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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
this (Eng. sg.), these (Eng. pl.), demonstrative pronouns; (cf. that (Eng. sg.), those (Eng. pl.); see is (m.), ea (f.), id (n.)(demonstrative pronoun);

1. is, ea, id (demonstrative pronoun, a substantive), this or that person or thing: chiefly used to refer to something already or just mentioned; see is (m.), ea (f.), id (n.);

        singular                  plural 
       m.  f. n.              m.     f.   n.
Nom.  is  ea  id          ei or ii  eae   ea
Gen.  eius or ejus [?]      eorum  earum eorum
Dat.      ei                   eis or iis
Acc.  eum eam id             eos    eas   ea
Abl.  eo  ea  eo                  eis


- thalli trichosporas efferentes, eae infra regionem medianam latiores, trichospores, thalli producing trichospores, these below the middle region wider.

- pileus lamellis numerosis, marginibus earum erosis, the pileus with numerous gills, with the margins of these (i.e. gills) erose.

- caules juniores foliis bipinnatis, petiolis quam eis longioribus, younger stems with bipinnate leaves, with the petioles longer than these (i.e. leaves).

2. hic, haec, hoc (demonstrative pronoun, demonstrative adj.), this person or thing, which generally modifies a noun (what noun? �this� noun); see hic, haec, hoc; cf. �who� (the relative pronoun);
         singular                plural
       m.   f.    n.         m.    f.   n.
Nom.  hic  haec  hoc         hi   hae  haec
Gen.       huius           horum  harum horum
Dat.       huic                   his
Acc.  hunc hanc  hoc         hos  has  haec
Abl.  hoc  hac   hoc              his
- hoc genus novum, this new genus.

- antherae adnatae,valvis harum dehiscentibus; anthers adnate, with the valves of these (i.e. the anthers) dehiscing.

- ovarium 1-loculare, stylo hius subulato, ovary 1-locular, with the style of this (i.e. the ovary) subulate.

- ab hac et speciebus omnibus aliis foliis lanceolatis differt, from this and all other species it differs by the leaves lanceolate.

3. qui, quae, quod, the relative pronoun at the beginning of a new sentence, in which case it is a �connecting relative,� meaning �and this� or �and these;� see �who;� see qui, quae, quod;�

                singular                       plural
       m.     f.          n.               m.     f.    n.
Nom.  qui   quae (who)   quod (which)      qui  quae   quae
Gen.        cuius (whose, of which)      quorum quarum quorum
Dat.         cui  (to, for whom)               quibus
Acc.  quem  quam (who)   quod (which)     quos  quas   quae
Abl.   quo  qua (by,with,from whom) quo        quibus
                (by,with,from which)
- Folia maculis ornata. Quae juvenes rubrae, aetate pallide roseae. Leaves ornamented with spots. And these when young red, with age pale pink.

- Pileus stipite longo praeditus. Qui aetate deliquescens, foetidus, lepides obtectus. The pileus provided with a long stipe. And this with age delaquescing, foul smelling, covered with scales.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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