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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
tamquam (adv.):



1. introducing a comparison, as, just as, just like, like as, as much as, as if, as though, like; see 'similis followed by tamquam;' = sicut (adv.), q.v.; see sicut; see ‘like;’



- lobi triangulares, sub lente 3X longitudine tamquam latitudine lobes triangular, with the length just like the width.



- lenticellis ad caules juvenes tamquam petiolorum bases orbicularibus, with the lenticels on the young stems just like the bases of the petioles orbicular.



- capsulae quae pedúnculo brevissimo instructae, intra perichaetium tamquam in propugnáculo conditae latent, calyptrá plerumque utuntur minima (Bridel), the capsules which, provided with a very short peduncle (i.e. seta), lay concealed within the perichaetium as though stored up in a defensive structure (fortress), they usually employ the tiniest calyptra.



- gloria virtutem tamquam umbra sequitur, glory follows virtue like a shadow.



- pinnulae in basin angustam tamquam petiolum abrupte contractae, the pinnules into a narrow base as if it were a petiole (i.e. just like a petiole) abruptly contracted.



2. followed by sic or ita: just as …, so …;



- tamquam folia junioria viridia est, sic ramuli, just as the younger leaves are green, so or thus [are] the branches.



- tamquam vigor salute ita exilitas insalubritate, just as vigor is to health so weakness is to illness.



- tamquam parvitas Cnestro jucundior sic magnitudo Cynodontio, just as smallness is more pleasing to (the genus) Cnestrum, so is largeness to Cynodontium.



3. to express a state or condition;



- folia superiora tamquam inferiora glabra, upper leaves just as the lower, glabrous.



- tamquam Lepraria methylbarbatica sed acidum barbaticum et acidum usnicum continente differt, just as Lepraria methylbarbatica but it differs by containing barbatic acid and usnic acid.



4. similis (adj.B) followed by tamquam (adv.): similar as, just as, like as, as if it were;



- bracteae similes tamquam formae foliorum nisi basem versus saccatae, bracts similar just as the form (dative singular) of the leaves except toward the base saccate.



- petiolus similis tamquam vaginae aculeis nigris protectus, the petiole just as to the sheath protected by black prickles.



 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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