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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

swollen, inflated, bloated; see bladdery; opp. contractus,-a,-um (part.A), q.v.; opp. wilted, withered, q.v.; see ‘swellings, full of;’ see swelling (verb);

ampullaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), ampullaris,-e (adj.B), ampulliformis,-e (adj.B): flask-shaped, lageniform, swollen below like a short flask.

apophysatus,-a,-um (adj.A), with an apophysis, swelling or expansion.

auctus,-a,-um (part.A), increased, enlarged, added to.

bulbosus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.: bulbous, swollen like a bulb.

abrupte (adv.) bulbosus,-a,-um (adj.A), (in fungi) abruptly bulbous, i.e. (of a bulb of a stipe) not rounded above (S&D).

clavato-bulbosus,-a,-um (adj.A): clavate-bulbous, (in fungi) “(of a stipe) having a bulb that tapers gradually upward” (S&D).

rotundo-bulbosus,-a,-um (adj.A): rounded-bulbous, (in fungi) “(of a stipe) more or less completely rounded and not marginate” (S&D).

bullatus,-a,-um (adj.A): blistered, puckered with blisters.

dilatatus,-a,-um (part.A), ‘broadened, expanded, widened, dilated.’

distentus,-a,-um (part.A),’distended, swollen or inflated by being filled or stuffed.’

expansus,-a,-um (part.B),’ expanded, unfolded, spread apart.’

extuberatus,-a,-um (part.A), swollen out, swollen out, risen up as a swelling.

extumidus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘raised or swollen out or up;’

- area extumida, a raised area.

gasteropodus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘gasteropodous, bulging on one side below (like a belly), toward the base of an organ or structure, ventricose;’ cf. verrucipes,-pedis (adj.B): warty-stemmed,-stalked; see -footed.

gibber,-era,-erum (adj.A), ‘hump-backed.’

gibbosus,-a,-um (adj.A), gibbus,-a,-um (adj.A), gibberosus,-a,-um (adj.A): gibbous, gibbose, hunch-backed, crook-backed, more swollen in one place than another; Crum and Anderson (1981) indicate 'gibbous' refers to a swollen condition on one side toward the apex, resembling a hunched back; ventricose and gasteropodous indicate the swelling is on one side, but toward the base.

inflatus,-a,-um (part.A), ‘inflated, swollen; bladdery, i.e. thin, membranous and swollen;’

- conidiophora in apicem gracilem abrupte decrescentia, in vesciculam inflatam terminantia, conidiophores to a slender apex abruptly narrowing, in a vesicle swollen ending (Stearn).

lageniformis,-e (adj.B), ‘flask-shaped, lageniform, swollen below like a short flask.’

lecythiformis,-e (adj.B): lecythiform, "(of cystidia) pronouncedly ventricose below, attenuated above to a neck which is surmounted by a rounded button or knoblike enlargement, ...'ninepin-shaped' (S&D).

physodes,-dis (adj.C), bladder-like, swollen.

praegnans,-antis (part.B), ‘bulging, swollen.’

protuberans,-antis (part.B), ‘bulging, swollen.’

strumosus,-a,-um (adj.A), provided with a struma or swelling; in moss capsules, with a goiterlike swelling, or struma, at the base;

strumulosus,-a,-um (adj.A), strumulose, with a small or indistinct swelling at one side of the capsule base.

sufflatus,-a,-um (part.A): blown up, inflated, bloated;

- valvis sufflatis, ellipticis, with valves swollen, elliptic.

tumefactus,-a,-um (part.A), ‘swollen, puffed up, inflated; made tumid;’

- area hyphalis tumefacta, a swollen hyphal area.

- spiculae infectae parum tumefactae pallidioresque illis inflorescentiarum salvarum; spikelets infected somewhat swollen and paler that those of the uninjured (uninfected) inflorescences.

tumidosus,-a,-um (adj.A), very swollen, much swollen: tumidosus,-a,-um (adj.A).

tumidus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘tumid, swelling, swollen, inflated, thickened, protuberant;

- Bryo argenteo similis sed trigonis tumidis vel gangliformibus differt, similar to Bryum argenteum but differs by the swollen or knot-like trigones.

turgidus,-a,-um (adj.A): inflated, swollen with air or water;

- fructus loculi vacui turgidi, introrsum contigui (B&H), the locules of the fruit empty, swollen, internally touching (contiguous).

utriformis,-e (adj.B): utriform, "having the form of a leather bottle; bladder-shaped; (of cystidia), ventricose below and thick above, but almost isodiametric, and typically with a slight constriction below a large rounded head (S&D).

utriculosus,-a,-um (adj.A): full of little utricles or bladders.

varicosus,-a,-um (adj.A): abnormally enlarged in places.

ventricosus, -a,-um (adj.A), ‘ventricose, (big-)bellied, pot-bellied, bulging, swollen; swelling unequally or inflated on one side or in the middle, gasteropodous.

ventriculosus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘of or pertaining to the belly, stomach;’ distended (implying being filled up with something), inflated.’

ventruosus,-a,-um (adj.A), ventrosus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘bellying outwards.’

vesicarius,-a,-um (adj.A): belonging to the bladder, bladder-like, inflated.

somewhat swollen or tumid: tumidulus,-a,-um (adj.A), turgidulus,-a,-um (adj.), subtumefactus,-a,-um (part.A), subventricosus,-a,-um (adj.A).

very much swollen: tumidosus,-a,-um (adj.A), praetumidus,-a,-um (adj.A).
swollen-: in Gk. comp.:

oedo-, ‘swollen;’

- oedocarpus, with swollen fruit; oedocaulis, with swollen stem; oedocephalus, with swollen heads, oedopodius, with swollen stalks; oedoporicus, with swollen pores.

- the fungus taxa Oedipus, Oedocephalum, Oedogoniomyces, Oedomyces, Oedothea.

onco-, oncho-, ‘swollen, puffed out, bulky;’

- oncocarpus, with swollen fruit, oncogenus, generating a mass or tumor, swelling, oncopodus, with swollen stalk, oncoporicus, with swollen pores.

- Oncophorus (Brid.) Brid., a moss genus, referring to the goiterlike swelling at the base of the capsule.
swollen with (+ abl.):

- pustulae latice distentae, pustules distended with latex.

- fructu succo inflato tumido, with the fruit swollen with juice.

- herba succo praegnans, herb full of juice (Stearn 1983)

- cellulae latice tumefactae, cells made swollen with latex.

- herbae succo aqueo vel lacteo extuberatae, herbs swollen out with a watery [i.e. clear] or milky juice.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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