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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Water: aqua,-ae (s.f.I), gen. sg. aquae, abl. sg. aqua, nom. pl. aquae, gen. pl. aquarum, dat. & abl. pl. aquis; see bath, spring (water);

- aqua pluvialis (adj.B), rain or soft water.

- fresh water, aqua dulcis (adj.B).

- aqua marina (adj.A), sea water.

- aqua subsalsa (adj.A), brackish water.

- aqua salsa (adj.A), aqua salina, salty water

- summa (adj.A) aqua, the surface of the water.

- in summa aqua, on the surface of the water.

- aquae marinae et dulcis hospites, of water sea and fresh the guests, i.e. inhabitants of sea water and fresh water (a.m. & d. in f.gen.sg.; see hospes) (Stearn).

- in aquis quietis, in still waters.

- in aquis rapide fluentibus, in rapidly flowing water; see rapids.

- aqua lenta (adj.A), slow (stagnant) water.

- ground water: aqua plerotica (adj.A), see plerotic; aqua tellurica, see telluricus,-a,-um (adj.A).

- aqua pluvialis (adj.B), rainwater

- typus ex aqua irrigua apud seminarium ornamentale in Reipublica Virginiae, USA, isolatus, type isolated from irrigation water at an ornamental nursery in the State of Virginia, USA.

absorption of water: imbibitio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. imbibitione: imbibition, absorption;

- nunc per aquae imbibitionem reticulatim mucilaginosa gelatinosave facta (DeCandolle), sometimes through the absorption of water made like a network, mucilaginous or gelatinous.

changing in water or moisture: hygroscopicus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.

in or on the water: ephydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), ephydricus,-a,-um (adj.A): in or on the water.

living near the water, parhydrous: parydrus,-a,-um (adj.A) (para + hydros), the final -a- of para is elided, and there is no 'h' before the u of -hydros: parydrous 'living near the water.'

wanting or without water, anhydrous: anydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v., anydricus,-a,-um (adj.A) (> Gk. a-privative + (h)ydros).

Aqueduct: aqueductus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. aqueductu: aqueduct; hydragogia,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. hydragogia.

Cold water: frigida,-ae (s.f.I), sc. aqua, cold water (like calida or calda, -ae, warm water).

living in or near water: aquatilis,-e (adj.B).

loving the water, water-loving: philydrus,-a,-um (adj.A) (philos + hydros), 'water-loving,' (phil- + ydros).

Natabulum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. natabulo: a place for swimming.

pertaining or relating to water: aqualis,-e (adj.B), aquarius,-a,-um (adj.A), aquaticus,-a,-um adj.A) 'living, growing or found in or by the water, aquatic; full of water, watery, moist, humid;' aquatilis,-e (adj.B), ' living, growing or found in or near water, aquatic.'

Rain: pluvia,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. pluvia.

Reservoir, cistern: cisterna,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. cisterna.

River Basin, q.v.: corrivatio (-onis s.f.III) aquarum;

Running Water: aquae currentes [> L. curro, cucurri, cursum, 3, to run, hasten]; see river; see river, stream, vortex,-icis (s.m.III), whirlpool.

- running water: aquae (pl.f.I) currentes.

- in currentibus aquarum, in currents of water.

- in currentibus celeribus aquarum, in swift currents of water.

Sea-water: aqua marina (adj.A).

Soapy or sudsy water, suds: saponatum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. saponato, q.v.

Spray, sprinkling (of water): aspergo,-inis (s.f.III), abl. sg. aspergine; aspersio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. aspersione;

- in aspergine salsa, in salt spray.

- in zona aspersionis cataractarum, in the zone of spray of cataracts.

Water vessel, water pot: hydraeum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. hydraeo; hydraeuma, -atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. hydraeumate.

Warm water: calida,-ae (s.f.I), sc. aqua, abl. sg. calida (cf. frigida,-ae (s.f.I), cold water).

Well-water: aqua (s.f.I) putealis, aqua puteana.

water, clear as: aqueus,-a,-um (adj.A); see transparent;

- herbae succo aqueo vel lacteo scatentes, herbs abounding in a watery [i.e. clear] or milky juice (Cactus).

water-inhabiting: aquaticus,-a,-um (adj.A), aquatilis,-e (adj.B).

water, pertaining to standing, pools, lakes: in Gk. comp. limn-; limnophilus, pond-loving; potamophilus,-a,-um (adj.A): river-loving.

watery, full of water: aquaticus,-a,-um (adj.A), aquosus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- herbae succo aqueo vel lacteo scatentes, herbs abounding in a watery [i.e. clear] or milky juice (Cactus).

