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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Throat: faux (s.f.III), gen.sg. faucis, abl.sg. fauce, nom. & acc. pl. fauces, dat. & abl.pl. faucibus; “the orifice or throat of a gamopetalous corolla or calyx; the part between the proper tube and the limb” (Fernald 1950); the throat is referred to as the ‘fauces’ (pl.) by Jackson (1928), who also said that the singular, faux, “is an assumed word;” however Stearn (1983) indicated that “in bot. L. mostly in singular,” that is, ‘faux;’ cf. fauces; cf. mouth; see faux, gen. sg. faucis (s.f.III);

laimo-: in Gk. comp. -throat [> Gk. laimos (s.m.II), throat, gullet].

laryng-, laryngo-: in Gk. comp. larynx, upper part of the windpipe, also throat [> Gk. larynx, gen.sg. laryngos (s.m.III) larynx, upper part of the windpipe, (not gullet = pharynx)].

pharyngo-; -pharynx, gen.sg. -pharyngis (s.f.III); -pharyngia,-ae (s.f.I): in Gk. comp. throat [> Gk. pharynx [gamma, xi ending], gen. pharyngos (s.f.III): throat; of the windpipe; of the oesophagus (Liddell & Scott).

- corolla fauce hirsuto flavo, corolla with throat hairy yellow.

- stamina fauci vel sub fauce inserta, stamens on the throat or below the throat inserted (Stearn).

- reliquiis sepalorum petalorumque extus adnatis, fila 16, mentorum basibus faucem cláudentibus v. circumdantibus (B&H), remains of the sepals and petals on the outside adnate, the filaments 16, with the bases of the menta shutting up or surrounding the throat.

Conopharyngia,-ae (s.f.I): From konos, a cone, and pharynx, the throat; in reference to the way the anthers in combination protrude from the throat (Paxton).

Note: that Harris & Harris (2001) use the plural ‘fauces’ to refer to the throat of a calyx or corolla. The throat is “the expanded portion of the corolla between the limb and the tube; the upper margin of the leaf sheath in grasses” (Harris & Harris 2001).
-throated: in Lat. comp. -faux, gen. sg. -faucis (adj.B), abl. sg. -fauci;

- brevifaux, with a short throat; glabratifaux, with glabrous throat; rubrifaux, with a red throat; tenuifaux, with a thin throat; trifaux, having three throats, triple-throated.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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