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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Violet (plant): see viola,-ae (s.f.I).

Violet Color; see purple color, blue color.

violet, 'pure blue stained with red, so as to be intermediate between the two colors' (Stearn 1983): violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), violeus,-a,-um (adj.A), ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A), ionides. Deeper tones of violet, see deep violet below.

Cortinarius violaceus, a mushroom with a dark, shining violet cap and stalk; Peziza violacea is also violet; Cortinarius alboviolaceus, a mushroom with a pale lilac white-tinted cap, the white tints from the silvery white silky hairs covering the cap; the flesh is violet tinted (Miller).

1. violet-: in L. comp., ianthin-, ianthino-, violaceo-; violet (the plant) viol-, violi-;

- violaceopictus, painted with violet; violiflorus, with flowers like a Viola (Stearn 1983).

2. violet-: in Gk. comp., ianthin-, ianthino-; io-, ion-, iono- io- [> Gk. s.n.II, the violet (in L. viola,-ae s.f.I);

- ionandrus,-a,-um (adj.A), with violet stamens; ionanthus,-a,-um (adj.A), with violet flowers.

Lobelia ionantha.

ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A): violet, L. from a Greek and Latin word, violet-blue, violet-; “pure blue stained with red, so as to be intermediate between the two colors” (Lindley).

ianthinum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. ianthino: the color violet. ianthina,-orum, violet-colored garments. Ianthis,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. ianthide: a violet-colored flower.

Iodanthus T. & G. (s.m.II) Purple Rocket [> Gk. ion, s.n.II, the violet (in L. viola,-ae s.f.I); > Gk. iodes, violet-colored, and anthos, flower.

Adjectives are modified by adverbs:

- dilute (adv.) violaceus, pallide (adv.) violaceus, dilute or pale violet. pallide vel mediocriter (adv.) violaceus, paley to moderately violet.

- medie (adv.), mediocriter (adv.): moderately, medium-: medie violaceus, medium violet.

- "deep shades of colour are usually indicated by adding the prefix atro- to the colour-name;" Stearn also indicates that the prefix implies "blackish or very dark." atro-violaceus, deep (dark) violet.

- saturate (adv.), vivide (adv.) violaceus, saturated, vivid violet (bright violet).

- obscure (adv.): indistinctly, obscurely; 'dull' of colors: obscure violaceus, dull violet.

- sordide (adv.) violaceus: dingy, dirty violet.

- fusci-, fusco-: in L. comp., darkened or dark brown-: fusco-violaceus, dark-brownish violet.

- sordide (adv.) violaceus: dingy, dirty violet.

- intense violet: maxime (adv.) violaceus, maxime ianthinus.

Reactions:

- juventute (young state), aetate (in time), maturitate (at maturity): (abl. of time within which): pileus juventute violaceus, pileus in youth violet.

- bruised: contusus,-a,-um (part.A): pileus ubi contusus violascens, pileus when bruised becoming violet.

- cut: scissus,-a,-um (part.A), sectus,-a,-um (part.A): pileus postquam sectus violascens, pileus after having been cut turning violet.

- exudatum colore violaceo, exudate with the color violet.

- jodo violescens (part.B), in iodine turning violet (nearly violet).
1. violet-: in L. comp., ianthin-, ianthino-, violaceo-; violet (the plant) viol-, violi-;

- violaceopictus, painted with violet; violiflorus, with flowers like a Viola (Stearn 1983).

2. violet-: in Gk. comp., ianthin-, ianthino-; io-, ion-, iono- io- [> Gk. s.n.II, the violet (in L. viola,-ae s.f.I);

- ionandrus,-a,-um (adj.A), with violet stamens; ionanthus,-a,-um (adj.A), with violet flowers.

Lobelia ionantha.

ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A): violet, L. from a Greek and Latin word, violet-blue, violet-.

ianthinum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. ianthino: the color violet. ianthina,-orum, violet-colored garments. Ianthis,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. ianthide: a violet-colored flower.

Iodanthus T. & G. (s.m.II) Purple Rocket [> Gk. ion, s.n.II, the violet (in L. viola,-ae s.f.I); > Gk. iodes, violet-colored, and anthos, flower.

Adjectives are modified by adverbs:

- dilute (adv.) violaceus, pallide (adv.) violaceus, dilute or pale violet. pallide vel mediocriter (adv.) violaceus, paley to moderately violet.

- medie (adv.), mediocriter (adv.): moderately, medium-: medie violaceus, medium violet.

- "deep shades of colour are usually indicated by adding the prefix atro- to the colour-name;" Stearn also indicates that the prefix implies "blackish or very dark." atro-violaceus, deep (dark) violet.

- saturate (adv.), vivide (adv.) violaceus, saturated, vivid violet (bright violet).

- obscure (adv.): indistinctly, obscurely; 'dull' of colors: obscure violaceus, dull violet.

- sordide (adv.) violaceus: dingy, dirty violet.

- fusci-, fusco-: in L. comp., darkened or dark brown-: fusco-violaceus, dark-brownish violet.

- sordide (adv.) violaceus: dingy, dirty violet.

- intense violet: maxime (adv.) violaceus, maxime ianthinus.

