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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
under, underneath (adv.): infra (adv.) 'on the underside, beneath, below;' inferne (adv.),'on the lower part;' subter (adv.) 'below, beneath, underneath, in a lower place;' subtus (adv., no prep.): below, beneath, underneath, in a lower place; opp. supra (adv.) 'on the upper side, above, beyond, over;'

- laminis subtus minus pubescentibus, with the blades underneath less pubescent.

- petalis insuper lavandulaceis subter albis, with petals lavander above, white below.

- caulis supra erecta stem in the upper part erect; caulis inferne erecta, stem in the lower part erect.

- herbae inferne crescentes, herbs growing downwards.

- nervis supra nullis subtus prominulis, with nerves on the upper side none, on the lower side somewhat prominent.
under, underneath (prep.): infra (+ acc. of space, time, value, etc.): sub (prep. + abl.) 'under, below, near (indicating object under, etc., which thing is situated, at the foot of, near), with verbs of motion + acc.; subter (prep. with abl. when no motion is implied, and acc.) below, beneath, underneath; opp. upper, q.v.; see upon;

- supra subterque terram crescit, it grows above and below the soil.

- sub solo habitans, dwelling below the soil.

- costa sub apicem evanida, costa disappearing below the apex.

- nervo medio sub apicem attingenti, with the middle nerve reaching to below the apex.

- sub monte, at the foot of the mountain.

- bracteis infra petala dispositis, with bracts below the petals arranged.

- insuper subterque terram crescit, it grows above and below the soil.

- setis subter capsulis glabris, with the setae underneath the capsules glabrous.

under, lower (adj.A): inferus,-a,-um (adj.A), inferior,-ius (adj. compar. B); infernus,-a,-um (adj.A), 'lower, that which lies beneath, underneath;' see lower; see proximalis,-e (adj.B), dorsalis,-e (adj.B), abaxialis,-e (adj.B); cf. proximalis,-e (adj.B), dorsalis,-e (adj.B), abaxialis,-e (adj.B); opp. supernus,-a,-um (adj.A); opp. superior,-ius (adj. compare. B);

- caulibus infernis pubescentibus supernis glabris, with stems in the lower part pubescent, in the upper part glabrous.

- folia inferiora, underleaves

- in pagina inferiore, on the under surface (side).

- glomeruli florum inferiores remoti, superiores approximati, omnes folio suffulti, glomerules of flowers lower remote, upper close together, all by a leaf subtended (Stearn 1983).

under-; opp. upon-, q.v.;

in L. comp:

sub-, q.v. (suc-, suf-, sup-, sus-) 'almost, somewhat, not completely, a little; under or below; opp. super-, supra-, over, above; see upon-;

- subacutus, somewhat acute; subalbidus, somewhat whitish.

- subepidermalis,-e (adj.B), below the epidermis; subhymenialis,-e (adj.B), below the hymenium;

- subhymenium = hypothecium

- hypothecium = subhymenium

in Gk. comp.:

hyp-, hypo-, q.v., below, under, beneath, lower, basal; opp. epi,q.v., upon, over; opp. hyp-, hyper-, q.v., upon, over; see upon-;

- hypargyreus,-a,-um (adj.A), silvery beneath; hypochryseus,-a,-um (adj.A), golden beneath;

- hypodermicus, beneath the epidermis; hypogaeus, below the ground.

- hypoxys, somewhat acid.

- Hypopitys, from Gk. hypo, under and pitys, pine, growing under and perhaps parasitic on Pinus.

NOTE: these prefixes often indicate an incompleteness to the quality indicated in the word to which the prefix is added; indicating 'slightly,' 'somewhat,' 'less than.'

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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