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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
superior (m.,f.), superius (n.) (adj. compar.): higher, upper, former, preceding, superior (comparative of superus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v., ‘upper, higher;’
           singular                   plural 
        m.f.        n.            m.f.       n. 
Nom. superior    superius     superiores  superiora 
Gen.     superioris              superiorum 
Dat.     superiori               superioribus 
Acc. superiorem  superius     superiores  superiora 
Abl.     superiore               superioribus
- labio inferiore superius conspicue excedente (F.Mueller), with the lower lip conspicuously exceeding the upper.

- Conspectus fungorum in Lusatiae Superioris agro Niskiensi crescentium, conspectus of the fungi growing in Upper Lausitz in Niskiensis district.

- pedicellis petiolisque glabriusculis aut ad latus superius tomentosis.(DeCandolle), with the pedicels and petioles somewhat hairless or on the upper side tomentose [latus = neuter].

- ad terram Carolinae Superioris Inferiorisque, on the soil of upper (North) and lower (South) Carolina [USA].

- petala quaterna ad latus superius posita, petals four positioned on the upper side

- sepalum superius 7-7.5 mm longum, sepalum inferius 7 mm longum, upper sepal 7-7.5 mm long, lower sepal 7 mm long.

- ovarium superius 3-loculare, ovary superior 3-locular.

- folia superiora, the upper leaves.

- annulus praesens vel nullus, singulari vel duplici, annulus present or none, superiore vel inferiore, with the annulus double or single, superior or inferior.

- sepala 5, concava, imbricata, 2 superiora majora connata (B&H), sepals 5, concave, imbricate the two upper larger, connate.

- ovula in loculis gemina, inferiore pendulo, superiore adscendente.(B&H), ovules twin in the locules, the lower pendulous, the upper ascending.

- ovula in loculis gemina, angulo centrali superposita, horizontalia v. inferiore adscendente micropyle infera, superiore péndulo micropyle supera, (B&H), ovules paired in the locules, [positioned above] [with the angle central, horizontal or the lower ascending with the micropyle inferior, the upper pendulous with the micropyle superior.

- Enumeratio Lichenum a D. Prof. Agassiz ad Lacum Superiorem, anno 1848, lectorum, A Listing of the lichens collected by D. Professor Agassiz at Lake Superior

NOTE: abbr. ‘sup.’ or ‘super.’ = superior; opp. ‘inf.’ or ‘infer.’

- corolla, 5-fida: lacinüs subaequalibus ; sup. 3 ovatis, patulis; infer. 2 conniventibus, subdeflexis (Swartz), the corolla 5-fid: with the lacinia almost equal; the upper 3 ovate, spreading; the lower 2 connivent, somewhat deflexed.

NOTE: an inferior ovary is one that is adnate to the calyx; a superior ovary is an ovary “with the perianth inserted below it on the torus” (Fernald 1950). The torus is the receptacle of a flower; “or of the flowers of a head in the Compositae” (Fernald 1950). Bentham and Hooker use the adjectives ‘superus’ and ‘inferus’ (above and below) for the superior and inferior ovary respecively; see superus,-a,-um (adj.A) and inferus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- ovarium inferum vel semisuperum vel superum, ovary inferior or half-superior or superior (in relation to insertion of sepals, petals and stamens) (Stearn)

- labio supero 8 mm longo, labio infero 10-14 mm longo, with the upper lip 8 mm long, the lower lip 10-14 mm long.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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