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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Vine: apparently used of stems that not only recline but have modifications for climbing, such as a twining habit or tendrils, as opposed to plants with stems that sprawl or recline on objects for their support. Vines designate woody or herbaceous habits of plants in temperate areas, such as the grape; woody vines of tropical areas are lianas, q.v.: vitis,-is (s.f.III), abl.sg. vite, nom. & acc. pl. vites gen. pl. vitium [i-stem], dat. & abl. pl. vitibus; syn. ampelos,-i (s.f.II), q.v., abl. sg. ampelo; syn. labrusca,-ae (s.f.I), a wild vine; see liana.

Planta,-ae (s.f.I) volubilis (adj.B), twining plant, or caulis,-is (s.m.III) volubilis, twining stem could also be used; also planta scandens (part.B), ‘climbing’ plant;

- herba reptans v. volubilis (B&H), an herb that is creeping or twining.

- ampelos agria, wild vine, vine of the fields.

- vite lignosa interdum herbacea, gracili, volubili, with a vine, woody, sometimes herbaceous, slender, twining.

- herbae scandentes, fruticantes, herbs climbing [i.e. viney], becoming shrubby.

- herba volubilis, twining herb.

- vitis sylvestris, woodland (i.e. wild) vine.

Palmes,-itis (s.m.III), abl. sg. palmite, nom. & acc. pl. palmites: “a young branch or shoot of a vine, a vine-sprig, vine-sprout; a vine; a vineyard (Lewis & Short); syn.:

Pampinus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. pampino: a tendril; the young shoot of a vine; the foliage of a vine, a vine-leaf a tendril or clasper of any climbing vine; see tendril; cf. pampinatus,-a,-um (adj.A): having tendrils and leaves; tendril-shaped, like a tendril; see tendril-shaped; pampinosus,-a,-um (adj.A): full of leaves, leafy, full of branches - used of vines.

NOTE: classically, ampelos,-i (s.f.II), abl. sg. ampelo [> Gk. ampelos] indicated a vine, a grape-vine, syn. vitis,-is (s.f.III). It has not been used as the name of a genus in Linnean nomenclature, although its Latin synonym 'vitis' has (Vitis,-is L., Vitaceae); see ampelos,-i (s.f.II); see ampelos,-i (s.f.II) and labrusca,-ae (s.f.I).

Vine, little: viticula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. viticula; also, a tendril, q.v.; “a trailing or scrambling stem, like that of the Vine, Gourd, Cucumber, &c.” (Lindley).

resembling a little vine, full of small vines: viticulosus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.
a little vine: viticula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. viticula; also, a tendril, q.v.

resembling a little vine, full of small vines: viticulosus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

 
 
 
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