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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
true: verus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘actual, true, real, genuine, authentic, standard; a reference to a non-hybrid species; compar. verior,-ius; superl. verissimus,-a,-um (adj.A); opp. falsus,-a,-um (adj.A), fictus,-a,-um (adj.A), spurius,-a,-um (adj.A), 'spurious' in epithets, an indication of hybrid origin; rectus,-a,-um (part.A), ‘correct, proper, right, appropriate; opp. to what is false or improper;’ cf. authenticus,-a,-um (adj.A), 'authentic, authoritative, trustworthy; genuine, real;’ genuinus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘genuine, authentic, hence applied to type element of a species (Stearn 1983);’ legitimus,-a,-um (adj.A) 'legitimate, allowed by the law or a code;' opp. adulterinus,-a,-um (adj.A) ‘not genuine, not authentic;’ illegitimus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘unlawful;’ cf. false, hybrid; cf. verisimilis,-e (adj.B), ‘probable, likely, likely to be the truth;’ cf. certus,-a,-um (adj.A), definite, certain, sure, to be depended on, proved, true;

- verum L. hastatum Desv. testibus insuper Kunze et Wright, true L. hastatum, moreover, by the witness of (according to) (both) Kunze and Wright (Stearn 1983).

- nomen legitimum, abl. sg. nomine legitimo, a name conforming to the rules of nomenclature, a legitimate name.

- postea vero divisione longitudinali in binas dividuntur, afterwards divided into two by a genuine longitudinal division.

- [Protococcaceae] algae unicellulares sensu strictissimo chlorophyllosae, et vegetatione terminali et ramificatione vera carentes (Wood, algae) unicellular algae in the strictest sense, chlorophyllose, lacking both terminal vegetation [i.e. growth] and branching.
true-speaking, speaking the truth: veridicus,-a,-um (adj.A); opp. falsidicus,-a,-um (adj.A): speaking falsely, lying.
true- (prefix): in Gk. comp. eu-, q.v., ‘well-, goodly-, thoroughly, completely, truly;’ "Also formerly much used in sense of 'true, original, primitive' in subgeneric and sectional names and infraspecific epithets for the subdivision containing the type of the name thus prefixed without reference to its linguistic origin, as in Rhododendron subg. Eurhododendron . . . ” (Stearn 1983).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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