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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
that (Eng. sg.), those (Eng. pl.), demonstrative pronouns; (cf. this (Eng. sg.), these (Eng. pl.); see is (m.), ea (f.), id (n.)(demonstrative pronoun);

1. ille, illa, illud, q.v., (demonstrative pronoun); these pronouns agree in number and gender with their antecedent; their syntax depends on their use in the sentence (i.e. as subject, object, object of the preposition, etc.); note that these pronouns may also be translated as ‘it, it’s’ or ‘they, their;’ etc.;

 

singular plural

m. f. n. m. f. n.

Nom. ille illa illud illi illae illa

Gen. illius illorum illarum illorum

Dat. illi illis

Acc. illum illam illud illos illas illa

Abl. illo illa illo illis



- flores infectae illis inflorescentiarum sanarum conspicue similes, flowers infected to those of healthy inflorescences conspicuously similar.

- in dorso dentis vel illius sinum occupantes, sori inframarginales, on the back of the tooth or occupying its sinus [i.e. ‘the sinus of that,’ sori inframarginal.

- in setam desposita vel ad illam haerentia grana visibilia, deposited on the seta or adhering to that (i.e. the seta) the grains are visible.

- in base foliorum vel in marginibus illorum papillae multiplices, at the base of the leaves or on the margines of those the papillae are multiplex.

- in genere petalis rubris praedito vel illi affini perichaetia dioicea, in the genus provided with red petals or related to that [i.e. genus], the perichaetia are dioecious.

- species nova singularis inter illas generis Alcantareae, the new species is unique among those of the genus Alcantarea. TO DO OTHERS

- cellulae subquadratae, illis ad margines propinquioribus angustioribus, cells subquadrate, with those nearer to the margins narrower.

2. iste, ista, istud (demonstrative pronoun), that or those(near you), that or those things near to the person addressed, that or those of yours, “often when we speak of a third person or thing, with the idea of contempt or disapproval: that man there, those women there”, that thing, those things of yours;”

 
          singular                      plural 
nom. iste, ista, istud             isti   istae   ista 
gen.      istius                 istorum istarum istorum 
dat.       isti                           istis 
acc. istum istam istud            istos  istas    ista 
abl. isto  ista  isto                     istis 


- originem istis prolificationibus consideratam mihi provenentes ex caespitulis ramulorum ad apices ramorum, the origin for those prolifications considered by me growing out of the tufts of branchlets at the apices of the branches.

- basis nominum istorum false examinata, the basis of those names falsely examined.

- genus istud ob characterem mancum rejiciendum, that genus, due to a defective character is to be rejected.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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