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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Tree, ‘perennial woody plant with an evident trunk’ (Fernald 1950): arbor,-oris (s.f.III), abl.sg. arbore, nom.& acc. pl. arbores, gen. pl. arborum, dat. & abl. pl. arboribus; see wood, woodland;

- arbor Americae tropicae parva et humilis vel mediocris vel etiam procera, trunco usque ad 1 m. diametro, 3 m. peripheria, ligno albido fragili, cortice cinereo fissili, ramis patentibus, tree of tropical America small and low or medium-sized or even tall, with the trunk up to 1 m. in diameter, 3 m. in circumference, the wood whitish fragile, the bark gray splitting, the branches spreading (Stearn).

- habitat in sylvis ad arborum radices, it grows in forests at the roots of trees.

- fungus propagationes e ramis arborum accretas efficiens, fungus producing massed outgrowths from the branches of trees.

- lianae in vertice arborum scandentes, lianas climbing into the top of trees.

NOTE: a tree: “a plant with a single woody stem, growing at least three times as high as a man” (S.Gray).

Note: Ida (Ionic IdE): a thick wood, wood, copse; timber; Ida, a mountain in Phrygia near Troy; also another in Crete (Liddell & Scott); cf. idaeus,-a,-um (adj.A) (Gk. idaios), pertaining to wooded Mount Ida:

Rubus idaeus L., the red raspberry, naturalized in the United States.
tree-: in L. comp. arbor-, arbori-;

- arboriformis,-e (adj.B), in the form of a tree. Arborella, a genus of fungi.

in Gk. comp. dendr-, q.v., dendro-, -dendron,-i (s.n.II): in Gk. comp.; Liriodendron,-i (s.n.II); Dendropogon usneoides; Dendrolycopodium dendroideum (Lycopodiaceae); Tremellodendron,-I (s.n.II), a gray fungus with many stout erect branches (Miller).

in Gk. comp. dry-, dryo-; -drys,-yis (s.f.III), tree-, oak-; see dry-, dryo-;

- dryophilus, dryophilous, wood-loving; dryophyllus, dryophyllous, with the character of Oak leaves.

- Halidrys (genus of marine plants, alga); Phycodrys (alga); Pseudophycodrys (alga).

Dryopteris,-idis (s.f.III), the Oak- or Tree-fern.

in Gk. comp. drym-, drymo-;-drymus,-i (s.m.II): forest, woodland [> Gk. drymos (s.m.II), an oak wood, oak-coppice];

- Drymobius margaritiferus, a species of snake; Drymocallis, a synonym of Potentilla, Drymoglossum carnosum, a species of fern; Heliodrymus ramosus, a species of radiolarian.
tree-like, “resembling a tree, but very small” (Lindley); see dendroideus,-a,-um (adj.A).

{moss] Climacium dendroides, a large moss with a tree-like habit.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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