

Columba subvinacea

fh,ft

 

Columbina picui

fe,sg

 

Columbina talpacoti

fe,cp,sg

 

Leptotila rufaxilla

fh,ft,fd,fe

 

Geotrygon montana

fh,ft

PSITTACIFORMES, PSITTACIDAE

 

Ara ararauna

fh,ft,fd,fg

 

Ara chloroptera

fh

 

Ara macao

fh.ft

 

Ara manilata

ft

 

Ara severa

fh,ft

 

Ara nobilis

fg

 

Aratinga aurea

fg,cd

 

Aratinga leucophthalmus

ft,fg

 

Pyrrhura picta

ft

 

Brotogeris cyanoptera

ft

 

Pionites leucogaster

fh

 

Pionopsitta barrabandi

fh

 

Pionus menstruus

fh

 

Amazona ochrocephala

ft

CUCULIFORMES, CUCULIDAE

 
 

Piaya cayana

fh,ft

 

Piaya minuta

fe

 

Crotophaga ani

fe,cf,ma,rm,sg

 

Crotophaga major

ma,rm,sm

STRINGIFORMES, STRIGIDAE

 
 

Otus watsonii

fh,ft

 

Lophostrix cristata

fh

 

Pulsatrix perspicillata

fh

CAPRIMURGIFORMES, NYCTIBIDAE

 

Nyctibius aethereus

fh

 

Nyctibius grandis

fh,fd

CAPRIMURGIFORMES, CAPRIMULGIDAE

 

Podager nacunda

cp,ri

 

Nyctidromus albicolus

fg,fe

 

Nyctiphrynus ocellatus

fh

 

Caprimulgus rufus

fe,fh

 

Caprimulgus sericocaudatus

fe

APODIFORMES, APODIDADEA

 

Chaetura brachyura

u

 

Chaetura cinereiventris

u

 

Chaetura egregia

u

 

Tachornis squamata

cf

APODIFORMES, TROCHILIDAE

 

Phaethornis supercilliosus

fh,ft

 

Phaethornis ruber

fe

 

Thalurania furcata

fh,ft

 

Hylocharis cyanus

ft

TROGONIFORMES, TROGONIDAE

 

Trogon melanurus

fh,ft

 

Trogon viridis

fh,ft

CORACIIFORMES, ALCEDINIDAE

 

Ceryle torquata

rm

 

Chloroceryle aena

rm,sm

 

Chloroceryle amazona

rm

 

Chloroceryle americana

rm,ma

 

Chloroceryle inda

rm,sm

CORACIIFORMES, MOMOTIDAE

 

Momotus momota

fh,ft

PICIFORMES, GALBULIDAE

 
 

Galbula cyanescens

fh,fd

 

Galbula dea

fh

PICIFORMES, BUCCONIDAE

 
 

Melacoptila semicincta

fh

 

Monasa morphoeus

fh

 

Monasca nigrifrons

ft

 

Chelidoptera tenebrosa

fe,rm

 

Notharchus macrorhynchos

fh

PICIFORMES, CAPITONIDAE

 
 

Capito niger

fh

PICIFORMES, RAMPHASTIDAE

 

Pteroglossus beauharnaesii

fh

 

Pteroglossus flavirostris

fh,ft

 

Pteroglossus inscriptus

fh

 

Selenidera reinwardtii

fh

 

Ramphastos tucanus

fh,ft

 

Ramphastos vitellinus

fh,ft

PICIFORMES, PICIDAE

 
 

Melanerpes cruentatus

fe

 

Piculus chrysochloros

fh,ft

 

Celeus elegans

ft,fh

 

Celeus grammicus

ft

 

Campephilus rubicollis

fh,ft

PASSERIFORMES, DENDROCOLAPTIDAE

 

Dendrocincla fuliginosa

fh,ft

 

Dendrocincla merula

fh

 

Sittasomus griseicapillus

cd,fg,fd

 

Glyphorynchus spirurus

fh,ft

 

Dendrexetastes rufigula

fh

 

Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

fh

 

Xiphorhynchus guttatus

fh,ft,fd

 

Xiphorhynchus spixii

fh

PASSERIFORMES, FURNARIIDAE

 

Synallaxis rutilans

fh,ft

 

Ancistrops strigilatus

 
 

Automolus ochrolaemus

fh,ft

 

Xenops minutus

fh,ft

 

Xenops milleri

fh,ft

PASSERIFORMES, FORMICARIIDAE

 

Cymbilaimus lineatus

fh

 

Taraba major

fd,ft,fe

 

Thamnophilus aethiops

fh

 

Thamnophilus amazonicus

fh

 

Thamnophilus schistaceus

fh

 

