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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
trans (prep. with acc.): across, over beyond, on the farther side; opp. cis (prep. + acc.) on this side; cf. ultra, (prep. + acc.) beyond, on the further side of; see across; cf. praeter, used of space 'by, past, beyond' a point (prep. + acc.); see beyond; cf. ultra (prep. with acc.): beyond, on the farther side of; opp. cis (prep. + acc.) on this side;

- cis Padum transque, on this side of the Po (River, Padus,-i, s.m.II) and beyond it.

- trans oceanum atlanticum, beyond the Atlantic ocean.

- Transdanubiani,-orum (pl.m.II): the nations situated beyond the Danube River, the Transdanubian states.

- Transylvania,-ae (s.f.I), NW and central Romania region, included in Roman province of Dacia, the lands ‘beyond the forest.’

- in regionibus cis- et transbaicalensibus, in regions this side (west) and the other side (east) of Lake Baikal.

- corpus ligneum exhibens in centro medullam e qua productions medullares radiantes trans strata lignea annua (DeCandolle), the corpus ligneum dispays in the center, a medulla from which medullar formations radiating across the annual ligneous layers.

Note: ‘trans’ often conveys the same or similar meaning of ‘per’ (prep. + acc.) ‘through;’ as perlucens and translucens implying the passage of light ‘through’ or ‘across’: transparent. Note elision of ‘s’ in Transylvania.

Note: ‘ultra Alpes,’ beyond (=on the far side of) the Alps, ultra = prep. + acc.
trans-: in L. geographical comp., on the far side of, i.e. from the writer; - transalpinus, beyond the Alps, i.e. on the north side of the Alps (cisalpinus is on the south side), as seen from Rome.

- transmarinus, on the farther side of the ocean.

- transmontanus, on the farther side of the mountains.

NOTE: the final -s of ‘trans’ is elided before a word (suffix) that begins with an s-; transsection, becomes transectio,-onis (s.f.III), q.v. This rule of elision is also true of transsc- (> transc-) and transse- (> transe-).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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