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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Wood, “the hard part of a stem, formed chiefly of woody tissue or pleurenchyma” (Lindley); 'the lignified portion of plants, included within the cambium layer, but exclusive of the pith; the xylem elements of the united vascular bundles' (Jackson): lignum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. ligno, nom.& acc. pl. ligna; see bark, tree;

- haec species ligni pinei putrescentis praesertim fabrefacti admodum cupida, sepibus, asseribus, palis etc. ubique innascitur (S&A), this species is most desirous of especially forming on rotten piny wood, it grows everywhere in fences, beams, stakes.

- ad ligna putrida terramque umbrosam, on rotten wood (pl.) and shady soil.

- arbor procera, ligno durissimo, a tall tree with very hard wood.

Involucra (pl.n.II) lignea (adj.A): “(obs.) the name given by Malpighi to the concentric zones of wood in Exogens” (Lindley).

Board, cut wood, beam; asser,-eris (s.m.III), abl. sg. assere, a beam, pole, stake, post, lath; tigillum,-i (s.n.II), q.v. abl. sg. tigillo, a small beam, crossbar or piece of wood; trabs, gen.sg. trabis (s.f.III), abl. sg. trabe: a cut or prepared piece of wood, a plank, a piece of lumber or timber; see beam, trabs.

Burl, shaggy cloth, a knot or lump in thread or cloth; a hard woody growth occurring on the trunks or branches of trees: lignotuber,-eris (s.n.III): abl. sing. lignotubere, nom. & acc. pl. lignotubera, dat. & abl. pl. lignotuberibus: a burl of wood.

Cellulose: perhaps cellulosum,-i (s.n.II), on analogy with the sugars -ose > -osum,-i (s.n.II).

Cunix,-icis (s.f.III), abl. sg. cunice: “(obsol. or misapplied) the separable place which intervenes between the wood and bark of Exogens” (Lindley).

Grain (of wood), the appearance and texture of wood (aspectus (s.m.IV) lignosus or ligneosus) or textura (s.f.I) lignosa or ligneosa) especially due to the arrangement and direction of stratification of wood fibers: ordinatio,-onis (s.f.II) lignea, a woody pattern or arrangement;

- conidiomata sporodochialia longitudinaliter secus texturam ligneosam extendentia atque coalescentia, conidiomata

sporodochial, extending and coalescing along the grain.

Lignin, a brown product obtained from wood by separation from cellosic and other organic materials: ligninum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. lignino.

Log: lignum,-i (s.n.II) 'firewood'; stipes,-itis (s.m.III) 'trunk of a tree', caudex,-icis (s.m.III) 'stem or trunk of a tree', truncus,-i (s.m.II), 'stem or trunk of a tree'; cf. bed-log.

Pieces, fragments or bits of wood: ramenta,-orum (pl.n.II), abl. sg.

ramentis; see ramentum,-i (s.n.II).

Rhytidoma,-atis (s.n.III), abl.sg. rhytidomate, nom. & acc. pl. rhytidomata, dat. & abl. pl. rhytidomatibus, q.v., the part of the bark external to the last formed periderm; also called scale bark, shell bark.

Sap-wood: alburnum,-i (s.n.II), q.v., abl. sg. alburno.

Sawdust: scobis (scobs),-is (s.f.III), abl. sg. scobe (scobe); serrago,-inis (s.f.III), abl. sg. serragine.

appearing like sawdust (in fine grains): scobiculatus,-a,-um (adj.A); scobiformis,-e (adj.B).

Wood-ball: sphaeroblastus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., abl. sg. sphaeroblasto.

Wood-cells, 'lengthened and thickened, combined into threads, fascicles or bundles, forming prosenchyma' (Jackson): prosenchyma,-atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. prosenchymate; see parenchyma,-atis (s.n.III).

Woodcut: xylographia,-ae (s.f.I), nom. pl. xylographiae; cf. illustration.

Wood cylinder of stems and branches of species of bryophytes: sclerodermis,-idis (s.f.III), q.v., abl. sg. sclerodermide

Wood rot, decay: see caries,-ei (s.f.V) 'decay, rot, 'a hard, dry decay;'

- basidiocarpus carie brunnea consociatus; basidiocarp associated with a brown rot.

Woodwork, worked wood: lignum fabrefactum (part.A), abl. sg. ligno fabrefacto; see fabrefactus,-a,-um (part.A).

becoming woody: lignescens,-entis (adj.B).

pertaining to wood, growing on wood: lignatilis,-e (adj.B).

growing on wood, lignicolous: lignicola,-ae (s.c.I), abl. sg.

lignicola; xylogenus,-a,-um (adj.A), xylophilus,-a,-um (adj.A).

within wood, endoxylous: endoxylus,-a,-um (adj.A).

wood-destroying, wood-consuming: lignivorus,-a,-um (adj.A),

xylophagus,-a,-um (adj.A), wood-devouring.

wooden, woody, made of wood: ligneus,-a,-um (adj.A), lignosus,-a,-um (adj.A); made of pine-wood or deal: pineus,-a,-um (adj.A); salignus,-a,-um (adj.A), saligneus,-a,-um (adj.A): of willow or willow-wood, pertaining to willow, willowy, like a willow; cf. xyl-.
wood-, wooden: in L. comp. lign-, ligni-, ligno-: in L. comp. [> L. lignum]

- lignicola,-ae (s.f.I, noun in apposition), lignicole, lignicolous, dwelling on wood].

in Gk. comp. hyl-, hyle-, hylo-, q.v.: in Gk. comp. wood, pertaining to the woods; pertaining to wood as a substance; see yl-.

- hylophorus,-a,-um, wood-bearing.; hylophagus,-a,-um: feeding in or on the wood(s).

in Gk. comp. xyl-, xylo-, -xylus (adj.A), -xylicus (adj.A);

-xylum,-I (s.n.II),-xylon,-i (s.n.II): in Gk. comp., woody, relating to wood;

of wood, lumber: lignum (s.n.II) fabrifactum (part.A), abl. sg. logno fabrifacto, ‘fashioned wood, lumber;’ trabecularis,-e (adj.B), ‘like a wooden beam, like a cross-bar, pertaining to cross-bars or cross-bar-like organs or markings;’ trabalis,-e (adj.B), ‘of or belonging to beams, lumber, timber; beam-like, as strong as a length of wood’ [> L. trabs, q.v.].


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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