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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Vertex,-icis (s.m.III), abl.sg. vertice, also vortex,-icis (s.m.III), abl. sg. vortice: the top, highest point, peak, summit, crown of the head; also, that which turns or is turned, a whirl; a whirlpool of water, eddy, whirlwind, coil of wind, tornado [> L. verto (vorto), verti (vorti), versum (vorsum, 3. to turn, turn round]; see summit, top; see turbo,-inis (s.m.III),

abl. sg. turbine, that which spins or twirls around; see top;

- vertice, at the top.

- a vertice, from above, down from above.

- ab imis unguibus usque ad verticem summum, from top to toe, Cicero, (from the lowest toe to the tip top).

- vertex austrinus, vertex australis, the south pole.

- de summo vertice fons scaturibat, the stream gushes forth from the highest peak.

- lianae in vertice arborum scandentes, lianas climbing into the tops of trees.

- Hab. prope montis Negro-Mountain dicti verticem in comitatu Ashe, Carolinae Septentionalis, it grows near the summit of the mountain called Negro-Mountain in Ashe County, North Carolina.

- stigma dilatato-5-gonum, vertice 2-lamellatum (B&H), the stigma dilated, 5-sided, at the summit 2-lamellate.

- stigma in centro verticis sessile v. subsessile, in directione spadicis elongatum, depressum, medio sulcatum (B&H), the stigma in the center of the summit sessile or subsessile, elongate in the direction of the spadix, depressed, sulcate in the middle.

NOTE: the vertex may be the summit of a structure, the apex is the tip; see apex;

- carpella oo [=infinite], intra alveolos tori carnosi obconici vertice plani singillatim et inordinate fere ad apicem inclusa (B&H), carpella indeterminate, included at the flat summit one by one and irregularly almost to the tip within the alveoli of the fleshy, obconic torus.

NOTE: a vortex has come to be associated with a whirl, eddy, whirlpool of water, wind or flame (cf. turbo,-inis (s.m.III), whereas vertex is associated with the highest point, top, peak or summit as of a mountain, a tree.

NOTE: (of mountains) quinquejugus,-a,-um (adj.A): having five summits, five-peaked; same as quinquevertex,-icis (adj.B) and quinticeps,-cipitis (adj.B).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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