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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
upon:

1. in (prep. + abl.), on, upon;

- in foliis vivis, raro in cortice crescens, on living leaves, rarely on bark growing.

- folia in rhizomate conferta, leaves on the rhizome crowded together.

2. ad (prep. + acc.), at, on;

- folia ad margine papillosa, leaves on the margin papillose.

- valvae ad nervos pubescentes, valves on the margins pubescent.

- folia ad ramos ramulosque densa, leaves dense on branches and branchlets.

3. super (prep. with acc. if motion is implied; + abl. if rest) on the top of, above, over, upon; opp. sub (prep. + abl.), q.v.;

- folia super ramos ramulosque densiora, leaves upon the branches and branchlets denser.

4. supra (adv.; prep. + acc.) on the upper side, above, beyond, over;

- valvae supra nervos pubescentes, valves upon the nerves pubescent.

upon-; opp. under, q.v.

in L. comp.

super-: over, above, in addition; situated or placed above, on, at the top of; on the dorsal or upper side of; in excessive degree; supra-: above, higher than, situated on the dorsal or upper side of, on top, beyond, over, upon; opp. sub-, q.v., under.

- suprafoliaris,-e (adj.A): arranged directly above and near the point of leaf insertion upon the stem.

- superimpositus,-a,-um (part.A): placed upon, overlapping, superimposed.

- superfluus,-a,-um (adj.A), overabundant, superfluous, excessive.

in Gk. comp.

epi-, q.v., upon, over, on top of, added to; q.v.; opp. hyp-, hypo-, q.v. 'below, under;' hyper-: in Gk. comp. over, above; of motion, over, across, beyond; of measure, over, above, exceeding, beyond, excessive, intensified; opp. hyp-, hypo-, q.v. 'under;' see under-.

- epiphyton,-i (s.n.II), a plant growing on top of another plant, but not parasitic, such as an air-plant; epidermis,-idis (s.f.III), the superficial layer of cells;

- Epifagus Nutt., Beech-drops, from Gk. epi, upon, and phagos, the Beech 'because it grows on the roots of that tree' Fernald 1950.

- hyperchromaticus,-a,-um: suited for color, susceptible of intensified coloration.

- hypertrophicus,-a,-um (adj.A): abnormally or morbidly enlarged.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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