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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
varying, diversifying, changing: see varians,-antis (part.B).

varying, changing, diversifying: varians,-antis (part.B), q.v.;

- fructus magnitudine variantes, fruits varying with respect to size, fruits of variable size (Stearn, 1983).

varying, changing, diversifying: varians,-antis (part.B), q.v.;

- fructus magnitudine variantes, fruits varying with respect to size, fruits of variable size (Stearn, 1983).

varying to or into: 'ad' or 'in' (+ acc.);

varying from: 'de' or 'ab' (+ abl.) ... into: 'ad' or 'in'(+ acc.);

ad or in ( + acc.) ... desinens, desistens, inclinans, vergens.

de or ab (+ abl.) ... ad or in (+ acc.) ... desinens, desistens, inclinans, vergens.

e.g. - petalla rosea in colorem violaceum desinentia, petals rose-colored varying (ending) into a violet color.1. in (+ acc.) ... desinens,-entis (part.B) [> L. desino,-sii 4. 'desit' to cease, stop, desist; end close;

desinens,-entis (part.B): ceasing, stopping]

- folia in apicem desinentia, leaves ending in the apex.

- sepala de roseo in colorem purpureum desinentia, sepals ending from rosey into the color purple. Note 'colore' after 'de' is understood.

- folium primo velutinum ad glabrum desinens, leaf at first velvety ending glabrous ('glabrum' - folium is understood).

2. in (+ acc.) ... desistens,-entis (part.B) (desistum, part.A) [> L. desisto,-stiti,-stitum, 3: to of an action, to leave off, cease, desist from with de, ab or simple abl.;

- costa in apicem desistens, costa ceasing in the apex.

- planta de arbore ad suffruticem desistens, plant from a tree to a subshrub ending.

- capsula laevis ad statum marchescentem desistens, capsule smooth ending in a withered state.

3. in (+ acc.) ... inclinans,-antis (part.B) (inclinatus, part.A)) [> L. inclino,-avi,-atum 1. to cause to lean or bend, to incline, turn in a direction, to bend down or bow something + ad and acc.;

- petalla de colore albo ad colorem purpureum inclinantia, petals tending from a white color toward (changing into) a purple color.

- capsula ad formam ventricosam inclinans, capsule tending to a ventricose form.

- caulis de linea recta ad flexuosam inclinans, stem from a straight to a flexuosa (line) varying.

- planta de arbore ad suffruticem inclinans, plant from a tree varying to a subshrub.

- ad solem inclinatus, turned toward the sun.

4. in (+ acc.) ... vergens,-entis (part.B) [> L. vergens,-entis (part.B): tending towards, approaching ('toward' + ad + acc.) ('on' + in + acc.);

- colore languido in candidum vergente, with a dull color tending to (or verging on) white.

- optimus frutex rubens aut in purpuram vergens, the best fruit is red or verging on the purple.

- planta de arbore ad suffruticem vergens, plant from a tree to a subshrub approaching.

- vertices sphaerularum jucundo picti colore roseo versus rubrum vergente (S&A), the tops of the sphaerules pleasingly painted with a rose-colore verging toward the red.

5. passage from one condition to another, using ex (e) + abl.:

- foliis 7--15 cm latis, ex [statu] late ovato orbicularibus, with leaves 7-15 cm wide, orbicular from a widely ovate condition (state). "Statu" does not have to be written out: foliis ex late ovato orbicularibus; status,-us (s.m.IV), acc. sg. statum, abl. sg. statu 'state or condition.'

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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