www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  
 
Research
W³TROPICOS
QUICK SEARCH

MO PROJECTS:
Africa
Asia/Pacific
Mesoamerica
North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin
  America

MO RESEARCH:
Wm. L. Brown Center
Bryology
GIS
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
Library
MBG Press
Publications
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
MO DATABASES:
W³MOST
Image Index
Rare Books
Angiosperm
  Phylogeny

Res Botanica
All Databases
INFORMATION:
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Herbarium
Jobs & Fellowships
Symposium
Research Links
Site Map
Search

Projects
 
Introduction


Browse by Keyword


Search


Abbreviations


Bibliography


Resources


A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Thorn, a short, rigid process of a plant, developed from from a bud typical of a leafy branch; ‘a stiff, sharp pointed protective outgrowth or plant process, as a modified leaf, leaf part, petiole or stipule,’ WIII; acantha,-ae (s.f.I), q.v.; acanthophyllum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. acanthophyllo, an acanthophyll, a spine, often large, derived from a leaflet, as in some palms; aculeus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., abl.sg. aculeo, ‘spine, prickle’ (q.v.), a sharp epidermal emergence;’ spina,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. spina, nom. pl. spinae, acc. pl. spinas, dat. & abl. pl. spinis, ‘spine;’ spiculum,-i (s.n.II), q.v., abl. sg. spiculo, a thorn; cf. prickle, ‘a small sharp point, a small spine or thorn;’ see prickle, spine; see thicket;

- spicula rosarum, the thorns of roses.

Note: other than the biological meanings, a thorn (English) and a spine (> Latin) are synonyms.

Note: luma,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. luma: thorn [> L. luma,-ae (s.f.I the name of some thorny plant); a generic name Luma,-ae (s.f.I) by Asa Gray (Myrtaceae).

Note: a spine or thorn is "any sharp, stiff, simple or branched, woody appendage having vascular tissues confluent with those of the bearing structure. 'spine' is often prefered when the appendage is homologous with a leaf or stipule, and "thorn" when it is homologous with a branch" (Kiger & Porter 2001).

- folia spinoso-dentata et nonnumquam in spinas mutata (B&H), leaves spinose-dentate and sometimes changed into spines (acc. pl.).
Small thorn or spine: aculeolus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. aculeolo, ‘a small or somewhat small spine-like process;’ spinella,-ae (s.f.I), spinula,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. spinula, ‘spinule, a small spine;’ spiculum,-I (s.n.II), abl. sg. spiculo, ‘the sharp point of a weapon, a little spine.’
thorn-bearing, spine-bearing, spiny, thorny: aculiferus,-fera,-ferum (adj.A), ‘aculeus-bearing;’ spinifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A); spiniger,-gera,-gerum (adj.A).

Rubus aculiferus
Thorn-brake: see thicket.
Thorn-bush: see bramble
of or belonging to a thorn-bush: vepraticus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- spinae vepraticae, spines like those of a thorn-bush.
thorn-like, thorn-shaped, spine-shaped: acanthicus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘like an acantha, spiny, prickly;’ acanthinus,-a,-um (adj.A); aculeiformis,-e (adj.B), ‘aculeiform, prickle- or spine-shaped;’ spineus,-a,-um (adj.A), spiniformis,-e (adj.B), spine-shaped.
somewhat thorn-like, becoming thorn-like: spinescens,-entis (part.B);

- stipulae saepe adsunt et interdum spinescent, stipules often present and sometimes somewhat thorn-like.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
© 1995-2017 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
(314) 577-5100

E-mail
Technical Support