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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
supinus,-a,-um (adj.A): bent backwards, backwards, lying on the back, supine; prostrate, with the face turned upward; opp. cernuus, ‘with the face down-turned;’ opp. pronus (leaning or hanging forward, prostrate); of the hands, with open palms turned upwards e.g. to heaven in prayer; of the head, ‘thrown back;’ as a chair inclined backward; of localities, inclined, sloping; syn. declivis; cf. procumbens; see prostrate; the opposite of pronus and cernuus, bent forwards);

NOTE: in grammar, ‘supine’ [verbum supinum]: “a Latin verbal noun [of the fourth declension] [occurring only] either in the accusative case in -um, used after verbs of motion to denote purpose (as in abiit piscatum “he’s gone fishing”) or in the ablative in -u, used as an ablative of specification (as in difficile dictu, “hard to say”” (WIII). Also “an English infinitive with ‘to’” (WIII); mirabile dictu, ‘marvelous to relate;’ facilis factu, ‘easy to do.’ These verbal forms resemble nouns of the fourth declension which are derived from verbs; see ‘fourth declension.’

Carex supina “lying back” (Fernald 1950); Gnaphalium supinum, Alpine Cudweed, ‘lying on its back’ (Fernald 1950); Potentilla supina, Sisymbrium supinum, Braya supina.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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