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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
twining: volubilis,-e (abj.B). "Direction of twining is indicated by the adverb sinistrorsum, 'towards the left side', or dextrorsum, 'towards the right side', the phrase 'extus vis.' or 'externe vis.,' 'seen from outside' or 'e latere vis.,' 'seen from the side' distinguishing the viewpoint of an observer with the stem in front of him from that of a person who imagines himself entwined within its coil ('e centro vis.,' 'seen from the center') or climbing a spiral stairway' cf. A. Gray in American Journal of Science III, 3: 162 (1880), Schmucker in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 41, i: 51(1924) (Stearn 1983); cf. scandens,-entis (part.B), climbing, ascending; see liana, winding;

- frutices saepius volubiles, shrubs most often twining;

- herbae caulibus volubilibus, herbs with twining stems (Stearn).

- liana dextrorsum (externe visa) volubilis, liana to the right (seen from the outside) twining.

- caulis infra sinistrorsum (externe visus) infra dextrorsum volubilis, stem below to the left (seen from the outside) above, to the right twining.

NOTE: antihelicte (adv.): anti-clockwise, in a direction passing from left to right, dextrorse (in the sense of Eichler, A. Gray, etc.), sinistrorse (in the sense of de Candolle, etc.) (Stearn).

NOTE: helicte (adv.): clockwise, in a direction passing from right to left when seen from the outside, sinistrorse (in the sense of Eichler, A. Gray, etc.), dextrorse (in the sense of de Candolle, etc.)' (Stearn).

NOTE: Twining, (volubilis,-e (adj.B)), a weak stem that twines in a serpentine form round other plants; also Twisted, (tortilis,-e (adj.B)), when it is spirally twisted, or forms a serpentine line (Willdenow).

twined, wound around: circumplicatus,-a,-um (part.A).

twining, winding around: circumplicans,-antis (part.B).

Twining, a whirling or twining motion, the characteristic of twining or rolling: volubilitas,-atis (s.f.III), abl. sg. volubilitate.

intertwined: contortus,-a,-um (part.A): intricate, intertwined.

intertwining: contorquens,-entis (part.B): intertwining, contorting.

an intertwining: contortio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. contortione.

twining in habit, as a liana: lianescens,-entis (part.B); lianoideus,-a,-um (adj.A).

twining with the sun, twisted from left to right: eutropicus,-a,-um (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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