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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Unguis,-is (s.f.III), abl. sg. ungue, nom.& acc. pl. ungues, gen. pl. unguium, dat. & abl. pl. unguibus [> L. unguis,-is (s.m.III), ‘a nail of a person’s finger or toe; (of animals) a claw, talon, hoof, (of plants) a nail-like spot, the tip, extremity; a hook” (Lewis & Short)]; see claw;

1. a claw, talon or hoof.

- Patria. Hispaniola, in ramis Haematoxyli et Mimosae Unguis cati: Swartz (Mueller), native place. Hispaniola, on the branches of Haematoxylon and Mimosa: the claw of the cat.

MIMOSA Unguis Cati

2. claw, narrowed basal part of a petal; “the stalk of a petal” (Lindley);

- corolla vexillo ad basem in unguem angustum diminuato, corolla with a standard at the base diminished into a narrow claw.

- vexillum amplum, patens v. reflexum, supra unguem brevem intus nudum, v. callosum, v. rarius auriculis inflexis appendiculatum (B&H), the vexillum large, spreading or reflexed, above the short [unguis, the claw-like base] inside naked, or callose, or more rarely appendiculate with inflexed auricles.

- lamina dilatata ad apicem unguis barbata, the lamina expanded at the apex of the claw, bearded.

- petala alba ungue flavo fovea nectarifera notato (DeCandolle), petals white with a yellow claw marked with a nectariferous pit.

- glandulae 4, subrotundae, ad basín unguium corollae (Swartz), glandules 4, nearly round, at the base of the claws of the corolla.

- vexillum erectum, in unguem contractum, genitalia fovens (B&H), vexillum erect, contracted into a claw, encircling the genitalia [i.e. sex organs].

- petala basi in unguem latam angustata (B&H), petals at the base narrowed into a broad claw.

3. fingernail; the length of a fingernail, 1/2 inch, 1.3 cm. (an i-stem noun); “half-an-inch, or the length of the nail of the little finger” (Lindley); see prong; “Nail: half-an-inch, or the length of the nail of the little finger” (Lindley).

4. the nail-like extremity or tip of an organ, especially of a leaf, such as the excurrent costa in mosses, such as Barbula unguiculata; see prong.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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