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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
-us,-a,-um (adj.A):

1. the Latin endings for adjectives of the first and second declension, the equivalent of the "Adjective A" of Stearn (1983) as is used throughout the present dictionary.

-us corresponds to a masculine noun, -a to a feminine, and -um to a neuter;

crassus,-a,-um (adj.A): thick

            singular                      plural 
        m.      f.       n.         m.       f.        n. 
Nom. crassus  crassa   crassum    crassi   crassae   crassa 
Gen. crassi   crassae  crassi    crassorum crassarum crassorum 
Dat. crasso   crassae  crasso              crassis 
Acc. crassum  crassam  crassum    crassos  crassas   crassa 
Abl. crasso   crassa   crasso              crassis 
2. a). translation of Greek adjective endings -os,-a(-E),-on. These are the simplest Greek adjective endings that are added to a root or stem: morph-E (s.f.I), shape, form > morph-os,-a(-E),-on.

According to the chart of Greek characters given by Stearn (1983, p. 262), final 'on' (omicron nu) > -on (Latin) and -um (Latin transliteration); final 'os' (omicron sigma) > -os (Latin) and -us or -os (Latin transliteration) English (-ous);

-morphos,-a,-on (adj.A) > -morphus,-a,-um [morphous]

polymorphos,-a,-on (adj.A) > polymorphus,-a,-on [polymorphous]

b)-ios,-ia(-E),-ion, indicating belonging or relating to a person or thing (noun stem) > ios,-ia,-ion (English -ious)

c) -ikos,-ika(E),-ikon, indicating relation and belonging (like -ios) with a noun stem > icos,-ica,-icon > icus,-ica,-icum [English -icous]

3. translation into English of Greek and Latin adjectives regularly employ the English adjective suffix -ous: L. fuscus > Eng. fuscous; L. luteus > Engl. luteous; Gk. morphos > Eng. morphous; Gk. morphicos > Engl. morphicous.
-us,-eris (s.n.III)

genus,-eris (s.n.III), 'genus'

      singular     plural  
Nom.  genus       genera 
Gen.  generis     generum 
Dat.  generi      generibus 
Acc.  genus       genera 
Abl.  genere      generibus 
- latus,-eris (s.n.III), abl. sg. latere, 'side, flank.'

-us,-odis (s.m.III); see

-pus,-podis (s.m.III): -footed, -based, -stalked, -pedicelled, -peduncled, - setaed;

       singular          plural 
Nom.    -pus            -podes 
Gen.    -podis          -podum 
Dat.    -podi           -podibus 
Acc.    -podem          -podes   
Abl.    -pode           -podibus
-us,-oris (s.n.III) note the neuter, hence all accusatives are the same as the nominatives;

corpus,-oris (s.n.III), body.

     singular       plural  
Nom.  corpus        corpora 
Gen.  corporis      corporum 
Dat.  corpori       corporibus 
Acc.  corpus        corpora 
Abl.  Corpore       corporibus 
- decus,-oris (s.n.III), ornament; litus,-oris (s.n.III), seashore, beach.
-us,-udis (s.f.III);

palus,-udis (s.f.III), marsh, swamp, bog. NOTE: a feminine noun.

     singular       plural    
Nom.  palus         paludes 
Gen.  paludis       paludum 
Dat.  paludi        paludibus 
Acc.  paludem       paludes 
Abl.  palude        paludibus 
-us,-uris (s.n.III);

crus,-uris (s.n.III), leg

     singular       plural    
Nom.  crus          crura 
Gen.  cruris        crurum 
Dat.  cruri         cruribus 
Acc.  crus          crura 
Abl.  crure         cruribus 
-us,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. -u; nouns of the fourth declension, q.v.;

     singular       plural            singular       plural     
         m. (and f.)                           n. 
Nom.  fructus       fructus     Nom.  cornu         cornua     
Gen.  fructus       fructuum    Gen.  cornus        cornuum 
Dat.  fructui       fructibus   Dat.  cornui        cornibus  
Acc.  fructum       fructus     Acc.  cornu         cornua   
Abl.  fructu        fructibus   Abl.  cornu         cornibus   

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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