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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Tooth; in mosses, a division of the outer peristome (exostome); also used for projections or small lobes at the margins of leaves: dens, gen.sg. dentis (s.m.III), dat.sg. denti, ab.sg. dente, nom. & acc.pl. dentes, acc.pl. dentes, dat. & abl. pl. dentibus, gen. pl. dentium (an i-stem noun); see crus, gen. sg. cruris, ‘leg;’ cuspis,-idis (s.f.III), abl. sg. cuspide: ending abruptly in a stout, often rigid point, as a toothlike cusp; see dens, gen.sg. dentis (s.m.III);

dens, gen.sg. dentis (s.m.III), tooth, prong;

Fissidens, gen.sg. -dentis (s.m.III), a genus of mosses. dens, gen.sg. dentis (s.m.III), tooth, prong;


	singular	plural	singular 	  (plural)
Nom.	dens	dentes	Fissidens	  -
Gen.	dentis	dentium	Fissidentis	
Dat.	denti	dentibus	Fissidenti	
Acc.	dentem	dentes	Fissidentem	
Abl.	dente	dentibus	Fissidente	

- filamentorum interiorum dentes laterales breves obtusi vel acuti, of the inner filaments the teeth lateral short obtuse or acute.

- filamenta interiora basi dentata, dentibus lateralibus acuminatis, inner filaments toothed at base, with the teeth lateral acuminate. (Stearn)

- dens canis, tooth of a dog.

- dens leonis, tooth of a lion.

- ciliis in membrana usque ad 1/4 dentium longitudinis exserta impositis, with cilia situated on a membrane exserted to 1/4 the length of the teeth.
-tooth (noun);

in L. comp. -dens,-gen.sg. dentis (s.m.III): -tooth; -dens,-dentis (s.m.III);

       singular             plural   
      
Nom.  -dens             -dentes  
Gen.  -dentis           -dentium
Dat.  -denti            -dentibus
Acc.  -dentem           -dentes  
Abl.  –dente            -dentibus
trident: tridens, tridentis (s.m.III), abl. sg. tridente.

Fissidens,-entis (s.m.III) Hedw., referring to the divided peristome teeth.

in Gk. comp.: odon-, odont-, odonto-, -odon, gen.sg. -odontis (s.m.III);

-odontium,-ii (s.n.II): toothed-, -tooth [> Gk. odous or odon, gen.sg. odontos, s.m.III, a tooth];

-odon,-dontis (s.m.III);

        singular          plural

Nom.    -odon           -odontes
Gen.    -odontis        -odontum
Dat.    -odonti         -odontibus
Acc.    -odontem        -odontes
Abl.    -odonte         -odontibus
- Odontocarpha, with toothed chaff; Odontoglossum, with a toothed tongue; Odontoloma, Odontolophus, Odontoptera, Odontospermum, Odontotrichum

- Odontites (s.f.III), “Odontitis, an ancient plant-name from the Greek odous, odontos, tooth, applied to some herb used for toothache” (Fernald 1950); Odontites serotina.

- Cynodontium,-ii (s.n.II), a genus of mosses “The name refers to a supposed resemblance of the peristome teeth of C. bruntonii (Sm.) BSG to the teeth of a dog (in this species, the teeth are irregular and unequally cleft, with the divisions sometimes united and then somewhat resembling canine teeth” (Ctrum & Anderson 1981)

Ceratodon, “so named because the peristome teeth are forked like the horns of some animal (such as a goat)” (Crum & Anderson 1981). NOTE: Brachydontium,-ii (s.n.II), (the initial vowel of odontium is elided).

- Entosthodon (s.m.III), > Gk. entosth-, within + -odon,-dontis, tooth: “The name refers to the fact that the peristome [sc. peristome teeth] (if present) is inserted well below (and thus inside) the mouth of the capsule” (Crum & Anderson 1981);

Leontodon,-dontis L. (s.m.III) Hawkbit [> Gk. "leon, a lion, and odous, a tooth, in allusion to the toothed leaves" Fernald 1950; Sarcodon,-dontis (s.m.III);

Tetraplodon,-odontis (s.m.III), from tetraplo-, fourfold, and -odous, a tooth, in allusion to the arrangement of the peristome teeth which are more or less joined in fours when young.

NOTE: Triodia,-ae (s.f.I, a genus of grasses, from Gk. tri- + odous, tooth, in reference to the lemmas which have three teeth.
Tooth Powder: dentifricium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. dentifricio, tooth-powder, dentrifice; pulvisculus (s.m.II) candificus (adj.A), abl. sg. pulvisculo candifico 'a fine powder that makes dazzling white.'
tooth-bearing: dentifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A), dentiger,-gera,-gerum (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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