- succus aquosus, the sap watery.

- philydrelus,-a,-um (adj.A) 'abounding in moisture' (philos + hydrelos).

well-watered: eukrenos,-a,-on (adj.A); euhydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), euhydricus, -a,-um (adj.A), 'euhydrous, well-watered, abounding in water;'

watered, irrigated, well-watered, wet, soaked: irriguus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.; see hydric; see wetted. waxy: ceraceus,-a,-um (adj.A), cereus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- in foliis sculptura epicuticulari ceracea, on the leaves with a epicuticular wax sculpture.

waxy-yellow, 'dull yellow with a soft mixture of reddish brown’ (Lindley); wax-gold: cerinus,-a,-um (adj.A) (Stearn);

- arbor elata, ramulis angulatis foliisque saepe squamulis cerinis lepidota.(B&H), a tall tree, with angled branchlets, and with the leaves often scaly with waxy yellow [cerine] little scales.

in L. comp. aqu-, aqui-, q.v.;

- aquifer, aquifera, aquiferum (adj.A), bearing water.

in Gk. comp. hydr-, hydro-, q.v. [> Gk. hydor, gen. sg. hydatos (s.n.III) water];

- hydrophilus, water-loving, growing in water.

- hydrophyton,-i (s.n.II), water-loving or aquatic plant.

in Gk. comp. -hydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), -hydrelus,-a,-um (adj.A): watered;

- anydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), anydricus,-a,-um (adj.A): anhydrous, wanting water (a-privative + hydros)

- parydrus (para + hydros), the final -a- of para is elided, and there is no 'h' before the u of -hydros: parydrous 'living near the water.'

- philydros (philos + hydros), 'water-loving,' (phil- + ydros) (not philhydros).

- however, with epi the final -i- is elided, but the 'p' becomes 'ph' before the 'y': ephydrous (epi + hydros), growing on the water, the 'ph' is rendered in Greek with the Greek letter 'phi'

in Gk. comp. hygr-, hygro-: in Gk. comp. damp, moist, moisture, wet = Lat. liquidus; opp. xEros (Latin siccus);

- hygrophilus,-a,-um (adj.A), moisture loving, adapted to wet but not aquatic habitats.

- hygrophyton,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. hygrophyto: hygrophyte, a plant of wet habitats but not growing in water.

in Gk. comp. hyo-, from a verb associated with rain; see hyo-;

- Hyophila (s.f.I), rain (moisture-) loving; Hyocomium B. & S.

in L. comp. imbr-, imbri-, rain;

- imbrifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A), rain-bringing.

in Gk. comp. -notis,-idis (s.f.III), -notus,-a,-um (adj.A):

in Gk. comp.

moisture, damp, wet [> Gk. notis,-idos (s.f.III) moisture, damp, wet;

notios,-a,-on, adj.: wet, damp, rainy];

- philonotus,-a,-um (adj.A), moisture loving.

in Gk. comp. ombro-: 'rain,' q.v.;

- ombrophilus,-a,-um (adj.A); ombrophilicus,-a,-um (adj.A), rain-loving, able to withstand rains, as in areas of torrential downpours.

in Gk. comp. rheo-: in Gk. comp., pertaining to flowing water;

- rheophilus, loving rivers, etc.

Wattle, from and Old English word indicating a 'bandage' is a form of building construction using interwoven slender branches, withys or reeds, reminiscent of basketry from willow wands; wattle also refers to the material (rods, branches, reeds) used in such construction; the word also refers to a fleshy skin depending from the head or neck of an animal (a dewlap). Wattle is also, for some reason, the common name for various trees in the genus Acacia, primarily in Australia, where it is the largest genus of vascular plants. Acacia pycnantha is the floral emblem of that country.

Acacia decurrens, 'Green Wattle' the var. mollis 'Black Wattle,' A. pubescens 'Hairy Wattle', A. longifolia 'Sydney Golden Wattle.' (Bailey 1938), some species are especially useful for tanning and material for axe handles, bullock yokes (Uphof).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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