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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
upper, above, on the upper side (adv.): supra (adv.) 'on the upper side, above, beyond, over;' insuper (adv.), 'above, on top, from above;' superne (adv.),'from above, upwards, above';

- cirrhi superne volubiles, the tendrils upwardly spiraling.

- petalis insuper lavandulaceis subter albis, with petals lavander above, white below.

- laminis supra minus pubescentibus, with the blades on the upper side less pubescent.

- herbae superne crescentes, herbs growing upwards.

upper, above (prep.): super (prep. + abl. and acc.) 'above, on top of; abl. with verbs of or the idea of rest, acc. with verbs of motion;' supra (prep. + acc.): 'on the upper side, above, beyond, over; more than;' opp. under, underneath, q.v.;

- caulis supra erecta stem in the upper part erect; caulis inferne erecta, stem in the lower part erect.

- laminis supra minus pubescentibus, with the blades on the upper side less pubescent.

- insuper subterque terram crescit, it grows above and below the soil.

- supra millia viginti [more than 20 thousand]

- semina supra montem vecta, seeds carried over the mountain.

- nervo medio super medium attingenti, with the middle nerve reaching above the middle.

- petalis super petala dispositis, with bracts above the petals arranged.

- super solo habitans, dwelling above the soil.

upper, above (adj.A): superus,-a,-um (adj.A), supernus,-a,-um (adj.A), superior,-ius (adj.compar.B), compar. of superus,-a,-um (adj.A); opp. inferus, 'below, lower;' cf. distalis,-e (adj.B), ventralis,-e (adj.B), adaxialis,-e (adj.B); opp. infernus,-a,-um (adj.A); opp. inferior,-ius (adj.compar.B);

- caulibus infernis pubescentibus supernis glabris, with stems in the lower part pubescent, in the upper part glabrous.

- filia superiora, upper leaves.

- in pagina superiore, on the upper surface (side).

- glomeruli florum inferiores remoti, superiores approximati, omnes folio suffulti, glomerules of flowers lower remote, upper close together, all by a leaf subtended (Stearn 1983).

- caulibus infernis pubescentibus supernis glabris, with stems in the lower part pubescent, in the upper part glabrous.

upper-: in L. comp: super-, supra-, over, above; of motion, over, across, beyond; of measure, over, above, exceeding, beyond, excessive; opp. sub-, q.v.; see super-.

in Gk. comp. hyper-, over, above; of motion, over, across, beyond; of measure, over, above, exceeding, beyond, excessive; opp. hyp-, hypo-, q.v.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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