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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Stipe, a stalk; “the petiole of the leaves of Ferns. The stem which carries the pileus of such Fungals as Agarics. (obsol.) a small flower-stalk. The trunk of the Ferns” (Lindley); “a support such as 1. the stalk which bears the pileus of Agarics; 2. the ‘leafstalk’ of a fern frond; 3. the support of a gynaecium or carpel” (Jackson); “the stalk-like support of a pistil” (Fernald 1950); the unbranched, trunklike base of a dendroid or frondose plant, as in the genus Musa (the banana; Musaceae); in bryology, “the unbranched basal part of an erect stem in a dendroid or frondose moss (Pterobryaceae) and some anacrogynous liverworts (Symphogyna)” (Magill 1990): stipes,-itis (s.m.III), acc. sg. stipitem, abl.sg. stipite, nom. & acc. pl. stipites, gen. pl. stipitum, dat. & abl.pl. stipitibus [> L. stipes,-itis s.m.III): a log, stock, post, trunk of a tree; stake, syn. palus, sudis; a tree; a tree branch (Lewis & Short); = corm-, cormo-: in Gk. comp. trunk, stem [> Gk. kormos (s.m.II), the trunk of a tree (with the boughs lopped off) (Liddell & Scott)]; see stalk;

- achenia stipiti crasso cavo insidentia (B&H), achenes seated on a hollow, thick stipe.

- in Pteridis enim Aquilinae stipitibus mortuis crescit, it certainly grows on the dead stalks of Pteris and Aquilina.

- stipes centralis raro excentricus rectus aut incurvus cartilagineus solidus basi leviter attenuatus glaber, in specimibus siccis fuscescens, stipe (stalk, stem) central rarely excentric straight or incurved cartilaginous solid at base slightly attenuate glabrous, in dried specimens becoming fuscous (Stearn).

- carpella oo (saepius pauca); matura stipite clavato fulta (B&H), carpels indeterminate (more often few), mature ones supported by a club-shaped stipe.

- locus natalis stipites caulesque herbacei firmiores, its native place is the firmer herbaceous stalks and culms.

- stipes nudus, siccitate tenuissime striatus, longitudine inter 2 et 5 cm. varians, in procerioribus 0.5 mm. crassus, fragilis intus fistulosus et succo gelatinoso repletus sursum incrassatus, stipe blackish at base with remains of the velum for the rest naked, in a dried state thinly striate, in length between 2 and 5 cm. varying, in the taller specimens 0.5 mm. thick, fragile inside fistular and with a gelatinous juice filled above thickened.

- carpella in fructu drupacea, sessilia v. stipitata, stipitibus basi connatis (B&H), carpels in fruit drupaceous, sessile or stalked, with the stalks connate at the base.

- stipes omnino lateralis verticalis 10 cm. longus valde inaequalis, tuberculis nempe variae magnitudinis exasperatus, caeterum laevigatus et ut pileus crusta laccata obductus, basi saepius dilatata scutatim ligno aut cortici affixus, intus irreculariter lacunosus vel spongiosus, stipe completely lateral vertical 10 cm. long very unequal in thickness, with tubercles certainly of varied size rough, for the rest smooth and like the pileus with a varnished crust covered over, by the base most often swollen in a shield-like manner to wood or bark attached, inside irregularly perforated or spongy (Stearn).

- stipite centrali vel excentrico, sed haud omnino laterali, recto cartilagineo fistuloso, haud solido, glabro 10 cm. longo brunneo nudo laevi, haud viscido, aequali vel apice dilatato, with stipe central or excentric, but never completely lateral, straight cartilaginous fistular, never solid, glabrous 10 cm. long brown naked smooth, never viscid, of even thickness or at the tip expanded (Stearn).

- receptaculum absque stipite distincto, receptable (fruit-body) without a distinct stipe (Stearn).

- stipite 10-20 cm. longo stramineo haud purpureo sulcato, paleis brunneis integris iis rhizomatis similibus basi vestito, caeterum nudo, with the stope 10-20 cm. long strawcolored never purple grooved, with scales brown entire similar to those of rhizome at base clothed, otherwise naked (Stearn).

- clavula in stipitem albidum attenuata, club-like receptacles into a whitish stipe drawn out (Stearn).

- peridium in stipitem radiciformem 2 mm. longum crassumque productum, peridium into a root-shaped 2 mm. long and thick stipe lengthened (Stearn).

- stipes intus roseolo-bubalinus farctus, stipe inside pinkish-buff stuffed.

- carno stipitis albo-grisea, cum incisa celerrime aurantio-rufescens vel nigresces, flesh of the stipe white-gray, when cut very quickly becoming orange-red or black.

- stipite harum basi tubuloso in frondem planam saepius abeunte, with the stipe of these (sc. species) tubulose at the base quite often changing into a flat frond.

Basis, “the stipe of certain Fungals” (Lindley): basis,-is (s.f.III); see base.

bulbillate, (in fungi) “(of a stipe), having a small or not clearly marked bulb at the base” (Ainsworth & Bisby);

Bulbus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. bulbo: the bulb; “in Hymenomycetes, the swollen base of the stipe” (S&D).

setaceus (adj.A), setiformis,-e (adj.B): setaceous, bristle-like; (fungi) “(of a stipe) slender as a bristle” (S&D): stipes setaceus, abl. sg. stipite setaceo.

Setula,-ae (s.f.I), q.v., “the stipe of certain Fungals” (Lindley).

NOTE: the stipe is the structure of a fern frond connecting the base of the lamina to the point of its attachment to the rhizome; synonym in ferns is ‘petiole.’

NOTE: vellus,-eris (s.m.III), q.v. has been used to indicate the stipe of some fungi (Jackson).

NOTE: fibril, “the roots of Lichens; any kind of small thread-shaped root; also applied occasionally among Fungals to the stipe” (Lindley): fibrilla,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. fibrilla, nom. pl. fibrillae, acc. pl. fibrillas, abl.pl. fibrillis.

NOTE: “pedicellus, pediculus, pedunculus, pes, petiolus: “the stipe of certain Fungals” (Lindley).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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