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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
-ugo,-inis (s.f.III), abl. sg. -ugine: a Latin noun suffix; "indicates a substance or property possessed; noun or adjective base; e.g. asperugo, a prickly plant (from asper, rough), lanugo, down (from lana, wool)" (Stearn, 1983); see - ago,-inis; -igo,-inis (s.f.III); -o,-inis, third declension nouns, generally of the feminine gender;.

- aerugo,-inis (s.f.III), rust of copper [> L. aes, aeris, s.n.III) [adj. aeruginosus,-a,-um 'rusty.']

- ferrugo,-inis (s.f.III) one time botanical term for the disease rust [> L. ferrugo, iron rust, the color of iron rust] [adj. ferrugineus,-a,-um; ferruginus,-a,-um the color of iron-rust; the taste of iron].

- Albugo,-inis (s.f.III), abl. sg. Albugine [a generic name].

- Mollugo,-inis (s.f.III), abl.sg. mollugine ['An old name for Galium Mullugo, transferred to this genus, probably from the similarly whorled leaves' (Fernald 1950). Molluginaceae.

Note: adjectives formed from these words end in apparent endings such as

-ginous or -ginose, but actually end in -eus,-a,-um; -us,-a,-um (adj.A), or -osus,-a,-um (adj.A): aeruginosus,-a,-um (adj.A), rusty; lanugin-osus, ferrugin-us or ferrugineus. They are not related to adjectives ending in -genus,-a,-um (q.v.), such as nitrogenous.

1. ul-, ula-, ule-, uli-: in Gk. comp., a scar; [> Gk. oulE (s.f.I): a wound healed or scarred over, a scar; L. cicatrix, q.v.]

Perhaps the fungus genera [Uleodothella; Uleodothis; Uleomyces; Uleomycina; Uleopeltis; Uleoporthe; Uleothyrium.

NOTE: these prefixes beginning in 'u' may be sought in the Greek dictionary under the diphthong 'ou,' omicron + upsilon (see discussion of the letter U above).

2. ul-, ulo-: in Gk. comp.; curly, woolly; whole; destructive; [> Gk. oulos,-E,-on, adj.A, shaggy]:

a. whole, entire, perfect, complete; L. integer,-ra,-rum (adj.A)

b. of full force, able, substantial.

c. of sight or touch: fine, thick (as of hair on the head), fleecy, twined, crooked; e.g. oulothrix > ulothrix, gen.sg. ulothrichos: with curly hair.

Ulothrix,-icis (s.f.III) > Gk. oulotrich-, having curly hair, the type of the family Ulotrichaceae, 'of green algae that are common in ponds and consist of simple filaments with band-shaped green chloroplasts' (WIII). Ulotrichaceae; Ulotrichales (note the absent -h- in thrix compounds); ulotrichous: ulotrichus,-a,-um (adj.A): having curly hair.

- ulothrix,-trichis, “in hair-like crisp linear divisions (J.S. Henslow) [> Gk. oulos, shaggy + thrix, hair]” (Jackson).

Ulota, the name of a genus of mosses, for example, derives from the Greek 'oulotE' meaning 'something curled,' in reference to the condition of the leaves when dry.

NOTE: perhaps the fungus genera Ulocladium; Ulocolla; Uloploca; Uloporus belong here.

d. from Epic Greek, a modification of adjectives (oulomenos, ouloos, etc.): destructive, baneful, deadly, fatal; cf. oulios,-a,-on: baneful, deadly.

Uloborus,-i (s.m.II), a genus, the type genus of the family Uloboridae, or the orb-spinning spiders [> Gk. ouloboros, having a deadly bite > oulos, deadly, destructive + -borus > bibrOskein, to eat, devour].

3. NOTE also ula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. ula: the buccal gums, > Gk. oula, pl. of oulon.

uleticus,-a,-um (adj.A): of or relating to the gums.

ulo-: of or pertaining to the gums, in medicine.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

 
 
 
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