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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

supra (adv. and prep. with acc.): on the upper side, above, beyond, over; up; cf. superne (adv.): from above, above, upwards, on the upper side;

opp. inferne (adv.): below, beneath, in lower part;

opp. infra (adv.) 'on the underside, beneath, below;

opp. subtus (adv.),‘below, beneath, underneath, in a lower place;’

1. adv. (will not take an object):

NOTE: supra as an adverb implies "on the upper side or part", e.g.: stem in the upper part erect, caulis supra erecta - note there is no noun associated with supra when used as an adverb; the adverb ‘inferne,’ 'in the lower part, below,' is used in the same way: caulis inferne erecta, stem in the lower part erect;

- folia strigulosa, supra plus minusve papillosa, leaves strigulose, above more or less papillose (supra is an adverb, papillosa modifies folia).

- folia petiolata, supra hispida, inferne subhirsuta (Swartz), leaves petiolate, hispid above, somewhat hirsute below.

- thallus totus (supra infraque) confertissime isidioso-rugulosus vel isidio furfuraceo concolore fere totus obtectus, sordide cinereo-virescens (Nyl.), the whole thallus (above and also below) most compactly isidiose-slightly wrinkled or nearly the whole covered with furfuraceous one-colored isidium, dirty ashen gray-greenish.

- nervis supra obsoletis vel nullis subtus prominulis reticulato-anastomosantibus, with nerves on the upper side inconspicuous or lacking on the lower side standing out slightly and reticulately joining together (Stearn).

- nervo supra profunde impresso, subtus valde prominente, with the nerve above [i.e. on the upper side] deeply impressed, below [i.e. on the under side], strongly prominent.

- stylus apice aequalis, globosus v. demum in discum peltatum intus v. supra stigmatosum expansus (B&H), style at the apex symmetrical, globose or ultimately expanded into a peltate disc inside or on the upper side stigmatose.

- Vide 171, STERIGMA supra, et 157 ENARTHROCARPUM inter Cakilineas (B&H), see 171, STERIGMA above, and 157 ENARTHROCARPUM among the Cakilineae.

2. prep.; note: word will have an object [i.e. noun] of the preposition in the accusative case;

- connectivum supra antheram dilatatum, connective above the anther enlarged.

- lianae supra arbores altius scandentes subepiphyticae, lianas climbing higher up the trees, subepiphytic.

- lobi 3, unguiculati, superne dilatati conniventesque, supra dilatationem nudi v. in acumina crasse subulata producti (B&H), lobes 3, clawed, dilated above and connivent, above the dilation naked or drawn out into thickly subulate acumina.

- stylus supra ovarium abrupte inflexus, the style above the ovary abruptly inflexed.

- stamina saepius definita, intra v. supra v. circa torum in discum saepius expansum inserta (B&H), stamens more frequently definite, inside or above or around the torus more often inserted into an expanded disc.

NOTE: intra (adv.): on the inside, inwardly; opp. of extra (adv.): 'on the outside, externally.'

NOTE: extus (adv.): outside, on the outside; opp. of intus (adv.): 'on the inside, within;' cf. subtus (adv.) 'below, beneath, underneath, in a lower place.'

NOTE: deinsuper (adv.) = desuper (adv.): (downward) from above, from overhead;

- laminis chartaceis atque desuper laevis (nec bullatis), with the lamina chartaceous and also from above smooth (not bullate).
supra-: in L. comp. above, higher than, situated or placed above, on, at the top of, on top, beyond, over, above, upon; above, higher in status than;

opp. infra-, q.v., below, on the under side, etc., lower in status than; opp. sub-, under; akin to super-, q.v.; see upon, under-.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

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