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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
without (lacking): absque (prep.+ abl.), sine (prep.+ abl.); carens,-entis (part.B), the thing lacking in the ablative); see lacking;

- absque floribus, lacking flowers

- sine numero, without a (collecting) number.

- cum vel sine petallis, with or without petals;

- capsula operculo carens, capsule lacking an operculum.

- foliis costis carentibus, with the leaves lacking midribs.

- sine loco, without locality.
without, outside, beyond: extra (adv. and prep. with acc.), compar. exterius 'on the outside, without, externally; syn. extrinsecus 'from without, from abroad; without, on the outside; outer, and forinsecus (adv.); ' opp. intra, intus, in)", extus (adv.) 'outside, on the outside,' exterius (adv.); cf. outermost; see outside;

- urbem extra, outside of the city; extra capsulam;

extra faucem, outside of the throat, extra tubum, outside of the tube.

- stylus extra rostrum carinae incrassatus, style outside the beak of the keel thickened.

- ascocarpi 1-13, extra stromata geniti, ascocarps 1-13, born outside the stromata.

- calyx extus pilis glandularibus minutis, calyx on the outside with minute, glandular hairs. densely papillose.

- trichomata forinsecus vagina effecta plura, trichomes produced outside the sheath many.

without, outside (adv.): extus (adv.), extra (adv.), with verbs of motion = 'to the outside.'

without-, outside- (spacial prefix):

in L. comp. extra-;

- extracellularis,-e (adj.B): without the cells, external to the cells; extramongolicus, outside of or beyond Mongolia;

extramundanus,-a,-um (adj.A): beyond the world, extramundane;

extramuralis,-e (adj.B): outside the walls; extranaturalis,-e (adj.B): beyond nature, unnatural; extravaginalis,-e (adj.B): outside of the sheath.

in Gk. comp. exo-: outward, outside; opp. endo-;

- exobasidialis,-e, having the basidia uncovered or separated by a wall from the basidium; exogenus, undergoing development outside;

exostylis,-e, with projecting style.

- exocarpium,-ii (s.n.II), the outermost tissue layer of a pericarp; exospora,-ae (s.f.I), the outer layer of a spore-wall.

in Gk. comp. ecto-, ect-: in Gk. comp. without, outside, external [>Gk. ektos, outside]; opposite of end-, endo-, q.v.;

- ectochroicus,-a,-um (adj.A): ectochroic, with pigment on the outside of the hypha; ectogenicus,-a,-um (adj.A): ectogenic, living on the outside of a body (of bacteria); ectoparasiticus,-a,-um (adj.A): a parasite living on the outside of its host;

from without: extrinsecus (adv.), forinsecus (adv.); see without, outside.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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