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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Worm: involvulus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. involvulo, ‘a worm or caterpillar that wraps itself up in leaves;’ lumbricus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., abl. sg. lumbrico, 'earth-worm'; scolex,-icis (s.m.III), abl. sg. scolice, a worm, an earth-worm; in classical L. 'a kind of copper rust with the appearance of being worm-eaten' (Lewis & Short) = Gk. skOlEks,-Ekos (s.m.III), a worm = L. lumbricus; vermis,-is (s.m.III), abl. sg. verme, nom. & acc. pl. vermes, dat. & abl. pl. vermibus; vermiculus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. vermiculo, a little worm, a grub; cf. anguis,-is (s.c.III), abl. sg. angue: a snake, anguilla,-ae (s.f.I) a little snake, eel, worm; the woodworm; see termite; tinea,-ae (s.f.II), q.v., abl.sg. tinea: a gnawing worm, wood or clothes moth, worms that infest trees; see nematode; see snake;

- totus fungus mollis, carnosus, levis, biuncialis; num cavus? haud dixerimus; a vermibus enim intus erosus erat (S&A), the entire fungus is soft, fleshy, smooth, two inches; is it hollow? we will not say; for inside it was eroded by worms.

- vermes limnici (adj.A), pond-worms; abl. pl. vermibus limnicis.

- vermiculus limneticus (adj.A), pond-worm.

- tapeworm: taenia,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. taenia, q.v.

- ship-worm: teredo,-inis (s.f.III), q.v., abl. sg. teredine.

Ascaris,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. Ascaride LL. intestinal worm > Gk. askaris: “the type genus of Ascaridae comprising nematode worms hav... including the common roundworm (A. lumbricoides) parasitic in the human intestines and like an earthworm in size and superficial appearance ...” (WIII); Eng. noun ascarid, pl. ascarids, “a roundworm of the family Ascaridae” (WIII) [> Gk. askaris,-idos (s.f.III), a worm in the intestines . larva of the empis [Gk. empis,-idos (s.f.III), the mosquito, gnat; larva of the oistros” (Liddell & Scott)]; [Gk. oistros, (s.m.II), gadfly, breese, “prob. Tabanus bovinus, an insect which infests cattle” (Liddell & Scott)]; see worm.

Bombyx,-ycis (s.m./f. III), abl. sg. bombyce: silkworm; cf. bombycinus,-a,-um (adj.A), silky.

EulE (s.f.I), Gk.: worm, maggot, “the larva of the fly ... of worms bred in flesh ... [also] common worms” (Liddell & Scott).

Helminthion,-ii (s.n.II), q.v., abl. sg. helminthio, a little worm [> Gk. dim. [h]elmins,-inthos (s.f.III)];

Hookworm: species of Ancylostoma, Necator; pinworm: Enterobius vermicularis; Roundworm: species of Ascaris; Threadworm: Enterobius vermicularis.

Tineola,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. tineola (dim. of tinea,-ae (s.f.I): a little (gnawing) worm.

Nematode, q.v., eelworm, nematodum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. nematodo; vermiculus (s.m.II) nematoideus (adj.A), abl. sg. vermiculo nematoideo
worm-, grub-: in L. comp. anguilli-: q.v. 'eel-, snake-, worm-'; lumbrici-, vermi-.

in Gk. comp. helminth-, helmintho-, q.v.: in Gk. comp. like a worm, worm- [> Gk. helminth- > helmis, intestinal worm, parasitic worm; akin to Gk. eulE, worm, maggot > Gk. [h]elmins,-inthos (s.f.III), also nominative [h]elmis, “worm, intestinal-worm, either flat (plateia) or round (strongylE) (Liddell & Scott); scolec-, scoleco-, q.v.
tapeworm, like a: taenianus,-a,-um (adj.A): long, somewhat flattened and contracted in various places, like a tapeworm (Taenia) (note: not taeniatus, which is 'ribbon-shaped').

a little (gnawing) worm: tineola,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. tineola (dim. of tinea,-ae (s.f.I).

[[Silkworm: bombyx,-ycis (s.m./f. III), abl. sg. bombyce; silky:

bombycinus,-a,-um (adj.A).]] DELETE ALL IN SQUARE BRACKETS
Worm-hole, hole made by gnawing worms: terebramen,-inis (s.n.III), abl. sg. terebramine, nom. & acc. pl. terebramina;

- terebramina furfuracea tinearum, the furfuraceous (branny) holes of (gnawing) worms.
worm-shaped, more or less cylindric and contorted: lumbricalis,-e (adj.B), lumbriciformis,-e (adj.B), vermicularis,-e (adj.B), vermiculatus,-a,-um (adj.A), vermiformis,-e (adj.B)‘worm-shaped, almost cylindrical and bent or curved in places; marked with irregular waves or bent lines; cf. anguilliformis 'eel-like, worm-like,' i.e. long, slender, curved; cf. hieroglyphicus,-a,-um (adj.A): covered as if with Egyption hieroglyphics; tapeworm, like a: taenianus,-a,-um (adj.A): long, somewhat flattened and contracted in various places, like a tapeworm (Taenia) (note: not taeniatus, which is 'ribbon-shaped').

Isoetes macrospora forma hieroglyphica (A.A.Eat.) N.E.Pfeiff.: 'the commissural faces with vermiform rounded or smooth ridges, labyrinthine.’
worm-eating: vermivorus,-a,-um (adj.A): (in fungi) “living upon, or devouring, worms, as the Zoopagaceae” (S&D) [> L. vermis, ‘an earth-worm’ + vorare, to devour].
worm-expelling: see anthelmintic.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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