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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Stolon, [as Stole, Stolo] “a sucker which at first appears at the surface of the earth, and then turns downwards, piercing the soil or rooting into it” (Lindley); “a sucker, runner, or any basal branch which is disposed to root” (Jackson) 1. “a horizontal branch from the base of a plant that is either above or below ground and produces new plants from buds at its tip or nodes (as in the strawberry) - called also runner, 2. a hypha produced on the surface and connecting a group of conidiophores (as in fungi of the genus Rhizopus” (WIII); a runner, as in Rhizopus (Ainsworth & Bisby); “a runner; a horizontal hypha that sprouts where it touches the substrate and forms haustoria or rhizoids in the substrate and aerial mycelium or sporophores above it, as in the Mucorales” (S&D): stolo (s.m.III), gen.sg. stolonis, dat. sg. stoloni, acc. sg. stolonem, abl. sg. stolone, nom.& acc. pl. stolones, gen. pl. stolonum, dat. & abl. pl. stolonibus; cf. flagellum, rhizoma, runner, see sarmentum,-i (s.n.II);

- stolonibus repentibus, with creeping stolons.

- caudex emittens stolones pubescentes rubros vel virides ad 10 cm. longos et 5 mm. crassos, rootstock putting forth stolons (runners) pubescent red or green to 10 cm. long and 5 mm. thick.

- caudex stolonibus pubescentibus rubris, rootstock with stolons pubescent red (Stearn).

- [Ranunculaceae] herbae annuae, v. caudice radiciformi v. cespitoso v. ope stolonum perennantes, rarius suffruticosae v. lignoso-scandentes (B&H), annual herbs, or with a rootlike caudex or caespitose or perennial by means of stolons, more rarely a subshrub or woody-climbing.

NOTE: a sarmentum is more like a ‘trailing branch’ that may or may not root at the nodes, as in Rubus.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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