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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
ultra (adv.): on the other side of; beyond, further (of that which is beyond a certain limit), more than; (prep. + acc.) beyond, on the further side of; opp. cis (prep. + acc.) on this side; cf. trans (prep. + acc.) across, beyond, on the far side of];

- caulis duo pedales vel ultra altus, stem 2 feet or more high.

- species descriptae ultra 70, species described beyond 70.

- frondes fiunt pollicem et ultra latae, the fronds become (one inch, 2.5 cm) and more wide.

- sporae asexuales liberatae appendiculis ultra 300 um longis, released asexual spores more than 300 um long.

- pileus nonnumquam pedalis et ultra (S&A), the pileus sometimes a foot long and beyond.

- [algae] caespes in mari natans fere sphaericus, ultra semipedalis (Agardh), clumps floating in the sea almost spherical, more than one half foot [i.e. + 6 inches].

- [lichen] apothecia satis parva (latti. 0,5 millim. vel nonnihil ultra) (Nyl.) the apothecia quite small (0.5 millimeters in length or somewhat beyond).
ultra (prep. with acc.): beyond, on the farther side of, beyond a certain limit, past, beyond, above, more than; opp. cis (prep. + acc.) on this side; cf. trans (prep. + acc.) across, beyond, on the far side of]; in space:

- herbis ultra Mare Album crescentibus, with plants growing on the far side of (= beyond) the White Sea.

- ultra Alpes, beyond (=on the far side of) the Alps.

- costa ultra medium folii producta, costa beyond the middle of the leaf extended.

- cis Padum ultraque, on this side of the Po (River, Padus,-i, s.m.II) and beyond it.

- ultra Silianum villam, on the other side of the Silian villa.

- limbus brevissime vel longe ultra ovarium productus, the limb very shortly or longly (i.e. far) extended beyond the ovary.

- ultra Alpes, beyond (=on the far side of) the Alps, ultra = prep. + acc.

- sepalis basi solutis seu ultra insertionem deorsum longe productis (DeCandolle), with the sepals freed at the base or long-extended downwardly beyond the insertion.

in time:

- ultra biennium, beyond (=longer than) a two year period.

- plantae ultra annum viventes, plants beyond a year living (= surviving).

of number or measure:

- species ultra 10, species more than ten (in number).

- cellulis pilorum quoad longitudinem ultra 5, with the cells of the hairs as to length more than 5.

- vix ultra 10 cm, scarcely above 10 cm.

- species ultra 160, species more than 160.
ultra-apicalis,-e (adj.B): placed beyond the apex; cf. infra-apicalis,-e, placed below the apex.

ultracentralis,-e (adj.B): beyond the center, on the far side of center; cf. infracentralis,-e, placed below the center;

- umbone stipitis ultracentrali, with the umbo placed beyond the center of the stipe.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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