www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  
 
Research
W³TROPICOS
QUICK SEARCH

MO PROJECTS:
Africa
Asia/Pacific
Mesoamerica
North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin
  America

MO RESEARCH:
Wm. L. Brown Center
Bryology
GIS
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
Library
MBG Press
Publications
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
MO DATABASES:
W³MOST
Image Index
Rare Books
Angiosperm
  Phylogeny

Res Botanica
All Databases
INFORMATION:
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Herbarium
Jobs & Fellowships
Symposium
Research Links
Site Map
Search

Projects
 
Introduction


Browse by Keyword


Search


Abbreviations


Bibliography


Resources


A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
twisted, syn. spiralled, arranged in a spiral or helix around a longitudinal axis: contortus,-a,-um (part.A) ' irregularly twisted, bent into irregular curves;’ funalis,-e (adj.B), ‘twisted like a rope;’ helicoideus,-a,-um (adj.A) helicoid, spirally twisted; tortus,-a,-um (part.A), ’twisted, bent, wound;’ tortilis,-e (adj.B) ‘twisted;’ torsivus,-a,-um (adj.A) ‘twisted spirally’ (Stearn), also ‘plicate and contorted, contortiplicate’ (Kiger & Porter 2001); torquatus,-a,-um (adj.A): 'adorned with a collar or zone, twisted, as wearing a twisted collar or necklace;' tortuosus,-a,-um (adj.A): 'tortuous, bent or twisted in different directions, involved, complicated, irregularly twisted, intricate; see contorted, crispatus,-a,-um (part.A); see helicoid, spiral, zigzag; cf. twining;

- trichomata plerumque funiformi-contorta, trichomes commonly twisted like a rope.

- frustula circum axem apicalem torta, frustules twisted around the apical axis (Stearn 1983).

- trichomata simplicia libera mobilia cochleatim tortilia apicem versus attenuata, trichomes simple free mobile spirally twisted towards apex, narrowed.

- trichomata elongata inferne recta superne uncinata vel per totam longitudinem in spiram laxam plus minusve irregularem contorta, apice attenuata, trichomes elongated, below straight, above hooked or for the whole length in a loose spiral more or less irregularly twisted, at the tip attenuate (Stearn).

NOTE: of aestivation: “contorted or twisted (contorta, torsiva, convoluta) when each part successively overlaps the one in front and is overlapped by the one behind so that each part has an inner covered margin and an outer exposed margin, the direction being to the right (dextrorsum) or to the left (sinistrorsum) as viewed form the outside (cf. clockwise, twining)” (Stearn); see aestivation.

NOTE: Twining, (volubilis,-e (adj.B)), a weak stem that twines in a serpentine form round other plants; also Twisted, (tortilis,-e (adj.B)), when it is spirally twisted, or forms a serpentine line (Willdenow).

spirally twisted: anfractuosus,-a,-um (part.A): sinuous, spirally twisted; helicoideus,-a,-um (adj.A) helicoid, spirally twisted; torsivus,-a,-um (adj.A) ‘twisted spirally’(Stearn 1983); see coiled.

in a twisted manner, crookedly: torte (adv.), contorte (adv.); see spirally.
twisted-:

in L. comp. torti-;

- tortifolius, with twisted leaves; tortispinus, with twisted spines or thorns.

in Gk. comp. strepto-, q.v.;

- Streptocalypta,-ae (s.f.I), veiled with a twisted calyptra or veil, calyptra; Streptopogon, with a twisted beard, from the twisted peristome; Streptopus,-i (s.m.II) Michx., Twisted-stalk, from streptos, twisted and pous, foot or stalk; Streptotrichum, with twisted peristome teeth.

twisted, liable to twist: tortilis,-e (adj.B).

twisted together: conglomeratus,-a,-um (part.A), rolled or wound together, conglomerated; to press together; contortus,-a,-um (part.A), twisted together, intertwined.

twisted from left to right, twining with the sun: eutropicus,-a,-um (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
© 1995-2017 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
(314) 577-5100

E-mail
Technical Support