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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Substance, material, matter, “a material from which something is made and to which it owes its characteristic qualities” (WIII); flesh: substantia,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sing. substantia, 'substance, essence; flesh;' contextus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sing. contextu, ‘context, the hyphal mass between upper surface and subhymenium or trama of the pileus, flesh;’ caro, gen. sg. carnis (s.f.III) abl. sing. carne, ‘flesh;’ corpus,-oris (s.n.III), abl. sg. corpore, ‘body;’

- e diagnosi pauperrima nec affinitas nec substantia speciei intelligi potest (C. Mueller), neither the affinity nor the substance [i.e. characteristic quality] of the species can be understood from the most impoverished diagnosis.

- corpus oleosum (adj.A): oil body.

- substantia fibrosa, suberosa, alba, flesh fibrous, corky white.

- substantia pilei tenuis canadida, e filamentis ramosis intricatis septatis in tramam similarem descendentibus composita, substance of the pileus thin pure white, from filaments branched entangled septate into the similar trama descending composed.

- [lichen] gelatina hymenea iodo non colorata (nec substantia gelatinoidea thalli) (Nyl.), the hymenial gelatin in iodine not colored (nor the gelatinoid matter of the thallus).

- contextus pilei suberosus colore flavo insignis, cotext (substance of hyphal mass) of the pileus corky by its yellow color remarkable.

- species contextu intense colorato distincta, species by the deeply colored context distinct (Stearn).

- substantia coriacea et color si luci objecta obscure purpureus, the substance leathery and the color, if exposed to the light, obscurely purple.

- semina drupaeformia pericarpio evanido nudata in Caulophyllo; intra substantiam pulposam v. cellulosam endocarpii immersa in Lardizabaleis nonnullis (B&H), seed like a drupe, with the pericarp disappearing in Caulophyllum; immersed in some Lardizabaleae within a pulpy or cellulose substance of the endocarpium.

- locellis l-seriatis, seminiferis interdum locellis vacuis in substantia pericarpii alternantibus, with the locelli 1-seriate, seed-bearing, sometimes alternating with empty locelli in the substance of the pericarp.

- substantiam lanosam vidimus ad dorsum seminis (nec ad latera) in cavitate inter semen et endocarpium (B&H), we see a lanose [wooly] material on the back of the seed (not on the side) in a cavity between the seed and endocarpium.

- cortex fructus coriaceus vestit semina pictà, interjecta substantia mucosa flavissima; the leathery rind of the fruit covers the colored seed, with a mucose substance between.

- semen substantia gummosa involutum, seed enveloped with a gummy substance.

- substantia stuposo -fibrosa , e filamentis longiusculis evidenter contexta, the flesh tow-like-fibrous, evidently constructed from rather long filaments.

- petala carne pulposa, cellulosa, crassa, virenti purpurea vel flavicanti contexta, the petals constructed with a flesh pulpy, cellulose, thick, green, purple or yellowish.

Massa seminalis (adj.B), abl. sg. massa seminali: “the flesh of certain Fungals” (Lindley), “seed-mass.”

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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