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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
truncatus,-a,-um (part.A): truncate, i.e. ending very abruptly as if cut straight across; with an apex squared at the end; syn. abruptus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v., abrupt, terminating or ending suddenly, as if broken off, separated, torn off (Kiger & Porter 2001); cf. depresso-truncatus,-a,-um (part.A) = retuse (Jackson) [> L. trunco,-avi,-atum, 1. “to maim, mutilate, mangle, or shorten by cutting off, to cut off, amputate; to strip or cut off leaves” (Lewis & Short)]; see blunt; see retusus,-a,-um (part.A), ‘with a shallow notch at a rounded apex” (Jackson); see blunt; see obtusus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- apex obtusissimus, subtruncatus (S&A), the apex very obtuse, almost truncate.

- carina saepius apice oblique trúncata (B&H), the keel more often at the apex obliquely truncate.

- calyx membranaceus, truncatus, dentibus brevissimis (B&H), the calyx membranous, truncate with very short teeth.

- calycis tubus cylindricus, ore oblique truncato (B&H), the tube of the calyx cylindric, obliquely [i.e. slantingly] truncat at the mouth.

- vexillum ovatum, basi abruptum v. 2-auriculatum (B&H), the vexillum ovate, at the base ending suddenly [i.e. truncate] or 2-auriculate.

- calyx ore truncatus, v. spathaceus, v. rarius aequaliter 5-dentatus (B&H), the calyx truncate at the mouth, or spathe-like, or more rarely equally 5-dentate.

- in ligno semiputri serra truncato (abietino, ut videbatur) semel reperta (S&A), on half-rotted wood cut with a saw (fir, as it seemed) found once.

- X. subgregarium erumpens mediocre pulvinatum vel conico- truncatum (S&A), X. somewhat gregarious, erumpent, moderately pulvinate [i.e. strongly convex] or conic-truncate.

- disco trunci abietini serra truncati innatum (S&A), adherent on a sawnoff disc of the trunk of a fir (tree) cut off with a saw.

Clavariadelphus truncatus, a mushroom with a broader apex than its congener, C. pistillaris.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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