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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Strophiole, “a tubercle, found surrounding the hilum of some kinds of seeds” (Lindley); ‘an appendage to the hilum of some seeds, a caruncle’ (Jackson); “an appendage at the hilum of certain seeds” (Fernald 1950): strophiolum,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. strophiolo, nom.& acc. pl. strophiola, dat.& abl. pl. strophiolis [> L. strophiolum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. strophiolo, a small wreath or chaplet (Lewis & Short), dim. of strophium [> Gk. strophion (a band), a band, breast-band, stay “worn by females under the breasts”; a head-band, chaplet; a rope or cables, i.e. a twisted cord or band (Lewis & Short); see aril, arillode; see caruncle; see hilum,-i (s.n.II);

- seminum strophiola parva v. 0 (B&H), the strophiola of the seeds small or none.

- semina strophiolo minimo v. obsoleto (B&H), seeds with the strophiole very small or hardly developed.

- semina laevia, strophiolata (B&H), seeds smooth, strophiolate.

- semen horizontale, basi strophiolo bilobo auctum (B&H), the seed horizontal, at the base enlarged with a two-lobed strophiole.

- gemmulae in unoquoque lóculo circiter 8, funiculo brevissimo in strophiolam laceram dilátato affixae (F. Mueller), the ovules in each locule around 8, attached by a very short, dilated funiculus into a lacerated stropiole.

- semina orbiculata, albuminosa, strophiolo minimo v. 0.— (B&H), the seeds orbiculate, albuminous, with the strophile minute or none.

- semina subglobosa v. a latere compressa, subreniformia, testa nitida, funiculo in strophiolum expanso (B&H), the seeds nearly globose or compressed from the side, nearly kidney-shaped, with the seedcoat shining, with the funicle expanded into a stophiole [i.e. an appendage to the hilum of the seed].

- semina obovoidea, ad hilum laterale strophiola carnosa aucta (B&H), seeds obovoid, increased at the lateral hilum with a fleshy strophiole.

- funiculus interdum in arillum parvum v. crasso-carnosum v. seminis basin excipientem v. semen fere totum involventem expansus, v. a strophiolo carnoso hilo adhaerente articulatim secedens (B&H), the funiculus sometimes into a small or thickly fleshy aril or prolong the base of the seed or [when] expanded enveloping almost the entire seed, or articulatedly [i.e. in joints or nodes] separating from a fleshy strophiole adhering to the hilum.

- seminum strophiolum in nullo alio inter Hedysareas obvium (B&H), a stophiole of the seeds is encountered in no other among the Hydysareae.

NOTE: the stophiole may also be laciniate:

- seminum strophiola laciniata (B&H), the stophioles of the seeds laciniate.

NOTE: in B&H the stophiole may be the equivalent of the arillode:

- semina crassa, saepe arillata v. strophiolo (arillodio) fulta (B&H), the seeds thick, often supported by an aril or strophiole (arillodium).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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