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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Stoma, stomate; “one of the minute openings in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other plant organs through which gaseous interchange between the atmosphere and the intercellular spaces within the leaf occurs; usually the opening together with its associated quard cells and accessory cells” (WIII);” an opening in the moss capsule, often at the extreme base of in the neck; the stoma is generally enclosed by 2 quard cells, sometimes subdivided, occasionally a central slit in a single guard cell; “minute opening in the capsule wall of hornworts, and usually in the capsule neck of mosses, surrounded or bordered by two guard cells (exception, Funariaceae has single cells with opening in the center” (Magill 1990); syn. stomatium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. stomatio (Jackson): stoma,-atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. stomate, nom.& acc. pl. stomata, dat.& abl. pl. stomatibus [> Gk. stoma,-atis (s.n.III), mouth; the mouth of a river (Lat. ostium, q.v.); note ‘stoma’ is not used in Classical Latin (Liddell & Scott)]; cf. propatulum, hydathode, pore; see aperture; see mouth, opening; cf lenticel, “corky spots on young bark, corresponding to epidermal stomata” (Fernald 1950):;

1. a breathing pore or aperture in the epidermis, surrounded by two guard-cells, leading into an intercellular space communicating with internal tissue; according to Tschirch of four types; see stomate;

  angiospermal (stoma angiospermum)  
  archegonial  (stoma archegonicum)  
  eisodial     (stoma eisodicum)  
  opisthelial  (stoma opisthelicum) (Jackson)  
2. the ostiole of certain Fungi, cf. epiphragma (Jackson);

- stomata elliptica, cellulis epidermidis minora vel easdem superficie fere aequantia vel majora, propatulo angusto, cellulis accessoriis magnis, stomata elliptic, smaller than or almost the same on the surface as or larger than the cells of the epidermis, with the stomatal opening narrow, with the guard cells large (Stearn).

- Acanthostoma,-atis (s.n.III) Theiss., with spiny mouth.

- folia stomatibus convexis cavernisque respiratoriis aere foetis praedita, the leaves provided with convex stomates and respiratory chambers filled with air.

NOTE: Latin: os, gen.sg. oris (s.n.III), q.v.; see -stome below; see amphistomatic, anisocytic, cruciferous, caryophyllaceous, diacytic, paracytic, rubiaceous, syndetocheilicus,-a,-um (adj.A).
-stoma,-atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. -stomate, or alternatively nom. & acc. pl. -stomata, gen. pl. stomatum: in Gk. comb., creatures with a particular a mouth or stoma, “in higher taxa in zoology (Gnathostoma; Plagiostomata)” (WIII).
-stoma,-atis (s.n.III): see stom-.
stoma-bearing or stomata-bearing, stomatiferous: stomatifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A), “bearing stomates” (Lindley); stomatophorus,-a,-um (adj.A); cf. -stomate (Eng. adj.).

NOTE: according to Jackson, stomatifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A) is also acceptable.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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