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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Winter, rainy season: hiems, gen. sg. hiemis (s.f.III), abl. sg. hieme, q.v.; also hyems, gen. sg. hyemis (s.f.III), abl. sg. hyeme; bruma,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. bruma, q.v.; opp. aestas,-atis (s.f.III), abl. sg. aestate, q.v.; solstitium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. solstitio, the summer time, the heat of summer; see hiemisilvae,-arum (pl.f.I); see tropic;

- ineunte hieme, primo (adv.) hieme (all abl. sg.), at the beginning of winter

- adulta hieme, summa hieme, media hieme (all abl. sg.), midwinter.

- exacta hieme (both abl. sg.), at the end or close of winter

- ineunte hieme florens et fructificans, flowering and fruiting in the beginning of winter.

- perhiemans,-antis (part.B), persisting or remaining all winter.

- hieme et aestate (both abl. sg.): in winter and summer, i.e. in all seasons.

- plantae in diebus ultimis hiermis fructificantes, plants fruiting in the final days of winter.

Equisetum hyemale, ‘of winter; because evergreen’ (Fernald 1950).
Hiemisilvae,-arum (pl.f.I), abl. pl. hiemisilvis (silva,-ae (s.f.I), a wood):

woods in which the trees shed their leaves in the dry summer season (Jackson), hence, with foliage in winter, opp. aestatisilvae,-arum (pl.f.I), abl. pl.

aestatisilvis, deciduous forests, that is, that lose their foliage in winter and are leafed out in summer.



Wintering, overwintering, a passing the winter: hiematio,-onis (s.f.III), abl.sg. hiematione;

- planta hiematione subgaea, plant with a subterranean overwintering.

wintry, belonging to winter: hiemalis,-e (adj.B), hibernus,-a,-um (adj.A), brumalis,-e (adj.B); opp. aestivalis,-e (adj.B) and solsticialis,-e (adj.B), q.v.; cf. perhiemans,-antis (part.B): persisting all winter;

- circulus (s.m.II) hiemalis, abl. sg. circulo hiemali, the tropic of Capricorn.

- solstitium,-ii (s.n.II) hibernum, abl. sg. solstitio hiberno, the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year; also solstitium brumale, abl. sg. solstitio brumali.

winter annual (plant), autumn germinating, overwintering and dying the following autumn; planta,-ae (s.f.I) annua (adj.A) hiemalis (adj.B); see summer annual; see annual;

- inter plantas annuas hiemales, among winter annual plants

- planta hieme annua, plant in winter annual; overwintered

- leaves: folia anni praeteriti, leaves of the year past;

- rosettes: rosulae anni praeteriti, rosettes of the past year; see praeteritus,-a,-um (part.A); cf. annotinus, hornotinus.
Winter bud, shortened and crowded vegetative shoots found certain genera, such as Potamogeton: hibernaculum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. hibernaculo.

Winter bud: hibernaculum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. hibernaculo: winterbud, shortened and crowded vegetative shoots found in certain genera, such as Potamogeton.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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