Myrmotherula longipennis

ft

 

Myrmotherula axillaris

fh,ft

 

Myrmotherula brachyura

fh

 

Myrmotherula mentriesii

fh,ft

 

Myrmotherula sclateri

ft

 

Cercomacra cinerascens

fh,ft

 

Myrmoborus myotherinus

 
 

Myrmoborus leucophrys

ft

 

Hypocnemis cantator

fh,ft

 

Hypocnemoides maculicauda

ft

 

Sclateria naevia

ft,sm

 

Myrmeciza hemimelaena

fh,ft

 

Hylophylax poecilinota

fh,ft

 

Gymnopithys salvini

fh

 

Dichrozona cincta

 
 

Formicarius colma

fh

PASSERIFORMES, TYRAMNIDAE

 

Myiopagis gaimardii

fh,ft

 

Myiopagis viridicata

fh,ft

 

Mionectes oleagineus

fh,ft

 

Leptopogon amaurocephalus

fh,ft

 

Myiornis ecaudatus

fe

 

Hemitriccus zosterops

fh,ft

 

Hemitriccus iohannis?

cd,cp

 

Ramphotrigon ruficauda

fh,ft

 

Tolmomyias poliocephalus

fh

 

Onychorhynchus coronatus

fh

 

Pyrocephalus rubinus

fe,cp

 

Ochthoeaca littoralis

rm.ma

 

Attila bolivianus

ft

 

Attila spadiceus

fh,ft

 

Rhytipterna simplex

fh,ft

 

Laniocera hypopyrra

fh,ft

 

Myiarchus tyrannulus

fh,ft,fe

 

Myiodynastes (maculatus) solitarius

fh,ft,fg

 

Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus

fh,ft,fg

 

Empidonomus varius

fh,ft,fg

 

Tyrannus melancholicus

u

 

Tyrannus savana

rm,cp,cd

 

Tyrannus tyrannus

 
 

Pachyramphus minor

fh

 

Tityra semifasciata

fh,ft,fg

'PASSERIFORMES, PIPRIDAE

 
 

Schiffornis major

ft

 

Schiffornis turdidus

fh,ft

 

Piprites chloris

fh

 

Tyranneutes stolzmanni

fh

 

Heterocercus linteatus

ft

 

Machaeropterus pyrocephalus

fh,ft

 

Pipra fasciicauda

fh,ft

 

Pipra rubocapilla

fh,ft

PASSERIFORMES, COTINGIDAE

 

Lipaugus vociferans

fh,ft

 

Querula purpurata

ft

 

Gymnoderus foetidus

fh,ft

 

Iodopleura isabellae

 

PASSERIFORMES, HIRUNDINIDAE

 

Progne chalybea

u

 

Progne tapera

u

 

Atticora fasciata

ri,rm

 

Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

ri,rm,cp

 

Riparia riparia

ri,rm,cp

PASSERIFORMES, TROGLODYTIDAE

 

Thryothorus genibarbis

fh,ft

 

Troglodytes aedon

fe,sg,bg

 

Microcerculus marginatus

fh

PASSERIFORMES, EMBERIZIDAE, EMBERIZINAE

 

Ammodramus humeralis

cp

PASSERIFORMES, EMBERIZIDAE, CARDINALINAE

 

Saltator maximus

fe,fh,ft

PASSERIFORMES, EMBERIZIDAE, THRAUPINAE

 

Hemithraupis flavicollis

fh,ft

 

Tachyphonus cristatus

fh

 

Habia rubica

fh,ft,fd

 

Ramphocelus carbo

fe,sg

 

Thraupis palmarum

fe,sg

 

Thraupis sayaca

fe,sg,ft

 

Euphonia chlorotica

cp,cd,fe

 

Tangara velia

fh,ft

 

Tangara mexicana

fh,ft

 

Dacnis cayana

fh,ft

 

Tersina viridis

fe,rm

PASSERIFORMES, EMBERIZIDAE, PARULINAE

 

Phaeothlypis fulvicauda

fh,sm

PASSERIFORMES, VIREONIDAE

 

Vireo (olivaceus) chivi

bt bi

 

Hylophilus hypoxantha

bt

 

Hylophilus semicinereus

bt bm

PASSERIFORMES, ICTERIDAE

 

Psarocolius bifasciatus

bi bt

 

Psarocolius angustifros

bt bt

 

Cacicus cela

bi bm

 

Scaphidura oryzivora

bi bp ma

ft =terra firme
fh =lower stature forest
ft, fh (order altered if species more prevelant in one or the other.)
cd,cf,cp = cerrado, seasonally flooded grassland, campo
fe = forest edge
ri, rm, sm = river, river margin, stream margin
ma = marsh

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