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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Swamp, a forested wetland; a swamp is generally a woodland flooded at least during part of the year, especially in river bottoms; the word ‘swamp,’ related to ‘sponge’, “wet spongy land saturated and sometimes partially or intermittently covered with water, water-logged, imperfectly drained land; such land supporting a natural vegetation predominantly of shrubs and trees and often intergrading into grassy marsh on the one hand and wet forest on the other” (WIII); see bog, fen, marsh, pool, slough; cf. uligo,-inis (s.f.III);

1. palus,-udis (s.f.III), q.v., abl. sg. palude, nom.& acc. pl. paludes, gen. pl. paludum, dat.& abl. pl. paludibus - “swamps which dry up in the summer” (Stearn 1983), ‘marsh, swamp, bog, fen, pool, stagnant water;’

- palus turfosa (adj.A), abl. sg. palude turfosa, nom. pl. paludes turfosae, a ‘peaty swamp.’

- palus (-udis (s.f.III) saltuosa, abl. sg. palude saltuosa, a (open) forested wetland.

- palus (-udis (s.f.III) silvosa, a (closely) forested wetland.

- palus sylvigera (adj.A), abl. sg. palude silvigera, tree-bearing wetland.

- herbae erectae foliis junciformibus, in paludibus dulcibus salsisque vigentes (B&H), herbs erect with rush-like leaves, flourishing in freshwater and saltwater marshes (or swamps).

- herbae erectae foliis junciformibus, in paludibus dulcibus salsisque vigentes (B&H), herbs erect with rush-like leaves, flourishing in freshwater and saltwater marshes (or swamps).

- species 1, paludibus turfosis Europae, Asiae et Americae borealis obvia, species 1, evident in boggy wetlands of Europe, Asia and boreal America.

- proxime in regione in rei publica Georgiae in palude Okefenokee dicta circumscripto differt, it differs most closely by in the region of the state of Georgia in the Okefenokee swamp confined.

- in editioribus Ohioensis septentrionalis paludibus Cranberry Marshes dictis, in the higher swamps of northern Ohio [the State of Ohio, USA]

- in paludibus habitans, growing in swamps.

- in paludibus habitante differt, it differs by dwelling in swamps.

- in sylvis uliginosis, paludosis, ordinate inundatis, irriguis, humidis, in wet, swampy, periodically inundated, water-logged, damp forests.

2. palustria,-orum (pl.n.II), abl.pl. palustriis: swampy, marshy or boggy places.

- palustria turfosa, abl. pl. palustriis turfosis, in boggy, peaty places.

- in palustriis septentrionalibus crescens, growing in northern marshy places.

- palustria graminosa (adj.A), abl. pl. palustriis graminosis, in grassy wet places.

3. stagnant (water): stagnans,-antis (part.B) [> L. stagno,-vi,-atum,-are, 1. to form a pool of standing water; to stagnate, be stagnant];

- habitat in stagnantibus per montes Alabamae, it grows in stagnant (water) throughout the mountains of Alabama.

- hab. ad rupes madidas cataractae Tallulah Falls dictae in Georgia; etiam in stagnantibus Novae Caesareae, it grows on wet rocks of the cataract called Tallulah Falls in Georgia; also in swamps of New Jersey.

4. stagnum, -i (s.n.II), abl.sg. stagno: a piece of standing water, a pool, pond or swamp, whether permanent or formed by the overflowing of a stream; see ‘pool;’ see ‘tarn;’

- stagnum graminosum, abl. sg. stagno graminoso, a grassy marsh or wetland (marsh).

5. turbarium-ii (s.n.II), q.v., ‘peat-bog;’

6. turfosum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. turfoso, a peat moor; a peat bog.’

NOTE: soligenus,-a,-um (adj.A): soligenous, soil features, such as bogs, produced by inflow of surface water or rise of ground water and not by locally precipitated water, generally rich in minerals [> L. solum,-i (s.n.II) ground + -genus, ‘born of, produced from’]; cf. ombrotrophicus,-a,-um (adj.A), ombrotrophus,-a,-um (adj.A), with water derived entirely from precipitation, hence poor in nutrients.
swamp-, or marsh-:

- palud-, paludi-: in L. comp., pertaining to marshes, swampy, marshy, boggy [> L. palus,-udis (s.f.III), swamp, wet place];

- paludicola,-ae (s.c.I), a dweller in marshes; paludigena,-ae (s.c.I) marsh-born, growing in marshes.

- heleo-, helo-: in Gk. comp., marsh [> Gk. (h)elos,-eos (s.n.III), “low ground by rivers, a marsh-meadow, marsh” (Liddell & Scott)]; NOTE: occasionally the initial ‘h’ is elided and the word begins with ‘e’;

- helodes (often wrongly transcribed as elodes), helophilus,-a,-um (adj.A): helophilous, growing in marshy places; helodoxa, glory of the marsh; see -doxa.

- hydr-, hydro-: in Gk. comp., 'water' [> Gk. hydOr, gen. sg. hydatos (s.n.III) water of any kind]; = hygr-, hygro- in Gk. comp., q.v.; Latin aqu-, aqui-, q.v.; see water-;

- hydrophilus, water-loving, growing in water.

- hygr-, hygro-: in Gk. comp. damp, moist, moisture, wet [> Gk. hygros,-a,-on (adj.): wet, moist, liquid, Lat. liquidus; opp. xEros (Latin siccus); = hydr-, hydro-in Gk. comp.; see water-;

- hygrophilus,-a,-um (adj.A), moisture loving, adapted to wet but not aquatic habitats.

- hyo-: in Gk. comp., a prefix derived from the Greek verb 'hyO, f. hysO, 'to wet, water; to rain, cf. L. pluit, 'it rains;' see water-;

- Hyophila (s.f.I), love of wetness, rain-loving, rain- (moisture-) loving; Hyocomium B. & S., from hyokomios, a lover of moisture, alluding to the habitat of H. flagellare.

- ombr-, ombro-: in Gk. comp. 'rain,' q.v.;

- ombrophilus,-a,-um (adj.A); ombrophilicus,-a,-um (adj.A), rain-loving, able to withstand rains, as in areas of torrential downpours: sylva ombrophila, rain forest.

- telmat-, q.v., telmato-: in Gk. comp., referring to wet meadows or pools;

- telmatophyton,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. telmatophyto, a telmatophyte
swamp- or marsh-dwelling: helophilus, ‘loving or growing in marshes, etc.;’ ombrophilus,-a,-um (adj.A); ombrophilicus,-a,-um (adj.A), rain-loving, able to withstand rains, as in areas of torrential downpours: sylva ombrophila, rain forest; paludigenus,-a,-um (adj.A): marsh-born, growing in marshes, born of the marsh or swamp; telmateius,-a,-um (adj.A): growing in marshes, wet meadows or pools.
Swamp- or marsh-dweller: paludicola,-ae (s.c.I), abl. sg. paludicola (a noun).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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