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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
thorny, spiny: aculeatus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘aculeate, spiny, with prickles as the stem of a rose, in mycology, having narrow spines (Ainsworth & Bisby);’ aculeosus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘full of spines or prickles;’ echinatus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘echinate, armed with numerous rigid hairs or straight prickles or spines;’ hystericosus,-a,-um (adj.A), prickly, thorny like a hedgehog (hystrix); hystericulus,-a,-um (adj.A): somewhat prickly, thorny, hairy, bearded; hystrix,-icis (adj.B): bristly; porcupine-like; lumarius,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘of or relating to thorns;’ senticosus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘full of thorns or prickles, thorny, briary;’ spineus,-a,-um (adj.A); spinosus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- falces lumariae, thorny hooks.

- margine aculeata, with spiny margin.

- subulae lacerae , aliae margine varie inciso lamelliformes, aliae obtuse aculeatae, subulae lacerate, some lamelliform with the margin variously incised, others obtusely aculeate ;

Note: atrox, gen. sg. atrocis (adj.B, all genders), ‘horrible, fearful, cruel, a reference to a very spiny plant;’ ferox, gen. sg. ferocis (adj.B, all genders), ‘fierce, usually pertaining to spiny plants;’ caninus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘of or relating to dogs’ may also mean ‘cruel, vicious’ hence referring to a thorny plant such as Rosa canina, Dog Rose (in reference to the vicious prickles that beset stems and branches).
thorny-, spiny-:

In L. comp.

acule-, aculei-, aculi-;

Rosa aculifera

spin-, spini-: spiniformis,-e (adj.B), spine-shaped.

spinoso-;

- foliis spinoso-dentatis, with the leaves spinose-dentate.

In Gk. comp. acanth-, acantho-, -acanthus,-i (s.n.II);

- leucacanthus, (adj.A) with white spines or prickles; see cruel.
covered with small thorns or spines: aculeolatus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘having somewhat spine-like processes;’ echinulatus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘with very small prickles, echinulate;’ spinulosus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘spinulose, with small or minute sharp projections.’

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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