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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Summit, peak: cacumen,-inis (s.n.III), abl. sg. cacumine, extreme point, peak, extreme top, as the summits of mountains, the tree-tops; culmen,-inis (s.n.III), abl. sg. culmine, the top, summit, the ridge of a roof; summitas,-atis (s.f.III), abl. sg. summitate; vertex,-icis (s.m.III), abl.sg. vertice, also vortex,-icis (s.m.III), abl. sg. vortice, the top, highest point, peak, summit; often rendered by the adj. summus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.; see fastigium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. fastigio; see apex; see top;

- aetate vertex pilei corrugatus est, with age the top of the pileus is corrugated.

- pilei vertex laevis, subspadiceus, the top of the pileus smooth, somewhat brown.

- Torus parum elevatus, vertice planus, the torus somewhat elevated, flat at the top.

- In Phasco, Tortula plurimisque generibus monoicis, flos foemineus trunci cacumen tenet, masculus vero paulo inferius in foliorum alis reconditur (Bridel), in Phascum, Tortula and many monoicous genera, the female flower [holds] the summit of the trunk, the masculine in fact is hidden somewhat lower in the wings of the leaves.

- in aliis nempe folia perìgonialia trunci cacumen occupantia (Bridel), in others, of course, the perigonial leaves occupy the summit of the trunk [stem].

- summus mons (s.m.III), abl. sg. summo monte; in summo montis vertice, on the highest peak of the mountain.

- ovarium saepius inferum v. seminiferum, e carpellis 2 summo apice liberis conflatum (B&H), ovary more often inferior or seed-bearing, conflated out of 2 carpels free at the summit of the apex.

- species ad 160, per totum orbem dispersae, paucae inter tropicos in summis montibus repertae (B&H), species to 160, dispersed throughout the whole world, a few found within the tropics on mountain peaks.

- styli rami totidem, filiformes, superne incrassati, summo vertice stigmatosi, styles as many as the branches, filiform, incrassate above, stigmatose at the top of the summit (uppermost part).

- columna staminea summo apice v. usque ad apicem in filamenta oo divisa, the column stamineous at the summit of the tip or divided into an indeterminate number of filaments to the apex.

NOTE: the vertex may be the summit of a structure, the apex is the tip; see vertex,-icis (s.m.III); see apex;

- carpella oo [=infinite], intra alveolos tori carnosi obconici vertice plani singillatim et inordinate fere ad apicem inclusa (B&H), carpella indeterminate, included at the flat summit one by one and irregularly almost to the tip within the alveoli of the fleshy, obconic torus.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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