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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
sword-bearing: ensifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A); ensiger,-gera,-gerum (adj.A).
small sword: ensiculus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. ensiculo, a rapier; gladiolus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. gladiolo, q.v.; xiphidion,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. xiphidio.
sword-shaped: aciniaciformis,-e (adj.B), q.v.‘scimitar-shaped;’ ensatus,-a,-um (adj.A), ensiformis,-e (adj.B), q.v.,'shaped like a two-edged sword, gradually tapering to the point' (Berkenhout) (Jackson); gladiatus,-a,-um (adj.A) 'short-sword;' pugioniformis,-e (adj.B): pugioniform, dagger-shaped; xiphoideus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.;

- legumen acinaciforme falcatum v. lineare (B&H), legume acinaciform, falcate or linear.

- siliqua sessilis, stylo ensiformi (B&H), silique sessile, with the style sword-shaped.

- folia anguste lineari-gladiata v. subulata, lanceolata (B&H), the leaves narrowly linear-gladiate or subulate, lanceolate.

- siliqua transverse ovoidea, in rostrum pugioniforme attenuata, 1-sperma (B&H), silique transversely ovoid, tapered into a pugioniform (dagger-shaped) beak.

Desmanthus acinaciformis (Leguminosae).
Sword: acinaces,-is (s.m.III), abl. sg. acinace, a short Persian sabre or sword, in medieval and scientific Latin usually referring to a scimitar, a saber with a curved blade with the edge on the convex side, as used by Arabs and Turks (WIII); ensis, gen.sg. ensis (s.m.III), abl. sg. ense, a sword, longer than the gladius; gladius,-ii (s.m.II), abl. sg. gladio, shorter than the ensis; pugio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. pugione, “a short weapon for stabbing, a dagger, dirk, poniard” (Lewis & Short); sica,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. sica: “a curved dagger, a poniard (for stabbing)” (Lewis & Short); spatha,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. spatha, ‘a broad, two-edged sword without a point (the Italian spada’ (Lewis & Short), see spathe; xiphium,-ii (s.n.II), q.v., a sword, in Homer described as large and sharp, and two-edged, but later it described a straight sword, as opp. to the sabre; cf. acies,-ei (s.f.V), q.v., a sharp edge, angle, also a sharp point, used of swords, daggers, sickles; a keenness; mucro,-onis (s.m.III), a sharp point, expecially the point of a sword, the sword's point; see knife, sickle; see spear;

- acie pugionis acutae, by the edge of the sharp dagger.
small sword: gladiolus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. gladiolo; pugiunculus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. pugiunculo: a small dagger.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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