Reactions:

- juventute (young state), aetate (in time), maturitate (at maturity): (abl. of time within which): pileus juventute violaceus, pileus in youth violet.

- bruised: contusus,-a,-um (part.A): pileus ubi contusus violascens, pileus when bruised becoming violet.

- cut: scissus,-a,-um (part.A), sectus,-a,-um (part.A): pileus postquam sectus violascens, pileus after having been cut turning violet.

- exudatum colore violaceo, exudate with the color violet.

- jodo violescens (part.B), in iodine turning yellow (yellowish).



violet-: in L. comp., ianthin-, ianthino-, violaceo-; violet (the plant) viol-, violi-;

- violaceopictus, painted with violet; violiflorus, with flowers like a Viola (Stearn 1983).

violet-: in Gk. comp., ianthin-, ianthino-; io-, ion-, iono- io- [> Gk. s.n.II, the violet (in L. viola,-ae s.f.I);

- ionandrus,-a,-um (adj.A), with violet stamens; ionanthus,-a,-um (adj.A), with violet flowers.

Lobelia ionantha.

ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A): violet, L. from a Greek and Latin word, violet-blue, violet-.

ianthinum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. ianthino: the color violet. ianthina,-orum, violet-colored garments. Ianthis,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. ianthide: a violet-colored flower.

Iodanthus T. & G. (s.m.II) Purple Rocket [> Gk. ion, s.n.II, the violet (in L. viola,-ae s.f.I); > Gk. iodes, violet-colored, and anthos, flower.

amethyst-color: amethysteus,-a,-um (adj.A), amethystinus,-a,-um (adj.A): amethyst, violet(H.C.C. 35); also applied to color-range between purple and violet

Stearn 1983). These words imply, together with hyacinthinus,-a,-um (adj.A)

and atro-violcaeus,-a,-um (adj.A) a deeper hue of violet than violaceus.

aster-violet (H.C.C. 38): asterinus,-a,-um (adj.A).

becoming or turning violet: violascens,-entis (part.B)

bishop's-violet: episcopali-violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A)

campanula violet: campanulinus,-a,-um (adj.A)

cobalt violet; cobaltino-violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A)

dark livid: atrolividus,-a,-um (adj.A).

dark violet: atroviolaceus,-a,-um (adj.A).

deep violet (Stearn 1983): amethysteus, amethystinus, hyacinthinus, atro-violaceus.

grayish lavender: griseo-lavendulus,-a,-um (adj.A).

hyacinth-blue (H.C.C.40): hyacinthinus,-a,-um (adj.A), a deep violet.

ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A); jodinus,-a,-um (adj.A), violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A)

jodinus,-a,-um (adj.A): violet-colored, = ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A).

lavender-colored, violet: lavendulaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), lavendulus,-a,-um (adj.A); cf. lilacinus,-a,-um (adj.A): lilac, i.e. 'pale dull violet mixed a little with white' (Lindley) but with more red in it and nearer purple than lavendulaceus, which has more blue and is nearer violet, both being grayed and light (Stearn, 1983).

lavender-gray: lavendulo-griseus,-a,-um (adj.A).

lilac-colored: see lavender-colored.

liventer (adv.) violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A): lividly violet.

lividus,-a,-um (adj.A), liveus,-a,-um (adj.A), livius,-a,-um (adj.A):

livid, a vague term which 'may be defined as the peculiar livery effect of adding grey and black to the range of hues between blue and red' (H.A. Dade), originally a blue or leaden color' (Stearn 1983); 'livid' was a color used by the Romans to refer to bruises, 'black and blue,' also bluish, blue.

lividulus,-a,-um (adj.A): a paler color than livid.

livid-violet, livid a blue or leaden color: liveo-violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), livido-violaceus,-a,-um (adj.A); see lividus,-a,-um (adj.A).

mauve, mallow purple, the first synthetic dye derived from phenazine, a basic violet, formerly used chiefly for dyeing silk (WIII): malvinus,-a,-um (adj.A), malvicolor,-oris (adj.B) [> L. malva,-ae (s.f.I), the mallow, the color of malva petals].

pale violet: subviolaceus,-a,-um (adj.A)

slate-violet: violaceo-ardesiacus,-a,-um (adj.A); see slate-colored.

tyrianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A): a color between purple and violet (Lewis & Short).

veronica-violet (H.C.C.6.39): veronicinus,-a,-um (adj.A).

violaceus, violet-colored; = ianthinus,-a,-um (adj.A), jodinus,-a,-um (adj.A).

violaceous black: violaceo-niger,-ra,-rum (adj.A).

violaceous gray: violaceo-griseus,-a,-um (adj.A).

violet-blue: violaceo-coeruleus,-a,-um (adj.A)

violet carmine, a dark reddish purple: violaceo-carminus,-a,-um (adj.A),

violaceo-carmineus,-a,-um (adj.A), violaceo- coccineus,-a,-um (adj.A),

violaceo-carmesinus,-a,-um (adj.A), violaceo-kermesinus,-a,-um (adj.A);

see carmine.

violet-gray: violaceo-griseus,-a,-um (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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